Airplane wing and jet on a blue sky with clouds
Above and beyond.

Lightweight, high-strength flame and heat shielding and structural reinforcement for aerospace composites.


3M™ Nextel™ Ceramic Fibers and Textiles for Aerospace

Proven in both civilian and military applications, 3M™ Nextel™ Ceramic Fibers and Textiles have long been used as flame and heat shielding materials in aircraft and spacecraft.

Nextel ceramic fibers and textiles meet some of the toughest thermal, mechanical and electrical performance requirements, including FAA criteria for aircraft firewalls and NASA standards for shuttle launch and re-entry. Nextel ceramic textiles can withstand extremely high temperatures and are also flexible and lightweight. They provide consistent and reliable performance in mission-critical applications from aircraft wiring insulation to engine firewalls and spacecraft micrometeorite shields. Nextel ceramic fibers are also used as structural reinforcements in advanced metal, ceramic, and polymer composites materials, imparting high temperature resistance for load-bearing applications.

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Application Areas for 3M™ Nextel™ ceramic fibers and textiles

Ceramic Matrix Components (CMC's)
  • Small aircraft taking off on runway.

    With benefits such as strength, creep resistance, and an ability to withstand high temperatures, Ox-Ox ceramic matrix composites (Ox-Ox CMCs) are being used in an increasing number of demanding applications within aircraft jet engines like exhaust mixers, nozzles, and cones. These composites are made from 3M™ Nextel™ ceramic fibers and textiles, enabling new design possibilities within engines, as they can be shaped into complex structures that are more challenging for traditional materials like titanium and nickel alloys. Using innovative designs, Ox-Ox CMC parts can be used to create the next generation of more efficient, lighter weight, quieter engines.


  • 3M Nextel ceramic fabric PDF
    3M™ Nextel™ Ceramic Fabric DF-13-4500
  • Graphs showing properties of 3M Nextel Ox-Ox Ceramic Matric Composites PDF
    Oxide-Oxide Ceramic Matrix Composites - Enabling Industry Adoption
Fire Protection
  • Fire blanket made with 3M Nextel ceramic textiles

    Firewalls, fan cowls, engine struts and other jet engine components need to withstand a great deal of stress from high temperatures, vibrations, and flames. FAA fireproofing regulations require engine cowlings to withstand a flame of 2000ºF (1093°C) for 15 minutes without flame penetration. 3M™ Nextel™ ceramic textiles help manufacturers meet this requirement achieving the flame barrier test (no flame propagation), per ISO 2685 and FAR 25.856(a).​

    Compared to alternatives like quartz or glass, fire blankets made with Nextel ceramic fibers are lightweight and flexible, even after being exposed to high, continuous temperatures. This enables high performing fire protection even in tight, complex geometries.


  • Nextel ceramic fibers and textiles for aerospace
    3M™ Nextel™ Ceramic Textiles for Aerospace Applications
  • 3M Nextel ceramic fabric 312 and 440
    3M™ Nextel™ Ceramic Fabrics 312 and 440

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Explore more ways to use Nextel ceramic fibers and textiles

Browse the links below to take a closer look at how you could benefit from using Nextel ceramic products in your industry.