• Manganese Occupational Exposure Limits

    September 18, 2016

    3M Manganese Exposure Protection

    Manganese Occupational Exposure Limits

    Choose the respiratory protection right for you

    • Some hazards are easy to see, some aren’t
      Some hazards are easy to see, some aren’t

      Learn more about manganese welding fumes by watching this short video.

    • Manganese Hazards in Welding: A Solutions Guide
      Manganese Hazards in Welding: A Solutions Guide

      Watch the Webinar, featuring Clifford P. Frey, CIH, 3M Technical Service Specialist.

    • 3M Transportation Solutions

      World-class manufacturers need world-class safety equipment. Help keep your workforce more protected, comfortable and productive — so they can keep working, keep building, keep moving. See our Transportation Industry solutions.

    • There have been recent changes by ACGIH (PDF, 177.88 KB) to manganese occupational exposure limits (OEL) which may have an effect on various industries and industrial processes. One of the more recent ailments, identified by the National Institutes of Health, that can afflict welders is manganism, also known as welder's disease.

      Overexposure to manganese fume has been linked to weakness/lethargy, speech and psychological disturbances, paralysis, and tremors.

      Watch Manganese Occupational Exposure Limits: 2013 Change.

      What's Changing:

      Current OSHA Requirement - 5 mg/m3

      2012 ACGIH TLV - .2 mg/m3

      New 2013 ACGIH TLV - .02 mg/m3

      *note OSHA Regulations are Not Changing at this time

      What Is Manganese?

      Manganese is a grey-white metal resembling iron. Manganese is used extensively to produce a variety of important alloys and to desulfurize and deoxidize steel. Manganese is also in many welding rods and filler metals to promote hardness. Manganese oxide fume is formed when manganese metal is heated and reacts with oxygen in the air such as occurs during welding.

      Who is Applicable For?

      Manganese is found in many manufacturing processes. The recent change to manganese exposure limits may have an effect on various industries and industrial processes. As a precaution, review Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for materials containing these substances in manufacturing processes.

      If there are questions regarding the air quality, it may be a good idea to discuss the option of air sampling with an industrial hygienist to better determine the levels of contaminants within a given process.

      If the air sampling results indicate exposure levels above the occupational exposure limit (either PEL or TLV, whichever the employer is using) , changes to manufacturing processes, use of other engineering controls or PPE may be suitable choices to reduce employee exposures to acceptable levels.

      How To Asses Your Location

      • Step 1 - Measure your exposure to manganese
      • Step 2 - Determine if you are above the Occupational Exposure Limit (OEL)
      • Step 3 - Select a Respirator with an assigned protection factor (APF) greater than the amount you are over the Occupational Exposure Limit(OEL).

      Further Questions regarding selection of respiratory protection for Manganese may be directed to 3M PSD Technical Service at 1(800)243-4630

      Symptoms of heat stroke

      • Dry, hot skin with no sweating
      • Mental confusion or losing consciousness
      • Seizures or convulsions

      OSHA Requirements

      The current Federal OSHA PEL for manganese compounds, including manganese fume, is 5 milligrams per cubic meter of air (5 mg/m3)(1). This PEL is a ceiling limit which means the exposure shall at no time exceed the exposure limit given for that substance. Note, “state plan” states are required to have standards, policies and procedures at least as effective as those of Federal OSHA. If you are in an area under the jurisdiction of a state OSHA plan, consult local standards for current OSHA exposure limits.

      2013 Recommendations By ACGIH

      Visit the ACGIH website for 2013 Recommendations (PDF, 177.88 KB)

      3M Response Technical Bulletin (PDF, 177.88 KB)

      Choosing The Best Products Based on Exposure Limits

      Respiratory Protection for Manganese Exposure

      In many cases, changes in manufacturing processes and engineering controls alone can't reduce exposure levels to below the OELs. In such cases, it may be appropriate to use respiratory protection. For any particular application, an array of respirator types that provide an appropriate level of protection is available. The cost of these respirators may vary from around $1 for a basic negative-pressure, disposable, filtering facepiece to $1,000 or more for a powered air purifying or supplied-air system. Respirators should be selected based on results from air sampling and the necessary assigned protection factor (APF) as established within OSHA 29 CFR 1910.134. OSHA requires employers to implement a written respiratory protection program when respiratory protection is used. Elements of the written program include respirator selection, use, care and maintenance, medical evaluation, training, and fit testing for tight fitting respirators.

      Respirator Selection for Manganese Oxide Fume Exposures

      The table below shows suggested respiratory protection for manganese up to the maximum use concentrations based on the OSHA respirator APFs and ACGIH TLV of 0.02 mg/m3 for respirable fraction.

      View 3M Products in Comparison to the OSHAA Regulation and ACGIH Recommendations (PDF, 177.88 KB)