Industrial columns at a chemical processing plant.
Taking steps to avoid shutdowns and steering clear of high costs

Help keep your plants operating at peak capacity today and into the future

Trends in manufacturing such as evolving technology and intensifying competition pose challenges to cost, quality and efficiency. Maintenance cycles may be longer, and efforts to avoid unplanned shutdowns should be made. Meeting demand for cleaner, more sustainable operations worldwide is also crucial. That means lower emissions and reduced waste.

Meeting these big challenges often comes down to the smallest components. Gaskets, linings, seals and other critical parts in manufacturing machinery need to resist the effects of chemicals, corrosion and extreme temperatures. They should also help control permeation, reduce leakage and enhance product purity. 3M can help. A broad range of fluoroplastics, elastomers, technical ceramics and advanced fiber materials can help you keep your plants operating at peak capacity.

  • Reduced corrosion

    3M™ Fluoropolymers and 3M Technical Ceramic Parts can help you eliminate product contamination, especially in chemicals produced using metals. They can help decrease sudden leakages associated with enamel while helping you enhance your plant safety.

  • Reduced permeability

    Our fluoropolymers and ceramics can help you increase your equipment life, reduce material waste and lower emissions to help you meet evolving regulations.

  • Chemical stability

    Help protect vulnerable surfaces and avoid chemical product contamination. Chemical-resistant polymers and technical ceramics can also help you simplify multi-purpose plant layouts and help reduce equipment weight.

  • Cost of ownership

    Durable, high-performance materials from 3M can help you eliminate individual maintenance cycles and reduce the need for replacement parts. They can also extend service intervals from months to years, enabling predictive maintenance and virtually eliminating downtime between production runs.

3M products for industrial machinery applications

Pumps and compressors

Problems we help solve for pumps and compressors

3M™ Dyneon™ Fluoropolymers and 3M™ Technical Ceramics are essential to helping you meet the unique challenges of pumps and compressors, which must endure intense pressure and resist corrosive chemicals in fluids and gases.

  • Cross-section schematic showing pump linings.

    Dyneon fluoropolymers can be used to produce seamless liners to protect interior pump and compressor bodies and other areas from aggressive, toxic or corrosive fluids and gases. They are ideal for oil-free production and can be specified in various conductive grades to help prevent electrostatic charge.

    3M™ Dyneon™ Fluoropolymers

  • Seals and gaskets made from 3M fluoropolymers in a compressor.
    Seals & gaskets

    Meet virtually any seal and gasket challenge. O-rings made from Dyneon fluoroelastomers are versatile enough for wet seals, mechanical seals, stator seals and shaft seals. FKM and FFKM versions help provide long, trouble-free pump and compressor lifecycles in hot or harsh environments. 3M™ Dyneon™ TFM™ Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is used in lip seal and gasket applications requiring high-temperature and low-friction performance. It delivers all the advantages of standard PTFE plus improved weldability, dimensional stability at higher temperatures, a high permeation barrier and low deformation under load.


    3M also uses technical ceramics to produce wet seals, mechanical seals and dry gas seal faces. 3M technical ceramics offer exceptional tribological performance under high load alongside high mechanical strength, thermal conductivity and corrosion resistance. 3M™ Silicon Nitride Gas Seal Rings, for example, help minimize leakage and maintenance in gas-lubricated seals. Their high mechanical strength enables higher speeds and enhanced reliability.

    3M™ Silicon Nitride Gas Seal Rings

    3M™ Dyneon™ Fluoroelastomers

  • Sliding bearings

    Shorten maintenance cycles and help avoid unplanned downtime in submersible pumps and valves. 3M™ Silicon Carbide Sliding Bearings are manufactured from silicon carbide, a technical ceramic material with excellent tribological performance and a hardness approaching that of diamond. Offering high abrasion and corrosion resistance, they can withstand some of the most demanding conditions in a variety of oil, gas and chemical applications.


    3M sliding bearings can also be used in seal-less pumps or magnetic drive pumps. They are ideal for pumping toxic solutions that require containment as well as acidic, caustic and abrasive solutions that would cause ordinary mechanical seals to fail.

    3M™ Silicon Carbide Sliding Bearings

  • Measuring wheels

    Determine oil well shape and depth with confidence using  . Made from sintered silicon nitride – a strong, hard and corrosion-resistant ceramic 60% lighter than steel – they possess exceptional toughness to withstand some of the most intensive mechanical conditions. Silicon nitride measuring wheels offer excellent wear resistance to comparable alumina or zirconia parts. Thanks to a low coefficient of thermal expansion, they maintain accuracy in extreme temperatures.

    3M™ Silicon Nitride Measuring Wheels

  • Valve balls & seats

    Get reliable, long-lasting service through exceptional toughness and corrosion resistance in aggressive media. 3M™ Silicon Nitride Valve Balls and Seats are made from advanced technical ceramics and can be crafted to your precise specifications. They facilitate chemical processing and other industries that deal with harsh conditions and challenging fluids. Use 3M ceramic valve balls and seats for tough jobs where no other known material will do.


    Additionally, valve seats, liners and sleeves can be manufactured from Dyneon fluoropolymers to deliver exceptional chemical resistance and temperature performance as well as tight shut-off performance and low operating torque capabilities. They are used for high-performance ball, control or butterfly valves in a variety of industries.

    3M™ Silicon Nitride Valve Ball & Seat

  • Full-polymer constructions

    Achieve zero metal contact. Full-polymer constructions made from Dyneon PTFE, TFM and PFA resins are designated for pumps and valves used in semiconductor chemical delivery systems. They are ideal for semiconductor industry applications requiring zero contact of metal to aggressive and high-purity media.


    Dyneon PTFE combines broad chemical inertness with top-quality purity in one efficient package, while TFM resin exhibits low permeation even at elevated temperatures. Dyneon Ultra High Purity, (UHP) PFA can be processed as a thermoplastic for higher processing efficiency and lower cost while providing comparable thermal, chemical and permeation resistance. All resins are highly durable and tested to the service temperature range of Dyneon PTFE.

    3M™ Dyneon™ PTFE

Heat exchangers

Heat exchanger illustration.

Problems we help solve for heat exchangers

3M™ Dyneon™ PFA is a longstanding solution for manufacturing heat- and chemical-resistant tubing, seals and other components. Along with Dyneon PVDF and PTFE, it can make the difference in extruded or molded pipe liners and flexible tubing used in heat exchangers. Each combines chemical and permeation resistance, thermal stability and long-term durability.


Our FKM and FFKM materials are usually used for elastomeric seals and envelope gaskets, while parts made from 3M™ Dyneon™ Peroxide Cure Perfluoroelastomer PFE 40 can meet some of the most demanding sealing applications. Additionally, thermal seals and gaskets made from 3M™ Nextel™ Ceramic Fabrics are oxidation resistant, chemically inert, lightweight, flexible, and flame resistant at high temperatures.

  • Tubing

    Combine chemical and pressure resistance with high-temperature capability. Tackle the most intensive heat-exchanging applications with confidence. Tubing made from 3M™ Dyneon™ Fluoroplastic Granules PFA 6502TZ and 3M™ Dyneon™ TFM™ 2001Z has been thoroughly tested at temperatures up to 235°C, enabling predictive strength calculations for approximately 20 years of service. They can heat and cool acid- and caustic-based plating baths to help maintain precise temperature control and optimize product quality.

  • Seals & gaskets

    Help prevent leakage and maintain tight temperature control of uneven surfaces under extreme conditions. 3M Dyneon Fluoropolymers can be used in seals to provide exceptional thermal stability, chemical resistance and low friction. Dyneon PTFE and TFM materials can be designed to meet specific thermal conductivity and mechanical properties.


    Additionally, 3M Nextel Ceramic Fabrics can be braided over a core of insulation to produce highly durable, reliable thermal gaskets. Nextel ceramic fabrics remain flexible at high operating temperatures to dramatically extend the lifetime of the gasket. Gaskets with complex geometry (e.g. tadpole gaskets) made with Nextel ceramics are ideal for uneven flanges and surfaces.

  • Pipe linings

    Attain high thermal and chemical resistance in a variety of heat-exchanging applications. Dyneon Fluorothermoplastics and Fluoroelastomers provide extruded or molded pipe linings with excellent chemical and permeation resistance, thermal stability and durability. Pipes used in heat exchangers can be lined with Dyneon PTFE, PFA and PVDF, among other advanced fluoropolymers.


Industrial furnace

Problems we help solve for furnaces

For industrial furnaces, the material used for interior surface linings, zone dividers and tube seals must be able to handle the heat. That’s in addition to having resistance to chemical exposure and damage from abrasion and thermal shock. 3M meets these challenges whereas solutions from other refractory textiles may not.


3M™ Nextel™ Ceramic Fabrics and Textiles can withstand temperatures well over 2000°F (1093°C) while protecting furnace surfaces and equipment for long, cost-effective life cycles. The unique combination of flexibility and durability at high temperatures sets them apart from other high-temperature textiles like aramids, carbon, quartz and glass and enables them to provide long lasting solutions for furnace linings, tube seals, heat shields and more.

  • Linings

    Get reliable, long-lasting furnace linings. A 3M Nextel furnace lining system will help reduce dust, avoid product contamination and extend the lifetime of the furnace insulation. Nextel Furnace Lining systems are oxidation resistant, chemically resistant, lightweight and flame resistant. They minimize erosion in ceramic bulk fiber modules and other insulating materials, which helps to reduce maintenance costs.

  • Tube seals

    By creating a flexible and high temperature sealing solution around tube penetrations through furnace walls and ceilings, Nextel tube seals help save money by decreasing fuel consumption, reducing heat loss and controlling excess oxygen. 


    Tubes seals made with Nextel Ceramic Fabrics are used as long term solutions at temperatures of 900–2372°F (482–1300°C). They maintain their sealing ability and integrity against the intense heat found in process heaters and furnace reformers. By stopping excess air from entering the system, tube seals made from Nextel Fabrics help prevent harmful NOx emissions.

  • Heat shields

    Nextel Ceramic Fabrics serve a wide variety of high-temperature heat shielding applications in and around furnaces. Lightweight, flexible and featuring excellent resistance to thermal shock, they can be sewn into countless forms: heat shields to protect specific areas, pads for transporting high-temperature materials, or ties for securing an object within a high-temperature location.


    In the petrochemical industry, Nextel Ceramic Fabrics are an excellent choice for heat shields on radiant coils since they will help prevent hot spots, which in turn will help to reduce coke formation within the tubes and reduce premature aging of the tube surfaces.

Pipes and flanges

Industrial pipe and flange

Problems we help solve for pipes and flanges

3M™ Dyneon™ TFM™ Modified Suspension PTFE Grades and Fine Powder PTFE Grades meet a wide range of challenges for helping protect and maintain steel pipes and flanges. Pipe and duct linings can be designed to help prevent corrosion from harsh or aggressive acids, solvents, salt water and more. Fluoropolymers from Dyneon – TFM resin in particular – provide a broad processing window to produce pipes that can withstand the cold-water steam cycle test.

  • Pipe lining

    Achieve near-universal protection of metal pipes against chemical attack from acids, bases, solvents, salt water, and more. Dyneon Suspension PTFE Grades and Fine Powder PTFE Grades enable the production of pipe linings that withstand the cold-water steam cycle test. TFM PTFE is especially well suited to the task. They enable durable pipe linings with low permeation and flaring for reduced equipment maintenance and downtime.

    3M™ Dyneon™ PTFE

  • Duct lining

    Help prevent corrosion and leakage in flue gas ducts. Duct linings can be made from Dyneon PTFE and PFA, either as skived films or as extruded sheets. They isolate flue gas and smoke while withstanding dry and wet fumes of various components and a broad spectrum of temperatures. They virtually eliminate ash blocking, are insensitive to temperature changes, and have a long lifespan.

    3M™ Dyneon™ PTFE

    3M™ Dyneon™ PFA

  • Gaskets

    Minimize leakage rates and achieve significant emission reductions in a wide variety of applications, while also maximizing blow-out safety. Envelope gaskets made from TFM PTFE are used to replace dangerous asbestos gaskets. Exceptional options for low-permeation flange sealing, their excellent chemical and pressure resistance help you facilitate product purity and operational safety in one neat package.

Reactors, columns, and tanks

  • Industrial column
  • Industrial reactor

Problems we help solve for reactors, columns and tanks

Help protect the integrity of storage tanks, reactors and other vessels. 3M™ Dyneon™ TFM™, PTFE and PFA resins deliver near-universal chemical resistance to guard essential equipment against corrosion. Used in linings, these fluoropolymers are used for extruded and skived sheets with glass or carbon backings. Deep drawing and weldable, they feature excellent bondability and provide consistent long-term protection with no voids and very low permeability.

  • Linings and sheets

    Help protect and maximize service life of columns, tanks, ducts and other critical infrastructure elements. Reactor vessel linings made from 3M™ Dyneon™ TFM™ PTFE or standard PTFE materials take advantage of the high permeation resistance of fluoropolymers to minimize contact between medium and metal construction. They can be bonded to vessels as fabric-backed laminates or realized as loose-fit constructions made from pure fluoropolymer sheets.


    Semifinished sheets are ideal for lining metallic surfaces, as they can be purchased by equipment manufacturers to fit a wide variety of metallic components. Sheets made from TFM PTFE provide denser protection and better weldability than standard PTFE, helping reduce gaps and close the connection between sheets.

  • Reactor components

    With their chemical resistance and wide range of service temperatures, Dyneon fluoropolymers are ideal for reactor parts such as column trays. Compared to standard PTFE, the TFM PTFE family provides lower deformation under load to enlarge design freedom. Their high permeation resistance helps reduce emissions while extending maintenance cycles.

    3M™ Dyneon™ Fluoropolymers

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