3M began as an abrasives manufacturer. For more than a century, we have refined our original technologies and complemented them with breakthrough inventions impacting multiple 3M businesses. Today, our abrasives rely on traditional strengths such as resin formulation, treated backings and web coating, as well as the most modern technologies, from microreplicated composites, conformable nonwoven materials, printed super abrasives and precision shaped ceramic grains. The result is a comprehensive range of abrasives that cut, grind, shape, finish, and polish with ease and precision.
So strong they can hold a structural panel for the life of a building... so gentle they can be applied to the skin of a child to secure tubing. Because 3M adhesives have been engineered to fit our customers' needs, they are used in such diverse products as airplanes and cell phones, automobiles and medical dressings. We excel in curable adhesives and epoxies. And, of course, pressure-sensitive tapes, which 3M invented more than 90 years ago.
To create products for the life sciences, 3M applies its unusual combination of strengths in material science, surface modification, microbiology, biology, and biochemistry. Among the results: remarkably durable dental restoratives, filtration media for pharmaceuticals, biocompatible surgical tapes and dressings, transdermal patches for drug delivery, tissue antiseptics, sample-ready-culture-medium systems and sterilization sensors.
3M started here, turning minerals into sandpaper. Over more than a century, we have forged inorganic ceramic materials into a surprising range of products. The rugged granules that protect your roof. The complex touch screen at your ATM. The aesthetic dental restorative and the sharpest abrasive with precisely shaped particles. The brilliant bead that defines your lane on a rain-soaked highway and the ultra-strong fiber twisted into a power line―these are all derived from 3M's long history in inorganic ceramics. The future will be enabled with these materials as we address key megatrends in automation, consumer electronics, intelligent transportation and air/water quality.
By infiltrating dense arrangements of ceramic fibers or particles with aluminum alloy, 3M creates composite materials and articles that combine extraordinary strength and stiffness with light weight. 3M’s first commercial application for this technology is a high-strength overhead electrical conductor that can carry more than twice the power of conventional lines of the same size. Additional work continues on products and components for other uses, including structural and mechanical applications. The advantages of this material are magnified when the component is subjected to high acceleration loads that magnify the weight savings. In addition, 3M™ Nextel™ ceramic fibers reinforce an oxide ceramic matrix and enable the production of high-temperature, thermal shock and oxidation resistant Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMC). These CMCs can replace metals and improve efficiency in applications such as aerospace engines, supersonic and hyper sonic aircraft, space vehicles, heat exchangers and industrial gas turbines.
3M uses the latest advances in chemistry, biology, ceramics and composite materials to help dentists and orthodontists improve the lives of patients all over the world. We combine a broad range of unique materials and design expertise with many other 3M technology platforms to create solutions that truly promote life-long oral health. Our expertise in oral microbiology and fluoride chemistry helps doctors combat tooth decay with toothpastes and protective coatings; and we help give patients back their ability to smile and chew by applying knowledge of ceramic materials, resin composites, adhesives, cements and processing to produce fillings, crowns, bridges and orthodontic appliances. Our in-depth understanding of resin technology and process engineering is focused to create breakthroughs in 3D printing for the oral care industry. We have been consistently recognized as one of the most innovative suppliers in the dental industry and our products are used to provide a continuum of care throughout a patient’s lifetime.
Advances in electronic components―from semiconductor devices to optical and copper interconnects to absorbers to improve signal to noise for high speed devices—often come from advances in processing. 3M contributes to improved yield in semiconductor wafers with our CMP solutions and fluorosurfactants, improved reliability in signal transfer with our TwinAx copper interconnect assemblies, increased 5G signal to noise from our PIM mitigation solutions and hybrid mm-wave absorbers, and significantly reduced fiber optic installation time with our Expanded Beam Optical connectors.
From one to hundreds of layers, 3M engineered films are used to enhance and protect electronic displays, increase energy efficiency, provide graphics inside and outside of buildings, vehicles and traffic signage, as well as provide the basis of tapes for the office, industrial assembly, and health care. 3M films are fundamental to a wide variety of products in every business group. By understanding and manipulating the materials and process and the complex interactions between them, 3M creates a broad spectrum of film-based products.
3M fluoromaterials represent a class of high-performance technologies and products that provide unequaled performance in many customer applications. They include an extensive line of protective coatings that provide stain protection and repellent properties to a variety of substrates. Fluorinated materials are used as thermal management fluids, corrosion resistant coatings, and as surfactants for high-performance paints and coatings as well as electronic applications. Dyneon fluoropolymers, fluoroplastics and fluoroelastomers, have outstanding thermal and chemical resistance, making them ideal for many products that operate in extreme and hostile environments. They are used in wire coatings, seals, gaskets, nonstick coatings, fuel hose liners, and other critical, high-performance applications.
3M is transforming the way we think about structured materials with metamaterials - defined as engineered structures with geometries smaller than the wavelengths of interest which can exhibit properties not observed in the constituent materials. From one-dimensional metamaterials such as multi-layer optical films, to two and three-dimensional structures, metamaterials represent a new approach to controlling and manipulating these stimuli wavelengths.
3M scientists and researchers are exploring a new world at the nanometer level, where materials exhibit unique physical, chemical, and biological properties. These unusual properties are already being exploited in our hard coatings, dental restoratives, and brightness-enhancing optical films. Many 3M technology platforms, including adhesives, advanced composites, wound management, ceramics and electronic materials are being influenced by the emergence of nano-sized particles.
After sixty-five years of exploring uses for nonwoven materials, 3M is still finding new ways to refine and apply them. In health care, medical tapes improve comfort for patients. In industrial settings, respirators help protect employee health. In homes, HVAC filters help remove particulates from the air. In workshops, abrasives improve product finish and performance. In automotive, insulators make cars quieter and more efficient. Thanks to 3M's expertise in advanced materials and sophisticated manufacturing technologies, new nonwoven materials are being developed for use in transportation, filtration, health care, industrial, and consumer products.
When 3M scientists begin work on a customer's problem, they draw on a remarkable array of high Performance Materials. This technology platform is a collection of unique materials developed and manufactured internally by 3M that provides differentiated performance to products made by 3M and our customers. It includes a combination of ceramics, fluoromaterials, nanomaterials, advanced silicone materials, specialty monomers and polymers, specialty additives (surfactants, curatives, cross-linkers, and catalysts) and coatings to create unique materials and composites. Our labs constantly add to this palette with new formulations and breakthrough modifications of existing materials; and 3M is unmatched in the application of these novel materials to the demands of real-world manufacturing.
Porous materials and membranes show up in thousands of 3M products, including membranes for Oxygenators, Dialysers, Plasmaseparator, ECMO devices, degassing/gassing contractors, respirators, filters, fuel cells, transdermal patches, and wound dressings. 3M manufactures membranes and other porous structures engineered to perform in a wide range of applications in industrial and medical markets. In addition these materials can be chemically modified to enhance contaminant capture, improve selectivity, and optimize capacity. Today, 3M technology ensures that water, air, blood, plasma and other fluids can be processed to achieve the required medical treatment or fluid quality in an efficient and cost effective manner.
Release materials include release liners, low surface energy coatings and low adhesion backsizes (LABs) used in many of our high-performance adhesives and dressings. These release materials offer added functionality such as quiet unwind, printability, and precision delivery, providing value to 3M products across the entire franchise.
With Additive Manufacturing, 3M is defining the shape of things to come. Using its expertise in material science and processing, 3M is taking this digital technology to the next level to create solutions with unique material properties. Thanks to the ability to realize complex geometries, voids and undercuts that are otherwise-not-possible with conventional techniques, we are opening up endless possibilities for our customers across industries: creating perfect smiles, reducing lead times for complex tooling, and helping machinery operate in the harshest of environments. At 3M, we are pioneering new additive materials, accelerating manufacturing, enabling new business models and addressing key customer challenges to bring value to the market.
At 3M, we use molding to create complex and customized components in thermoplastic and thermosetting materials using advanced technologies that deliver high-performance solutions to our customers. Driven by the high tolerances demanded by these applications, 3M has developed unique expertise in tool design, precision machining, metrology, and mold processing. The result is a diverse blend of products that include 3M’s personal protective equipment, dental restorative material dispensers for oral care solutions, automotive aftermarket paint application solutions, and precision optical components for electronics.
3M has pioneered the use of tiny, precisely shaped structures to give materials new physical, chemical, or optical properties. Microreplicated prisms are used in road signs and electronic displays to capture and reflect light more brilliantly. Microreplicated microlouvers protect display privacy. Fine triangular microreplicated ceramic particles make 3M’s coated, bonded and nonwoven abrasives cut faster and last longer. And microreplicated adhesives enable graphics films to be applied more easily without trapping air bubbles.
In the past, high-volume manufacturing could mean wide product performance variability. Not anymore, thanks to advancements in coating, drying, curing, web handling, and other technologies. 3M researchers are designing production equipment that combines finely controlled processes with the economic efficiencies of high volume, continuous roll-to-roll manufacturing.
3M’s ability to create and disperse particles―in liquids, coatings, films, adhesive, and composites - allows it to give unique characteristics to its abrasives, dental restoratives, inks, window and optical films, carbon fiber reinforced composites, and a host of other products. Our understanding of physical, chemical, and interfacial interactions allows us to incorporate precisely distributed microparticles and nanoparticles - such as glass beads, glass bubbles, ceramics, and carbon – to tune a material’s strength, refractive index, conductivity, IR absorption, catalytic activity, and other characteristics.
3M is a world leader in the development and use of polymers, combining and shaping these unique molecules into films, tapes, and hardgoods through single and multi-layer extrusion, coating, and a variety of forming processes. Expertise in elevated temperature processes and combination with 3M materials science enables solventless and less energy intensive manufacturing. Nearly all 3M technology platforms and all business groups leverage polymer processing for products including tapes for automotive attachment and industrial assembly, protective films for car and aircraft protection, graphic and traffic signage films, light & heat management films for windows and electronic displays, medical tapes and dressings, as well as masking, packaging, office and duct tapes.
The materials in many 3M products are cured, modified, or enhanced through physical or chemical changes―such as heating, polymerizing, crosslinking or ablating―that are caused by radiation processing. We use ultraviolet and/or visible light, electron beams, infrared, fast-paced laser pulses, microwave, gamma radiation, and other technologies to produce improved products. Radiation processing touches a majority of 3M’s technology platforms and is a critical element for product platforms ranging from adhesives and abrasives to dental and healthcare.
More than any other company, 3M delves into the surface of things. We create unique surfaces by modifying substrates (e.g. particulates, fibers, films) using gases, liquids, aerosols, or solids to change the properties of the interface between the substrate and a contacting layer or matrix. We also modify the surfaces of films and web materials using heat and vapor-processing technologies. These sophisticated tools allow us to improve the receptivity of a material to fluids and adhesives, alter hardness, enhance reflectivity, or create other novel characteristics..
Critical product performance characteristics often depend on a precise coating with a metal, oxide, or polymer. 3M has created this valuable vapor processing platform through the refinement of vacuum and non-vacuum technologies that evenly coat or remove nanometer to micron thick materials. Many of our current products owe their unique durability, reflectivity, barrier, optical and chemical properties to the company’s expertise in this specialized and high-performance manufacturing technology.
New-to-the-world technologies generate solutions for our customers―and a host of questions for our scientists. What is this? How does it work? Can we make it better? To answer those questions, 3M has developed an unrivaled capability for measuring, characterizing, and understanding materials and processes. With resources located around the world, 3M scientists can draw on our analytical strengths during all phases of product development, from concept through commercialization and manufacturing.
For more than half of 3M’s products, the last step in the manufacturing process is the conversion of a film, abrasive, tape, or other material into the specific shape and size that a customer requires. Our ability to rapidly reconfigure how a product is cut, shaped, and finished allows for efficient customization with consistent quality. And this manufacturing agility is matched with capacity for flexible packaging that preserves and protects the finished product―and the branding strategy of the seller.
The extreme precision of 3M’s manufacturing―in some cases, tolerances are less than a wavelength of light―require similarly precise tools for measuring and inspecting product quality. 3M has created optical, infrared, and UV-sensing systems, gauges, and other proprietary tools for measuring performance, strength, color, reflectivity, and thickness. These and other parameters provide exact, high-speed confirmation that our processes are operating at peak efficiency and uniformity and that our products conform to all of our customers’ specifications.
Precise, consistent, cost-competitive, and safe: expectations are high for sophisticated manufacturing technologies. Few companies in the world can compare with 3M in the design and operation of the most demanding continuous processes, especially web handling, coating, and drying. 3M strengths include sensing, collecting data, modeling, and control systems leading to flexible, integrated, and sustainable manufacturing. The result of SMART manufacturing for customers is apparent in every high-quality 3M product… and every rapid modification in those products to meet local market needs.
At 3M, part of our Sustainability mission is to help ensure that all 9 billion people living on our planet in 2050 are living well. How will we do this? One way is by leveraging Sustainable Design of our products, processes, and packaging. Sustainable Design includes several facets:
Many 3M products are designed for the outdoor elements. Customers expect our traffic safety materials, signage, and other products to perform reliably after years of exposure - even to extreme weather. To ensure that high level of performance, 3M has developed technologies that replicate the extremes of light, heat, cold, and moisture found outdoors around the world. By combining real-world and accelerated exposures, 3M has developed an unparalleled ability to measure, analyze, and respond to the demands made by the toughest environmental conditions.
Computer Vision plays an integral role in a variety of innovative 3M products across multiple divisions. The company’s expertise in light management materials when fused with state-of-the-art pattern recognition algorithms yield innovative products with enhanced machine readability properties. Such efforts include, license traffic signs and pavement markings that can help autonomous vehicles navigate, orthodontic treatments that are tailored to the patient and advanced image acquisition and analytics technologies for digital oral care.
Data Science is an interdisciplinary field that uses scientific methods, processes, algorithms and systems to extract knowledge and insights from both structured and unstructured data. 3M applies Data Science to discover heretofore unknown insights to solve challenging and complex customer problems in healthcare, safety, industrial automation and more. We integrate data from our own materials and processes, plus incorporate research and customer data to create unique 3M products and solutions.
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Electronic Systems are found in many 3M products from 3M™ Connected Safety, Room Air Purifiers, to Littmann® Electronic Stethoscopes. 3M’s advanced Electronic Systems often pair with custom software systems, making products smarter and pushing products higher up the value chain. By combining 3M’s world-leading expertise in materials and processing with cloud technology and analytics, Electronic Systems is a powerful platform to create smart materials, smart devices, smart systems; all while providing a smart service.
Harnessing sophisticated computer modeling and simulation technologies, 3M researchers and engineers can predict the properties of yet-to-be-made materials, design new products, and accelerate the development of better manufacturing processes.
Thanks to 'virtual' prototyping and experimentation, 3M has been able to speed up the delivery of valuable new products across all 3M businesses and markets.
Advanced Robotics processing is a technology platform that combines mechanical design, physical manipulation, perception sciences, and computer-controlled devices. 3M uses traditional robotic processing to drive value stream optimization in 3M manufacturing and more recently uses advanced robotics to produce mass-individualized products. Additionally, robotic processing drives high-throughput product development in 3M labs, leverages machine learning, and develops automation-ready products with high product performance for use in automated settings. Robotic processing impacts most of 3M’s divisions through R&D or manufacturing and is gaining relevance to customers of 3M Abrasives, 3M Adhesives and other product platforms.
The faint flutter in a newborn’s heart, a crucial shift in temperature that destroys a vaccine’s potency, a genetic marker for cystic fibrosis, a power outage that leaves thousands in the dark―these and other indications can be detected and communicated by 3M sensors and other sensors relying on 3M components. Our technologies respond to a comprehensive array of stimuli, including heat, light, pressure, radio, chemical, biological, high voltage and other signals. Sensor applications are also comprehensive, ranging from low-cost indicators―such as single-use sterilization test strips―to advanced, automated diagnostic devices.
3M develops application software to provide or enable many 3M innovate technologies, including medical coding applications for hospitals, aligner planning and medical treatment for orthodontia clinics, worker safety and consumer air quality applications. 3M uses state-of-the-art tools and technologies to develop application software, for client, mobile and cloud, that is secure, easy to use, scalable and globally deployable.
Loud, unpleasant noises aren’t just irritating―they are also a threat to our health and safety. 3M has engineered select nonwovens, viscoelastic polymers, and other materials to absorb sound, dampen vibration, and control undesirable noise. In automobiles these materials create a quieter passenger compartment. In computer disk drives, they reduce irritating sounds and help increase access speed and storage capacity. In the workplace they reduce distraction, protect hearing, and allow communication. In health care, they improve sound clarity for clinicians using stethoscopes.
3M™ Biodetection and Microbial Management platform encompasses fundamental understanding of microbial physiology and biochemistry and integrates a variety of core technologies such as specialty materials, nanotechnology, adhesives, and microreplication to create solutions for real world problems. 3M has developed fast and easy-to-use systems for detecting, identifying, and quantifying microorganisms in a variety of environments including food production and healthcare facilities. The platform also enables 3M products used to eradicate potentially pathogenic bacteria on skin, mucosal tissue, medical instruments, and environmental surfaces and to validate that sterilization of medical equipment has been successful.
Through innovations in connected technology, 3M is making our smart products even smarter. Connected Systems use built-in sensors to gather data, and then take action on that data across a network to generate value and insight, with applications ranging from industrial equipment to wearable devices. The Connected Systems are a network of devices that uniquely relay their location, sense their surroundings, or report on their internal environment. Recent examples can be found in workers safety, transportation, air quality and grid modernization applications.
3M™ Connected Safety is bringing advances of the connected world into industrial worker safety. 3M™ Connected Roads is helping improve roadway safety and efficiency through enhanced transportation infrastructure for both human drivers and connected automated vehicles. Filtrete™ Smart Air Filters are outfitted with a sensor that helps monitor air flow and usage. The Filtrete™ Smart App can display outdoor air quality information for multiple locations monitoring air quality anytime and anywhere.
3M Oral Care Solutions Division uses the latest advances in data science, cloud computing, and digital medical imaging to help dentists and orthodontists improve the lives of patients all over the world. We combine a broad range of software and systems expertise with our unique materials, custom products, and many other 3M technology platforms to create solutions that truly promote life-long oral health for everyone.
Our expertise in 3D imaging, computer vision, data science, biology, and biomechanics are brought together through application and cloud-based platforms that allow our customers to design and develop efficient and effective treatment strategies for their patients, as well as diagnose and measure critical oral functions such as occlusion and crowding. These capabilities combine to allow clinicians to provide choices to their patients while engaging them in the treatment planning process.
Displays have become omnipresent in our daily lives – putting information and communication at our fingertips. At 3M, we develop a wide range of technology and products for displays to enhance the visual quality, reduce the energy consumption, protect display surfaces, keep information secure, and enhance the user interface. By combining our expertise in films, light management, adhesives, nanotechnology and microreplication, we develop solutions to enable the next generation of displays.
As the world searches for new ways to generate and store energy, it turns to 3M technology. From consumer electronics to electric vehicles to flow batteries for grid storage and backup power for telecommunications towers; 3M’s battery and fuel cell technologies help to efficiently and reliably store and deliver energy when and where it’s needed. The company is a global leader in fuel cell and redox flow battery components, particularly in the design and manufacture of cost-effective membrane electrode assemblies. In the photovoltaic industry, 3M is advancing technologies (including barrier films and Fresnel concentrator lenses) and supplying products such as very high-bond and conductive foil tapes.
Engineered Graphics includes a wide range of technologies and applications from printable films for custom graphics to durable solutions for traffic signage. 3M redefined advertising with the first digitally printed, wall-sized graphics, then further enhanced our designs to make installation easier. We invented printable and retroreflective signage substrates based on microreplication, and refined our inks and pigments to ensure true, bright colors last even under the harshest conditions.
As the world becomes ever more digital, the opportunity for new materials and technologies that can enable flexible electronics continues to emerge. Such flexible electronics may take the form of displays and sensors that can bend, conform, or dynamically change shape across a diverse set of use modes. Some first applications include folding displays for consumer electronics, wearable devices for personal health monitoring, and 3D shaped interfaces for the automotive human to machine experience. 3M’s strong materials, process, and manufacturing capabilities are aligned to support the unfolding needs of flexible electronics.
Pharmaceutical, food, and specialty chemical manufacturing demand components of the highest purity. To meet the rigorous standards of these and other industries―3M offers multiple liquid and gas filtration, separation, and purification options, including electret, membrane, carbon, and nonwoven fiber technologies. This expertise has been applied to 3M’s personal respirators and masks, consumer air filters for homes and cars, purifiers for pharmaceutical manufacturing, home water treatment systems, and other products.
In more than 6,000 hospitals around the world, 3M’s advanced software and consulting services help organizations capture and classify health care data, allocate resources, comply with regulations, manage revenue, and ultimately improve the quality of patient care. Our solutions bring significant cost savings to health care organizations and help governments and health policy agencies worldwide manage costs and improve the outcomes of their local and national health care systems.
Begin with 3M's intimate understanding of advanced materials. Combine those materials in thin films with hundreds of layers. Integrate with 3M's unmatched ability to create microscopic structures on films (and other surfaces). By mixing these and other technologies, 3M manipulates light to transform everyday products. Signs are brighter and easier to see. Buildings are more energy efficient. Security markings seem to float above documents. Electronic displays are more vivid but draw less power. All through the power of light management.
With 3M mechanical fasteners, customers can attach materials and then detach them―over and over again. We create the durable structured surfaces using a combination of our unique technologies including microreplication, polymer processing, adhesives, and nonwovens. These “catch and release” fasteners have transformed such diverse products as infant diapers and abrasives; they are also used in transportation, health care, sporting goods, and electrical products.
Dangerous infection is a risk whenever a patient's skin is compromised through surgery, an accident, or an IV insertion. Advanced adhesives, films, nonwovens, and specialty materials have been applied in 3M health care products―such as our absorbent and transparent dressings, surgical tapes and drapes, as well as skin preparation products and cleansers―that promote faster healing and reduce the threat of infection.
No matter your industry, 3M thermal management materials can help you design devices that run cooler and more reliably. Their excellent stability, thermal conductivity, high dielectric strength and conformability make them ideal for applications including thermal management of microprocessors, computers, server systems, lithium ion batteries, electrical transformers and high temperature processing equipment as well as protect surroundings from high heat loads and fire. Example materials include heat transfer fluids, ceramics, resins, sealants, adhesives, tapes, pads, nonwovens, and ceramic woven fibers.
At 3M, our technology strength sets us apart. See how we combine these technologies across businesses to create unique solutions for our customers.