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Industry Terminology for the future of Connected and Automated Vehicles

View the image below and click on the hotspots to learn more about terms being used in the industry and in the advancement of connected and automated vehicles.

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Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR)

Utilizes laser light pulses operating in a short-wave, near-infrared optical signal to map surroundings at the speed of light. LiDAR works much like radar, but uses infrared light instead of radio waves.

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Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR)

Utilizes laser light pulses operating in a short-wave, near-infrared optical signal to map surroundings at the speed of light. LiDAR works much like radar, but uses infrared light instead of radio waves.

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Self-Driving Vehicles (Fully Autonomous)

Vehicles that don’t require direct driver input to control vehicle operation—including steering, acceleration, and braking. The driver isn’t expected to constantly monitor the roadway while operating in self-driving mode.

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Self-Driving Vehicles (Fully Autonomous)

Vehicles that don’t require direct driver input to control vehicle operation—including steering, acceleration, and braking. The driver isn’t expected to constantly monitor the roadway while operating in self-driving mode.

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Automated Driving Systems (ADS)

Commonly referred to as automated vehicles, self-driving vehicles or SAE Automated Levels 3-5 technology.

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Automated Driving Systems (ADS)

Commonly referred to as automated vehicles, self-driving vehicles or SAE Automated Levels 3-5 technology.

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Forward Facing Cameras

Many Advanced Driving Assistance Systems utilize a forward-facing camera located near the interior rearview mirror. This camera feeds data, in the form of digital images, to the vehicle’s image signal processor (ISP).

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Forward Facing Cameras

Many Advanced Driving Assistance Systems utilize a forward-facing camera located near the interior rearview mirror. This camera feeds data, in the form of digital images, to the vehicle’s image signal processor (ISP).

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High Definition (HD) Maps

Maps specifically designed for self-driving vehicles. Extremely high precision at centimeter-level, necessary for autonomous vehicles requiring precise instructions as they navigate their environments.

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High Definition (HD) Maps

Maps specifically designed for self-driving vehicles. Extremely high precision at centimeter-level, necessary for autonomous vehicles requiring precise instructions as they navigate their environments.

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Adaptive Cruise Control System (ACC)

An adaptive cruise control system (ACC) uses radar to adjust the vehicle's speed to the traffic environment.

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Adaptive Cruise Control System (ACC)

An adaptive cruise control system (ACC) uses radar to adjust the vehicle's speed to the traffic environment.

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Automatic Emergency Braking Systems

Automatic emergency braking is a safety technology that automatically activates the vehicle’s brake system, to some degree, when necessary. Systems vary from pre-charging brakes to slowing the vehicle to reduce damage.

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Automatic Emergency Braking Systems

Automatic emergency braking is a safety technology that automatically activates the vehicle’s brake system, to some degree, when necessary. Systems vary from pre-charging brakes to slowing the vehicle to reduce damage.

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Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC)

Two-way short- to- medium-range wireless communications capability that permits the very high data transmission critical in communications-based active safety applications.

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Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC)

Two-way short- to- medium-range wireless communications capability that permits the very high data transmission critical in communications-based active safety applications.

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Global Positioning System (GPS)

A worldwide radio-navigation system formed from the constellation of 24 satellites and their ground stations. Mainly funded and controlled by the U.S Department of Defense (DOD), but now available to civilian users.

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Global Positioning System (GPS)

A worldwide radio-navigation system formed from the constellation of 24 satellites and their ground stations. Mainly funded and controlled by the U.S Department of Defense (DOD), but now available to civilian users.

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5G LTE

The fifth generation of cellular networking that is the next step in mobile technology that phones and tablets of the future will use for data. 5G LTE should make our current LTE networks as slow and irrelevant as 3G data seems now.

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5G LTE

The fifth generation of cellular networking that is the next step in mobile technology that phones and tablets of the future will use for data. 5G LTE should make our current LTE networks as slow and irrelevant as 3G data seems now.

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Machine Vision Systems

In machine-vision applications, imaging technologies deliver data in the form of digital images to an image signal processor (ISP) to extract and deliver information output.

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Machine Vision Systems

In machine-vision applications, imaging technologies deliver data in the form of digital images to an image signal processor (ISP) to extract and deliver information output.

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Advanced Driving Assistance Systems (ADAS)

Most vehicles sold today are equipped with some form of ADAS integrated in-vehicle or infrastructure-based intelligent safety systems including lane departure warning, lane keep assist, adaptive cruise control, and automatic emergency braking systems.

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Advanced Driving Assistance Systems (ADAS)

Most vehicles sold today are equipped with some form of ADAS integrated in-vehicle or infrastructure-based intelligent safety systems including lane departure warning, lane keep assist, adaptive cruise control, and automatic emergency braking systems.

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(Near) Infrared (NIR)

Wavelength of electromagnetic radiation that is invisible to the human eyes, with a frequency between 300 gigahertz and 400 terahertz and a wavelength between 1 millimeter and 750 nanometers.

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(Near) Infrared (NIR)

Wavelength of electromagnetic radiation that is invisible to the human eyes, with a frequency between 300 gigahertz and 400 terahertz and a wavelength between 1 millimeter and 750 nanometers.

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Far Infrared (FIR) (Thermal)

Wavelength of electromagnetic radiation that is invisible to the human eye, with a frequency between 20 terahertz and 300 gigahertz and a wavelength of 15 micrometers (µm) to 1 mm.

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Far Infrared (FIR) (Thermal)

Wavelength of electromagnetic radiation that is invisible to the human eye, with a frequency between 20 terahertz and 300 gigahertz and a wavelength of 15 micrometers (µm) to 1 mm.

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Radio Detection and Ranging (Radar)

Uses radio waves to detect objects and determine their range, angle, and/or velocity. Good for distance and speed detection, but can be confused by small but highly reflective metal objects, like a soda can in the street.

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Radio Detection and Ranging (Radar)

Uses radio waves to detect objects and determine their range, angle, and/or velocity. Good for distance and speed detection, but can be confused by small but highly reflective metal objects, like a soda can in the street.

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Lane Departure Warning Systems (LDW)

A lane departure warning system (LDW) is an advanced safety technology that alerts drivers when they unintentionally drift out of their lane without a turn signal. LDW systems do not take full control of the vehicle.

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Lane Departure Warning Systems (LDW)

A lane departure warning system (LDW) is an advanced safety technology that alerts drivers when they unintentionally drift out of their lane without a turn signal. LDW systems do not take full control of the vehicle.

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Robo-Taxi

A Robo-Taxi, also known as a Robo-Cab, is a self-driving or driverless taxi that uses an autonomous car (SAE Level 4 or 5) and is operating for an e-hailing (on-demand mobility) service.

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Robo-Taxi

A Robo-Taxi, also known as a Robo-Cab, is a self-driving or driverless taxi that uses an autonomous car (SAE Level 4 or 5) and is operating for an e-hailing (on-demand mobility) service.

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Truck or Vehicle Platooning

A platoon is several vehicles (trucks or automobiles) that are travelling together and are electronically connected to one another through a form of wireless communication.

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Truck or Vehicle Platooning

A platoon is several vehicles (trucks or automobiles) that are travelling together and are electronically connected to one another through a form of wireless communication.

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Cyber-Physical Security

Physical objects in the environment act as a fiducial marker to provide localization conformation relative to a map or HD mapping system for autonomous vehicles.

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Cyber-Physical Security

Physical objects in the environment act as a fiducial marker to provide localization conformation relative to a map or HD mapping system for autonomous vehicles.

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