Advanced materials for fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) applications

  • fuel cell video

    As environmental sustainability becomes a defining factor in designing the vehicles of the future, industry and consumer interest in automotive electrification has continued to grow. One of the most promising avenues for achieving zero-emission vehicles is the rise of proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells.

    PEM fuel cells offer high power density to maximize the efficient use of hydrogen that powers the cells – without emitting any CO2 during operation. To help automotive OEMs achieve higher performance with good durability, PEM fuel cell and membrane manufacturers are turning to material suppliers for state-of-the-art solutions.

    Explore how 3M's decades of experience in fuel cell component development can help you optimize the manufacturing and performance of hydrogen fuel cells for electric vehicles.

Proton Exchange Mebrane

Proton exchange membrane (PEM)

With multiple grades to help you determine the right fit for your application, 3M™ Ionomers are designed to deliver high proton conductivity and the potential to achieve higher energy output in a smaller fuel cell stack. Coupled with good mechanical strength at high relative humidity and low gas permeation, 3M™ Ionomers can be a fit for many light to heavy-duty FCEV’s. ​

Designed for both durability and high performance, 3M™ Ionomers are helping PEM fuel cell manufacturers close in on the goal of zero-emission energy – and a more sustainable future.

3M™ Ionomers 725 EW and 800 EW (PDF, 126.22 KB)

An exploded view of a PEM Fuel Cell with the PEM highlighted in the center.

Electrode Catalyst Layer

Electrode catalyst layer

In electrode ink formulations, 3M Ionomers may allow a reduction in the amount of expensive platinum catalyst – which in turn could help reduce total system cost.

3M™ Ionomers 725 EW and 800 EW (PDF, 126.22 KB)

An exploded view of a PEM Fuel Cell with the electrode catalyst layer highlighted in the center.

Gas Diffusion Layer

Gas diffusion layer (GDL)

3M’s high molecular weight PTFE dispersion offers hydrophobic performance for coating the gas diffusion layer providing excellent wettability during manufacturing, improved water management, chemical resistance, and fibrillation performance.

3M™ Dyneon™ PTFE Dispersion TF 5060GZ (PDF, 203.85 KB)

An exploded view of a PEM Fuel Cell with the gas diffusion layer highlighted in the center.

Seals

Seals

3M fluoroelastomers for fuel cells have outstanding hydrogen permeation resistance and includes an ultra low viscosity polymer which has excellent flow properties for molding complex shapes like seals for bipolar plates.

3M™ Dyneon™ Peroxide Cure Fluoroelastomer FPO 3600ULV (PDF, 174.30 KB)

An exploded view of a PEM Fuel Cell with the seals highlighted in the ends.

Hydrogen Tank

Hydrogen Tank

3M™ Matrix Resins offer unique epoxy resin formulations. Resins can feature uniformly dispersed nanoscale inorganic fillers, at very high loading (30-60% by weight), with resin flow properties tailored for typical composite fabrication processes. 3M™ Matrix Resin results in a 5-21% weight reduction as compared to standard H2 Tank designs and up to 20% cost savings.

View our Matrix Resins for Automotive (PDF, 9.69 MB)

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3M Matrix Resin


  • An Earth icon with a hydrogen pin on it.

    Powering tomorrow's breakthroughs in PEM fuel cells

    As environmental sustainability becomes a defining factor in designing the vehicles of the future, industry and consumer interest in automotive electrification has continued to grow. One of the most promising avenues for achieving zero-emission vehicles is the rise of proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells.

    PEM fuel cells offer high power density to maximize the efficient use of hydrogen that powers the cells – without emitting any CO2 during operation. To help automotive OEMs achieve higher performance with good durability, PEM fuel cell and membrane manufacturers are turning to material suppliers for state-of-the-art solutions.


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