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3M™ PEAK™ Clinical Outcomes Program: Hypothermia

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Path Toward Zero

Partnering with you on your path toward zero hypothermia complications

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  • Unintended perioperative hypothermia, defined as a core body temperature of less than 36.0°C (96.8°F), remains a common, yet easily preventable, complication of surgery.1-4 Numerous studies have demonstrated that even mild hypothermia can results in significant complications, including:

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The PEAK™ Program difference

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    Every patient, every time

    We offer a temperature management assessment program to analyze current practices at your facility to help you implement evidence-based protocols to improve clinical outcomes.

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    Advanced quality of care

    Implementing a perioperative temperature management protocol can help you advance quality of care, optimize product utilization, streamline workflow and strengthen patient satisfaction.


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Peak™ Program Resources

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    Learn how the PEAK Program is helping clinicians reduce complications and optimize care.

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    Discover how to take a proactive approach to perioperative temperature management.

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    View more about our standardized temperature monitoring solution.

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    Learn why temperature is a critical vital sign and how every degree matters.


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Get Started

We provide a robust portfolio of tools and processes, along with the support of 3M Clinical Specialists and Sales Representatives to work hand-in-hand with you each step of the way.

  • PEAK Program Resource Center

    PEAK Program Resource Center

    We collaborate directly with your facility to design site-specific implementation plans that set the stage for long-term success. The resource center offers effective, in-depth training and resources so you can maximize outcomes.

    Existing Users: Log In

  • 3M™ PEAK™ Assessment Tool

    3M™ PEAK™ Assessment Tool

    We offer a temperature management assessment program to analyze current practices at your facility to help you implement evidence-based protocols to improve clinical outcomes.

    For more information, please contact your 3M representative.

  • Implement PEAK

    Connect with a 3M Specialist

    Are you interested in learning more about how 3M can help you on your path toward zero hypothermia complications at your facility?


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  • 1. Young V, Watson M. Prevention of Perioperative Hypothermia in Plastic Surgery. Aesthetic Surgery Journal. 2006;551-571.

    2. Sessler, DI. Perioperative Heat Balance. Anesth. 2000;92:578-596.

    3. Sessler DI. Current concepts: Mild Perioperative Hypothermia. New Engl J Med. 1997:336(24):1730-1737.

    4. Sessler DI, Kurz A. Mild Perioperative Hypothermia. Anesthesiology News. Oct 2008: 17-28.

    5. Kurz A, Sessler DI, et al. Perioperative Normothermia to Reduce the Incidence of Surgical-Wound Infection and Shorten Hospitalization. New Engl J Med. 1996; 334:1209-1215.

    6. Melling AC, Ali B, Scott EM, Leaper DJ. Effects of preoperative warming on the incidence of wound infection after a clean surgery; a randomized controlled trial. Lancet. 2001; 358(9285):876-880.

    7. Bush H Jr., Hydo J, Fischer E, et al. Hypothermia during elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: The high price of avoidable morbidity. J Vasc Surg. 1995;21(3):392-402.

    8. Schmied H, Kurz A, et al. Mild hypothermia increases blood loss and transfusion requirements during total hip arthroplasty. The Lancet. 1996;347(8997):289-292.

    9. Rajagopalan S, et al. The Effects of Mild Perioperative Hypothermia on Blood Loss and Transfusion Requirement. Anesth. 2008;108:71-7.

    10. Heier T, Caldwell JE, Sessler Dl, et al. Mild intra-operative Hypothermia increases Duration of Action and Spontaneous Recovery of Vecuronium Blockade during Nitrous Oxide-Isoflurane Anesthesia in Humans. Anesth. 1991;74(5):815-819.

    11. Frank SM, Fleisher LA, Breslow MJ, et al. Perioperative maintenance of normothermia reduces the incidence of morbid cardiac events. JAMA. 1997;277:1127-1134.

    12. Fossum S, Hays J, Hensen MM. A Comparison Study on the Effects of Prewarming Patients in the Outpatient Surgery Setting. J PeriAnesth Nurs. 2001;16(3):187-194.

    13. Wilson L, Kolcaba K. Practical Application of Comfort Theory in the Perianesthesia Setting. J PeriAnesth Nurs. 2004;19(3):164-173.

    14. Lenhardt R, Marker E, Goli V, et al. Mild intra-operative Hypothermia Prolongs Postanesthetic Recovery. Anesth. 1997;87(6):1318-1323.

    15. Scott AV, Stonemetz JL, Wasey JO, Johnson DJ, Rivers DJ, Koch CG, et al. (2015) Compliance with Surgical Care Improvement Project for Body Temperature Management (SCIP Inf-10) is Associated with Improved Clinical Outcomes. Anesthesiology 123:116-125.

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