The 3M™ Peak™ Clinical Outcomes Program approach to prevention and care of hypothermia and its associated complications.

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Research shows that even mild perioperative hypothermia (from anesthesia-induced redistribution temperature drop) can increase the patient’s risks of significant negative outcomes. ¹⁻⁸


The Peak Program difference.

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    Every patient. Every time.

    We offer a temperature management assessment program to analyze current practices at your facility to help you implement evidence-based protocols to improve clinical outcomes.

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    Advanced quality of care.

    Implementing a perioperative temperature management protocol can help you advance quality of care, optimize product utilization, streamline workflow and strengthen patient satisfaction.


Here are just some of the assets available to you in the digital resource center.

Explore the digital resource center, your one-stop-shop to access tools and resources to help you achieve and maintain outcomes.


Ways to get started.

We provide a portfolio of tools and processes, along with the support of 3M Clinical Specialists and Account Managers to work hand-in-hand with you each step of the way.

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    Digital resource center.

    Explore the digital resource center, your one-stop-shop to access tools and resources to help you achieve and maintain outcomes.

    Existing Users: Log In

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    Assessment tools.

    We offer a temperature management assessment program to analyze current practices at your facility to help you implement evidence-based protocols to improve clinical outcomes.

    For more information, please contact your 3M Account Manager.

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    Connect with a 3M resource.

    Learn how we can partner with you to address complications and make an impact at your facility.


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  • 1. Young V, Watson M. Prevention of Perioperative Hypothermia in Plastic Surgery. Aesthetic Surgery Journal. 2006;551-571.

    2. Sessler, DI. Perioperative Heat Balance. Anesth. 2000;92:578-596.

    3. Sessler DI. Current concepts: Mild Perioperative Hypothermia. New Engl J Med. 1997:336(24):1730-1737.

    4. Sessler DI, Kurz A. Mild Perioperative Hypothermia. Anesthesiology News. Oct 2008: 17-28.

    5. Kurz A, Sessler DI, et al. Perioperative Normothermia to Reduce the Incidence of Surgical-Wound Infection and Shorten Hospitalization. New Engl J Med. 1996; 334:1209-1215.

    6. Melling AC, Ali B, Scott EM, Leaper DJ. Effects of preoperative warming on the incidence of wound infection after a clean surgery; a randomized controlled trial. Lancet. 2001; 358(9285):876-880.

    7. Bush H Jr., Hydo J, Fischer E, et al. Hypothermia during elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: The high price of avoidable morbidity. J Vasc Surg. 1995;21(3):392-402.

    8. Schmied H, Kurz A, et al. Mild hypothermia increases blood loss and transfusion requirements during total hip arthroplasty. The Lancet. 1996;347(8997):289-292.

    9. Rajagopalan S, et al. The Effects of Mild Perioperative Hypothermia on Blood Loss and Transfusion Requirement. Anesth. 2008;108:71-7.

    10. Heier T, Caldwell JE, Sessler Dl, et al. Mild intra-operative Hypothermia increases Duration of Action and Spontaneous Recovery of Vecuronium Blockade during Nitrous Oxide-Isoflurane Anesthesia in Humans. Anesth. 1991;74(5):815-819.

    11. Frank SM, Fleisher LA, Breslow MJ, et al. Perioperative maintenance of normothermia reduces the incidence of morbid cardiac events. JAMA. 1997;277:1127-1134.

    12. Fossum S, Hays J, Hensen MM. A Comparison Study on the Effects of Prewarming Patients in the Outpatient Surgery Setting. J PeriAnesth Nurs. 2001;16(3):187-194.

    13. Wilson L, Kolcaba K. Practical Application of Comfort Theory in the Perianesthesia Setting. J PeriAnesth Nurs. 2004;19(3):164-173.

    14. Lenhardt R, Marker E, Goli V, et al. Mild intra-operative Hypothermia Prolongs Postanesthetic Recovery. Anesth. 1997;87(6):1318-1323.

    15. Scott AV, Stonemetz JL, Wasey JO, Johnson DJ, Rivers DJ, Koch CG, et al. (2015) Compliance with Surgical Care Improvement Project for Body Temperature Management (SCIP Inf-10) is Associated with Improved Clinical Outcomes. Anesthesiology 123:116-125.

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