Two qualities matter most in an incise drape: strong adhesion and antimicrobial activity.
3M™ Ioban™ 2 Incise Drapes have you covered. They adhere securely to the skin, reducing the risk of drape lift. These incise drapes provide continuous broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity all the way to the incision edge.
Skin flora is the leading cause of SSI.5,6,8 Even the best skin preparation prior to surgery will not completely remove all bacteria.
Normal flora is always present and can’t be entirely removed from the skin surface. These organisms can potentially be transferred to a wound through contact with items that touch the skin during surgery.
Creating a barrier with a 3M™ Ioban™ 2 Incise Drape helps reduce the risk of bacteria transferring into the surgical wound.
Surgical incise drape adhesion is important at the wound edge where the skin and drape are contiguous with the wound. In a published study¹, it was shown that drape lift at the wound edge may be associated with a 6-fold increase in surgical site infection.
In a comparative study⁷, Ioban drape was shown to adhere better than the competitors' drapes tested. The clinical relevance of good drape adhesion is the potential contribution to risk reduction for surgical site infection. When used properly and adhered well throughout an entire procedure, skin preperations and surgical incise drapes can work as a multiple stage approach to potentially reduce would contamination as part of an infection management program.
The strong adhesion in 3M™ Ioban™ 2 Antimicrobial Incise Drapes protects the skin prep from washing off and helps prevent drape lift. The antimicrobial impregnated into the adhesive provides continuous microbial kill.
Combined, these elements work to help reduce the risk of surgical site contamination that may be associated with SSI.
The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (JBJS) recently published a study comparing surgical preps and their effects on incise drape adhesion. Read the study.
On average, an SSI adds 9.7 more post-operative hospital days and costs $20,842 in extra hospital charges.³ That’s $27 million+ per day, or up to $10 billion per year in the U.S.4 Other associated costs:
- Potential re-hospitalization of patients
- Cost of post-surgery antibiotics
- Increased insurance rates
- Support staff resources or scheduling
- Additional office visits and surgeon time
Reducing wound contamination helps reduce the risk of SSI. Despite the most careful and rigorous disinfection, not all bacteria on the skin are killed…and can be carried into the wound during surgery. That’s where 3M™ Ioban 2™ Antimicrobial Incise Drapes can help.
Testing the efficacy of an incise drape can be difficult. But a recent independent test shows that not all incise drapes are created equally.
This in vitro time-kill study² measured the antimicrobial activity of three different antimicrobial incise drapes.
At no time point did any of the other drapes kill more organisms than 3M Ioban 2 Incise Drapes.
At 90 minutes of exposure, 3M™ Ioban 2™ Incise Drapes were significantly better than the other drapes at reducing the microbial counts of the microorganisms tested in the study.
Indicated for such surgeries as: cardiovascular, orthopedics, neurosurgery, and major abdominal and implant surgery, 3M™ Ioban 2™ Incise Drapes are designed to make application and removal simple yet precise.
1. Alexander, J.W., Aerni, S., and Plettner, J.P. 1985. Development of a Safe and Effective One-Minute Preoperative Skin Preparation. Arch Surg. 120: 1357-1361.
2. Eyberg, C.E., MS, Morse, D.J., MS, Olson, L.K., BS, and Parks, P.J., MD, PhD. 2008. An in vitro Time-kill Study to Compare the Antimicrobial Activity of Three Antimicrobial Surgical Incise Drapes. 19th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), March 19-22, 2009, San Diego, California.
3. de Lissovoy G, Fraeman K, Hutchins V, Murphy D, Song D, Vaughn BB. Surgical site infection: incidence and impact on hospital utilization and treatment costs. Am J Infect Control 2009; 37:387-97.
4. Scott RD II. The direct medical costs of healthcare-associated infections in U.S. hospitals and the benefits of prevention. Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion; National Center for Preparedness, Detection, and Control of Infectious Diseases; Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2009.
5. Altemeier WA, Culbertson WR, Hummel RP. Surgical considerations of endogenous infections – sources, types, and methods of control. Surg Clin North Am 1968;48:227-240.
6. Dohmen P. Antibiotic resistance in common pathogens reinforces the need to minimize surgical site infections. J Hosp Infect 2008;70(S2):15-20.
7. Grove GL, Eyberg CI. Comparison of Two Preoperative Skin Antiseptic Preparations and Resultant Surgical Incise Drape Adhesion to Skin in Healthy Volunteers. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012; 94(13):1187-1192.
8. Dohmen P. Influence of skin flora and preventive measures on surgical site infection during cardiac curgery. Surg Infections 2006;7 Suppl 1:S13-S17.
9. French M, Eitzen H, Ritter M. The Plastic Surgical Adhesive Drape: An Evaluation of its Efficacy as a Microbial Barrier. Ann Surg 184(1): 46-50 1976.