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Consultant speaking to a clinician about quality
Top experts. Hot topics. Leading the way to quality outcomes.

3M Quality Webinar Series

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3M’s Quality Webinar Series

This series offers in-depth sessions with 3M experts and clients about key quality initiatives.

As hospitals move toward the future of value-based care, they’re focusing more than ever on quality measures and finding new ways to streamline and improve clinical documentation. The 3M Quality Webinar Series is focused on crucial issues facing CDI managers and directors, as well as HIM and Quality directors. These webinars provide expert insights to hospitals that may find themselves at risk on key quality measures.
 

 

 

 


Upcoming webinar

Shoot for the stars: How CDI and coding teams can help organizations attain a CMS 5-star rating

The health care industry's focus on the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) 5-star rating for inpatient hospitals continues to increase. Clinical documentation integrity (CDI) and coding teams can play a vital part in an organization's success in achieving 5 stars. However, learning what is and isn’t included in the 5-star methodology is crucial to a CDI and coding team's ability to influence the hospital's quality performance and impact star ratings.

 

Date: Wednesday, Mar. 13, 2024

Time: 1 p.m. ET

Register now.


On-demand webinars

  • 2024
    • (DESCRIPTION) Text, 3M. Science. Applied to life. Outpatient prospective system (OPPS) and CPT, what you need to know to have a successful start. 3M quality Webinar Series. (SPEECH) Good afternoon and happy new year. We haven't had our quality webinar series yet so I'm going to go ahead and say happy new year as we kick off our yearly series with the quality webinar. And today we're going to be talking about OPPS and CPT and what you need to know to start your 24 off successfully. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Housekeeping. (SPEECH) Before we get started, I'm just going to go over a couple of housekeeping items. We are utilizing the On24 platform, which is web based, so we do recommend you being in Chrome. Close out a VPN and multiple tabs that will help with the bandwidth. There is no dial in number, so if you are having any audio issues, check your speaker settings and do a quick refresh of your browser, that usually clears anything up. We do have several engagement tools, you can move the screen-- or I'm sorry, the sections around, you can make the slides bigger or smaller and you can minimize things as well. Within the media player, we do have closed captioning. So if you do need that, that is available. Make sure you check out our resources section where we do have the presentation slides for today as well as the certificate of attendance that you want to download before the end of the session. And also at the end, we always appreciate you asking questions-- I'm sorry, completing the survey to let us know how we did but we also have a section for Q&A. We do have a lot of content today so we won't get to the questions at the end. But if you do have a question, go ahead and put that in the Q&A section and our speakers will follow up with you after. But we also do have the attendee chat as well. So if you are interested in just saying hello or making a comment about the content of today, please feel free. But the questions is where we'll follow up with you after. (DESCRIPTION) The information, guidance, and other statements provided by 3M are based upon experience and information 3M believes to be reliable, but the accuracy, completeness, and representative nature of such information is not guaranteed. Such information is intended for people with knowledge and skills sufficient to assess and apply their own informed judgment to the information and is not a substitute for the user's own analysis. The participant and/or participant's organization are solely responsible for any compliance and reimbursement decisions, including those that may arise in whole or in part from participant's use of or reliance upon information contained in this presentation. 3M disclaims all responsibility for any use made of such information. No license under any 3M or third-party intellectual property rights is granted or implied with this information. 3M and its authorized third parties will use your personal information according to 3M's privacy policy. This meeting may be recorded. If you do not consent to being recorded, please exit the meeting. (SPEECH) So again, we have a lot to talk about today so let's go ahead and get started. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Meet Our Speakers. (SPEECH) We have two of our own subject matter experts Nichole and Brad who are going to be going through our content. So Nicole I'm going to go ahead and pass it over to you. (DESCRIPTION) Nichole Soderquist, MBA, R.H.I.A., CCDS-O, C.D.I.P., CCS, n soderquist at m m m dot com. Title, Learning objectives. (SPEECH) Thank you, Lisa. (DESCRIPTION) At the completion of this session, the participant will have an increased understanding of: Key policies for calendar year 2024 Quality Reporting Program. Outpatient, ASC, and rural emergency hospital. (SPEECH) Today we do have a packed agenda for you. We are going to start with the key policy update surrounding various quality reporting programs, then Brad will speak to OPPS and ASC final rule changes, including the additions to the inpatient only list as well as updates to the ASC covered procedure list. (DESCRIPTION) 2024 OPPS/ASC final rule regarding changes to: inpatient-only additions, updates to ASC covered surgical procedures, and CMS prior authorization updates. (SPEECH) We'll then provide key updates to the 2024 CPT code set including evaluation and management, surgery, and medicine sections. (DESCRIPTION) The American Medical Association updates to 2024 CPT code set. Key updates to the Surgery, Medicine, and Category III codes. Social determinants of health updates. (SPEECH) We will wrap up the code changes and additions surrounding social determinants of health. So let's get started. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Key policies of CY 2024 quality Reporting Program. (SPEECH) First we're going to dive in and review the updates for the varying quality reporting programs. (DESCRIPTION) CY2024 Outpatient Quality Reporting (OQR) (SPEECH) A new measure has been adopted for calendar year 2024 of the outpatient quality reporting program. The risk standardized patient reported outcome-based performance measure, following elective primary total hip or total knee arthroplasty in that hospital outpatient department setting. In 2023, this measure was adopted in the inpatient setting. So the same specifications will be used in the outpatient setting with the modifications to include procedures specifically performed in that hospital outpatient department setting. To allow more time for implementation of this measure, there will be a voluntary reporting period followed by mandatory reporting. The extra time to report the voluntary measure is to allow hospital outpatient departments to integrate data collection into their current clinical workflows as well as for CMS to monitor the implementation progress with regards to the data collection burden, time for rule making if any, improvements for mandatory reporting need to be made. Another new measure has been added to the outpatient quality reporting program for excessive radiation dose or inadequate image, quality for diagnostic computed tomography in adults. This has been adopted to ensure that patients are exposed to the lowest possible level of radiation while preserving image quality. This measure, it was added due to the evidence of harm from that excessive radiation exposure and evidence that the radiation doses could be lowered in many patient situations without deteriorating that image quality to the point of rendering those exams is unacceptable. There were three existing measures that underwent modifications. The revised measures include the modification of COVID-19 vaccination coverage among health care personnel. This measure was set to align with the updated CDC National Health Safety Network measure specifications. So the verbiage up to date has been added to the measure to meet that CDC criteria. The guidance issued by the CDC defines the term up to date as meeting the CDC's criteria on the first day of the applicable reporting quarter. The intent of the measure is to capture the vaccination rate within hospitals, so patients have the information available on their health care personnel vaccinations to inform their health care decisions. Survey instrument use for cataracts improvement in the patient's visual function within 90 days following the cataract surgery has been revised to require the use of one of three specific survey instruments to measure the change in that patient's visual function. In both the preoperative and postoperative setting and this is to further standardize the data collection and reduce that facility burden. The allowable survey instruments that a hospital outpatient department can use to assess changes in that patient's visual function are the National Eye Institute, Visual Function Questionnaire 25, the Visual Functioning Patient Questionnaire 14, and the Visual Functioning Index Patient Questionnaire 8R. Appropriate follow up interval for normal colonoscopy in an average risk patient measure has been revised to align with the updated clinical guidelines for screening starting at the age of 45 rather than the age of 50. And there are some additional updates worth sharing in regards to OQR. First the ED left without being seen measure will not be removed as proposed. The reasoning is to retain this measure because it does warrant further investigation. Several comments were submitted as to why the measure should not be removed which emphasized the importance of the quality measurement for the ED care setting, particularly, to address the persistent problems of ED overcrowding as well as boarding. Hospital outpatient volume data on selected outpatient procedures will not be readopted as proposed. And this measure was initially removed in 2018 due to performance or improvement on the measure not resulting in better patient outcomes. The measure then resurfaced because of the scientific literature indicating that volume metrics can support quality and decision making. But due to the measure methodology, the measure will be further reviewed to consider how the data may be publicly displayed as well as investigating procedural frequency trends. (DESCRIPTION) Title, CY 2024 Ambulatory Surgical Center Quality Reporting (ASCQR). (SPEECH) Similar to the outpatient quality reporting, the ambulatory surgical center quality reporting also adopted the outcome-based measure for the elective total hip and total knee arthroplasty. And the same modifications were made to the COVID-19 vaccination measure, the instrument use for the cataracts, and the age change for surveillance colonoscopy. Lastly, the ASC facility volume data on selected ASC surgical procedures will not be re-adopted as proposed. (DESCRIPTION) Rural Emergency Hospital Quality Reporting (R.E.H.Q.R.) Program. (SPEECH) The Rural Emergency Hospital Quality Reporting program also known as REHQR is a new quality reporting program for specifically designated rural emergency hospitals that must provide emergency department services and observation care. They may also opt to provide additional outpatient services. So when we think about what is considered a rural emergency hospital, this designation can be met by the hospital being a critical access hospital, a hospital with not more than 50 beds located in a county or a rural area. In 2023 final rule, it was noted varying potential measures would be considered for the REHQR program and four of the measures that were being considered have been proposed and finalized for calendar year 2024. One chart abstracted measure was adopted, which is similar to the outpatient quality reporting program of the Median Time from emergency department arrival to the emergency departure for the discharge ED patients. And this measure is designed to improve ED throughput times as it can alleviate the overcrowding and reduce those patient wait times. There are three claims-based measures that were adopted. First abdominal CT, the use of contrast material, which mimics the measure in the outpatient quality reporting program. This measure addresses the excessive radiation exposure from improper outpatient imaging procedures in those Medicare beneficiaries. And it ensures that CT abdomen imaging in rural communities adheres to the evidence-based clinical guidelines. The second measure is the facility seven day risk-standardized hospital visit rate after an outpatient colonoscopy. This was initially adopted for reporting in the hospital outpatient quality reporting program and it is now going to be a measure for REHQR. This measure defines the outcome as any one or more unplanned hospital visit within seven days of an outpatient colonoscopy procedure in the setting of an ED visit, observation stay, or an unplanned inpatient admission to any short term acute care facility. And lastly, the risk-standardized hospital visits within seven days after hospital outpatient surgery is another measure that is also in the outpatient quality reporting program and now adopted as well under REHQR. The seven day hospital visit rate after an outpatient surgery measure would make unplanned patient visits, whether it's to the ED observation stays or unplanned inpatient admissions after surgery more visible to the providers and patients through public reporting scores. As many providers, they may be unaware of their patients hospital visits after surgery because the patient could present to the emergency department or to a different hospital. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Quality payment program. MIPS value pathways (MVPs). (SPEECH) The MIPS value pathways are a participation option to motivate clinicians to move away from reporting on selfselected activities and measures through traditional MIPS and towards an aligned set of measures designed to be more meaningful to patient care. They better connect the measures across MIPS categories and to be more relevant to that clinicians scope of practice. So in an effort to promote high quality, safe, and equitable care, and to implement the vision outlined in the CMS National Quality Strategy, CMS has finalized five new MVPs around the topics of women's health, quality care of ear, nose, and throat, infectious disease, which would include your hepatitis C, and HIV, mental health and substance abuse or use disorder, as well as rehabilitative support for musculoskeletal care. In addition, CMS finalized the proposal to add five new episode-based measures to the cost performance category beginning with calendar year 2024 performance period, which makes it a 2026 MIPS payment year. These included depression, emergency medicine, heart failure, low back pain, and psychosis and related conditions. They also finalized the proposal to use a 20 episode case minimum for each of these measures and to clarify the policy regarding those case minimums for the cost measures. I will now pass it over to Brad, who will take you through the inpatient-only services. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Inpatient-only services. (SPEECH) Thanks Nichole. (DESCRIPTION) Inpatient-only (IPO) list. (SPEECH) So generally, but not always, inpatient-only services are surgical services that require inpatient care because of the nature of the procedure, the underlying physical condition of patients who require the service, or the need for at least 24 hours of postoperative recovery time. (DESCRIPTION) CY2021 - Procedures were not assessed against CMS' longstanding removal criteria. Consisted mostly of musculoskeletal-related services (266 of 298 codes). Goal was to increase patient choice and encourage site neutrality. Policy established where procedure removed from IPO list would be indefinitely exempted from some medical review activities related to the Two-Midnight Rule. (SPEECH) Back in 2021 CMS had announced that they were going to eliminate the IPO list that this would be done over a three year period and be completely phased out by 2024. (DESCRIPTION) Text, CY 2022 - Adding back services removed in CY 2021 except for five. Longstanding criteria will be used to evaluate services before removal from the IPO list and codified (classified in the regulations). Exempts procedures removed from the IPO list on or after 1/1/22 from site of service and noncompliance with two-midnight rule for two years. CY 2023 - Added 8 procedures, removed 11 procedures. (SPEECH) But CMS did change their plan in 2022, they halted the elimination of the IPO list and for 2024 they have added nine new CPT codes to the list and have removed none. (DESCRIPTION) Additions to inpatient only list 2024. A chart contains CY 24 CPT code, CY 24 long descriptor , action, and CY 24 OPPS final status indicator. Code 0790T - Revision, replacement, or removal of a thoracolumbar or lumbar vertebral body tethering, including thoracoscopy. Code 22 83 6 - Anterior thoracic vertebral body tethering, including thoracoscopy, when performed; up to 7 vertebral segments. Code 22 83 7 - Anterior thoracic vertebral body tethering, including thoracoscopy, when performed; 8 or more vertebral segments. Code 22 83 8 - Revision, replacement, or removal of thoracic vertebral body tethering, including thoracoscopy when performed. Code - 61 88 9 - Insertion of skull-mounted cranial neurostimulator pulse generator or receiver, including craniectomy or craniotomy, when performed with direct or inductive coupling with connection to depth and/or cortical strip electrode arrays. The final status indicator are C for each code. (SPEECH) CMS finalized their proposals to add the nine services shown on the next two slides. These took effect as of January 1 and all are new codes for 2024. The additions include the new vertebral body tethering procedures, and the insertion of a skull mounted neurostimulator CPT 618989. Note the status indicator for these procedures which confirms their status as inpatient-only procedures and thus not payable under the OPPS. (DESCRIPTION) Code 76 98 4 - Ultrasound, intraoperative thoracic aorta diagnostic. Code 76 98 7 - Intraoperative epicardial cardiac ultrasound for congenital heart disease, diagnostic; including placement and manipulation of transducer, image acquisition, interpretation and report. Code 76 98 8 - Placement. manipulation of transduce and image acquisition only. Code 76 98 9 - interpretation and report only. Code 06464T - Transcatheter tricuspid valve implantation (t.t.v.i.)/replacement with prosthetic valve, percutaneous approach, including right heart catheterization, temporary pacemaker insertion, and selective right ventricular or right atrial angiography, when performed. (SPEECH) We have some new intraoperative ultrasound procedures here and we've seen a reassignment of CPT code 0646T from status indicator E1 which is not payable by Medicare to status indicator C. And again, no services were removed from this list for 2024. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Ambulatory Surgery Center Updates. (SPEECH) So let's move from inpatient to ambulatory surgery center updates. (DESCRIPTION) Title, ASC covered surgical procedures - CY24 additions. (SPEECH) CMS has finalized the addition of 41 new separately payable procedures to the ASC covered procedure list. These codes correspond to procedures that are frequently performed in outpatient settings and increasingly show lower risks of serious complications and inpatient admissions. Most of these are new codes for 2024 but not all of them. Highlighted on this slide are some of the new neurostimulator codes which we will review in more detail later in the presentation. And we'll skip through these slides pretty quickly. But I do want to call out a few other additions such as the shoulder arthroplasty codes 23470 and 23472. The ASCs have been lobbying for these to be added to this list for a few years now, so it's good to see them finally here. We also have the new CPT code 27278 for hip arthrodesis, but we don't have the existing code 27279 which includes the transfixation device, so make note of that distinction. And a couple more commonly performed procedures shown here 27702 for the total ankle arthroplasty and 29868 for the medial or lateral knee scope. Highlighted here are the new codes for phrenic nerve stimulation systems. This is a new subsection within the musculoskeletal section of the code book and again, we'll cover these codes in a little more detail later in the presentation. And some additional codes here for the electrode array portion of the neurostimulator systems, these are the codes you'd use in conjunction with the new skull mounted implant code. But note that this service is not on the ASC covered list and it can be performed at a separate encounter. (DESCRIPTION) C7556 - Bronchoscopy, rigid or flexible, with bronchial alveolar lavage and transendoscopic endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) during bronchoscopic diagnostic or therapeutic intervention(s) for peripheral lesion(s), including fluoroscopic guidance, when performed. C7557 - Catheter placement in coronary artery(s) for coronary angiography, including intraprocedural injection(s) for coronary angiography, imaging supervision and interpretation with left heart catheterization including intraprocedural injection(s) for left ventriculography, when performed and intraprocedural coronary fractional flow reserve (FFR) with 3D functional mapping of color-coded FFR values for the coronary tree, derived from coronary angiogram data, for real-time review and interpretation of possible atherosclerotic stenosis intervention. C7558 - Catheter placement in coronary artery(s) for coronary angiography, including intraprocedural injection(s) for coronary angiography, imaging supervision and interpretation with right and left heart catheterization including intraprocedural injection(s) for left ventriculography, when performed, catheter placements) in bypass grafts) (internal mammary, free arterial, venous grafts) with bypass graft angiography with pharmacologic agent administration (e.g. inhaled nitric oxide, intravenous infusion of nitroprusside, dobutamine, milrinone, or other agent) including assessing hemodynamic measurements before, during after and repeat pharmacologic agent administration, when performed. C7560 - Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with removal of foreign body(ies) or stent(s) from biliary/pancreatic duct(s) and endoscopic cannulation of papilla with direct visualization of pancreatic/common bile duct(s). C9734 - Focused ultrasound ablation/therapeutic intervention, other than uterine leiomyomata, with magnetic resonance (M.R.) guidance. (SPEECH) And we conclude the list here with the HCPCS code editions including those for bronchoscopy during interventions for peripheral lesions, catheter placements during coronary angiography, ERCP with removal of foreign bodies, and focused ultrasound ablation. We've included a link at the bottom of the slide to CMS's transmittal R12429CP, which covers the ASC payment changes for CY24. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Ambulatory Surgery Center covered dental services. (SPEECH) The 2024 CMS has added 104 dental procedures to the ASC covered procedure list and two new dental payment indicators. The D1 indicator is for ancillary dental services or items and for these no separate payment is made. The D1 indicator separates packaged dental HCPCS codes from packaged medical codes assigned to ASC indicator N1. CMS expects ASCs to build these packaged codes with HCPCS code G0330. And then payment indicator D2, this describes a nonoffice-based dental procedure and these are separately payable. So G0330 it was added to the ASC covered procedure list as of January 1 and covers those D1 facility services for covered procedures provided to a patient requiring monitored anesthesia. Couple of things to remember about G0330, it is that D2 indicator which means that this can be paired with any of the D1 procedure codes, and you would want to do that. If you bill G0330 without one or more of the D1 codes, this will result in a denial of the G code. And also remember that you can only bill G0330 once per encounter. Of those 104 new additions, we have 78 ancillary services and 26 dental surgery procedures added. (DESCRIPTION) CY24 ASC covered surgical procedures - office-based designation. (SPEECH) So office-based procedures are services that CMS began paying for when provided an ASCs in 2008 and they are those services that are performed in physicians' offices at least 50% of the time. (DESCRIPTION) Code - 0448T - Removal of implantable interstitial glucose sensor with creation of subcutaneous pocket at different anatomic site and insertion of new implantable sensor, including system activation. Payment indicator changes from G2 to P2. Code 38 23 2 - Bone marrow harvesting for transplantation; autologous. Payment indicator changes from G2 to R2. Code 0402T - Collagen cross-linking of cornea, including removal of the corneal epithelium, when performed, and intraoperative pachymetry, when performed. Payment indicator stays at R2. Code 0512T - Extracorporeal shock wave for integumentary wound healing, including topical application and dressing care; initial wound. Payment indicator stays R22. Code 64 45 4 - Injections, anesthetic agents, and/or steroid; genicular nerve branches, including imaging guidance when performed. Payment indicator changes from P3 to G2. Code 93 98 5 - Duplex scan of arterial inflow and venous outflow for preoperative vessel assessment prior to creation of hemodialysis access; complete bilateral study. Payment indicator stays at P2. Code 93 98 6 - Duplex scan of arterial inflow and venous outflow for preoperative vessel assessment prior to creation of hemodialysis access; complete unilateral study. Payment indicator stays at P2. (SPEECH) These tables show the office-based designation additions for ASCs for 2024 and a few important payment indicator changes to take note of here as well. Payment indicator G2 refers to the standard ASC rate setting methodology. But payment rates for office-based procedures with indicators P2, P3, and R2 are the lower of either the nonfacility PE RVU based amount or the amount calculated using the ASC standard rate setting methodology. So that means any of the procedures here that have changed from G2 to P2 or R2 may see a reduction in payment. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Hyperbaric oxygen therapy payment rate correction. Quote, We can only conclude that CMS made an error in its CY 2024 final rate rule. A.H.A. (SPEECH) A CMS corrected a technical error in the displayed 2024 outpatient prospective payment system payment rate. And this was for APC5061, which represents hyperbaric oxygen therapy. According to CMS's online payment file, the corrected payment rate is now listed as 132.21 rather than the 73.64 indicated in the final rule. But still slightly less than the 134.51 that was originally in the proposed rule shown here. The AHA is responsible for bringing this technical error to CMS's attention in December, which resulted in this correction. (DESCRIPTION) Prior authorization changes for 2024. CMS implemented the Prior Authorization for Certain Hospital Outpatient Department (OPD) Services through the Calendar Year 2020 Outpatient Prospective Payment System/Ambulatory Surgical Center Final Rule (CMS-1717-FC). Initially, effective July 1, 2020, blepharoplasty, botulinum toxin injections, panniculectomy, rhinoplasty and vein ablation required a prior authorization when performed in the hospital OPD. For claims on or after July 1, 2021, implanted spinal neurostimulators and cervical fusion with disc removal were added to the list. For July 1, 2023, CMS added facet joint interventions requiring prior authorization for claims on or after July 1, 2023. This service category includes facet joint injections, medial branch blocks, and facet joint nerve destruction. No updates to the service categories subject to prior authorization for January 1, 2024 (SPEECH) CMS notified us before January 23 that facet joint interventions would be added to the prior authorization list. They gave an effective date of July 1 of 2023, but as of now, there are no updates to this prior authorization list for 2024 other than this one that took place mid-year. (DESCRIPTION) Text. 2024 CPT changes high-level overview. (SPEECH) So now let's run through the changes to the CPT manual. (DESCRIPTION) Summary of changes - 349. (SPEECH) At a high level, we can see that there were a total of 349 changes for 2024 with 230 total additions, 49 revisions, and 70 deletions. (DESCRIPTION) High Level Overview - 2024 code set changes. Evaluation and management services - 1 added, 10 revised, 0 deleted. Anesthesia - 0 added, 0 revised, 0 deleted. Surgery - 23 added, 10 revised, 0 deleted. Radiology - 5 added, 0 revised, 1 deleted. Pathology and laboratory - 15 added, 15 revised, 1 deleted. Medicine services and procedures - 43 added, 12 revised, 0 deleted. Category II codes - 0 added, 0 revised, 0 deleted. Category III codes - 82 added, 13 revised, 32 deleted. PLA codes - 61 added, 10 revised, 15 deleted. (SPEECH) And here we have a breakdown of the changes by section with surgery, medicine, PLA codes, and category III codes having the most changes. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Introductory guidelines and E/M services. (SPEECH) We can start our detailed review on CPT by looking at some of the changes to evaluation and management services. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Evaluation and Management. Classification of Evaluation and Management E/M services. (SPEECH) There are numerous new guidelines for 2024, which can be found at the beginning of the CPT manual. And we can start with the guideline revisions shown here for split or shared in visits. So in 2021 when the concept of split shared visits was added to the E&M guidelines, there was direction on use of time as the determining factor. But now we have a little more clarity on split shared visits using medical decision making for code level selection. (DESCRIPTION) For the purpose of reporting E/M services within the context of team-based care, performance of a substantive part of the MDM requires that the physician(s) or other QHP(s) made or approved the management plan for the number and complexity of problems addressed at the encounter and takes responsibility for that plan with its inherent risk of complications and/or morbidity or mortality of patient management. (SPEECH) The new introductory guidelines state that the billing provider must make or approve the management plan for the diagnoses addressed and takes responsibility for the plan of care and the risk associated with it. This means that the billing provider has performed two of the three MDM elements, thus, constituting a substantive portion of the patient encounter. (DESCRIPTION) Each service that may be reported using time for code level selection has a required time threshold. The concept of attaining a mid-point between levels does not apply. A full 15 minutes is required to report any unit of prolonged services codes 9 9 4 1 7, 9 9 4 1 8. (SPEECH) There was also some clarification that E&M services supported by time have a minimum threshold to meet, not a midpoint within a time range, which we'll see in a moment when we review the code descriptor changes. There is a new subchapter related to multiple E&M services performed for the same patient on the same date of service when performed by the same physician or qualified health practitioner. This section clarifies guidance on multiple inpatient observation and nursing facility encounters occurring on the same calendar date and details when it is and is not appropriate for a provider to report multiple E&M charges. There is reinforcement here that the same physician refers to physicians and other QHPs of the exact same specialty and subspecialty belonging to the same group practice. This new section also describes the rule around per day services provided in the hospital observation or nursing facility, directing the coder to report the aggregate time or MDM over the course of the calendar date when multiple visits occur. And also provide scenarios when patients may have multiple encounters in different settings or facilities such as the case in a hospital to hospital transfer. There are further E&M guidelines stating that if a provider sees the patient in both the office and the hospital on the same day only one of the services should be reported. And the aggregate time or MDM from both encounters can be used to support the E&M level. In this scenario, the choice of whether to report the outpatient or the inpatient service is up to the reporting provider. Additional guidance has been provided for discharge services. The revision state that a hospital or observation admission or subsequent service can be reported on the same day as discharge services as long as time isn't used twice. But if a patient is discharged and then readmitted to the same facility on the same calendar date, the provider should report a subsequent care CPT code instead of an initial or discharge service code. We were also provided clarification that an admission to another facility constitutes a new stay and the discharge and initial services can both be reported again, as long as time spent performing those services isn't counted twice. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Evaluation and Management. Office or other outpatient services. New patient. (SPEECH) In the office and outpatient code description revisions, we see reinforcement of the new introductory guidelines here in the new patient E&M codes showing a specific time that must be met or exceeded rather than a range of time. This update to the time associated with E&M services will hopefully alleviate some of the confusion when selecting codes based on time. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Evaluation and Management. Office or other outpatient services. Established patient. (SPEECH) And we see the same language changes here for established visits. We also note that 9215, the statement to look for prolonged services code 99417 for services greater than 55 minutes remains the same. And 99211 hasn't been revised as there have historically been no typical times associated with this code. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Office or other outpatient services. New HCPCS code G2211. (SPEECH) So this is a big news, there is this new HCPCS code G2211 surrounding the complexity of services. (DESCRIPTION) Visit complexity inherent to evaluation and management associated with medical care services that serve as the continuing focal point for all needed health care services and/or with medical care services that are part of ongoing care related to a patient's single, serious condition or a complex condition. (SPEECH) This is a code that was originally proposed by CMS in 2021 for it to allow for additional reimbursement when caring for a patient with an elevated visit complexity, and this is effective as of January 1. This code is specific to the office or outpatient setting, so it's not to be used for inpatient or emergency services. (DESCRIPTION) Add-on code to be used in conjunction with E/M service codes 9 9 2 0 2 through 9 9 2 1 5. Telehealth services including time-based audio only codes 9 9 4 4 1 through 9 9 4 4 3. (SPEECH) And the use of the code isn't limited to a particular specialty, any primary care provider or specialist who meets the billing criteria just mentioned can bill this code. It is intended to be used in scenarios where the billing practitioner is either the continuing focal point for all care required by the patient or in instances when the practitioner is managing a patient's single serious or complex condition. Even if a particular follow up visit is for a minor issue, if there is that established relationship where the single serious or complex condition is being managed by the practitioner, it would still be appropriate to use G2211. It should not be reported for E&M services that have a modifier 25 appended however. This is an add-on code and should be reported with the corresponding E&M visit code, it should not be reported by itself. It can be reported for telehealth services, including the audio only code set. CMS, it states that it expects G2211 will be used on up to 38% of the E&M visits initially, expanding to 54% within two years of implementation. And they did recently just publish additional examples and scenarios appropriate use of G2211 and we've included that link for your reference at the bottom of the slide. (DESCRIPTION) HTTPS colon slash slash WWW dot cms dot gov slash files slash document slash mm 1 3 4 7 3 dash how dash use dash office dash and dash outpatient dash evaluation dash and dash management dash visit dash complexity dash add dash code dash g 22 11 dot pdf. (SPEECH) So now let's take a look at the code changes within the surgery section of the manual. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Musculoskeletal system. Spine - instrumentation. New introduction notes -Codes 22836, 22837, 22838 describe anterior thoracic vertebral body tethering, which corrects scoliosis without fusion using a tether (cord) to compress the vertebral growth plates on the convex side of the curve to inhibit their growth, while allowing the growth plates on the concave side of the curve to continue to grow. Codes 22836, 22837 may not be reported with anterior instrumentation codes 22845, 22846, 22847. (SPEECH) So with the establishment of those vertebral body tethering codes I hinted at earlier, codes 22836, 837, and 838, the introduction notes to the spinal deformity and instrumentation subchapter has been revised. Clarification is made that anterior instrumentation procedures, including spinal arthrodesis and [INAUDIBLE] should not be reported with codes 22836 and 837, but could potentially be reported with the hardware removal code 22838. And that parenthetical for 22838 does show edits with 22849 for the reinsertion of spinal hardware, 22855 for the removal of anterior instrumentation, and 32601 for diagnostic thoracoscopy which is included in the code description. (DESCRIPTION) Table of anterior vertebral body tethering codes. Service - Tether placement. Location - Anterior thoracic. Number of vertebral segments - up to 7. Anterior VBT code - 2 2 8 3 6. Service - Tether placement. Location - Anterior thoracic. Number of vertebral segments - 8 or more. Anterior VBT code - 2 2 28 3 7. Service - Tether placement. Location Anterior lumbar or thoracolumbar. Number of vertebral segments - up to 7. Anterior VBT code - 0656T. Service - Tether placement. Location - Anterior lumbar or thoracolumbar. Number of vertebral segments - 8 or more. Anterior VBT code - 0657T. Service - Revision, Replacement, Removal. Location - Thoracic. Number of vertebral segments - N/A. Anterior VBT code - 2 2 8 3 8. Revision, replacement, or removal. Location - Lumbar or thoracolumbar. Number of vertebral segments - N/A. Anterior VBT code - 0790T. (SPEECH) We've included this table to use as reference for the correct code selection for VBT codes, showing them here differentiated by the number of segments involved and the location of the tethering. (DESCRIPTION) Pelvis and hip joint - arthrodesis. New introduction notes: Code 2 7 2 7 9 describes percutaneous arthrodesis of the sacroiliac joint using a minimally invasive technique to place an internal fixation device(s) that passes through the ilium, across the sacroiliac joint and into the sacrum, thus transfixing the sacroiliac joint. (SPEECH) We've got some new introduction notes in the pelvis and hip joint arthrodesis subchapter, describing the new CPT code 27278 and the difference between the existing code 27279. It mainly differentiates itself by whether there was a transfixation occurring, where the implanted device crosses the SI joint in both the ilium and the sacrum. So if the physician does not document this transfixation, you would look to the new code 27278 and a direct posterior approach is typically used in this instance. Both of these procedure codes are modifier 50 eligible if performed bilaterally. And new category III code 0814T, describes a percutaneous injection of calcium-based biodegradable osteoconductive material. This material is injected under imaging guidance to form new bone in voids within the femur and is performed for patients with osteoporosis. This procedure can be performed in the same operative session as a fixation for femoral neck fracture but make sure not to report codes 26992 for incision into the bone cortex or 77002 for fluoro guidance when reporting 0814T. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Respiratory system. Accessory sinuses - endoscopy. (SPEECH) We see new CPT codes 31242 and 243 under the accessory sinuses section of the respiratory chapter. And these would be used to report surgical endoscopies with the destruction of posterior nasal nerve and are differentiated by whether the procedure is performed using radio frequency or cryoablation. Make note of the exclusionary parentheticals for these two codes, exclusions with CPT 31231 for a diagnostic nasal endoscopy and 92511 which is for a nasopharyngoscopy. We note here that both of these codes are defined as bilateral procedures, so the use of the reduced services modifier is appropriate when performing them unilaterally. (DESCRIPTION) Cardiovascular system. Category II codes - dual-chamber leadless pacemaker. (SPEECH) We have a lot of new category III codes pertaining to leadless pacemaker systems for 2024. The leadless pacemakers have typically only been used in the right ventricle but we are beginning to see dual chamber systems with components in both the right atria and the right ventricle. The codes for these pacemakers are now differentiated by whether it's an insertion, a removal, or a removal with replacement and whether it's a single chamber or dual chamber system being addressed. So we've got new code 0795T for the insertion of a dual chamber leadless pacemaker and 0798T for the removal of a dual chamber pacer. We can have conversions from single chamber to dual chamber systems too. If there is a component added to an existing single chamber system, you would look to code 796 and 797T depending on which cardiac chamber the component is being added to. And the same logic goes for the removal of a single component where you would use 799 or 800T. (DESCRIPTION) Cardiovascular system. Category II codes - dual-chamber leadless pacemaker. (SPEECH) Codes 801, 802, and 803T are used for the removal and replacement of a dual chamber of leadless pacemaker. Similar to the previous code structure, 802 and 803 would be used for removal and replacement of a single component. 804T is used for in-person programming evaluations but this work is included in the insertion removal and replacement code, so you'd only use this code if it was the only service provided. (DESCRIPTION) Cardiovascular system. Category II codes - right atrial leadless pacemaker. (SPEECH) Codes 823, 834, and 825T are specific to when a right atrial single chamber leadless pacemaker is inserted, removed, or removed and replaced. And 826T is for programming device evaluation of a right atrial leadless pacemaker but similar to the dual chamber pacers, this work is included in the codes for insertion, removal, and replacement. (DESCRIPTION) Heart and pericardium - phrenic nerve stimulation system. Insertion of a phrenic nerve stimulation system includes a pulse generator (containing electronics and a battery) and one stimulation lead and is reported with 3 3 2 7 6. Pulse generators are placed in a submuscular or subcutaneous "pocket" in the pectoral region. The stimulation lead is placed transvenously into the right brachiocephalic vein or left pericardiophrenic vein. Rarely, a separate sensing lead may be needed to augment system function and, when performed at the time of system insertion, is reported with 3 3 2 7 7. This sensing lead is placed transvenously into the azygos vein. Initial system placement includes initiation of diagnostic mode and associated system evaluation. Codes 3 3 2 7 6, 3 3 2 7 7, 3 3 2 7 8, 3 3 2 7 9, 3 3 2 8 0, 3 3 2 8 1, 3 3 2 8 7, 3 3 2 8 8 include vessel catheterization and all imaging guidance required for the procedure, when performed. For therapeutic activation of the phrenic nerve stimulation system, see 9 3 1 5 0, 9 3 1 5 1, 9 3 1 5 2, 9 3 1 5 3. (SPEECH) We have a new subsection in the heart and pericardium section of the cardiovascular chapter representing codes for phrenic nerve stimulation systems. These systems include a pulse generator that is placed in a submuscular or subcutaneous pocket in the pectoral region and a stimulation lead which is placed transversely, and as the name implies attaches to the phrenic nerve. Sometimes an additional sensing lead is necessary and this can be reported separately using 33277. The code shown over the next two slides are new permanent codes to represent the insertion, removal, and repositioning of these phrenic nerve stimulators. As we review the codes in this section, we'll see a lot of the exclusionary parentheticals present. Note here that 33276 should not be reported with the new codes for activation, interrogation, and programming of these stimulation systems. These procedures are typically provided to treat moderate to severe central sleep apnea, but we do recommend reviewing NCD 16019 for more information on indications and limitations of coverage. (DESCRIPTION) HTTPS colon slash slash WWW dot cms dot gov slash medicare dash coverage dash database slash view slash ncd. (SPEECH) And we have included that link on this slide. Here are the rest of the codes for the removal, replacement, and repositioning of these phrenic nerve components. The codes for removal 33278, 279, and 280 should not be reported in conjunction with 33276, 277, 281, and 287 for the insertion and repositioning of these elements. (DESCRIPTION) Medicine - heart and pericardium - phrenic nerve stimulation system. Phrenic nerve stimulation system-therapy activation (9 3 1 5 0) is performed once (after 30 days from implantation to allow for lead stabilization). Activation includes device evaluation and programming services: rate; pulse amplitude; pulse duration; configuration of waveform; battery status; electrode selection output modulation; cycling; impedance; and patient compliance measurements (eg, hours of therapy, sleeping position, and activity [sleep activity, awake activity, time in a sleep position]). Subsequent interrogation only (9 3 1 5 3) or interrogation and programming (9 3 1 5 1, 9 3 1 5 2) may be performed to evaluate device function and to optimize performance incrementally. For patients that require programming during a polysomnogram, report 9 3 1 52 once, regardless of how many programming changes are made over the course of the polysomnogram. (SPEECH) So these codes are actually within the medicine chapter but included here for continuity. Codes 93150 through 153, identify phrenic nerve stimulation system support. So 93150 for therapy activation, 151 and 152 for interrogation and programming, and 153 for subsequent interrogations. Do note that 152 should only be reported for interrogation and programming that occur during polysomnography. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Urinary system. Transurethral surgery - urethra and bladder. (SPEECH) New CPT code 55284 describes a system ureteroscopy for urinary stenosis and includes urinary dilation and therapeutic drug delivery by balloon catheter. So this method of drug delivery by balloon catheter is what differentiates 52284 from the existing code 52281. With the addition of 52284, category III code 499 which had previously represented this service has been deleted. We also have new codes 0811 and 0812 key for remote multiday complex uroflowmetry. Make sure to note though the difference between these codes and the existing remote patient monitoring codes. We also have added 864T for low intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy, which is performed on patients with erectile dysfunction. (DESCRIPTION) Female genital system. Corpus uteri - laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, other procedures. (SPEECH) So new CPT code 58580 replaces category III code 0404T, it's for the transcervical RF ablation of uterine fibroids performed with ultrasound guidance. The transcervical approach differentiates this code from 58674 which is performed laparoscopically. It should also not be reported with 58561 for the hysteroscopic removal of leiomyomata or 78630, 76940, or 76998 for ultrasound guidance. At the bottom, CPT 99459 is technically an E&M service, we've included it here as it pertains to the female genital system. This code can be used in addition to the standard outpatient office or preventative medicine E&M codes when a pelvic exam is necessary during the course of an E&M visit. So this is a pretty important addition here. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Nervous system. (SPEECH) Lots of new codes for neurostimulators within the nervous system chapter shown here broken up by location. CPT codes 61889, 61891, and 61892 describe the insertion, revision, replacement, or removal of skull mounted intracranial neurostimulators. These descriptions differ from the existing codes available as the pulse generators have historically been mounted to the chest subcutaneously. So make sure to note the location of the pulse generator to ensure correct code selection. And these codes do reflect the work associated with mounting the neurostimulator into the skull, but are separate from the work of implanting the electrodes deep into the brain. We have new code 64596 to describe the insertion or replacement of a percutaneous electrode array into a peripheral nerve and the add-on code 64597 is used for each additional electrode array. For the revision or removal, look to CPT 64598. And there are some revisions to the category III series for posterior tibial nerve stimulators, these are codes 587 and 588T. The revisions clarify that these procedures should be performed for the specific purpose of bladder dysfunction. And we have four new category III codes, again, indicated for bladder dysfunction. These new codes 816 through 819T represent open procedures, whereas 587 and 588, the revisions are available for percutaneous placements. And we have new category III codes 784T through 787T, these describe the insertion, replacement, revision, or removal of percutaneous neurostimulator arrays in the spine and are differentiated by whether an insertion, revision, or removal is occurring, as well as the exact location either spinal or sacral. So that's it for me. I'll turn it back over to Nichole who will wrap us up today. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Pathology and laboratory. (SPEECH) Thank you Brad. So we have three sections left. Let's go ahead and review the updates under the pathology and laboratory section. (DESCRIPTION) Genomic sequencing procedures and other molecular multianalyte studies. New instructional notes. Testing for somatic alterations in neoplasms may be reported differently depending on whether combined or separate methods and analyses are used for both DNA and RNA analytes. Procedures for somatic alterations in neoplasms which include DNA analysis or DNA and RNA analysis using a single combined method are reported with 8 1 4 4 5, 8 1 4 5 0, 8 1 4 5 5, 8 1 4 5 7, 8 1 4 5 8, 8 1 4 5 9, 8 1 4 6 2, 8 1 4 6 3, 8 1 4 6 4. RNA analysis performed using a separate method is reported with 8 1 4 4 9, 8 1 4 5 1, 8 1 4 5 6. When evaluation for tumor mutation burden (TMB) and/or microsatellite instability (MSI) is performed as part of the same test for somatic alterations in neoplasms, report 8 1 4 5 8, 8 1 4 5 9. When a genomic sequencing procedure (GSP) is performed on cell-free nucleic acid (eg, plasma), sometimes referred to as a liquid biopsy, report 8 1 4 6 2, 8 1 4 6 3, 8 1 4 6 4. (SPEECH) So first up there are some new instructional notes for genomic sequencing procedures. The updates include appropriate reporting for the CPT codes 81457 through 81459 as well as 81462 through 81464. Definitions have also been added, which we have included here as well and on the following slides which I will go through. (DESCRIPTION) Cell-free nucleic acid: DNA or RNA released into the blood and other body fluids. Cell-free nucleic acid released from fetal cells can be sampled for non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) while that released from tumor cells can be sampled for cancer, sometimes referred to as tumor liquid biopsy. Copy number variants (CNVs): structural changes in the genome which are composed of large deletions or duplications. in the germline but can also occur in somatic cells. See also Duplication/Deletion (Dup(Del). 7 Duplications may also be referred to as amplifications. (SPEECH) And you can see on this specific slide the definitions available here are for the cell free nucleic acid and copy number variants. (DESCRIPTION) Duplication/Deletion (Dup/Del): terms that are usually used together with the slash to refer to molecular testing, which assesses the dosage of a particular genomic region. The region tested is typically of modest to substantial size, from several dozen to several million or more nucleotides. Normal gene dosage is two copies per cell, except for the sex chromosomes (X and Y). Thus, zero or one copy represents a deletion and three (or more) copies represent a duplication. Massively parallel sequencing (MPS): high throughput method used to determine a portion of the nucleotide sequences in an individual patient's genome, utilizing advanced (non-Sanger) sequencing technologies that are capable of processing multiple DNA and/or RNA sequences in parallel. While other technologies exist, next-generation sequencing (NGS) is a common technique used to achieve MPS. Microsatellite instability (MSI): a type of DNA hypermutation or predisposition to mutation in which replication errors are not corrected due to defective DNA mismatch repair (dMMR) mechanism. MSI manifests as insertions or deletions in short tandem repeat (STR) (defined in the molecular pathology guidelines) alleles and can be identified by changes in the DNA repeat sequence length. Rearrangements: structural chromosomal variations such as deletions, insertions, inversions (defined in the molecular pathology guidelines), or translocations (defined in the molecular pathology guidelines) that bring together genetic material that is not normally adjacent in the unmodified genome. It can manifest as abnormal gene expression or as an abnormal fusion product at the RNA and/or protein level. Rearrangements can also refer to the process by which immunoglobulin and T cell receptor genes are normally modified. (SPEECH) As we continue on, I'm not going to go through these individually, but here are the definitions for the duplication, deletion, massively parallel sequencing, microsatellite instability, as well as rearrangements. (DESCRIPTION) Tumor mutational burden (TMB): the number of somatic mutations detected per million bases (Mb) of genomic sequence investigated from a cancer specimen. It is usually obtained from analysis using a next generation sequencing method. It is considered a biomarker to guide immunotherapy decisions for patients with cancer. (SPEECH) And then finally, the last definition in the instructional notes is around tumor mutational burden. So we have included these slides for your reference, but there were a lot of definitions added for 2024. (DESCRIPTION) A table contains a column for the code, specimen source, nucleic acid, sequence variants, copy number variants, microsatellite instability, tumor mutation burden and rearrangements. (SPEECH) And then there were quite a few new and revised lab codes for the genomic sequencing procedures and other molecular multianalyte assays. We won't go through these one by one but this table was added at the beginning of that subchapter to show the varying specifics for the lab codes 81445 through 81464. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Medicine Section. (SPEECH) So next up we will review the key updates in the medicine section. Please remember this is not inclusive, we are providing a high level overview of the major updates, but we have also included on these slides information that is within the CPT book and we will also address what is currently outdated already in the 2024 CPT manual. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Medicine. Immune globulins, serum, or recombinant products. New instructional notes - To assist users in reporting the most recent new or revised immune globulin product codes, the American Medical Association (AMA) currently uses the CPT website (a.m.a dash assn dot org slash cpt dash cat dash i dash immunization dash codes) to feature updates from the CPT Editorial Panel actions regarding these products. See the Introduction section of the CPT code set for a complete list of the dates of release and implementation. In recognition of public health interest in immune globulin products, the CPT Editorial Panel has chosen to publish new immune globulin product codes prior to approval by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These codes are indicated with the symbol and will be tracked by the AMA to monitor FDA approval status. Once the FDA status changes to approved, the symbol will be removed. CPT code users should refer to the AMA CPT website (https colon slash slash WWW dot a.m.a. dash assn dot org slash practice dash management slash cpt slash category dash i dash immunization dash codes for the most up-to-date information on codes with the symbol. (SPEECH) There are new instructional notes around immunoglobulins, serum, and recombinant products added to the medicine section. So at the bottom here on this slide, you can see a language revision to Appendix K. It was decided to use a term that includes all methods of immunization. And for the purposes of CPT coding, the immunization it includes vaccines, toxoids, immunoglobulins, serum, and recombinant products. Also remember that the lightning bolt symbol that appears next to a code until the FDA approval is given. Now not only is that vaccine toxoid products having that lightning bolt but also immune globulin products we will see that lightning bolt as well. You can refer to the website links to review any additional updates on these code changes, and we've included them here on the slide. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Medicine. Immune globulins, serum, or recombinant products. (SPEECH) We have two new CPT codes that are intended to be used for reporting seasonal immunization against respiratory disease caused by RSV, which will provide passive immunity. And the products are reported with codes 90380 and 90381. The dosage and code selection is based on weight. One of these drugs nirsevimab is authorized for infants under eight months of age during or entering their first RSV season. And then certain high risk children who are 8 to 19 months of age entering their second season. The AMA also approved two new CPT codes related to the administration of nirsevimab and this is 96380 and 96381. The 96380 values the work associated with providing counseling, and you will want to ensure that the counseling associated with the immunization is evident within the medical record to support the reporting of that CPT code 96380. These codes are effective as of October of 2023, but they were not approved in time for inclusion in the 2024 CPT manual. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Medicine. (SPEECH) Code 90589 was released to the AMA website on June 30 of 2023 and it is effective as of January 1 of 2024. Prior to 2024, there was no specific code for chikungunya virus vaccine, which spreads to people via mosquito bites. This vaccine is indicated for immunization of adults, 18 years and older and it did receive the FDA approval on November 9 of 2023. The administration of the chikungunya vaccine is reported separately with codes 90460 through 90474. CPT code 90679, this describes a recombinant adjuvanted RSV vaccine, which differentiates itself from existing code 90678 for a bivalent vaccine. The code 90683 was added to describe an adjuvanted RSV vaccine with mRNA lipid nanoparticles. And this service is reported for adults 60 years and older. Note the parenthetical is under 90683 directing you to use the CPT code 96372 for the administration. However, with the addition of 96380 and 96381 for those codes post publication of the 2024 manual, this specific piece of information within the parenthetical is outdated and should not be referenced. CPT codes 90611 and 90622 are two new codes for smallpox and monkeypox vaccines. Then CPT code 90623, this was created to report the administration of the pentavalent meningococcal vaccine, which contains the additional B serogroup. This additional serogroup differentiates 90623 from the existing CPT code of 90619, which is reported for the quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine administration. We have included a comparison of the available RSV codes on the right of this slide, which includes the distinct characteristics for each product. For all three of these vaccines, you should separately report the administrations with the codes 90460 through 90474. CPT code 90623, it did receive the FDA approval on October 20 of 2023 even though it does have the lightning bolt symbol in the 2024 CPT manual. Then the new vaccine codes 90637 and 90638 were accepted at the September 2023 CPT editorial panel for the 2025 CPT production cycle. So these codes are effective on July 1 of 2024, following the six month implementation period that began on January 1. So both were released to the AMA website on December 28 and they will be in that 2025 CPT manual. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Medicine - COVID-19 updates (not in 2024 CPT manual). Immunization administration and vaccines/toxoids. (SPEECH) 18 of the 2024 CPT book, the CPT editorial panel did approve five vaccine product codes and a single administration code the 90480 for that administration of new and existing COVID-19 vaccine product. These new COVID-19 codes replace all previously approved specific product and administration codes with one exception for vaccine product code 91304, which represents the Novavax COVID-19 vaccine product, and this will remain active. Although this code isn't revised in the code book, the editorial panel has removed the term preservative free from the code description since the publication. CPT codes 91318 through 91322 would be reported based on the different concentrations. And 91321 is to be used for children 6 months to 11 years old and 91322 is for 12 years and older. Again, these codes were FDA approved and they did become effective on September 11 of 2023. (DESCRIPTION) New Pfizer and Moderna Vaccine Product Codes and Age Ranges. (SPEECH) This slide here shows the new COVID codes created. And based on the recent recommendations made by the FDA to shift to a monovalent severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus vaccine that targets the predominant XBB lineage virus strain for the 2023, 2024 vaccine administration season. The CPT editorial panel has now approved new monovalent COVID-19 vaccine product codes for Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. And since none of these updates will appear in the CPT manual until 2025, and all previously approved COVID-19 vaccine product and vaccine administration codes have been deleted from the CPT code set including the majority of those codes that are currently in the 2024 CPT manual. In additional details on the vaccine coding structure and other pertinent, information is provided in multiple special editions of the CPT assistant for COVID-19 guidance, and we did include the link here on this slide. (DESCRIPTION) A.M.A. website - COVID dash 19 CPT vaccine and immunization codes. (SPEECH) In addition, Appendix Q will also be deleted from the CPT code set and this was effective November 1 of 2023. So even though it is not in your 2024 manual that those codes are no longer in effect. (DESCRIPTION) Vaccines, toxoids - deleted COVID-19 codes (effective November 1, 2023. Codes 9 1 3 0 0. 9 1 3 0 5, 9 1 3 1 2. 9 1 3 0 7, and 9 1 3 1 5. (SPEECH) So here for slides 57 through 60, these are all of those deleted COVID-19 vaccine administration and product codes. If you think back about all of the codes that were created to identify which administrations were the first dose in a series versus that second dose or even a booster, we had quite a few codes that now will no longer be valid. So it is going to be a much more simplified reporting process for the COVID-19 immunizations. (DESCRIPTION) Deleted codes - 9 1 3 0 8, 9 1 3 1 7, 9 1 3 0 1, 9 1 3 0 6. 9 1 3 1 3. (SPEECH) And this is just a continuation of those deleted codes for your reference. (DESCRIPTION) 9 1 3 1 4, 9 1 3 1 1, 9 1 3 1 6, 9 1 3 0 9, 9 1 3 0 2, 9 1 3 0 3, and 9 1 3 1 0. (SPEECH) And we continue here on this slide as well and then this is the last slide of all of those COVID-19 vaccinations that have been deleted. (DESCRIPTION) Title, Caregiver training services. For C.Y. 2024, CMS is finalizing its proposal to make payment when practitioners train caregivers to support patients with certain diseases or illnesses (e.g., dementia) in carrying out a treatment plan. Medicare will pay for these services when furnished by a physician or a non-physician practitioner (nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, certified nurse- midwives, physician assistants, and clinical psychologists) or therapist (physical therapist, occupational therapist, or speech language pathologist) as part of the patient's individualized treatment plan or therapy plan of care. This action, consistent with the recent Biden-Harris Administration Executive Order on Increasing Access to High Quality Care and Supporting Caregivers, will help support care for persons with Medicare by better training caregivers. (SPEECH) So moving into caregiver training services, we do have new guidelines and new codes for the caregiver training without the patient present. Caregiver training, it is a direct skilled intervention for the practitioner to provide strategies and techniques to equip the caregivers with the knowledge and skills to assist patients living with functional deficits. So during these skilled interventions, caregivers are trained using verbal instructions, video, live demonstrations, and feedback from the QHPs on the use of these strategies and techniques to help with the functional performance and safety within the home. So these training sessions are done without the patient present and they would be documented by the QHP in the patient's medical record. The services, they don't represent therapeutic interventions requiring that one to one patient contact. So here we have three codes that were developed to report these caregiver training services. 97550, it is a time-based code reported for 30 minutes of caregiver training for an individual patient without that patient present. 97551 is the add-on code for each additional 15 minutes of that individual service. And then 97552 is the time-based code to report group caregiver training for multiple caregivers of multiple patients that have similar conditions or needs without that patient present. The group training, it does allow caregivers that opportunity to engage in group problem solving as well. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Social determinants of health. (SPEECH) So our last section is social determinants of health and we do have a couple of important updates in relation to SDOH as new HCPCS codes were added for reporting services rendered. (DESCRIPTION) Community health integration (C.H.I.) HCPCS code G0019 - Community health integration services performed by certified or trained auxiliary personnel, including a community health worker, under the direction of a physician or other practitioner; 60 minutes per calendar= month, in the following activities to address social determinants of health (SDOH) need(s) that are significantly limiting the ability to diagnose or treat problems) addressed in an initiating visit: (SPEECH) First there are two new codes to capture community health integration services also known as CHI. So the CHI services, they focus on addressing particular SDOH needs that interfere with or present a barrier to the diagnosis, or treatment of a patient's problem. These CHI services would be furnished in accordance to incident to where the initiating visit is billed by the practitioner once the plan of care is established and then subsequent CHI services would be performed by a community health worker or other personnel incident to the professional services of that practitioner. (DESCRIPTION) Person-centered assessment, practitioner, home, and community-based care coordination, health education, building patient self-advocacy skills, health care access/health system navigation, Facilitating behavioral change as necessary for meeting diagnosis and treatment goals, including promoting patient motivation to participate in care and reach person-centered diagnosis or treatment goals, Facilitating and providing social and emotional support to help the patient cope with the problems) addressed in the initiating visit, the S.D.O.H. need(s), and adjust daily routines to better meet diagnosis and treatment goals, and Leveraging lived experience when applicable to provide support, mentorship, or inspiration to meet treatment goals. (SPEECH) These services, they would center around the bulleted activity shown here on this slide with the goal to address the SDOH needs that are limiting the ability of that provider to diagnose or treat the patient's problems. So here we have HCPCS codes G0019, which would be applied for the initiating visit for the first 60 minutes per the calendar month and then G0022 would be each additional 30 minutes. So again, the CHI services, they can be performed by certified or trained auxiliary personnel, which may include community health workers or others who are external to or under contract with the practitioner or the practitioner's practice through a community based organization, for example. Also note that these services, they cannot be billed while that patient is under a home health plan of care. Next, we have a new HCPCS code G0136 that was created for the administration of a standardized evidence-based social determinants of health risk assessment tool. And this is also included on the telehealth list for the 2024 reporting. So this code would be reported when the assessment is performed in conjunction with an evaluation and management service or a behavioral health visit. It's not designed to be a screening but rather tied to one or more known or suspected SDOH needs that may interfere with that practitioner's diagnosis or treatment of the patient. So in addition to outpatient and visits SDOH risk assessment can also be furnished in conjunction with the psychiatric diagnostic evaluations, annual wellness visits, and health behavior assessments, and intervention services. It can also be furnished with hospital discharge visits, this is to just remain consistent with other CMS policies, promote assessment of the SDOH as an indicator of quality of care and to promote safe discharge planning. But remember that in any of these scenarios, documentation must be clear as to the patient's need for this assessment. (DESCRIPTION) Principal illness navigation services (PINS).PIN services can be provided more than once per practitioner per month for any single serious high-risk condition, to avoid duplication of PIN service elements when utilizing the same navigator or billing practitioner. (SPEECH) So CMS finalized four new time-based codes for principal illness navigation services which can be furnished following an initiating E&M visit, which addresses the serious high risk conditions, illnesses, or diseases that are expected to last longer than three months. These pin services, they can be provided by trained patient navigators using HCPCS codes G0023 and G0024 or by certified peer specialists using G0140 and G0146. These services are also considered to be incident to services, so they can only be performed in a nonfacility setting. And I do want to note that written or verbal patient consent will be required in advance to providing any pin or CHI services. This was not in the proposed rule, the time spent for the services must also be documented in the medical record, as well as what work was done in relation to the service, such as the associated activities. And as you saw in the CHI services slide, there was a list of activities pertaining to that specific service, the pins also has activities associated with the two sets of codes. And we've included those on the next four slides for your reference. (DESCRIPTION) Person-centered assessment, performed to better understand the individual context of the serious, high-risk condition;Conducting a person-centered assessment to understand the patient's life story, strengths, needs, goals, preferences, and desired outcomes, including understanding cultural and linguistic factors and including unmet SDOH needs (that are not separately billed); Facilitating patient-driven goal setting and establishing an action plan; providing tailored support as needed to accomplish the practitioner's treatment plan; Identifying or referring patient (and caregiver or family, if applicable) to appropriate supportive services; practitioner, Home, and Community-Based Care Coordination; Coordinating receipt of needed services from healthcare practitioners, providers, and facilities; home- and community-based service providers; and caregiver (if applicable);Communication with practitioners, home-, and community-based service providers, hospitals, and skilled nursing facilities (or other health care facilities) regarding the patient's psychosocial strengths and needs, functional deficits, goals, preferences, and desired outcomes, including cultural and linguistic factors; Health care access / health system navigation. (SPEECH) So here we can see some of the activities associated with G0023 and G0024 for the services, including a patient navigator or certified peer specialists. And then this is just a continuation for those two codes of those activities. (DESCRIPTION) Coordination of care transitions between and among health care practitioners and settings, including transitions involving referral to other clinicians; follow-up after an emergency department visit; or follow-up after discharges from hospitals, skilled nursing facilities or other health care facilities; Facilitating access to community-based social services (e.g., housing, utilities, transportation, food assistance) as needed to address S.D.O.H. need(s); Helping the patient access healthcare, including identifying appropriate practitioners or providers for clinical care, and helping secure appointments with them; Providing the patient with information/resources to consider participation in clinical trials or clinical research as applicable; Facilitating behavioral change as necessary for meeting diagnosis and treatment goals, including promoting patient motivation to participate in care and reach person-centered diagnosis or treatment goals; facilitating and providing social and emotional support to help the patient cope with the condition, S.D.O.H. need(s), and adjust daily routines to better meet diagnosis and treatment goals; Leverage knowledge of the serious, high-risk condition and/or lived experience when applicable to provide support, mentorship, or inspiration to meet treatment goals. (SPEECH) And then the third and fourth slide addressed the G0140 and G0146 for the peer support codes and this is the remaining of the activities. There were just a lot of activities to list and we could not fit them all on one slide. (DESCRIPTION) Title, In conclusion. (SPEECH) So as we wrap up, we wanted to provide a few steps that might help in preparation for use of all of the updates that we did review today. CMS does set the payment policies for ambulatory and physician services. So ensure that you are familiar with all OPPS, ASC, and physician fee schedule updates in detail based on the components that will impact you as most of the recent updates did go into effect January 1. The American Medical Association authors and updates the CPT code set, which this updates annually on January 1. But there may be additional updates quarterly, so make sure you do check the AMA website for updates and be sure to review those 2024 CPT changes that influences the service that you are responsible for, coding and/or the documentation integrity. Lastly, you heard me mention guidance that is considered outdated in the 2024 CPT manual. Make note of this information as there were codes added and deleted as well as guidelines changed after the publication of the CPT manual. That will conclude our presentation. We hope you found the information helpful and I'll pass it back to Lisa Thank you. (DESCRIPTION) 3M Educational boot camps in 2024. Advanced CDI training - 3M's advanced CDI training, normally offered as part of the 3M" Advanced CDI transformation program, will be offered in an engaging weeklong course. Available exclusively to 3M clients, this course will help address knowledge gaps, fundamental CDI skills and dive into the clinical and coding concepts. Upcoming training sessions: February 19 through 12, 2024. Advanced Quality Training - The new advanced quality training takes a look at how CDI, coding an quality efforts can help or hinder an accurate reflection of the quality of care. Available exclusively to 3M clients, this course is perfect for seasoned CDl, coding and quality professionals and multidisciplinary CDI teams looking to take their quality programs to the next level. Upcoming training session - March 18 to 22, 2024. Advanced CDI Pediatric Training - 3M's advanced pediatric training can prepare your CDI team to recognize the unique problems and challenges in a pediatric population, leading to more accurate documentation. Available exclusively to 3M clients, this week of training has been tailor made for experienced CDI, coding and quality teams and individuals looking to develop their pediatric knowledge. Upcoming training sessions, May 6 to 10, 2024. (SPEECH) Awesome. Thank you both so much, just so much information here. So well done to you both. I'm sure all of our attendees would give you a standing round of applause for all of this and getting through it so quickly. So to everyone that is still on, don't forget to download the resources both the presentation and your certificate of attendance in that resources section. Once we do conclude, please go ahead and also complete the survey. We would love to hear how we did. There were a few questions that came in that our speakers have graciously said that they will follow up on after the webinar. So you can expect to hear from them in the next week or so. If you would like to learn more and see about all of the great things that we're doing with our educational boot camps, that link is also provided in the resources section. We have some coming up here in the first half of the year. (DESCRIPTION) Title, References - CMS CPPS/ASC C.Y. 2024 Final Rule available at: HTTPS colon slash slash WWW dot federal register dot gov slash documents slash 2023 slash 11 slash 22 slash 2023 dash 2 4 2 9 3 slash medicare dash program dash hospital dash outpatient dash prospective dash payment dash and dash ambulatory dash surgical dash center dash payment. Addendum B relating to the OPPS are available at: HTTPS colon slash slash WWW dot CMS dot gov slash medicare slash medicare dash fee dash for dash service dash payment slash hospital outpatient PPS slash addendum dash A dash addendum dash B dash updates. CMS Hospital Outpatient Qualify Reporting OQR program available at HTTPS colon slash slash quality net dot CMS dot gov slash outpatient slash oqr. A.M.A. CPT Professional 2024 Codebook copyright 2023 American Medical Association. A.M.A. CPT Changes 2024: An Insider's View copyright 2023 American Medical Association. (SPEECH) There are a lot of references in this presentation as well. So again, make sure you download that before you close out. We will be recording this presentation and it will be on our website here in the next couple of weeks. So be on the lookout for that as well. (DESCRIPTION) Text, That's a wrap. (SPEECH) So again, very much appreciate all the information that our speakers provided today. We will have another webinar for the quality webinar series coming up in March and we will also be having our CDI innovation webinar in February. So if you're interested in that, be on the lookout for invites that will be coming out to that as well. So again, thank you for your time today. Happy new year again, and we will see you next month. Thank you.

      Webinar presentation slide.

      Outpatient prospective payment system (OPPS) and CPT®: What you need to know to have a successful start to 2024

      • January 2024

      • 3M experts Bobbie Starkey, Nichole Soderquist and Brad Howard discuss the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) OPPS Final Rule and its impact on outpatient payment and quality reporting.
      • Find out how some of the top policies for CMS’s OPPS affect quality reporting in the outpatient setting in 2024 and explore the American Medical Association (AMA) Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code set changes for the upcoming year. This year there are updates to 349 CPT codes that you and your team should know about to avoid costly compliance or reimbursement issues. We detail the CPT procedure codes that were added, deleted and revised, and the reasons behind the major 2024 CPT code changes.
      • Special updates are covered as well, including HCC version V28 and the new intensive outpatient services program.
    • (DESCRIPTION) Presentation, IPPS F.Y. 2020 for updates and impacts on CDI and quality. Logo, 3M science applied to life. December 13, 2023. Background image, a medical professional sits at a table with a person in business attire and discusses a matter. (SPEECH) Good afternoon, and welcome to today's webinar. We're really excited to have everyone here, and it's hard to believe, and hard to say that we are at our last webinar of 2023. We are already planning our 2024 series, so definitely make sure that you're looking out for information in the coming weeks to kick off 2024, but let's still stay in 2023, and learn about the IPPS updates. And we have our speakers here today that you should be familiar with, and we'll pass it over to them in just a second. I want to go over a couple housekeeping items. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, housekeeping. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) We are utilizing the ON24 platform that is a web based platform. So there is no dial in number. Be sure to use Google Chrome, logging out a VPN, or multiple tabs, that will help with the bandwidth. And because this is web based, there is no dial in number so be sure to check your speaker settings, excuse me, and refresh your browser if you are experiencing any type of audio issues. There are several engagement tools that we have. We have the media player that does have closed captioning if you do need that. You can make the slide area larger. You can minimize different sections. So definitely check those out, especially the resources section where we have the presentation for download, as well as the certificate of attendance for today. That certificate is not CEU's, but you can use that to submit to an accredited association. So be sure to download those. We do encourage questions. There is a lot of content for this webinar, so we will try to get to questions at the end, but, again, there's a lot of content that we want to get to. So if we do have time, we'll get to as many as we can. And then at the end, we always like to know how we did. So please fill out the survey, and that just, again, lets us know how we did so we can plan for next year. So (DESCRIPTION) Slide, meet our speakers. Cheryl Manchenton, RN, BSN, project manager, quality services lead, 3M consulting. Audrey Howard, RHIA, Senior auditor, compliance and audit services. Two profile pictures. (SPEECH) our speakers today, if you've been with us before, need no introduction because they are our resident subject matter experts, but we welcome both Cheryl and Audrey today. We really appreciate your time, and I'm going to go ahead and pass it off to Audrey. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Learning Objectives. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) Thank you so much. And good afternoon and happy December, everybody. Today, we are going to be covering those fiscal year 2024 coding and DRG updates, which impact quality, and explain how and why they can impact the quality measures. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, F.Y. 2024, ICD-10-CM updates related to quality. (SPEECH) So let's get right into it, and we're going to start with those updates related to diagnosis coding. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, summary of changes by the numbers. 395 new diagnosis codes. 25 deleted diagnosis codes. 13 revised diagnosis code titles. (SPEECH) First off, I'd like to show just how many changes did take place. And related to the diagnosis coding, you can see we had almost 400 new diagnosis codes. Now, if you remember last year, we had over 1,000 new diagnosis codes, so it's not as exciting this year, and we are just over 74,000 total ICD-10 CM codes altogether. And so like I said, we are just going to touch on those ones that impact quality. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Myeloid leukemia. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) And the first one that we're going to get into here is related to a new instructional note, so not only are we going to be discussing some of the new diagnosis codes that impact quality, but some of the sneaky little changes that-- I call them sneaky little changes, that take place that could also impact on how we code, and, therefore, can impact on quality. So this first one is related to a new coding instructional note at category C92, which is for myeloid leukemia. A code also note was added to category C92. Therefore, it is now acceptable to code myeloid leukemia and pancytopenia together. Now, this code also, note, does not imply sequencing direction. So you can code either one as the-- sequence either one is principal, depending upon the circumstances of admission. This coding directive edition is basically solidifying the advice that was previously published in coding clinic, and you can see that referenced here. So at this point, I'd like to turn it over to Cheryl, who will explain how this simple edition of a coding instructional note can impact on quality. Cheryl. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how does new coding instructional note impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read elixhauser, hierarchical condition category HCC, AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, risk adjustment. There are green marks beside each of the items. (SPEECH) Good afternoon, everyone. And, again, apologies for my voice, a little bit of a cold. This is actually a good thing. You notice a bunch of green check marks. In other words, because we do have what we'll say confirmation that it's appropriate to code both the leukemia and the pancytopenia, that pancytopenia is part of the Elixhauser categories in the immune category. It's also an HCC. It is on the inclusion list, and in the immune categories where there are PSIs that immunity is an exclusion. And as we know, pancytopenia, in general, is a risk adjusted diagnosis. So this is a true win from a quality perspective. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Immumoglobulin G4 related disease. (SPEECH) The next topic we're going to discuss is a unique code that was created to identify immunoglobulin G4 related disease. When sequenced as the principal diagnosis, it is classified to MDC 16 in MS-DRGs 814 through 816. When sequenced as a secondary diagnosis, it is not considered either a CC or an MCC. So, Cheryl, explain how this potentially could impact on quality. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how does IgG4 code impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read elixhauser, hierarchical condition category HCC, AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, risk adjustment. There are green check marks beside the last two items. There are question mark beside the first two. (SPEECH) So you'll notice we have some question marks here. We do know that when HRQ will update their tables next year, next summer, next August, there is a category for immune disorders, where that immunity would be an exclusion, for example PSI 13 sepsis. I do believe that the immune disease that it will be added to the list because the predecessors, the similar codes are on that list. Again, similarly, I do believe, again, because the predecessor type codes, immune disorders are always really a nicely weighted risk adjuster, I do believe the new code will be included in those. Whether or not it's an HCC, I honestly can't tell at this point, and Elixhauser has not released their code version. For those that are looking, I actually looked again yesterday. Elixhauser is not updated their list of codes. Again, I can make a presumption, but I'm not trying not to here, that it will be on the list in the immune categories, but, again, like everyone else, I'm waiting for HRQ to release theirs. I think last year they actually released it on December 16, so hang in there. OK. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Wasting disease. (SPEECH) And then let's talk a little bit about our next topic, clinically, wasting disease. And as you can see, it's involuntary ongoing loss of more than 10% of our body weight, with associated reduction in muscle mass, and you may or may not have loss of fat. And, of course, wasting disease is always due to an underlying condition. And this is, of course, really an advanced sign of advanced disease progression. In other words, it's not something you would see with a [INAUDIBLE] one with very advanced disease. And you'll see that it really is both a metabolic catabolic process. And, again, is typically not reversible. So we talked a little bit about it clinically, and now Audrey is going to explain the new code for us. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, wasting disease due to underlying condition. A table. (SPEECH) Right, we want to talk about it clinically first because there was a new code that was created for wasting disease or syndrome due to an underlying condition. Previously, wasting disease, or the wasting syndrome, was classified to a symptom code R64. Now, wasting disease or syndrome is classified to this new code, E88.A. Notice that it is not either a CC or an MCC. Also notice that the inclusion term under this new code, it does include cachexia due to underlying condition. Cachexia, not due to an underlying condition, will remain classified to the symptom code R64, which we're going to see on the following slide. Because E88A is on the unacceptable principal diagnosis list in the Medicare Code Editor, or your MCE, it cannot be sequenced as the principal diagnosis. Therefore, it will always be sequenced as a secondary diagnosis with the underlying condition sequenced as the principal diagnosis. Notice the code first underlying condition instructional note, which does imply sequencing direction. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Cachexia wasting disease syndrome. A table. (SPEECH) As I indicated earlier, cachexia is still classified to code R64. The inclusion terms were deleted because they no longer apply with the creation of the new code E88A. In addition, several changes were made to the alphabetic index for the cachexia and wasting disease terms. The bottom part of this slide is showing the updates to the main terms, cachexia, disease wasting, and wasting disease. The bolded words are what was added, and the strikethrough is what was deleted, effective October 1st, 2023. The major update to point out here is that if cachexia, or wasting disease, or wasting syndrome is due to malnutrition, two codes are assigned. The code for severe malnutrition, E43, and the wasting disease due to underlying condition, E88A. It is classifying the malnutrition as severe without severe needing to be documented by the provider. Note that this is only when cachexia, or the wasting disease, or the wasting syndrome, is documented as due to malnutrition. Now, point of concern. This is the coding guidance, based on the index, but it has been stated in coding clinic several times that a basic rule of coding is that further research is required if the title of the code suggested by the index does not identify the condition correctly. Therefore, just because the index says you can do it, you want to make sure that the clinical evidence in the record supports the code assignment. I'll let Cheryl add more to this, and also discuss how these index changes may impact quality. (DESCRIPTION) How does malnutrition impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read elixhauser, hierarchical condition category HCC, AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, risk adjustment. There are green check marks beside the last two items. There are question marks beside the first two. (SPEECH) Thank you, Audrey. Again, from a compliance standpoint, you want to make sure that this patient would meet criteria for severe malnutrition. Now, again, many patients with cachexia and wasting disease would probably qualify. We want to make sure, though, that the provider has not put a term into the chart that is not clinically supported. Again, how does this impact quality? Again, really don't know how Elixhauser will or won't use this individual code. Now, we already know that malnutrition itself is an Elixhauser condition. Any type of malnutrition is on the Elixhauser list. It's more the question on whether the new E88 code will be included in that code set as well. And similarly, again, I'm unclear whether or not that is going to be on HCC. It is going to have significant impact on PSIs for a totally different reason. This is not about the E code this time. This is about the severe malnutrition. When you talk about, again, that immunocompromised category, the only type of patients with malnutrition on the immunocompromised list are those with severe malnutrition. So it is going to provide us an exclusion when appropriate. Again, as long as it's clinically supported and doesn't need a validation, you're getting an immunocompromised diagnosis when that cachexia or that wasting syndrome is documented is due to malnutrition. So it's a positive one as long as it's compliant. And, again, of course, similarly, I would expect, because its predecessor code, the cachexia was already part of risk adjustment, I would expect it would be in all the new risk adjusted methodologies. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, other and unspecified encephalopathy. A table. (SPEECH) OK. So Audrey is going to switch topics for us now. Yes. The next topic is regarding the revision of a coding instructional note from an excludes one to an excludes two, under the other and unspecified encephalopathy subcategory. Exclude one means that the codes included in the excludes note could not be coded together. Excludes two means that it is acceptable to assign both conditions when they meet reporting criteria. So that's the significance of changing from an excludes one to excludes two. Recently, there have been some coding clinics that allowing for the different types of documented encephalopathies to be coded together, and it is now supported with this revision of the coding instructional note that says, OK, if the patient's having the hypertensive encephalopathy with, maybe like encephalopathy due to UTI, for example, that we can code both conditions together on the same record. So Cheryl, how does that impact? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how does revised coding instructional note impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read check mark elixhauser, red x hierarchical condition category HCC, red x AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, check mark risk adjustment. (SPEECH) So, again, what's nice is multiple types, certain types of encephalopathy are Elixhauser categories, and the ability to capture multiple types does ensure that we are capturing that Elixhauser category. It's really not, again, impacting HCCs, per se, because really it's not an addition of a code, right? In other words, typically, multiple types of encephalopathy are all in the same HCC category. Similarly, encephalopathy is not used as an exclusion criteria in any of the PSI does not mean that it's not used for HRQ to set expected rates, but it's not an active part of working at PSI, if you will. But, again, as we noted it's a big risk adjustment impacters were able to reflect the multiple types of encephalopathy, which different types have different expected impact on readmissions or mortality. So, again, for me, this is more of a win that we're able to capture multiple types and make sure that we are capturing our risk adjustment. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, coronary microvascular dysfunction, CMD. A table. (SPEECH) And we're going to shift gears to our next topic about CMD. Right, and specifically AMI with CMD. Don't you love the acronyms there, the abbreviations. A few new codes were created this year for coronary microvascular dysfunction. However, the one that we're going to focus on today is the myocardial infarction with the coronary microvascular dysfunction. This new code is classified as an MCC if it's sequenced as a secondary diagnosis, and it's classified to the AMI-DRGs if it's sequenced as the principal diagnosis. So Cheryl discuss a little bit of the clinical aspects related to this new code. (DESCRIPTION) A list of facts. (SPEECH) Certainly. So what is CMD? It's really a newer understanding of coronary artery disease. And you'll notice some statistics there that there have been people researching instead of thinking about our large coronary arteries as being the only places or locations that do have plaque, or that is causing significant pain or suffering to the patient, we've better understood that it can happen in the microvascular coronary artery, but similar to where you'll see small vessel disease of the brain, right? And in some cases, and a [INAUDIBLE] constellation of syndrome symptoms, if you would, or location of that CMD can actually cause either just ischemia, INOCA. So ischemia with nonobstructive coronary artery disease, or can actually have an MI with the acronym INOCA. And, of course, prior to us having these codes, we didn't have a unique code that really expressed the cause. We had non-stemis. We had stemis. This is really a slightly different variation, if you will, on coronary artery disease. And really this code was requested [INAUDIBLE] researchers, and some of the pharmaceutical companies that are trying to create new drugs to help improve the circulation to the microvascular coronary artery bed, and to be able to track the incidence, and then the actual improvements. And you'll see a couple of other facts about the incidence of it in patients, and things like that. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how does new AMI with CMD code impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read check mark readmissions, question mark hierarchical condition category HCC, red x AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, question mark risk adjustment. (SPEECH) Again, this new code, this will impact readmissions, meaning if this AMI is not a non-STEMI or STEMI, then it is not part of the 30 day readmissions following an MI. This code, nor the type two MIs, or other MI codes are part of that cohort. The cohort for readmissions is non-STEMIs and STEMIs. Again, unclear on the HCC status, there's really no impact on the HRQ PCIs because it's not an exclusion criteria, nor is it part of any of the methodologies. The risk adjustment, I think, time is going to have to tell with that one. In other words, until enough data is collected over a few years, I don't know that it will or won't be used in risk adjustment. I can only presume. I will throw a caution flag that this is not a diagnosis that we throw on this chart. This is usually a diagnosis of a confirmed MI, where we can actually see true ischemic damage to the heart muscle with, again, wide open coronaries that are not considered vasospastic in nature. So this is usually not something that is diagnosed on a patient initial presentation, but something more with end stage heart disease, if you would, advanced coronary artery disease, after several admissions. So don't just query for this to avoid a readmission, shall we say. We need to be selective in the sort of patients that we're looking for to help us with that. And with that, we're going to turn it over to a new topic. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Recrudescence. A table. (SPEECH) Yes. This was an interesting update or addition to the index because we can now index the diagnosis term recrudescence. I, personally, have been seeing this term documented more and more in records lately, and it was relating to the late effects of a stroke. So now we can safely refer to the sequelae of a stroke or a cerebral infarction to find the appropriate code because they are adding this to the index, the recrudescence, deficit or sequelae. It's saying see the sequelae in infarction, cerebral, or under stroke. See sequelae infarction cerebral under that as well. So this is a nice addition to one of those sneaky little index editions in there that we can now safely index this term. Cheryl. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how does recrudescence impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read check mark elixhauser, check mark hierarchical condition category HCC, red x AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, check mark risk adjustment. (SPEECH) As Audrey said, there are sometimes a few things that get us very excited. This is how nerdy we are, and this is one that I am equally excited about. What is nice is being able to capture that instead of having to capture a symptom, if you would, meaning the weakness or whatever, being able to not have to actually a query a provider and actually code it to the late effect of the previous CVA is really going to help because it is part of the Elixhauser methodology, and so I'll just remind you to make sure you get all of the light effects, you know, coded, meaning, because when it's used as principal, Elixhauser does not use it as part of the calculation. They only use secondary diagnosis. So if you had recordings of both aphasia and left sided hemiparesis, you would want to make sure that we capture both late effect codes. Similarly, again, those late effect codes we do know are HCC, so I think we will be coding more of these versus symptoms. It will not really have an impact on PSIs. Now, risk adjustments a little bit different because, again, we're moving patients for me out of symptom DRGs where they might have had to go into a late effect DRG, and the late effects of strokes are assigned to MS-DRGs 56 and 57. And then a couple of different APR-DRGs, but the point being our risk adjusted mortality is in a whole different bucket, if you will, when we are able to use these as principles. So it's a different type of risk adjustment than we've talked before about classifying with other late effects, and really some other chronic neurologic conditions is going to definitely shift that expected mortality in those DRGs. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Venous insufficiency. A table. (SPEECH) And with that, we're going to move to our next topic of venous insufficiency. Yes, and that some new instructional note, once again, was added here. Use additional code if applicable to specify the site and severity of the ulcer so that we're able to pick up, or it's reminding us to pick up a secondary diagnosis because we use additional code note does imply your sequencing direction, your ulcer of L97 category would be sequenced as a secondary diagnosis in this situation. So Cheryl, how does that impact? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how does new coding instructional note impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read check mark readmissions, check mark hierarchical condition category HCC, red x AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, check mark risk adjustment. (SPEECH) Thank you, Audrey. Again, in terms of risk adjustment for readmissions, the different types of hypertension and being able to capture those are actually really important in most of the readmissions risk adjusted methodology. Similarly, most of those types of hypertension are HCCs. Again, not as much benefit, shall we say, in the HRQ PSIs, but, certainly, as we said, reflecting the different types of hypertension is actually really good for risk adjustment. And again, it's just-- I like when they kind of give us reminders and nudges, hey, don't forget to also code these additional diagnoses. We can take all the help we can get sometimes. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Pneumonitis. A table. (SPEECH) And I forgot to mention about the code also portion of that. I was only focusing on the ulcer, but you're right. They had a code also in there, and that did not imply that sequencing direction, by the way. Right. Absolutely. Yeah. And thank you because I forgot the other half. So there's-- Audrey and I helping each other. Again, takes a village, both a nurse and a coder. We're going to jump backwards. Those ulcers are part of risk adjustment in every readmissions category as well. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how does new coding instructional note impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read check mark readmissions, check mark hierarchical condition category HCC, red x AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, check mark risk adjustment. (SPEECH) So certainly making sure that we're not getting the doctors to call those things wounds, venous stasis wounds, to get them to call those ulcers, are very, very important for the readmissions risk adjustment. So now with that, we will transition over to the pneumonitis Thank you, Audrey. Yeah. Well, thank you. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Pneumonitis. A table. (SPEECH) Yeah. So here, once again, one of these sneaky little changes, as you can see, because you can see the strikethrough is what was previously how the index was listed. So now, the pneumonitis, instead of saying see also pneumonia only, it's actually giving us a default code of J98.4. So if pneumonitis only is documented in the record, and there's no indication that the patient has pneumonia, then the default is going to have us go to the J98.4, which is not in the pneumonia category range of everything. So this could get a little confusing since pneumonitis is like pneumonia. But, once again, if there's no documentation of pneumonia, then the J98.4 would be assigned for the documentation of pneumonitis. So, Cheryl, talk to us about that. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how does pneumonitis impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read check mark readmissions, red x hierarchical condition category HCC, check mark AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, question mark risk adjustment. (SPEECH) This is another one that, for me is huge, in that instead of forcing us into a code that did not fit the clinical picture, right? Being able to assign it to a code, sometimes you can say, but I don't like the code it goes to. Well, you know what? I would much rather have that code instead of having a diagnosis of pneumonia, which could have put me in the pneumonia readmissions cohort, and making sure that we are assigning appropriately the right sort of diagnosis code. Now, on that pneumonitis, there can be a lot of query opportunities for the type of pneumonitis. By the way, this indexing does not apply to aspiration pneumonitis. That still has a separate indexing. So there's no change to that. It's this unspecified pneumonitis. And, again, for me, I take this as a query opportunity to get what type, is it interstitial pneumonitis? Is it due to drugs? Due to radiation? Due to other disease processes? Getting it away from the pneumonia cohort is certainly important. Again, this code that it now is assigned to is not an HCC. It is a minor code. It will also impact our PSIs. Specifically PSI for surgical patients with a death because pneumonia was one of the cohorts that was tracking, so having less pneumonia cases could avoid a few of those PSI four deaths. Again, I don't believe this code will be used in any risk adjusted methodology. I have a question mark here, but my instinct is it's not going to be used because it's sort of a-- it doesn't have any other home code, other disorder of the lung is really nonspecific. And with that, we're going to shift to our next topic of chronic lower respiratory diseases. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, chronic lower respiratory diseases. Three tables. (SPEECH) Yeah. And really related to COPD, if you will, a lot of these excludes one notes under category J41, J43, and J44 were eliminated and replaced with an excludes two note. Once again, exclude two means that you can code the two conditions together when they meet reporting criteria. What I'm finding very significant on this one is the last one under J44, which is where COPD goes, the excludes two note is saying, hey, bronchiectasis and your emphysema, without chronic bronchitis. So your J47 category and your J43, which now means that COPD can be coded with the bronchiectasis and the emphysema. So that is kind of significant from a coaching standpoint. Always before, it was telling us, no, we had to go to the bronchiectasis code, the J47, or we had to go to the emphysema, the J43 only, without picking up the COPD. And when it got me is when we couldn't pick up the COPD exacerbation, you know, and we were only coding, if you will, only the emphysema with that patient with the COPD exacerbation. Well, with this change in the coding instructional notes, we are now able to pick up both when they meet reporting criteria, and there's no sequencing guidance when it comes to this. It's just-- so it's going to depend upon the circumstances of admission then at that point. So, Cheryl, talk to us about the COPD, or the changes in this encoding instructional notes. So wahn-wahn-wahn-- this is a big change. Hate to be the bearer of bad tidings. I wish, at my check mark on readmissions should have been red instead of green because it is going to have a negative impact on our COPD readmissions cohort. We would have to use that COPD exacerbation instead of an emphysema as our principal diagnosis when that is documented. So we are going to have more patients in that readmissions cohort, or even when COPD exacerbation was a secondary with respiratory failure. And actually, I had an email from a client just a few weeks ago going, am I understanding this correctly? This is going to kill us. I'm like, yep. It's going to have a negative impact on the COPD cohort for sure. And so for the leaders on the phone, you're going to have to really nativize this to your executive leadership that you're not doing a bad job all of a sudden with your COPD readmissions. There's been a change in the encoding on how we have to code these that could be partially responsible for your increase in the COPD readmissions. This does not change the HCC categories because, again, those similar lung disorders are in similar HCC, again, doesn't really affect PSIs. How this is going to affect risk adjustment really is hard to tell because, again, it's not saying that you code the exacerbation instead of the emphysema. We're able to code both. But, you know, so I don't see that it's going to have a negative impact on risk adjustment. It's just one I really can't predict at this point, but of the changes, this is probably the biggest change, something so minor. What seems to be so minor actually has probably one of the biggest quality changes this year. And now that I've burst your bubble. We're going to shift over to intestinal obstructions. There you go. Well, this was one of those sneaky little changes. So sneaky that I missed it the first time around when I was going through all the listed changes, and it was brought to my attention by Cheryl later. And what this is showing is that the coding an instructional note under K56.69 was deleted. The excludes one note which stated that if the intestinal obstruction was due to a specified condition that you coded to the condition, and you didn't code-- assign this code, well, now, that's been deleted. So what essentially this is saying is that we can now pick up codes for both conditions, both the intestinal obstruction, and the specified cause. So, for example, if intestinal obstruction is due to peritoneal carcinomatosis, codes for both the peritoneal carcinomatosis and the intestinal obstruction can be assigned with the sequencing depending upon the circumstances of admission. Now, remember, I just want to point out that this is a change into the coding directives, and your coding directives will take precedence over previous coding clinic advice. So always keep that in mind. There was a coding clinic advice on this topic back in 2017, so that's now outdated because that advice was based on the coding directive being there. Since the coding directive is no longer there the coding advice is now outdated. And then also we want to remember that there's still some neoplasm coding guidelines that are still in effect that could still depend upon the sequencing, if you will. So there's that coding guideline that talks about neoplasm, encounter for a complication associated with a neoplasm. Well, the complication could be-- that's associated with the neoplasm could be the intestinal obstruction. So according to that guideline, if a patient is admitted with a complication associated with a neoplasm, and the treatment's only going towards the complication, the complication is coded first, followed by the appropriate code for the neoplasm. So always keep in mind your chapter specific guidelines that are available, but note that we are no longer kept from assigning this intestinal obstruction code if it is there. We can now pick it up as well as the specified condition that was causing it. So Cheryl, how does this impact? Again, this is going to be different because we're moving patients out of malignancy DRGs, GI malignancy DRGs primarily, into the obstruction DRGs. So it is affecting our risk adjusted mortality because we're putting them now in a different clinical bucket, if you have to follow the circumstances of admission, and if the treatment is only directed to, you know, that obstruction is not directed to the underlying cancer. So I do think risk adjustment, and I know I started with that last, but I do think this is going to impact risk adjustment. Now, with that change in sequencing, that will also impact our Elixhauser score, as we will be able to report more cancers as secondaries instead of primaries. And as we mentioned, Elixhauser doesn't use principal diagnosis in their Elixhauser calculation, so it will positively impact our Elixhauser. Again, our obstructions are HCC, so we're going to get a gain in HCC, and, again, there will be no direct impact on the PSIs. And with that, we're going to transfer over to the Orthopedic Section. We are, and there's 36 new codes that were created for this pathological fracture of the pelvis. It's simply pathological fractures of the pelvis. They do kind of-- what part of the pelvis is involved that creates a lot of new codes, but the seventh characters are what's really creating a lot of the new codes. The seventh character is going to drive it to determine if it's a CC or not, and then also to which MS DRG it would be assigned if it's the principal diagnosis. More than likely on your acute care admissions, you're going to be, with the seventh character, the initial encounter for the fracture. And, Cheryl, how does it impact? So, again, not going to impact Elixhauser again. Not totally certain if these are HCCs because, remember, not all of those acute conditions are HCCs. It tends to be more chronic conditions. This will have a significant impact on PSI8. Our in-hospital falls and fractures because the pathologic fractures are not part of the PSI8, and as some of you may remember, there was a huge change in PSI8. this year. It's now all injuries, all fractures, not just hip fractures, so they did expand it this year. And, again, capturing more pathologic fractures, the secondary, is really going to be helping with risk adjustment because we do know that these are conditions that are consuming some resources. And we're going to make a slight transition, and then come right back to me on this periprosthetic fracture, which is kind of a cousin of the first topic, really. It is. This one they just code. They added a coding instructional node under category M97, stating code first, if known, the specific type and cause of fracture, such as the traumatic or pathological. This coding instructional note does imply sequencing because it's saying code first, and it also updates or clarifies, if you will, the coding clinic advice from 2016 fourth quarter. Periprosthetic fractures can occur as a result of trauma or pathological conditions. So, Cheryl, tell us a little bit more about the periprosthetic fractures. So let's talk about the Vancouver classification, and it actually, Audrey will tell you we had an extensive conversation yesterday, and I'll advise you all to please go look at images online. Go look Google this if you would, look at these, and actually pay attention to the class C fractures or the type C Vancouver fractures because those are well below, and actually some of the images show the fracture on the exact opposite end of the prosthetic, so meaning it's a fracture of a bone, any location on the bone in which there is a prosthetic in some portion. OK. So I'm bringing this to your attention so that we query for more of these periprosthetic fractures, and that we don't question the clinical validity of them if the doctor is calling it periprosthetic. It doesn't matter where in the bone that fracture occurs. So from a quality perspective, this will not impact Elixhauser because those periprosthetic fractures are not on the Elixhauser list. Again, I'm not really expecting it to be impacting HCCs, per se, because, again, they typically use more chronic conditions as I said. This will have that, again, direct impact as an exclusion for PSI8, if it is also periprosthetic in nature. So another good reason, if you would, to get a clinical description of that ulcer being-- I mean, ulcer fracture being both traumatic and periprosthetic, and using that secondary code. And, again, I do believe that this code, similarly, is going to impact our risk adjustment. With that, we're going to transition into a new diagnosis code. We Do. We have one in this symptom section, R40.2A for non-traumatic coma due to underlying condition. Please note that this code would not be used in combination, if there is a combination code available for the coma, such as a diabetic coma, hepatic coma, or a hypoglycemic coma, but this is a new code that is available when it's a non-traumatic cause documented, you will code first the underlying condition. So this would be sequenced more than likely as your secondary, definitely as your secondary because it is due to an underlying condition. The code is for the underlying condition, and as a secondary diagnosis, it would be classified as an MCC. You know I didn't check to see if there was any exclusions on this as an MCC, but I'm sure there may be some if it's really closely related. But Cheryl, how does this new code impact on quality? You notice I have more question marks than I have answers here. And, again, remember that Elixhauser hasn't released their new code set. Its predecessor, the coma unspecified was an Elixhauser category. I presume it will be an Elixhauser category, but can't assume. And, similarly, not certain if it's on our HCC list. It will not have an impact on PSIs because coma is not used for exclusions. Again, it could be used as a risk adjustment for expected rates, but not for any exclusion criteria, if you would. And like I said, I think time will only tell how this particular code is used in risk adjustment. In other words, I think it will be used. It's just difficult to know at this point until we start actually using the code and querying appropriately instead of leaving the unspecified code there, having the providers tell us the cause of those comas. And with that, we're going to transition to focal traumatic brain injury. And under that, they changed from an excludes one note to an excludes two with any condition classifiable to SO6.4 to 0.6, and what those are is what's down in the note section. If it's an epidural hemorrhage, traumatic subdural, or traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage, and that they can be coded together if that's a reportable condition at that point. So just that you can assign this additional code for the focal traumatic brain injury, along with the traumatic hemorrhages that are listed here. Cheryl? Again, this will not be on our Elixhauser list, and will not affect our PSIs, but these conditions are HCCs, and they are huge risk adjusters. Being able to capture the full extent of some of these neurologic injuries, whether it be risk adjusted mortality, or, again, other risk adjustment methodologies, honestly, I am thrilled. Again, this is another one that I'm thrilled because it felt like we weren't fully representing a mild injury compared to a serious one without the ability to capture these extra codes. And we're going to transition now to some STOH codes. [INAUDIBLE]. Yeah. Social determinants of health. We're back in the Z code range now. Some additional codes were created for the child in custody of non-parental relative parents, stepchild conflict, et cetera. So some new codes that they're always trying to expand on in the social determinants of health, and so these were a couple that were created for this go round. So, Cheryl, talk to us about that. Quickly. Again, STOH are not currently part of Elixhauser or in the PSI world. Many of these are in HCC categories. And, again, being able to fully reflect for risk adjustment. We know STOH is being carefully studied. So I anticipate over the years, similar to the homelessness code, we're able to start seeing the impact-- some of these diagnoses, and the more that we report, the better they can be used in the risk adjustment methodologies. And we're going to go on to our next set of codes. Yeah. It's not-- so sorry. I think-- Is this a duplicate? I think this is a duplicate. OK. There we go. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, problems related to upbringing. A table. (SPEECH) Whoops. I think you and I hit the same thing. Sorry. Sorry, everyone, for our technical problems. I'm going to keep on going. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, personal risk factors. A table. (SPEECH) Here we go. Not necessarily within the STOH range of codes, but it's similar to that. So it's caregivers other non-compliance with the treatment of the patient. So some non-compliance codes, I believe it is still important to be able to pick up, and when this documentation is available in the record that you could say, you know, what was the cause for the non-compliance to be able to pick up. So, Cheryl, how does that impact? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How do new S.D.o.H. codes impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read red x elixhauser, red x hierarchical condition category HCC, red x AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, question mark risk adjustment. (SPEECH) So, again, similarly, as she said, it's getting these STOH codes on the chart. The more that we're coding and reporting these that they can be used. That's the whole point of the gravitas project and adding all these codes that we've been adding over the last, what? Three years now, is to fully express all the factors that are influencing why our patients aren't doing well. So it's a question mark, more so not will it affect, but maybe when will we see it being used more so in risk adjustment. With that, we're going to move over to the PCS side of the house. Take it away, Audrey. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, F.Y. 2023, ICD-10-PCS updates related to quality. (SPEECH) Yes. And once again, the overall changes that took place this year, once again, not as many that were-- that we became effective last year, so only 78 new procedure codes, not so many revisions or deletions of anything this year. We do have a total of over 78,000 PCS codes. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, summary of changes by the numbers. 78 new procedure codes. Five deleted procedure codes. 14 revised procedure code titles. (SPEECH) So the number is growing, but not a lot of changes, and I'm kind of stealing away your thunder here as how do these new PCS codes impact on quality. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how do new and modified P.C.S. codes impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read elixhauser, hierarchical condition category HCC, AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, risk adjustment. There is a large question mark over the entire list. Slide, Quality impact of new P.C.S. codes. A flow chart. (SPEECH) Steal away. It really is a giant question mark, to be honest with you, and really our next slide, it's really undetermined because most of these new codes that were created this year are expansions of pre-existing codes, or there were some PCS codes for new technology, you know, typically those are not around forever as we would know, and understand, and this is an important note for people, AHRQ is not using these new codes that were just created. They won't use them until their next version next summer. And, again, a lot of the new codes aren't even operative procedures in AHRQ's methodology, so some of those new codes will never even be considered for use, but like I said, typically, as you'll see AHRQ looks for four to five years of natively coded data before they try to make major changes to procedures, unless it is, again, what we'll call a code expansion, then, typically, the predecessor code, if it was on the list, the expanded code is on the list, but an important side note on AHRQ is every year they remove code sometimes that were over excluding patients, or should not be used as an exclusion, or should not have used to qualify. So you really have to pay attention each year to some of those changes. But at this time, we have no way to know how these codes will be incorporated by AHRQ or any other risk adjustment. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, F.Y. 2024 official coding guidelines updates related to quality. (SPEECH) With that, we're going to shift over to some coding guidelines updates, and how that impacts quality. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, coma. Revise guideline. (SPEECH) Yeah. Not a lot of coding guideline updates, in general, really, and, therefore, even fewer that are going to be related to quality. We are going to go back to the coma because they did update the coding guideline related to coma. What you see in the red is what-- with a strikethrough, is what was deleted out of the guideline, and then with the green highlight there is and bolded, is what is added to the guideline. So you can just see that they are talking about the unspecified coma that you're only going to use that when the cause of the coma is not known, and/or the cause is a traumatic brain injury, and the coma scale is not documented in the record. So they're limiting the use of the unspecified coma, which makes sense. Related to the coma scale, they added in there that these codes, the R40.21 to R40.24 with the appropriate six characters there, cannot be used with your non-traumatic coma due to an underlying condition because we know that we do not use the Glasgow Coma Scale scores, your GCS scores, when it is a non-traumatic cause. So it makes sense that you would not use that non-traumatic coma due to an underlying cause with the GCS scores. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how does new coma code impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read question mark elixhauser, question mark hierarchical condition category HCC, red x AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, question mark risk adjustment. (SPEECH) So, Cheryl, take it away. Thank you. So, again, this is similar to what we said before. Its predecessor is on the Elixhauser list. Its predecessor is an HCC. It won't impact PSIs. Again, I'm assuming it will be used in risk adjustment. So just saying, not only do we have some tabular instructional notes on the creation of the new code, but we also have the guidelines to further guide us on how to use them or when not to use them. With that, we're going to move to the stroke scale. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, N.I.H.S.S. stroke scale. A table. (SPEECH) And this was a very simple change, but to me, it's kind of huge. We have the stroke scale that was, in the past, was only used when you had a condition that was classified with the I63, which was your cerebral infarction. Well, they opened it up and said, nope, we're going to have this stroke scale to-- be able to add these stroke scale codes, the R29.7 codes, when it's from I60 to I63. And what you see down here is what I60 and I61 and I62 are, as well as the use additional code notes that say, hey, as a refresher, don't forget to use the stroke scale codes with-- if it's a non traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, or other intracranial hemorrhage code with it. So just to use your NIHSS stroke scale codes as a secondary diagnosis with any type of cause of your stroke, if it's non traumatic bleed, as well as your ischemic cerebral infarctions as well. Cheryl? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how does update to N.I.H.S.S. coding guideline impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read checkmark readmissions, red x hierarchical condition category HCC, red x AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, check mark risk adjustment. (SPEECH) So this has an impact on hospital wide readmissions, and the stroke readmissions. Again, the more NIHSS were reporting, they're already being utilized on the ischemic strokes as part of risk adjusted rates for ischemic strokes. But, again, for your hospital wide readmissions, which would include our hemorrhagic strokes, again, the ability to capture these means that they can be used for risk adjustment in the future. So I take this as a win, and risk adjustment overall, because we understand the higher the score, the more traumatic or devastating, I should say, the stroke is, and the ability to capture those are really important on the medical record. So I like that we're being asked to report more so we can use more. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, S.D.o.H., Revised guideline. Some text is highlighted in green while other text is highlighted in red and crossed out. (SPEECH) With that, we're going to go to the SDOH guidelines updates. Yeah. There was quite a bit, and it wasn't emphasized or mentioned at all in fourth quarter coding clinic 2023 of this update to the social determinants of health guideline. But what you can see in here bolded is what was added. Personally, I do have several questions, based on this updated guideline. I have submitted a letter to coding clinic on this. Sadly, I have not gotten an answer back, although I see on the status that it's under review. So I know that they have it on their radar. I'm hoping that it is something that will be addressed then, and they'll publish it in coding clinic in first quarter. So be on the outlook for any additional guidance and coding clinic on this, but they are talking about, you know, about the use of the SDOH codes. The reason why this is on our radar is because this year, they did have homelessness BACC, so it's newly added to the CC list, and so we are questioning how to-- what are the parameters of coding this. We know that social determinants of health does not have to be documented by the physician or provider in the record, it can be documented by a non-clinician document or social work included in that, and we're still under the guidance from last time that was saying it has to impact on the case in some way, that it's not just, for example, that you're having conflict with a parent, but how did that impact on the care. Was it affecting the patient's care during this current hospital encounter? So those are the types of questions that we're having on it, so I can't give you any specifics regarding the-- what exactly is necessary in the record to be able to support the code, and, once again, we're probably all concerned about the homelessness because that is what's going to impact, potentially impact on the CC on the case. So what I would do is just how is it documented? Just get the making sure that and-- I'm sure-- I mean because it's going to impact on the discharging disposition of the patient, where are they going to go? So that's-- it could impact on your length of stay of it. So you're just getting-- you're looking through the record to make sure that there was some impact on it. I would just come together as a facility to see what is the best way of handling these types of looking for the documentation to help support it, and then, hopefully, once again, we'll get further guidance from coding clinic, or from an updated coding guideline in the near future on this as well. So stay tuned. I'm hemming and hawing because I just don't have the total direction on this. It needs to come from your facility on how you're best going to handle this. Cheryl? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How do new S.D.o.H. codes impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read red x elixhauser, red x hierarchical condition category HCC, red x AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, question mark risk adjustment. (SPEECH) Audrey, so, again, the question is really going to be on risk adjustment more than anything else. And I eagerly wait, and I know we're approaching the top of the hour. I'm going to do a little quick segue on this one, Audrey. I'm just going to cover this really quick. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Approach with hand assistance. Revised guideline. (SPEECH) Please take-- [INTERPOSING VOICES] --duly updated. Our understanding of what is considered a lap assisted procedure, meaning they have written it, including, if it's considered hand assistance where many times where the surgeon does part of it with a hand and scissors instead of a robot as an example or another instrument. This is making it easier for coders to interpret that operative note and use the right approach, laparoscopic versus open, and this is really impacting the surgical database because surgeons are actually profiled on the percentage of cases that are done open versus laparoscopically. Similarly, (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how does update to approach coding guideline impact quality? A blue triangle with a list of vertically stacked items. From top to bottom they read checkmark surgical database, red ex hierarchical condition category HCC, check mark AHRQ patient safety indicator PSI, question mark risk adjustment. (SPEECH) on the wound dehiscence PSI, it is impacting which strata the patient is reported on based on the type of procedure, open versus laparoscopic. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, F.Y. 2024 MS-D.R.G. updates related to quality. (SPEECH) And then with our last minute, we just want to let you know there were a few DRGs that can impact quality. And to be honest with you, they're fairly self-explanatory, meaning we're not going to have time to go through these few. There was only a few DRGs, but just want to remind you when DRGs move out of one DRG-- MDC family into another, how HRQ does or does not use them impacts, but it also impacts when certain procedures move from one DRG to another DRG. For example, to move to the transplant DRG, and one of our clinical examples, it's very important to understand that risk adjusted mortality really is impacted with the DRG movements. Now, there were a bunch of new MS-DRGs, or collapsing of some new MS-DRGs, and collapsing of some old ones in MDC5. You know, again, that is moving the expected mortality around, and it's going to take us a couple of years to see the full effects of that, but we want to just remind you it's not just new codes or procedures, or coding guidelines, sometimes it's the DRG movement or new DRG additions that also impact quality, and just want to give you an overview of what you'll see in those last few sections, where there's three or four that we showcase for you all. And with that, Lisa, we're going to hand it back to you. Great, Thank you, both, so much. We really appreciate just how much information you do put together for these presentations, and it's always just so fascinating to hear you both talk. So (DESCRIPTION) Slide, References. A list of items and links. (SPEECH) thank you, both, so much. I did push forward our reference slide just so you have that information. The slides are available in the resources section. So be sure to download those as well as your certificate of attendance for if you do want to submit that to an association to request CEUs. If (DESCRIPTION) Slide, 3M Educational boot camps in 2024. Text, advanced CDI training, February 19-23, 2024. Advanced quality training, March 18-22, 2024. Advanced CDI pediatric training, May 6-10, 2024 (SPEECH) you are interested in learning more about some of the boot camps that we offer, there is a link in the resources section as well to find out information. And if you are available tomorrow same time, same station, not same station, but you'd have to register, but we are also offering our CDI innovation webinar. So if you are interested, that registration link is there as well. It's tomorrow at 1:00 PM, and that is the power of automation on your program. And so, again, we really appreciate our speakers today. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, That's a wrap! (SPEECH) Make sure you download the resources, and we always appreciate your feedback. So if you could complete that survey at the end, we'd really appreciate that as well. And then lastly, we will be sending out information after the webinar for our January webinar. So if you're interested in registering for that, we'll be sending out some information soon. And (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Thank you! (SPEECH) lastly, lastly, we are recording today's webinar. So that will be available in the next couple of weeks on our website. So if you do want to listen in again, it will be there as well. So thank you, both. Thank you, all, for joining. We hope that you and your families have a great holiday season, and we'll see you next year. Thank you.

      Webinar presentation title slide.

      2024 IPPS updates and the impacts on CDI and quality

      • December 2023

      • How will the fiscal year (FY) 2024 Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) final rule affect your organization’s quality performance? What can you do to prepare?
      • 3M experts Audrey Howard and Cheryl Manchenton talk about changes affecting Medicare payment policies and IPPS rates for FY 2024. 
      • You will learn about:
        • New changes to coding guidelines and codes that may affect quality scores 
        • Significant opportunities to improve performance considering these changes 
        • How COVID-19 has impacted and continues to impact quality reporting
      •  
    • (DESCRIPTION) Presentation. Text, on 24 for a better webinar experience. Screenshot, a webinar interface with different boxes labeled slides, speaker bio, survey, live stream, resources, Q&A. Logo, 3M, science, applied to life. (SPEECH) Afternoon and welcome to our webinar, our July webinar. It's (DESCRIPTION) Slide, 3M quality webinar, quality 101, get your team involved in CDI. (SPEECH) hard to believe that we're already halfway through the year. This is our July Quality Webinar, going over quality 101, getting your team involved in CDI. Before (DESCRIPTION) Slide, housekeeping, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) we get started, I'm just going to go over a couple of housekeeping items. We are utilizing the ON24 platform. It is a web-based platform so we recommend using Google Chrome. Close out a VPN or multiple tabs. That'll help with the bandwidth. If you are having any audio issues, if you do a quick refresh of your browser, that typically clears any of those issues up. You can see the engagement tools that we have. You have the ability to move those around, make the presentation area larger if you want to. We do have closed captioning, so within the media player, you can turn that on if you need it. We do have a lot of content to get through today. So if you have any questions, I don't anticipate a lot of time at the end, but we will get to as many as we can at the end, so you can put those in the Q&A. And we did turn on the attendee chat. We already see that there's a lot of people saying hello from where they're at. So welcome, everybody. So feel free to chat with each other in the attendee chat. But because there's so many comments, make sure if it's a question about the content, to put that into the Q&A. There is a certificate of attendance available that's not actually a CEU. You can utilize that certificate to submit to an accredited association. And also the presentation is available in there, so feel free to download the presentation to follow along. And then at the end, we always like to hear how we did. At the end of the webinar, a survey will launch and if you could complete that we really appreciate you letting us know how we did. So (DESCRIPTION) Slide, meet our speakers, Julie Morales, BSN, RN, CCDS. Senior inpatient consultant. Dawn M Vitalone, RN, CCDS, CIC, Senior inpatient consultant. Two profile pictures. (SPEECH) again, we have a great topic today. We have two really great speakers. If you are interested in learning more about Julie and Dawn, take a look at the speaker bio section, and you can learn a little bit more about them. Let's go ahead and get started. I'm going to go ahead and pass it off to our speakers to go over our learning objectives and get things started. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, learning objectives. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) Thank you, Lisa. Good afternoon, everyone. Today, Dawn and I are going to discuss some quality initiatives you can consider reviewing as part of your CDI program. We will dive into the understanding of comorbidity indices and how they apply and to what quality initiatives to apply those to. We'll go over a basic overview of readmission cohorts, 30 day mortality measures and PSI. And we'll also review the five star quality ratings. And lastly, how can you take all of this information and apply it in your CDI world? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, comorbidity indices. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) So comorbidity indices. First of all, what is a comorbidity indices? It is used to measure the likelihood of our adverse events such as readmissions, and you can see some of the different types of readmissions being tracked or by whom- the mortality within 30 days of hospitalization. Again, whether it be CMS or Elixhauser, a one year of 10 year survivability estimates such as Charleston's methodology or again, Elixhauser or other proprietary methodologies. Here are some that we're going to go over today. Each one of these really use a slightly different criteria. They're all a little bit different, but the common denominator for all of them is the use of patient demographic information and their actual coded claims data. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, present on admission. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) So present on admission, for any of the risk methodologies, is very important. For each of these methodologies, they have different criteria when or how they use present on admission. For example, CKD itself does not need a POA of why. Again, understanding that if we know that it should be assigned with a POA of why. Realistically, if a patient didn't have it on admission and it develops later in the day, or if we have a coding or missed opportunity, they're still going to utilize it because it's chronic by nature. But a condition like CHF, the methodologies is usually require that it does need to be present on admission either to include or exclude in the calculation. A general reminder is we need to be thinking beyond our mismatch process. It's not just that we get the same DRG or we have the same severity or mortality. It's taking a look at those POA statuses as well. How are we doing capturing all the secondary diagnoses, and that POA process is going to really optimize our use of these quality initiatives. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, four Medicare quality programs. A table with two columns labeled CMS program and program goals. (SPEECH) Here's just a little quick note on our medicare quality programs that use comorbidity indices before we deep dive into Elixhauser which will be our next discussion. We have CMS does-- for informational purposes, has removed COVID-19 as a principal and a secondary diagnosis from the Hospital Value-Based Purchasing and our Hospital Acquired Condition Reduction program and our Hospital Readmission Reduction program. After getting through the pandemic, they have continued to leave that out. I would assume we'll see it back-- we will see it back in the near future. Hospital Readmission Reduction program was established to link quality scores to our medicare patients. Under this program, hospital readmission rates are measured retrospectively via three year rolling period of data. Hospitals with excessive readmission rates are assessed a penalty of up to 3% of their total reimbursement for medicare fee for services inpatient hospital claims. Most hospitals are really lucky if they don't get a penalty at all because 75% of all hospitals are expected to get a penalty through the way they design the program. So we're going to dive in and talk about Elixhauser. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Elixhauser comorbidity index. (SPEECH) So how was Elixhauser developed? It was developed as part of our HCUP, our Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. It was originally sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality or AHRQ as you'll hear me refer to it as we go on through these slides. It was developed back in 1998 by Anne Elixhauser who was a former AHRQ employee in addition to some other data scientists that she worked with. It was originally based on the ICD-9 code set. But of course, our current version is ICD-10. It was-- the most updated version was released in December 2022, which is version 2023. It's a method of categorizing those co-morbid conditions that help predict resource allocation, assess the quality of care, such as the hospital mortality and risk adjusting patient models. So why are we talking about Elixhauser? Why are we hearing that word-- hearing this quality program out there? And the reason is over the last three to four years, the US News and World Report is using the Elixhauser score in their safety domain. And so many hospitals are pushing to be part of that best hospitals of the US News and World Report. And the outcome domain is worth 37.5% of the total score. So it's an important thing to be thinking about and looking at as we move forward. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, the Elixhauser comorbidity software refined for ICD-10-CM. (SPEECH) The Elixhauser Comorbidity Software Refined for ICD-10 creates comorbidity measures that identify pre-existing medical conditions that are not directly related to the main reason for the hospital encounter, and that, if present on admission, would be associated with a substantial impact on certain outcomes, such as an increase in length of stay, charges, or in-hospital mortality. This comes out of the-- outside the comorbidity user guide that can be found. There's a link there to take a look at that. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Elixhauser comorbidity domains. A table with seven columns labeled abbreviation, comorbidity measure, AHRQ Mort weight, AHRQ read m weight, abbreviation, comorbidity measure, AHRQ mort weight, AHRQ read m weight. (SPEECH) These next few slides we're going to move through pretty quickly and what these are the most updated weights that are out there for Elixhauser. The derived weights were used to determine the risk of in-hospital mortality index for the 5.6 million discharges and the validation sample. The next few pages are going to go over the different domains in alphabetical order. You can see we have the abbreviation and the actual title. You'll see that the mortality rates and the readmission rates are different, and you'll also see the negative numbers here in some of these. And we'll talk about the scoring of this and how it was decided how those negative numbers impact. The one thing on this slide I do like to call out is that metastatic cancer weight. Look how high that is, and that is one thing, as we move through talking about comorbid conditions and secondary diagnoses when capturing and/or querying for, is very significantly weighted in the Elixhauser domain. Just (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Elixhauser comorbidity domains. A continuation of the previous table. (SPEECH) some more, as we can see as we move through, we have some DEMENTIA. We can see we have a couple different types of diabetes here. We have two categories for hypertension. So in both of those scenarios getting, whether or not we have complications or no complications is important. And we also have two for liver disease. As you can see the very significant difference in the weight of those. So whether it's a mild liver disease or a moderate to severe. (DESCRIPTION) Slide. A continuation of the previous table. (SPEECH) And then one example to point out here you can see we have pulmonary circulation disease, and this is different than a COPD, which was a few slides ago. So this could include some secondary diagnoses associated with COPD like a pulmonary hypertension. So when we have both of those reported, it adds an additional category, which increases that score. Weight loss, we see here, is not just weight loss-- abnormal weight loss. It also includes our malnutrition and [INAUDIBLE] cachexia. (DESCRIPTION) Slide. Understanding AHRQ weights. (SPEECH) As I said, we would talk about the scores. When we talk about commodity indices, we need to take a few minutes to talk about the weights, both positive and negative numbers are included. This information that is in this slide-- it's a busy slide, I know there's a lot of information in here-- is taken from the AHRQ website. It's a very long detailed document that you certainly can go out and take a look at. It's linked on many of the slides in here. What this tells us is when they studied the information from millions of accounts, some diagnoses were not necessarily related to the likelihood of a readmission or a mortality. In other words, statistically, there was no association between that condition and the mortality or that readmission. We know clinically maybe that doesn't make a lot of sense to us, right? We think the more chronic condition someone has, the more sick they may be. But remembering these were data scientists that put this information together, and they said statistically, it was not founded. And also remember when we talk about Elixhauser scoring, it's not based on individual scoring. It's not supposed to be just one individual score. It's a combination of multiple comorbid conditions that get us to a final score. The goal with these categories is the higher-- is to gather the highest score clinically appropriate for your patient because it is showing the worst likelihood of adverse events happening to these patients. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, what about ICD-10 diagnosis codes that are exempt from POA reporting? (SPEECH) We talked a bit about POA earlier. How does AHRQ address POA? We do have some codes that conditions are exempt, so we put that E instead of the Y, the W, or the N. They do not include exempt codes. Just POA is not considered. So they just don't consider the POA on those. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Elixhauser comorbidities that require use of POA indicator for assignment. A table with two columns labeled comorbidity description and uses present on admission POA indicators for assignment. (SPEECH) Here's a table that looks at POA. POA indicators are required, as you can see here, in 18 of the 38 comorbidity measures. If you take a look and filter, you can take-- in the table and this is where we came up for this. As you can see, some of these can not be present on admission and can develop over time but a lot of these are conditions that-- they can come in with or not come in with. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Elixhauser comorbidities that do not require use of POA indicator for assignment. A table with two columns labeled comorbidity description and uses present on admission POA indicators for assignment. (SPEECH) On the second one, you can see our POA here is a little different. These are more of our chronic conditions. This is 20 of those 38 that we don't require a POA indicator for because Elixhauser is considering that most of these are chronic conditions. Some people might have a flare during the day or an exacerbation, but overall, most of these diagnoses are chronic and condition. And so AHRQ doesn't care whether or not you have POA of Y or not. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, principal versus secondary diagnosis effect on Elixhauser assignment. (SPEECH) When we talk about principal diagnosis versus secondary and how that affects our Elixhauser course or assignment, this is important to note that Elixhauser does not use the principle diagnosis in the total score. So if it's reported as a principal, they are not using them in that scoring. If it's a secondary diagnosis, then it will depend on whether or not it was present on a mission. And this example here talks about K25.4 for not present on a mission because the hemorrhage occurred after the patient was admitted. The GI hemorrhage-- this is an example of how it would be reported. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, comorbid conditions reported as a principal diagnosis. (SPEECH) Elixhauser does consider that we do have some sequencing requirements where our [INAUDIBLE] is directing us to the order that we have to assign the codes based on chapter specific guidelines remembering once again, they're only looking at those secondary diagnoses. So if we think about obesity, for example, the principal diagnosis might be morbid obesity because the patient has bariatric surgery. Since it's a principal in this case, Elixhauser will then look for a BMI and it will allow the BMI to be the proxy for that morbid obesity and so that Elixhauser will capture that code as the secondary to capture that category. Elixhauser is taking into account those sequencing directives. Another example that we have here is renal failure. We have the hypertensive heart and kidney disease coding directive, and so we have to-- Elixhauser will recognize the proxy in that as well. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, examples of specific Elixhauser comorbidities, liver. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) And lastly, I just wanted to give you an example of the specific Elixhauser comorbidities and what they look, what's considered included in mild. And as I said, there was a pretty significant difference between that mild and the moderate to severe scoring in the table. Moderate liver disease includes that alcoholic cirrhosis with and without ascites, toxic liver, chronic and active hepatitis with fibrosis or NASH or hepatopulmonary syndrome and our portal hypertensive and hepatorenal. So a lot of these need further specificity when we're looking at a patient with a past medical history of liver disease, getting the most accurate specificity and chronicity is important. So that is Elixhauser. I'm going to turn it over to Dawn. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, readmission cohorts. (SPEECH) Thank you, Julie and good afternoon, everybody. So I'm going to start with the re-admission cohorts as Julie touched base on that there-- there are a couple different re-admission cohorts or re-admission programs for quality measures. This is going to be a very brief high level because of in interest of time. So your emissions at a hospital with 30 days of discharge are frequently avoidable and they can lead to adverse patient outcomes or higher costs. So we have two different types of re-admission classifications. We have all cause re-admission regardless of the reason why the patient was admitted to the hospital for the first time and CMS is tracking reporting them, but they're not used as penalty per se, but is part of the five star rating, which I will discuss towards the end of this presentation. And then there's all cause re-admission following the hospital Readmission Reduction program as Julie touched base on. And we're going to go into each of these cohorts. And if you notice, they are exact same ones that I also cover in the mortality methodology. So when we talk about re-admission, you're going to hear the term variables. So (DESCRIPTION) Slide, readmission variables. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) there's cohorts. Re-admission rates are risk adjusted using patient, age, sex, and medical comorbidities to account for the differences in the patient mix across the hospitals throughout the nation. So a readmission is an unplanned re-admission that happens within 30 days of discharge from the index admission, so you'll hear that term index admission a lot with your re-admission quality measures. Really basically what that means it's the initial admission. It's where the time starts from the day of discharge. So at the time of discharge, from that initial admission, that starts the clock for the re-admission within 30 days. If a patient does have multiple re-admissions within the same 30 day time period, only the first admission is counted and then discharges against medical advice or AMA are excluded from your index submissions. Each of the cohorts, I will go over in the next slides. I have a list of readmission variables or are also known as risk adjusted diagnosises that if they do persist, it increases the likelihood of the patient being readmitted in 30 days. So therefore, it's very important, and we cannot stress enough that it's essential that these conditions or diagnoses are captured and documented and coded out to set expected rates of re-admission based on patients populations. So this-- oops. Just clicked the wrong button. I apologize. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, readmission cohorts. A bullet point list. Image, a man in a wheelchair shakes his doctor's hand as he is directed out of a building by a nurse. (SPEECH) So re-admission cohorts. These are the 7 that is a part of the Hospital Reduction Readmission Program. In response to COVID, which was a public health emergency as we all are aware, CMS is excluding quarter one and quarter two of 2020 data from all the NHRP calculations. CMS is also suppressing the pneumonia readmission measure from payment reduction calculations in fiscal year 2023 hospital re-admission program as well. Also there are some additional exclusions for each of these cohorts, but in an interest in time, I'm not going to go into those detail. But as Julie mentioned, you can-- or I'm sorry. You can go into the CMS. You can go into quality-- if you are interested in all the exclusions inclusions, you can go to qualitynet.cms.gov and that we'll go over and go into great detail all of these because this in itself would be an all day type of webinar if we discussed all these in great detail. Now (DESCRIPTION) Slide, acute ischemic stroke. (SPEECH) I didn't mention ischemic strokes or that wasn't-- you didn't see systemic stroke listed on that previous page, and that's because it's not part of the Re-admission Reduction Program, but it's still being measured. It's being measured by Joint Commission and Hospital Compare for the star ratings is also using ischemic strokes. The one thing to note on this slide, if the patient had a hemorrhagic stroke or a TIA, they are excluded from this and this is just for what's included in your exclusions and inclusions for your stroke. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, acute ischemic stroke readmission variables. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) So this is a slide for variables. So I'm going to have several slides coming up with all the listed variables. So what this means is these are diagnoses that if they're present, they will be risk adjusted for the re-admissions program for your ischemic strokes. So as you can see, some of these you're going to notice throughout all the slide decks such as malnutrition and your decubitus, chronic ulcers. Very important to capture all ulcers all the time. No matter what the impact is, you want to make sure because in the back end in moving forward, they can have an impact. So capturing all decubitus and chronic skin ulcers as well as malnutrition not just your severe malnutrition, but any degree of malnutrition. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, AMI. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) The next slide here, this is for your acute MI re-admission variables. It seems strange to see anterior MI, right? I thought it was really strange. But if you had an MI in the previous 12 months, it does make a patient more likely to be readmitted after the first MI and it's also very important to get site specific MI's. If it's actually a STEMI, making sure it's documenting as a STEMI. If it's actually a non-STEMI, documenting it as a non-STEMI and so on and so forth. Again, skin ulcers-- you can see here, a lot of times physicians will document wounds when they actually mean ulcers. So we really want to make sure that they're capturing and/or documenting and capturing the ulcers. Malnutrition is everyone's risk adjusted cohort. It's part of everyone. We can't stress enough again. Any degree of renal failure for this one. Renal failure, including AKI, CKD stages 1 through 5. Your valvular heart diseases-- I think we missed the boat on capturing all of these on admissions. We look at the echo to get that ejection fraction to specify and query for type of CHF but it's really important to look to see if they do have those stenosis or any type of regurgitation because it can exclude them from a 30 day re-admission. Vascular such as your aneurysms, CT scan of the abdomen is done. The physician notes it's an aneurysm. He evaluated that, right? It's not just the x-ray report, but actually the doctor making a comment that the patient does have an aneurysm. It may not be clinically significant, this admission, but he did do-- he did evaluate it and determined that we can follow up as an outpatient so that does meet a definition of a reportable secondary diagnosis. Your aneurysm-- your aneurysms, your arrhythmias, such as your flutters, your sick sinus syndrome, your block V-tach, making sure we're capturing those. Hypotension is also important capture for this, especially for this-- the AMI one. If the nurse is going in frequently and taking those blood pressures and calling the physician, even though no treatment is done, it is still meeting that definition of secondary diagnosis by being monitored, evaluated, not necessarily does it have to be treated. She is increasing-- it is increasing nursing time and the doctor is determining whether or not to continue to treat or monitor. Male patients do have a higher risk of re-admission than female patients so you see this here also. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, COPD. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) Moving on to your COPD, some of them are similar, right? We do see some similarities again. But also what I want to point out is your mechanical ventilation history. Any time that a patient is on with CPAP or BiPAP during a stay, please capture and code. It is risk adjusting not only for our re-admission rates, but it also risks adjust for our mortality rates as I will talk about in an upcoming slides. Depression and anxiety-- by nature, COPD patients do have anxiety and depression due to their chronic lung disease and their limited activity and mobility. So that is part of an exclusion as well as vertebral fractures, making sure we're capturing those. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, heart failure. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) Heart failure-- again, this is a nice long list. You see here, hematologic hematological disorders. That's your MDS, sickle cell, hemolytic anemia, so on and so forth. Drug alcohol use-- interesting thing here is that when you're looking to see if the patient has heart failure and they have a history of drug abuse, is it a heart failure-- is it due to not taking meds or is it due to taking maybe illegal or unprescribed medications? And if such, then it's a potential for poisoning as a principal diagnosis as opposed to heart failure as a principal diagnosis. Also which falls underneath this re-admission variable is hypoxemia, making sure we're capturing that. I think at CDI, we're very focused on capturing that acute respiratory failure but sometimes our patients are hypoxic, maybe satting in the 89, 90s, just not quite meeting that criteria for acute respiratory failure, but capturing that hypoxemia as a secondary diagnosis can also risk adjust. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, pneumonia. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) Pneumonia. One additional exclusion I want to mention for pneumonia-- it's not listed here but for 30 day all cause re-admission includes sepsis as a principal with pneumonia as a secondary, but it will be excluded if severe sepsis and/or septic shock is a secondary diagnosis. So it's important not only to make sure that we're clinically validating sepsis, but we're also capturing or querying for severe sepsis when we do have an organ dysfunction or failure present in our septic patients. So as you can see here, it is listed here as a re-admission variable for pneumonia. Another opportunity here is pleural effusions or parapneumonic effusions. If they're repeating a chest x-ray, they don't necessarily have to tap it if we're evaluating that, we're monitoring it, that meets that reportable secondary diagnosis. So kind of thinking outside the box when we're reporting these secondary diagnoses. Not just thinking about is it being treated, but is it increasing nursing care? Is it being evaluated? Is the doctor making a determination whether or not it's clinically significant, this admission or not? And if they're going to follow up as an outpatient and keeping that in mind. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, THA/TKA. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) Total hips and knees is our next cohort variable that we're going to discuss. If you're inpatient for a total hip these days or a total knee, you better have a lot of good secondary diagnosis to help support that inpatient admission. So we want to make sure-- this is a shorter list, but we just still again want to make sure that we are capturing all those secondary diagnoses. Obesity-- it's more specific of morbid obesity with these patients because they are-- do take a longer time to recover. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, CABG. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) And then lastly, the last cohort we're going to cover is your cabbage. This is one of the newest readmission cohorts. Again, your morbid obesity is here. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how can my organization improve our readmissions rate? Image, a hospital hallway. (SPEECH) So it's just, again, important to capture all these secondary diagnoses. I went through those really briefly, but like I said, you can go on the qualitynet.cms.gov site to get more specific, the types of diagnosis listed there. But really how can our organizations improve our re-admission rate? How can us as CDI or coders help with this? We can start with the principal diagnosis and any other appropriate principal diagnosis, are there others? We have to equally present on admission diagnosis. Either one, we have guidance that say we can use either one. So we want to make sure that we're selecting an appropriate principal diagnosis. And also too what's important here is capturing those social determinants of health. They're not currently being utilized for risk adjustment in Elixhauser or CMS models, however, organizations are strongly encouraged to capture those social determinants of health that meet those criteria for reporting because it may assist with your state initiatives. They are utilized in some proprietary methodologies. CMS has been and will continue to analyze how social determinants of health impact patient and hospital outcomes. And having a robust data set now will influence what is utilized in the future. And at the end of the slide, I have a great timeline that will help pull that together for you. And really want to focus on 1 and 2 day length of stays to make sure that we have appropriate placement so that if subsequent visits do happen, that maybe it could be an observation versus an inpatient stay. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, CMS 30 day mortality measure. (SPEECH) The next topic I'm going to jump into is your CMS 30 day mortality. So basically, it's the same concept. We do have some cohorts within this. It's (DESCRIPTION) Slide, CMS 30 day mortality measure. (SPEECH) measuring the rate of a patient dying within 30 days of admission with a principal diagnosis of an acute MI, pneumonia, COPD, stroke, CHF and cabbage. They've got to be enrolled in medicare fee for service for 12 months prior to the initial admission or index admission, age 65 and higher medicare population, discharge with a qualifying condition procedure and not discharge against medical advice. The mortality measure count deaths as mortality outcome if it occurs, like I said, within 30 days from the start of or 30 days from the procedure start of a qualifying index admission, and for any cause not just those that appear related to the initial admission. And patients with primary or secondary COVID-19 diagnosis are excluded from the pneumonia mortality measure cohort for 2023 reporting, and for fiscal year 2024 payments. So if death is attributed to the sending facility-- so if a patient's an inpatient at hospital A and gets transferred to hospital B and passes away, hospital A gets the death not the hospital B. And the inpatient re-admission-- in the 30 day re-admissions it's the opposite. It's targeted at the catching facility of that transfer whereas mortality, it's to the sending physician or sending facility, excuse me. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, AMI, mortality variables. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) All right. So as you can see, for these-- some of these are similar as it is to the 30 day re-admissions. There's risk standardized mortality rate for each cohort. There's a list of diagnoses that their presence increases the likelihood of a patient dying. It's the 12 months prior as I mentioned before. It's not what's happening in today's chart, but it's important to get the diagnosis in today's record, and in every record every time thereafter because we don't know what was captured prior to this admission, correct? We want to make sure starting with this admission and moving forward that we're capturing all these diagnoses as we possibly can. So AMI here's-- oh, sorry. I kind of jumped ahead. Here's your acute ischemic stroke, your cabbages. Sorry, it kind of-- it's being a little touchy here. Here's your COPD. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, COPD, mortality variables. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) Again, making sure we're capturing those CPAP BiPAP. Same concepts as with our re-admissions. And then here is your cabbage. This list is much shorter. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, CABG, mortality variables. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) Male patients, again, have a higher risk of mortality and re-admission than female patients. Old MI is on this list. We want to make sure if they're saying that the patient had a previous MRI, we want to capture that. It's something we usually don't query for but it is very important to capture. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, heart failure, mortality variables. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) And then here is our list for our heart failure patients, and these diagnosis that exclude and as well as your pneumonia. So I went through it really quickly with 30 day re-admission, 30 day mortality. There's so much more to this. These are one hour webinars with the topic of its own. But like I said, go to qualitynet.cms.gov for further information, if you're curious. But just-- the bottom line is making sure we're capturing all those secondary diagnoses that meet the definition. So next, I'm going to pass it back to Julie to talk about patient safety indicators. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, patient safety indicators, PSI. (SPEECH) Thank you, Dawn. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, AHRQ QI quality indicator modules. Four labeled rectangles with bullet point lists inside of them. They are labeled respectively prevention PQI's, inpatient IQI's, patient safety PSI's, pediatric PDI's. (SPEECH) So patient safety indicators are part of our agency for Healthcare Research and Quality QI modules. As you can see, there are four different types there, but we are only going to talk about patient safety indicators today. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, PSI. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) So the patient safety indicators, referred to as PSI, are a set of measures that screen for complications of adverse events that patients experience as a result of exposure to a health care system. They're likely to be preventable, and that's why they have identified them as potential complications and errors resulting in a hospital admission. Patient safety indicators originally developed and were released in March of 2003. They're defined at a provider level per 1,000 discharges except for PSI 5 and that's just the way PSI 5 is measured. They assist hospitals in assessing, monitoring, tracking and improving the safety of inpatient care. They can be used for comparative public reporting and for pay for performance initiatives, and they also identify potentially avoidable complications. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, current PSI's. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) Our current PS sites are listed here. I'm not going to go into great detail for these. This is just a very general overview of that patient safety indicators. Continues on to this Page (DESCRIPTION) Slide, AHRQ PSI 90 patient safety and adverse events composite. (SPEECH) I am going to take a few minutes to talk about our PSi 90 that's part of the patient safety-- patient safety and adverse event composite. You'll hear people talk about the PSI 90 when they're talking about quality initiatives. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, PSI 90. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) So PSI 90, as you can see, includes some of our PSI that were on the previous page, but not all of them. So we include 3, 6, 8, 9 and 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15. And the weighted average of the observed to expected ratios is how the PSI 90 is calculated. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, why are all PSI's not in the PSI 90 composite? A bullet point list. (SPEECH) You'll notice that we don't have other PSI's in there, because of 2 is the rate-- is the count of patients and users to calculate the rate per 1,000. PSI 4 is its own composite. PSA 5 is the count of patients not rate per 1,000 as well. And then lastly, our obstetrical volumes are extremely variable across facilities, so they didn't include that in there either. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, how is PSI 90 utilized? A bullet point list. (SPEECH) So how is- why does PSI 90 matter and how is it utilized? Well, for one, it's an individually measured reported on our AHRQ website. It's a measured publicly reported on medicare.gov and our Hospital Compare. CMS utilizes a recalibrated PSI 90 composite for domain one of the HAC Reduction program. It's one of six of the total HAC Reduction program. It was suspended for fiscal year 2023. As you'll see a lot of these have things like that related to our pandemic. Note that CMS did recalibrate PSI 90. Removed it from the Hospital Value-Based Purchasing program. It had been previously part of the safety domain. So why does it matter to me and my CDI program, and how can I help or impact this measure? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, PSI 90. Text, how can quality coding and CDI impact these measures? (SPEECH) First is ensuring accurate reporting of complications. Making sure a complication is being reported appropriately and if not clearing. POA, as I spoke to earlier, POA status is very important and Elixhauser is also important when we're looking at PSI 90. Looking at the use-- when we talk about post-operative is do we need to put a query on that chart or is that a time period, or is it truly a link to a complication? And performing clinical validity when we talk about anything around the operative period as clinically supported is the important thing to remember that what we can do from a coding or a CDI perspective when we have PSI. (DESCRIPTION) Slide. Importance of PSI's and PSI 90. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) And lastly, a little bit on PSI 90 is remembering that AHRQ is always data collecting. They're always gathering our information even if we might be on a pause due to the pandemic. Organizational performance is a current state in the setting of expected rates and once expected rates are published, we can't go back and fix that. And we'll speak to that later in a slide that shows what can I fix today? Where is it going to affect it in the future? Remembering that it's all about the documentation query when appropriate. Stay current as an organization on official coding guidelines, coding advice, AHRQ and capture and clarify different exclusion diagnosis. Each PSI does have some exclusion criteria, and it's important to know that and keep up on when that changes. And when possible complications are documented, ensure careful review of the documentation [INAUDIBLE] there before we assign a code. And if clinically appropriate, send that query. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, CMS five-star rating system. (SPEECH) So Dawn, I will turn it back over to you for-- Thank you, Julie. So next, I'm going to discuss the CMS Five-Star Rating System. And if you haven't heard of it, this is your first opportunity. That's great. I guarantee you're going to hear more and more of it in upcoming. It is becoming a very important tool because it is information that is out and reported out to the public more readily available to the public through the internet. And (DESCRIPTION) Slide, overall methodology. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) what it is basically is that CMS contracted with Yale New Haven Health Service Corporation Centers for Outcome Research and Evaluation or CORE. They're also known as CORE. And developed a methodology for the star rating on Care Compare formerly known as Hospital Compare. The methodology used to calculate overall star rating involves multiple steps to select standardize and calculate scores based on Care Compare measures. Overall, star ratings are created using a seven step process. The overall hospital quality star rating summarizes a variety of measures across five areas of quality into a single star rating for each hospital. Once reporting thresholds are met, the hospital's overall star rating is calculated using only those measures for which data is available. And the hospitals do report data through to the CMS or Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services through IQR, the hospital reduction-- Re-admission Reduction programs, your HACs as well as your Value-Based Purchasing. The overall star ratings aren't calculated for Veterans' Health Administration, or Department of Defense hospitals. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, measure weights. A table with two columns labeled measured group and weight in calculation. (SPEECH) So what this slide shows you here just overall, the 2022 overall star rating selects 47 of more than 100 measures. CMS publicly reports on Care Compare and divide them into five measured groups. And as you can see here they're mortality, safety, re-admission, patient experience and time and effective care. For each hospital, a hospital summary score is calculated by taking the average-- the weighted average of the hospital scores for each measure group and this table does show the weight applied for each measure group. And the hospital summary score is then used to assign hospitals a star rating. So note that these percentage weights are out of 100%, so if a hospital has no measure in a certain measured group, the weight percent is redistributed proportionately to the other measured groups. And a hospital may not be able to report data on all measures due to the number or type of patients that they do treat. And there is the source there for you if you want further information related to this. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, mortality methodology. (SPEECH) So let's talk about the first methodology that is utilized, and it's mortality. So (DESCRIPTION) Slide, mortality. A table with three columns labeled measure group, measures, and data collection period. (SPEECH) these are the seven measures for mortality that are utilized. You could see here that the death rate of heart attack patients, cabbage, these just like similar, right? From the similar slide. These are using a 30 day mortality. And as you can see, the asterisks indicates that the measure reporting periods that would have normally included Q1 and Q2 of 2022 with COVID. And also too the last one are the deaths among patients with cerebral treatable-- serious treatable complications after surgery. PSI 4 is included in here as well. So (DESCRIPTION) Slide, safety methodology. (SPEECH) a question I get a lot-- and we get a lot is how can we as CDI encoding impact this? So (DESCRIPTION) Slide, what CDI/coding can influence in mortality. (SPEECH) really making sure that we're capturing, again, all those risk adjusted diagnoses that influence those expected rates. Now diagnosis must be POA to be included in risk adjustment, and then that PSI 4 partially amendable to SCI efforts. We're just making sure that we're reported the correct stratum in the PSI or meets reporting at all. [INAUDIBLE] medical record. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, safety methodology. (SPEECH) The next one is the safety methodology. There (DESCRIPTION) Slide, safety of care. A table with three columns labeled measure group, measures, and data collection period. (SPEECH) are eight within here. Notice that the first six are chart abstracted measures and reported via the National Health Safety Network of each hospital. Those are your HACs. And then the rate of complications for hips and knees replaced is based on coded data, and I have a slide showing that. And in serious complications is the AHRQ PSI 90 as Julie just talked about, as well as the PSI 4. So as you can see, these are just the safety of care measured groups. So (DESCRIPTION) Slide, what CDI/coding can influence in society. (SPEECH) how can CDI and coding influence? As I mentioned, the six first our chart abstracted really can't do much related to that. Your rate of hip and knee complications-- we're making sure that cause and effects are established between site and device infections and they're documented appropriately. If there's any type of conflicting documentation or question, making sure that we're querying. And then perform clinical validity and sending clinical validation queries on your MI patients to make sure if it is truly an MI. Also our sepsis patients as well as our pneumonia patients. And then again for the PSI 90, just careful review of any of the PSI 90 condition and making sure of the accuracy of the reporting. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, readmission. (SPEECH) The next section is the re-admissions. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, what CDI/coding can influence in readmissions. (SPEECH) So there's four measures within the re-admissions. Hospital return days after an AMI, pneumonia, heart failure, rate of admission after discharge from a hospital, re-admission within 30 days following an AMI COPD cabbage hip and knee surgery, a rate of unplanned admission following an outpatient colonoscopy, outpatient chemotherapy as well as outpatient surgery. So really, as I discussed, those 30 day re-admission can be-- are to be influenced by CDI, making sure again, clarifying on capturing all those risk adjusted diagnoses and making sure that selection of principal diagnosis for medical admissions is appropriate as well as rate for unplanned admissions and re-admission partially under control under coding control via the scrutiny of the admission type. So making sure that admission type is appropriate when we're sending out our claims. And also it's more influenced by proper patient placement, making sure that their OBS versus or in versus OBS. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, patient experience. (SPEECH) The next one is the patient experience. Really (DESCRIPTION) Slide, what CDI/coding can influence in patient experience. (SPEECH) with this one, it is HCUP so these eight measures are used for the CMS star ratings. It's the communication with nurses, communication with doctors, staff responsiveness, communication about medicines, care transitions, discharge information, cleanliness and quietness of a hospital environment, as well as quietness of-- quietness of hospital environment, hospital rating formerly known as overall star rating or overall rating of a hospital. It's not directly influenced by CDI and their coding efforts other than ensuring medical record accuracy represents patient stay. So basically, it's making sure that since we have full transparency-- the internet and everything out there, making sure that medical record it really reflects the true patient and accurately reflects that patient. And studies have shown that there is a direct correlation between transparency and patient satisfaction. So making sure. And (DESCRIPTION) Slide, timely and effective care. (SPEECH) then your timely and effective care. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, what CDI/coding can influence in a timely and effective care. (SPEECH) What CDI and coding can influence. Really, most measures are not amendable, CDI coding efforts, percentage of patients who left the emergency department, before being seen, also here is percentage of patients who came to the emergency department with a stroke symptoms who received brain scan results within 45 minutes of arrival. What we can possibly have some influence over is the percentage of mothers whose deliveries were scheduled too early, one to two weeks early, when it was a scheduled delivery was not medical necessity. So it's important to know the circumstances of a delivery prior to 38 weeks gestation in the correct principal diagnosis. And then also your patients who receive appropriate care for severe sepsis and septic shock. Again, so important to clinically validate sepsis diagnosis following your facilities definition in making sure that it is appropriate for that patient's record. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, national distribution of the overall star rating results. A table with three columns labeled overall rating, 2021, 2022. (SPEECH) So here, the next slide is-- this is-- the following table shows the national distribution of the overall star rating based on July 2022 results. There are some challenges on the Five-Star Rating. Only some categories can be influenced by CDI coding and quality collaboration such as your mortality, your re-admissions and your timely and effective care with that sepsis and early delivery as I just discussed. Lack of coordination effort collaboration before the team. So it's really important that we have a robust communication and collaboration between CDI coding and quality. Unrealistic expectations of success including realization of efforts. So our c-suites, our executives, the administrators, they want results now when actually what we do today is going to be reflected in the upcoming years. And I've got a slide, upcoming, that will show that. The data collection of mortality and remissions are quite old, so current efforts will not be reflected until at least 2025. So you can see here where the different star hospitals ranked, how many-- the percentage of hospitals ranked with the star ratings. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, star rating example. Text, medical Center, hospital, location, phone number, overall star rating, patient survey rating. Image, three filled in stars out of five. (SPEECH) So if you go on the website here, this is what it looks like. You have your overall star rating and the patient survey's rating. If you click on that rectangular box on the website, you click on that, and it'll come into showing you the overall star ratings and details. It'll (DESCRIPTION) Slide, overall star rating details. (SPEECH) tell you the measures of each one and then you can go into and dive deep into each one of these measures for the facility that you typed in. I won't lie that I typed in the facilities that I worked at to see-- in my local area, hospitals to see what their star rating is. And clients-- I'm sorry. Patients do use this for determining what hospitals they go to because I'm going to want to go to a hospital that has a lower than expected mortality rate for certain diagnoses than one that has a higher expected mortality rate. And then this next slide shows you the timeline for reporting. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, CMS reporting and payment adjustment. A timeline from 2017 to 2026 with labels and events at particular years and over particular courses of time. (SPEECH) So as you can see here-- I know it's a really busy slide, but basically, if we start across the black box that goes across and we find this year, 2023. If you go down 2023 public reporting star rating and the 2024 HAC Value-Based Purchasing and Hospital Reduction Program payment adjustment is being determined. So this is what the public-- this is what they're seeing now. So what we are doing today, what we're doing now, when is it going to be influenced? We're influenced 2024 and forward. So as you can see there at the bottom left, what CDI coding and quality can influence and you can follow those. We still have time that we can influence some of those now. We can influence the 2024 HAC and re-admission So making sure we're capturing all those secondary diagnoses and that we-- in showing this, a lot of times to the executive showing here's the timeline, here's what's being reported out now. For 2023, if you look at the gray or the silver, it's 2019 through 2022 data that's being utilized right now for 2023, 2024. So this is just kind of puts it all together. I really like this slide that shows you what efforts we're doing now and when we're going to be able to reap the rewards, if you will, of our efforts. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, summary. A bullet point list. (SPEECH) And then in summary, really what it comes down to, as I mentioned, and we can't stress enough, we want to make sure we're capturing all those secondary diagnoses. We need to ask ourselves, does this diagnosis belong on the chart? If we're questioning it, then we really need to question the doctor related, whether if it's a valid diagnosis or not. We want to make sure it's meeting those secondary diagnosis definition. It's about the patient and the accuracy of the medical record. When you hear or see risk adjusted and the term risk adjustment, that means coding CDI and quality can make a difference. We're going to do the right thing for the right reasons, and the reflection of the quality, severity, mortality and reimbursement will naturally improve. And it also comes down to education to the providers of the impact of making those sure those diagnoses meet the definition and educating them on that. And coming up with certain workflows, POA assignments like Julie mentioned that DRG mismatch process. Not only just for your principal diagnosis and your DRG, but also your severe illness, risk mortality, making sure that all those secondary diagnoses are captured and capturing above and beyond the basic impact of those diagnoses. And then Julie, I don't know if you wanted anything to add with this in conclusion? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, in conclusion. (SPEECH) Thanks, Dawn. Yes, just lastly, what we're learning and what we're seeing out there in the CDI world is we really need to evolve our CGI programs to fully risk adjust their population. As Dawn spoke to, what we're working on now is going to be reported out in a few years. So the sooner we can get this started with your CDI program, the better. Careful review of those Elixhauser scores, risk adjusted methodologies, knowing about patient safety indicators and what might be exclusion and inclusion criteria are all important factors to include in your CDI programs. What I will recommend to teams that are thinking about going out and starting to look at these concepts and review from a quality perspective, make sure that when you do that, you take a look at your dashboard, your CDI measurement and productivity and goals. And we need to adjust those to capture what our CDI program is doing in that future. It's getting away from the CMMC capture rates and really diving into a true risk adjusted CDI program that really is looking at quality. But just to reiterate what Dawn said, great documentation, great queries, it's all going to come out in the end. And the story of the patient will come out and hopefully affect all of these risk adjusted methodologies. So thank you. And that is all we have for today. Awesome. Well, thank you both so much and that is not all you had today because the amount of information in this was incredible. So thank you both very much for this great presentation. For our attendees, don't forget the presentation is available in the resources section, and we also have a link. If you are interested, we have a webinar coming up here in the next month with UC Davis, if you would like to register for that. We also ask that at the close of this, once you close out of the system, it will prompt a survey. We would really appreciate you letting us know how we did just so we know how we can have more of these in the future. So again, both of our speakers today were fantastic. We really appreciate the information and we will look forward to seeing you again at our next webinar. So thank you all again for joining, and have a good rest of the day.

      Webinar title slide

      Quality 101: Get your team involved in CDI

      • July 2023

      • Health care systems and CDI program leaders place great importance on quality. However, with numerous areas to consider, such as Medicare Star Ratings, PSIs and Elixhauser, it can be daunting to understand how your CDI program can impact quality. In this 3M Quality Webinar, experts will guide you through the fundamentals and advise you on how to start your quality improvement journey. You will learn how to utilize your data effectively, identify factors within and outside your control, and effectively communicate with leadership about the duration and steps involved in improving quality.
      • Webinar handout (PDF, 2.1 MB)
    • (DESCRIPTION) Title slide, 3M Quality Webinar. Implications of 2023 coding guideline updates for coding accidental lacerations. February 2023. An image depicts an administrator chatting with a doctor wearing blue scrubs as they sit at a table in a meeting room. (SPEECH) Good afternoon, and welcome to our February Quality Webinar. We have an extended session today because we know this is a hot topic. We appreciate everyone who is joining us today for the implications of the 2023 coding guideline updates. Before we get started with our panel of speakers, I just want to go over a couple of housekeeping items. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Housekeeping. Fine print: The information, guidance, and other statements provided by 3M are based upon experience and information 3M believes to be reliable, but the accuracy, completeness, and representative nature of such information is not guaranteed. Such information is intended for people with knowledge and skills sufficient to assess and apply their own informed judgment to the information, and is not a substitute for the owner's own analysis. The participant and/or participant's organization are solely responsible for any compliance and reimbursement decisions, including those that may arise in whole or in part from participant's use of or reliance upon information contained in this presentation. 3M disclaims all responsibility for any use made of such information. No license under any 3M or third-party intellectual property rights is granted or implied with this information. 3M and its authorized third parties will use your personal information according to 3M's privacy policy. This meeting may be recorded. If you do not consent to being recorded, please exit the meeting when the recording begins. (SPEECH) We are using the ON24 platform. There are multiple user tools that you can use for a better experience. Because this is a web based platform, we do recommend you using Google Chrome, closing out of VPN, multiple tabs, just to help with bandwidth. There is no dial in number. So if you are having any sort of audio issues, check your speaker settings and most of the time doing a quick refresh will help with any text issues you might be having. Again, there are a lot of engagement sections with the ability to make the presentation larger, you can minimize the media player. So please feel free to move things around that you need. There is closed captioning, which is also a new feature for us. So if you do need that, that is available in the media player. In some of our sections we have a few things that I wanted to point out. There is a Q&A box that if you have questions about the presentation content, please put your questions there. We did turn on the attendee chat. So if you do want to chat with each other, please feel free. But we aren't going to be able to monitor the attendee chat for questions. So if you do have specific questions put that in the Q&A, and we'll get to as many as we can throughout the session. And like I said with the attendee chat, if you want to chat back and forth with each other about the content, please feel free. In the resources section, there is the handout for today. So the slides, if you want to download those and follow along, those are available in the resources section. And also there's already been some questions in the attendee chat about CEUs. So this is not an actual CEU certificate. It's the certificate of attendance that you can then download and submit to AHIMA or ACDIS for those CEUs. So please make sure you download that certificate before the end of the webinar. And then lastly, at the end of the webinar, there will be a survey that will launch. So please fill out that survey, because we always like to hear how we did. So I'm going to go ahead and get things started. You should recognize our speakers for today. They've been on many of our webinars for this series. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Meet our speakers. Images of Audrey Howard, R.H.I.A. - Senior Auditor, Compliance and Audit Services, 3M H.I.S.; Beth Wolf, M.D., C.P.C., C.C.D.S. - Medical Director, Health Information Management, Roper Saint Francis Healthcare; and Cheryl Manchenton, R.N., B.S.N. - Product Manager, Quality Services Lead, 3M H.I.S. (SPEECH) We have Audrey Howard, Cheryl Manchenton, and Dr. Beth Wolf. So I'm going to go ahead and turn things over to you to introduce yourselves and get started. Thanks so much. I'm Audrey Howard. I am a Senior Auditor in the compliance and audit services section of 3M HIS, working mainly with coding and inpatient care. Cheryl, do you want to briefly introduce yourself and Dr. Wolfe, or do we want to do it as we get ready to start talking? I'll go ahead. I'm Cheryl Manchenton. I am the Program Manager actually and the Quality Services Lead with 3M for the Inpatient Quality. So again, I don't do anything outpatient. Audrey and I stay away from those areas. But happy to be with you all this afternoon. Everybody, Beth Wolf here. I'm happy to be on this webinar. It's definitely been a hot topic at my facility. I work at Roper Saint Francis Health Care in Charleston, South Carolina. I'm the Medical Director for our HIM department, and the Physician Liason for CDI. So I get lots of questions. I also do a little consulting work for 3M as I educate some of the physicians at their other hospital sites. So I'm happy to be here. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Agenda. Timeline of coding guidance, case discussion, 3M position for coding of complications. (SPEECH) Thank you so much, everybody. And welcome and thank you for joining us this afternoon or morning or wherever you may be. I am in cold Massachusetts, so you can probably see a blanket wrapped around me as I'm trying to stay warm right now. Today we're going to go over and talk about accidental lacerations. We're going to start off with giving the background, the timeline of how things started and where we are now with the information. We're going to talk going through some case discussions, and then also wrap it up with 3M's position on how should we take care of these or how should we guide our way through some of the specific distinct types of situations that we may come up with when it comes to accidental lacerations. So let's get started. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Timeline of intraoperative tears slash lacerations. A.H.A. Coding Clinic for I.C.D. 9 C.M. (2007 2Q, pages 11 to 12). Question: The patient presented with a left upper quadrant retroperitoneal cystic mass, involving intra-abdominal organs and was brought to the operating room where she underwent radical excision of retroperitoneal cystic mass with adrenalectomy. During the procedure, the surgeon noted, "a small capsular injury of the spleen, which was hemostatic. This injury did not require repair. An esophagogastroduodenscopy (EGD) was then performed for evaluation of the distal esophagus since the mass had adhered at the gastroesophageal junction. The EGD revealed a serosal injury to the stomach, which was repaired with interrupted Lembert sutures. The surgeon did not include the intraoperative tears in the diagnostic statement? What are the appropriate code assignments? Answer: Query the provider, and if the provider states the tear is not clinically significant, omit codes for both the diagnosis and procedure. When a tear is documented in the operative report, such as a small serosal tear of the stomach, the surgeon should be queried as to whether the small tear was an incidental occurrence inherent in the surgical procedure or whether the tear should be considered by the physician to be a complication of the procedure. If the provider documents that the seromuscular tear is a complication of the surgery, assign code 998.2, Accidental puncture or laceration during a procedure, as an additional diagnosis. (SPEECH) In going through the timeline of some of this, the background information if you will, regarding accidental lacerations. And it all basically started in 2007 with some advice that was given in coding clinic. Now, in the next couple of slides, I don't normally do this, but I did for this presentation. I put all of the question and answers from coding clinic, all of the guideline information in here. So it's going to look wordy to you. But it is the information from coding clinic, which you can always go back and reference. But it's all included here. Where it first started off with was back in 2007, and this was with the ICD-9 where they are talking about, what do you do when there is a small serosal injury to the stomach, which was repaired with some sutures. Should it be coded? Should it not be coded? And the advice, at that point, was to query the provider, and if the provider states that the tear is not clinically significant, that we would not assign a diagnosis code for the accidental laceration. And we would also not assign a code for the surgery. So the repair of whatever location that it took place in. But if it was clinically significant, based on the query response from the physician, that we would pick up the accidental laceration. Once again, I said this was from ICD-9 times. And that's why you're seeing the code assignment of 998.2, because that was the assignment at that point. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Timeline continued. I.C.D. 9 C.M. Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting (effective October 1, 2011). Documentation of Complications of Care (I.B. 18). Code assignment is based on the physician documentation of the relationship between the condition and the care or procedure provided. The guideline extends to any complication of care regardless of the chapter the code is located. Not all conditions that occur during or following medical or surgical care should be considered complications. A cause-and-effect relationship must be documented by the physician between the condition and the care provided. Documentation must also include that the condition is a complication. If the complication is not clearly documented, query the physician for clarification (SPEECH) Jumping forward a couple of years, in the official coding guidelines, a new guideline was added. It was 1.B.18. Once again, back in ICD-9-CM times where they added in this documentation of complications of care coding guideline. So it was effective in 2011, and it was a guideline for all of the complications of care. They were kind of setting the stage for the documentation required for complications. And you'll notice that in here they are saying a cause and effect relationship must be documented by the physician between the condition and the care provided. It's also saying documentation must also include that it is a condition, that the condition is a complication, and that if the complication was not clearly documented that we would query the physician for clarification. So this was not just for accidental lacerations, this was for all of the complications of care. But it kind of gave us a good guideline of what to follow when we were in some of the situations in stating that we needed to have a cause and effect documented. And some sort of indication that it is a complication related to the procedure. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Timeline continued. A.H.A. Coding Clinic for I.C.D. 1 C.M. slash P.C.S. (2021 2Q, pages 11 to 12). Question: During a laparoscopic salpingo-oophoractomy, the surgeon noted an incarcerated loop of small bowel adherent to a ventral hernia sac. After take down, the bowel was discolored with multiple serosal tears. The incision was then extended, the loop of bowel was brought out through the incision and the segment with the serosal injury was excised. It seems that serosal tears requiring excision would be clinically significant. However, in this case, the provider documented the injury was inherent to the nature of the procedure. On query, he stated the serosal tear was Unavoidable during extensive lysis of adhesions, not intraoperative complication. Would any bowel injury requiring excision be considered clinically significant and reportable? How is the serosal injury and repair by excising the small intestine coded? Answer: Assign code K91.71, Accidental puncture and laceration of a digestive system organ or structure during a digestive system procedure, for the serosal injury of the small intestine. Although after query the provider indicated the serosal tear was unavoidable, it was clinically significant, as it required further excision, complicating the surgery. Therefore, the excision of the small intestine is coded. Assign the following procedure code: ODB802Z Excision of small intestine, open approach, for the excision of the small intestine. (SPEECH) Jumping forward about a decade now. We had a question in coding clinic in 2021 where they're kind of bringing this up again. And the question it stated that the provider upon query and documented that the injury was inherent to the nature of the procedure, is unavoidable during the extensive lysis of adhesions, and not an intraoperative complication. So the question was basically saying, well, if I can't code it then as a complication, can I code this as an injury? A bowel injury? And the response from coding clinic came back and said, no, go ahead and code it as an accidental laceration. You'll see the code here of K.91.71. In this case, because even though when they queried the provider and the provider stated it was unavoidable, it was still clinically significant because it required further excision and therefore complicating the surgery. So that was their advice at that time. Once again in 2021. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Timeline continued. A.H.A. Coding Clinic for I.C.D. 1 C.M. slash P.C.S. (2021 1Q, pages 50 to 51). Question: Please clarify the advice published in Coding Clinic Second Quarter 2021, page 8, regarding intraoperative serosal tear. The advice appears to conflict with the Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting for documentation of complication of care (1.8.16.) since the provider explicitly documented that no complication occurred. In addition, because the tear occurred during a laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy, code K91.72, Accidental puncture and laceration of a digestive system organ or structure during other procedure, should have been assigned, rather than code K 91.71, Accidental puncture and laceration of a digestive system organ or structure during a digestive system procedure. (SPEECH) They came out about a year later in 1st quarter of 2022 doubling down on their previous advice, where they stated then in second quarter of 2021 that this advice is-- Well, here's the question of it. Because the person who wrote in was saying, you know what, it looks like you're kind of conflicting with that, excuse me, the official guideline on the complications of care, which in ICD-10, it's 1.B.16, or I.B.16 is what it should say. And that if this is a conflict, and the provider is saying it's unavoidable-- that it's unavoidable, that we shouldn't code it. (DESCRIPTION) Answer: The advice previously published in Coding Clinic Second Quarter 2021, page 8, does not conflict with the Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting for documentation of complication of care (1.B.16.) since a cause-and-effect relationship was documented between the surgery and the serosal tear. This guideline was not intended to mean that the surgeon must specifically document the term "complication." The surgeon's documentation of the serosal tear and the subsequent procedure for repairing the tear is sufficient documentation to report a complication code. Furthermore, the term "complication" does not imply inappropriate/inadequate care, and/or an unplanned outcome. Some issues or "conditions occurring as a result of surgery are classified by ICD-10-CM as a complication whether stated or not. Although the surgeon stated that the serosal tear was unavoidable, it does not mean that the tear is not a surgical complication. For example, a serosal tear can range from a small nick requiring no treatment at all, to a major tear requiring removal of a portion of the small intestine. Serosal tears alone do not qualify as reportable diagnoses. If, however, the degree of a serosal tear alters the course of the surgery as supported by the medical record documentation, then the tear should be reported. Although not explicitly stated in the Q&A, the patient had undergone multiple procedures including salpingo- oophorectomy, reduction and repair of an incarcerated ventral hernia with mesh and lysis of adhesions. The serosal tear occurred during the part of the surgery to repair the ventral hernia and lysis of adhesions of the small intestine. Therefore, code K91.71, Accidental puncture and laceration of a digestive system organ or structure during a digestive system procedure, is the correct code assignment. (SPEECH) But in their response, coding clinics response, they said, well no, the advice is not conflicting with the guideline on this since a cause and effect relationship was documented between the surgery and the serosal tear. In the guideline, they stated was not intended to mean that the surgeon must specifically document the word complication. So keep that in mind, as well. As I stated earlier, it's that we're looking for some sort of indication of a complication. But the word complication does not specifically need to be documented. Coding clinic went on to say that some issues or conditions occurring as a result of surgery are classified by ICD-10-CM as a complication, whether stated or not. And even though the surgeon stated that the serosal tear was unavoidable, it does not mean that the tear is not a surgical complication. It goes on to say a serosal tears alone do not qualify as a reportable diagnosis. But if however the degree of the serosal tear alters the course of surgery as supported by the medical record documentation, then the tear should be reported. So this coding clinic advice indicates that if the tear required additional resources beyond a simple suture, like the excision of the tissue, then it is clinically significant, even if the surgeons stated that it was inherent and unavoidable. Therefore, the accidental laceration code could be assigned without a query or without the query confirming that it is a complication of the procedure. Now, it would be reasonable to think that other resources, such as the request for another surgeon to come in, or another surgeon's opinion, or the patient returning to the OR would be considered also clinically significant, and therefore supporting the accidental laceration code, even in the absence of the physician documentation stating that it was a complication of the procedure. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Timeline continued. I.C.D. 10 C.M. Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting (F.Y. 2023; effective October 1, 2022). Documentation of Complications of Care (I.B. 18), with highlighted edits to the fourth and fifth points: 4) There must be a cause-and-effect relationship between the care provided and the condition, and the documentation must support that the condition is clinically significant. It is not necessary for the provider to explicitly document the term "complication." For example, if the condition alters the course of the surgery as documented in the operative report, then it would be appropriate to report a complication code. 5) Query the provider for clarification if the documentation is not clear as to the relationship between the condition and the care or procedure. (SPEECH) Coding clinic went on then and-- I'm sorry. Not coding clinic, but the definer of all, is that the official coding guidelines were then modified effective October 1 2022. So that's for fiscal year 2023, which has just happened this past October. And they modified the guideline to basically state the same thing that was in the coding clinic advice. So you'll see here what's bolded and highlighted in green is what was modified for this go round of the updates. And they're saying that the documentation must support that the condition is clinically significant. It is not necessary for the provider to explicitly document the term complication. And they go on to say, for example, if the condition alters the course of surgery. So that's one example of it, but you just have to really look and look at each record individually, and the documentation that's there, and everything. The documentation has to be supportive in each individual record. Each record could be different depending on the circumstances that are going on. And that's kind of what we're going to be going through today. And talking about some of the different circumstances. But once again, it's really looking at what is the documentation in each record. And really using your clinical judgment, supporting all of it, and taking a look at everything as a whole, and not just one sentence. But the entire operative report, what's going on. If there is question, go ahead and query the surgeon or the attending physician for clarification on the case to be able to get the supportive documentation. So with that, I think the next one, I'm going to turn it over to Cheryl. And we're going to see how the use of the updates to these complications are impacting on quality. Miss Cheryl. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How does update to complications coding guidelines impact quality? A diagram of a blue triangle is labeled, from peak to base: Hospital acquired condition; A.H.R.Q. patient safety indicators (P.S.I.); and Risk adjustment. (SPEECH) Thanks, Audrey. So really when you think about it, there's three general categories, right. HACs, patient safety indicators, or general risk adjustment, right. We know that certain organizations like Society of Thoracic Surgeons, NSQIP, have some additional criteria, health grades, things like that. But overall, what are the three biggies? And again, how does this guidance change things? (DESCRIPTION) Green checkmarks appear over hospital acquired condition and A.H.R.Q. patient safety indicators, while a red X appears over risk adjustment. (SPEECH) Well, they weren't on the HAC list to begin with, right. So thankfully serosal tears were not on a HAC list. So there's no change there. In terms of the PSI assignment, not really per se. In other words, you can debate one side or the other and say, well, yeah, are we going to report more or less of these? It really depends on the types of lacerations that we have, the serosal tears that we have. Again, because we're specifically talking again about these accidental lacerations in particular, right. In other words, we know the coding guideline is updated, right. But when you narrow it down, where does it sort of wash out? And then finally, in terms of risk adjustment, complication codes, the accidental laceration code in each of the organ systems is in what we'll call a complication range, right. So those are never used in risk adjustment, because they are considered complications of care. We're not going to allow-- The methodologies don't allow for those to increase or utilize in risk adjustment. And of course, typically these are not present on admission and most of the methodologies do require conditions to be present on admission to be utilized in risk adjustments. So it's not really going to affect risk adjustment, per se. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Case Examples. (SPEECH) And now I'm going to turn it over to Dr. Wolf who's going to walk us through some of those pesky OP notes that we love to read. Yes. And it's going to be a little bit tedious, but I feel like it's important. I'm certain the coders don't scan the operative notes. I'm sure they read them line by line to try to glean as much information as possible. So we're going to do that. And again, keeping in mind that these cases, these complex ones, have to be looked at in their own isolation to really figure out what the best way to really reflect what was done in the codified data. I also realize that surgeons don't mind documenting in the operative mode. It's just the progress notes that I have trouble getting them to expand on. So always a good lesson. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy Case #1. Indication for procedure and findings. (SPEECH) All right. So our first case here, we're going to start at the top, indication for procedure. This woman with a history of diverticular stricture and resection that subsequently had a leak requiring drainage and diverting loop ileostomy at an outside institution, so historical information. She's recovered, and barium enema shows a significant stricture of the anastomosis that was not amenable to endoscopic dilation. We proceed for resection and revision of the anastomosis. So the findings were diffuse dense adhesions to the abdominal wall of the small bowel from a previous laparotomy necessitating an open approach. Colorectal anastomosis identified and resected with a 29 millimeter EEA coloproctostomy and negative air leak. One small bowel resection from multiple enterotomies during lysis of adhesions. One enterotomy was at the level of the fascia of the current loop ileostomy and so the ileostomy was taken down so that the enterotomy was now the new ileostomy. So that was sort of the summary. That is a lot. And sometimes their front end speech recognition dictation doesn't always make sentences. (DESCRIPTION) The last two sentences are highlighted, beginning with, "One small bowel resection." (SPEECH) All right. So when we highlight sort of what we might focus on. One small bowel resection from multiple enterotomies during lysis of adhesions. One enterotomy was at the level of the fascia of the current loop ileostomy and so the ileostomy was taken down so that the enterotomy was now the new ileostomy. So we've got the word enterotomy and we've got changing out of an ileostomy. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy Case #1 continued. Description of procedure. (SPEECH) All right. So in the details, description of the procedure. There were dense adhesions and matted small bowel to the abdominal wall throughout the length of the midline laparotomy incision. It would not be feasible to safely dissect this laparoscopically and so the decision was made to convert to an open operation. Midline laparotomy incision was made and the fascia was opened without injury. Extensive lysis of adhesions were undertaken of the matted small bowel. The adhesions were quite thick, making discernment of individual bowel difficult. Multiple small enterotomies were made of one loop of small bowel that was inherent to the nature of the procedure and unavoidable. These were temporarily closed and definitively addressed later in the operation. Eventually all the small bowel was able to be removed from the pelvis, allowing exposure to the colon and remaining inter-abdominal rectum. (DESCRIPTION) Two segments are highlighted. (SPEECH) So again, kind of highlighting key points. It would not be feasible, at the top there, to safely dissect this laparoscopically, and so the decision was made to convert to an open operation. So again, kind of thinking the surgeon looked at the circumstance, nothing accidental happened, right. They made a decision based on the patient's anatomy. Our next section. Multiple small enterotomies were made of one loop of bowel that was inherent to the nature of the procedure and unavoidable. So we've got active enterotomies being made, presumably not intentionally. And the surgeon tells us it was inherent to the procedure and unavoidable. OK. So let's see how we address that later. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy Case #1 continued. (SPEECH) We then ran the small bowel and identified our enterotomies. I felt it was best to resect this portion of the small bowel. To this end the mesentery was divided and the small bowel was placed side to side. Enterotomies were made and a common channel was made with a 75 millimeter blue load GIA stapler. The common enterotomy was closed with a transverse firing of 75 millimeter blue load GIA stapler. The anastomosis was patent and well perfused. Any bleeding was oversewed. The bowel was continued to be ran from proximal to ileostomy, and then down the distal limb to the cecum. I noted a small enterotomy of the afferent limb of the small bowel right as it was going through the fascia to the loop ileostomy. Initially, I tried to repair this primarily, but was not satisfied with this approach. I felt it would be safer to take down the loop ileostomy and elevate this intermittently so that it was now the new ileostomy. To this end, the loop ileostomy was taken down by excising the skin around the ostomy, and dissecting it free from the surrounding tissues and fascia. The distal aspect was divided with a blue load of the GIA stapler. The proximal end was left open exteriorized through the ostomy opening. So a lot happened there. (DESCRIPTION) The first two sentences and second paragraph, beginning with, "The bowel was continued to be ran," are highlighted. (SPEECH) All right. What do we pay attention to, right? So remember that vial he set aside? He's back to it. He ran through it. He looked at it and said, I'm going to take it out. It looks like it was not able to be repaired. And then we have a separate enterotomy that was discovered, highlighted in second paragraph in yellow. And after looking at it and trying to repair it, they decided that it was better just to cut and make it the new ileostomy. So a whole new opening was created essentially. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy case questions #1. (SPEECH) OK. So keep all that in your head. We're going to ask a few polling questions. All right. So these are the questions that are going to come up. Did the enterotomies alter the course of surgery? So remember, we opened her up because, of course, there was so much matted dense adhesions, right. So we made that decision. Then we had to take down the adhesions. So there were enterotomies for that. And then we had that one off enterotomy that we ended up making into the ileostomy. So did they alter the course of surgery? First question. Number two, should an accidental laceration code be assigned to this case? Again, trying to follow our coding guidelines. OK. First question. Yes or no? So everybody get your clickers out. Did the enterotomies alter the course of surgery? There were a couple. So did either one, did you feel alter the course of surgery? Hopefully it's allowing you to select. As a reminder, go ahead and click the yes or no button right on your screen on the yes or no. There we go. We're starting to see some people pushing the buttons now. Making sure everybody understood the directions. Thank you, Cheryl. No worries. Great job. Yes. I am not an expert at reading operative notes. So over the past two months, I've gotten my fill, and sometimes you really have to sit and kind of draw out what's happening. I have always had a healthy respect for coders, but this is certainly not an easy task. I think we can move forward. Yeah. We got almost 50%. (DESCRIPTION) Results appear. (SPEECH) OK. 87% say yeah, it seemed to alter the course of surgery. And 13%, no. All right. So let's go to our next question. So what about that inherent language? Should we code this as an accidental laceration or puncture for either one of them? So go ahead and click yes or no right on the screen. So if you've had opportunity to have this conversation with your surgeons, based on Audrey's timeline, historically words like inherent or integral, when we see those really, I mean, no matter what happens after those words, we don't necessarily code it. And so this is certainly a big change. I remember when I first started and saw those queries. I was like, you mean they just get to say that it's inherent and then we can completely ignore it? That's, I think, possibly what this guideline is trying to rectify. How do we better represent the patient's story? But it is, in my opinion, not an easy one. We're at 48%. I'm going to jump to the results. (DESCRIPTION) Results appear. (SPEECH) So slightly less. We had 87% that thought it altered the course, but only 71% thought that we should code the accidental puncture and laceration. Interesting. Cheryl, I'll let you comment on that first. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy case questions #1 Q&A. (SPEECH) Absolutely. So what I think is hard on this is that this is a radical change from how we approach these in the past. In other words, as Dr. Wolff said, a surgeon could basically give themself a mea culpa, not my fault, couldn't avoid it. And that was making our decision. We could certainly agree that a simple repair of the first ones might not have been significant, but that was not their intent to revise and create a new ileostomy. As a reminder, it was to open up an anastomotic stricture, and it was not meant to totally take an ileostomy down and create a new one. So it absolutely, in this case, in our opinion, we do think that it, A, altered the course of surgery, and B, should be reported as an accidental laceration. By the way, these are real cases for those wondering and I saw in the chat people saying, well, I wish our doctors documented this well. This case was well documented. But I don't think that gives us permission not to code this as a complication. So before we move forward, are there any questions specifically about this case example? Because I appreciate everybody putting in their questions for the Q&A portion at the end we've been watching those and we're gathering those and we will answer those. Are there any specific questions for this case? For example, I see Alma saying, would we query the physician in this case? I don't think that I need to. I'm sorry. I apologize that was Charlene. From my perspective, again, this was not part of a planned procedure. They knew what they were going to do in advance, they knew what the problem was, and they really weren't expecting to spend anywhere from 30 to 20 minutes to really, again, take down and create a new anastomosis and test it and all those additional things. Hey Cheryl. Here's a question. What if the surgeon in this case had stated-- And again, let's take out the whole fact that they had to change the ileostomy, but speaking about the adhesions and the serosal tears. What if the surgeon had stated at the beginning that they may need to excise adhesions out of the serosal layer? I think that does put a wrinkle on that, right. And I do think that, the one thing that Audrey and I will say many times, is that each case has to be determined on its own case, but what was the indication? What were they planning to do? What was the normal course of surgery? And if they felt, because they had seen new-- Maybe they knew this patient's abdomen. This does not sound like this was a familiar abdomen to this surgeon. That might change my opinion. But I think the biggest thing is, we would have to really read the whole circumstances. The HMP leading up, the indications for the surgery, et cetera, to put that. And I think the questions that I'm seeing specifically is, but if we query the doctor and he said it's a complication, am I supposed to ignore the guidance? Well, in other words, there has to be a clear cause and effect. Well, remember that we have guidance that doesn't only limit us to the word complication. It said, did it alter the course of surgery? So my question is, should I be querying on every single one of these accounts to determine if it's a complication or not? I think that is a very different perspective that we need to think on that, right. The second thing is, again, were we planning? Did we think that we had bad adhesions so that we were intentionally going in and going to have to remove a section of bowel with dense adhesions? That would obviously-- Again, if we preemptively anticipated that, and indeed it proved to be so. But again, this was, I had some enterotomies, I fixed those. I went ahead, I looked to see if there was anything else injured, and I found an injury. That was not something that they were deliberately doing. And I think it's important. Another really good question from Joe. Language matters. What happens when the surgeon doesn't use the word tear specifically? Again, if they use the word injury, I don't think the word tear is specific. Yes, the code title says accidental tear or laceration. Again, a small bowel injury happened. I don't think I'm as worried about those semantics as much. And I think what we need to always remember is, what is our job when reviewing these? Our job is to tell the clinical truth and to tell the whole truth. What did the surgeon say to that patient in the post-op period? Hey, by the way, you have a whole new site here and we did this. And the patient's going to ask why. What did you tell them? I just did it for funsies. Well, no, they didn't. Things didn't go quite as planned, and so I did have to remove-- I did have a damaged bowel that I couldn't repair and I went ahead and used that as my enterotomy. All right. Should we jump to the next case? I think so. Again, lots of great questions in the chat. But yeah, let's head onwards. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy case #2. Operative Indications and Intraoperative Findings. (SPEECH) OK, because we have three cases. All right. This case number two, operative indications, the patient has severe cognitive deficit causing extremity contractures and is trach NG tube dependent. The patient has no other surgical history. They presented to the medical service with altered mental status and failure to thrive. This was associated with nausea and vomiting. CT imaging during that time demonstrated multiple loops of small bowel distention with possible transition point in the lower right quadrant. Remember, no prior surgical history. Despite 24 hours of decompression through his G tube, it does not appear to have fully resolved his obstructive clinical picture. The patient was taken to the operating room for exploration inter operatively. Significant dilation of the entirety of the small bowel from the ligament of Treitz to the distal ileum. The terminal ileum was seen tethered to the root of the mesentery. No obvious area of twisting or kinking was visualized. Due to the significant dilation of small bowel and thin walled nature, a small enterotomy was produced in the small bowel, which was inherent to the nature of the obstructive presentation. We then proceeded to convert to an open procedure to repair this small bowel injury. The edges of the enterotomy had appeared healthy and viable without any obvious areas of devitalized tissue. Minimal contamination was appreciated. (DESCRIPTION) A portion of the intraoperative findings are highlighted, beginning with, "Due to the significant dilation of small bowel and thin-walled nature." (SPEECH) So historically, documentation like this, telling us that, yeah, I poked a hole in it. But it was inherent to the nature of a bowel obstruction. Would have led us to not code this, not represented in the codified data. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy case #2 continued. Operative details. (SPEECH) Let's go into the details. Patient was brought to the operating place and placed upon the table. Due to the severe contractures, the decision was made to suck the arms at the side to allow for better positioning. The patient was inducted and the tracheostomy was connected to the ventilator. Patient's abdomen was prepped and draped in the usual sterile fashion. The G tube was prepped and disconnected. An NG tube was then advanced by the anesthesia team. A timeout was performed confirming the patient identity procedure. Perform perioperative antibiotics and fire risk assessment. Entry into the abdomen was obtained via Hassan technique with an open cutdown in the supraumbilical region. Incision was made with a 15 blade scalpel dissection take down through the midline fascia. The fascia was then grasped with on either side and sharply incised using Metzenbaum scissors. Access to the abdomen was then obtained and a 12 millimeter Hassan trocar was then advanced under direct visualization. The abdomen was insufflated to 15 millimeters of mercury. We identified multiple significantly dilated small bowel. As well as murky appearing f in the right lower quadrant pelvic region. We then proceeded to advance two additional 5 millimeter trocars in the left abdominal wall under direct visualization. Then, using atraumatic bowel graspers, run the bowel from the terminal ilium retrograde. We identified an area that appeared to have a caliber change. However, no significant adhesions were noted to cause an adhesion. Moving on. X-ray to run the small bowel up retrograde towards the ligament of Treitz. And a small enterotomy was made as the small bowel was very thin walled. A minor amount of succus was spilled. The hole was immediately grasped and conversion to an open laparotomy was then performed down the abdominal midline. We then exteriorized this portion of the bowel. The edges of the enterotomy were healthy and bleeding. We had then made the decision to perform a primary repair using through Vicryl suture in a running fashion, as well as interrupted Lembert sutures to buttress this closure. The side appeared healthy and we had then run the small bowel in its entirety. As we look more closely into the right lower quadrant, the area of the terminal ilium was tethered down towards the base of the mesenteric, which required sharp adhesiolysis to free this portion. No obvious masses were palpated within the small bowel. No obvious masses were palpated within the cecum itself. The appendix was visualized and found to be normal without any signs of inflammatory change. At this point, with no other explanation for this patient's small bowel obstruction-like picture, we had concluded the case. Bilateral transversus abdominis blocks were then completed with Exparel mixture. We then ensured that the NG tube was correctly positioned within the stomach, which had immediately yielded at least 1,500 cc of thick enteric contents. The patient tolerated the procedure very well. The patient was then awoken and disconnected from the vent and transferred to the PACU in a stable condition. All lap and needle counts and instruments were confirmed to be correct. (DESCRIPTION) A portion of the first sentence is highlighted, beginning with, "And a small enterotomy was made as the small bowel was very thin-walled." (SPEECH) OK. So here's the description that we focused on. Certainly clearly documenting. An enterotomy was made as the small bowel was very thin walled, and a minor amount of bowel contents was spilled. The hole was immediately grasped and resulted in the conversion to an open laparotomy to repair. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy case questions #2. (SPEECH) So the three questions we're going to ask. Get your clickers ready. Were the enterotomies integral to the surgical case? So clearly they were made. It was made. Were they integral? Number two, did they alter the course of surgery? And number three, should an accidental laceration code be assigned for this case? All right. So remember the surgeon said the bowel was thin walled, it was inherent. However we want to describe that. Do we clinically believe that the enterotomy was integral to the surgical case? So go ahead and click on the button. Inherent and integral, while we're waiting for answers to come up. Of course, I've looked up the definitions when I started in this role eight years ago. Am I missing something? I used to ask the question inherent or integral means would it have happened to everyone doing the procedure? So an easy one, if the retroperitoneal tumor was encasing the ureter, everyone would have to cut through the ureter to take out the cancer. Going along with my kidney, medically inherent. So if I actually remove a kidney, a nephrectomy, a rise in creatinine is inherent to that procedure. It's not acute kidney injury. It happens almost every single time. So again, I think the surgeons have been using inherent and integral to imply that it could not be avoided. It would have happened to everyone. All right. So we've got almost 40% answered. Let's see what everyone thinks. (DESCRIPTION) Results appear. (SPEECH) Yes, it was integral. Almost 70% thought it was integral as we use that meaning. It would have happened to every surgeon. And 32% no. So 2/3. All right. Our next question. So did the enterotomy alter the course of surgery? So remember our story was a hole was made, it was immediately grasped, and converted to an open procedure. I think altering the course of surgery is still a little bit of a gray area. If I open up a suture kit and put in a stitch, I mean, technically did my plans change? Again, you go back to was it clinically significant. So in this case, we poked a big enough hole in the bowel that bowel content spilled out and it required us to open the abdomen. So I'm going to click forward here we've got almost 40% response. (DESCRIPTION) Results appear. (SPEECH) See what we get here. So almost 90% of folks felt like, at least the way the surgeon described it, meaning I poke the hole and we opened the patient up to repair it, seemed to alter the course of the surgery. We still have 11% that said no, it didn't alter the course. And then leading up to this. So thinking about the questions that you want to ask. And not necessarily in a query, but kind of as you're reading these reports, should ultimately get you to the final question of whether or not an accidental puncture or laceration code should be assigned in this particular case. And while we're waiting for some responses, I think that every time I get in front of surgeons I tell them, hey, we're just trying to represent what happened to the patient. I mean, the coding guidelines are clear that a complication code, and specifically accidental puncture and laceration, doesn't mean that you did anything wrong. When I say it out loud, it even sounds silly, right. Because you're saying I made an accident, it's a complication code, and I think that's, for me, probably one of the toughest, don't want to say sales, but really trying to be that translator trying to bridge so the coding rules and the physician at the bedside. Because no matter how many times you tell me that it shouldn't imply that anything was done improperly, we use the word complication. And the code book can say over and over again that it doesn't mean anything bad, but not from a physician and quality perspective, we interpret that differently, I guess. All right. So let's see. What do we think here? (DESCRIPTION) Results appear. (SPEECH) A little over 3/4 said yeah. I mean, based on the chart as documented and the new guidelines, enterotomy was made, we had to open the patient up to fix it, that we should code that accidental laceration. And not really allow for the concept of inherent or integral to take away from representing the course of the patient. OK, Cheryl. I'm going to let you comment. You've been following some of the questions while I've been yapping. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy case questions #2 Q&A. (SPEECH) Absolutely. So this one's a little tougher, right. I've seen several comments saying, but boy, we had a really thin walled intestine. So I'm going to be devil's advocate, why do we wait so long to take him to surgery, right? Now, yes, we understand we always try some bowel rest to see if it resolves. But I think the other complexity that's hard here is you had a patient who was not really able to quantify their pain because of their mental status. It was a little bit harder probably to determine how acute of an abdomen, if it was. But I think when when you look at the responses, remember, this is not that the surgeon messed up. And Dr. Wolf and I have talked about this extensively. This is not a blame game. It doesn't mean everything that bad that happens the world is not preventable in a litigious world. The answer is were we anticipating, did we go in expecting to resect tissue? No. And if you'll notice, the one thing about this case, another comment, I never found an actual spot that was causing all of that bowel dilation. They never found a single spot that said a transition point if it works, sometimes you'll see that. They never really found a cause, meaning it was a non-mechanical obstruction. It was an adynamic ileus. It was literally a lack of peristalsis, if you would. They never found the thing, a transition point, that had caused all that dilation. So I think these become complex. I agree with some of you saying, boy, does this put us in a place of lawsuits. But the question is different. If we're telling the complete and utter truth in the op note, and we're also explaining to the family or the patient what happened. If we knew going in what we were going to find and we anticipated, because she's had 18 surgeries and I'm thinking a lot of times with our Crohn's patients or pelvic inflammatory disease. Listen, we might have some problems when we get in here. I think that might be very different. And what we've seen by the way, is there are less lawsuits and happier patient satisfactions when we tell them about bad things versus covering them up and not talking about those. I think it's different. The second thing, and I there's a really good comment in the chat that I really want to comment on, and I want to make sure I get who-- Rachel. She said, I would feel more comfortable if the repair was more than a suture. Yes and no. So remember when you think about the bowel. I'm sorry, I'm using my hands here, so you got to use my visual here. It has multiple layers. The serosa is that very outer layer. And this was not a simple serosal tear, it was through enough that bowel content spilled. And you don't just sew up that outer layer. When you go all the way through those layers, they do multiple layers, they have several techniques. And I think it's our third case that they talked about Lembert sutures for an example. In other words, they're literally saying, I need to do it at two layers, and two different types of sutures, et cetera. And I think that's the difference is, was it a quick one too on the surface or was this a through and through with a more complicated repair? And again, just some other thoughts. Anybody have any other specific thoughts on this? I'm sorry. I'm going back up to the chats, back and forth. I'm looking at the chats and the questions simultaneously. So I'm making sure I'm not missing any. And again, remember we are in a time of radical change on our coding advice. And it started in 2021, as Audrey said. And how we approach these cases in the past, I think has just this really changed. So Cheryl I'll comment. Go ahead. No. Please, go ahead. No. I was just going to say, in having conversations with some of the surgeons, I see a lot of the schools. Should I just put down that every possible bad thing that could happen I'm going to do? So it's planned. So again, we don't want them to do that. And I think that's the type of reaction, because they just are so concerned about this. So this is not something that we do in isolation. I see a lot of comments about how this is just really hard for a CDI or coder or even physician advisor who's not a general surgeon to be able to accurately interpret and assess these. And I don't think that we should do it in isolation. However, I think the coding clinics and the guidelines have been very clear, simply asking the operating physician if they thought it was a complication, is not getting the ones reported that they feel like need to. I mean, so I think there's a balance. And I know we're going to talk more about how do you engage your surgical experts to help navigate some of these more complex cases. And there's a lot of commentary too, well, what if the adhesions were grown into the bowel, and I had to in order to lyse the adhesions, I essentially had to remove that piece of bowel. Well, that's an anatomical consideration that, yeah, you didn't know that when you opened the patient up. That you were going to exactly find that. But describing what's happening is going to give us as coders, and I use that term loosely because that's not my forte, but it's going to give us the ability to interpret these guidelines to the best of our ability. And we have a case in here, we'll see the third one coming up, where we all had a different opinion until we took it [INAUDIBLE]. But yes, I think this is, for me personally, incredibly unfair to put this in the lap of the coders without more clear instruction. And we're sort of left interpreting clinical significance. And I'm going to add one thing on this. I want to make sure everybody understands the difference between a serosal tear and a through and through. They might call it a serosal tear, but if succus is spelled, it's deeper than the serosa. Remember, your serosa is your outer layer. So there's not a different depth of the serosal tear. It's either a serosal tear, or it's gone into the muscularis propria or to the intima or again, all the way through. But if there is succus involved, that is not a serosal-- it is not a mere serosal tear. What I like to think of it is, is that a simple closed fracture or is it an open fracture? This is an open fracture. If you are trying to scale it somewhere in terms of severity. So Cheryl, we've got a question about what is the correct answer to this example. We would code this as an accidental laceration, because again, the minute they spilled succus, they converted. And again, it was not just a simple serosal repair. It had to be a much more complex repair. It was a full thickness injury. And thank you, Lizzy Ann. Again, I'm sorry. I'm butchering your name for helping me with the word full-thickness. Those are not what we're going to call simple repairs. Are we ready for our third case? All right. Let's do it. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy case #3. (SPEECH) So this is the one where we all had a different approach and we're glad we had an expert surgeon to review it with us. Morbidly obese patient presents for planned ventral hernia repair with mesh. Operative details: An 11 millimeter left upper quadrant incision was performed. The Optiview trocar was used to gain entry into the abdominal cavity. The abdomen was insufflated to 15 millimeters of mercury. The patient tolerated insufflation well. The laparoscopy was inserted and upon initial inspection, a significant portion of omentum and small bowel were adhesed to the anterior abdominal wall. An additional 5 millimeter left lateral trocar and right lateral trocar were inserted. Adhesions to the abdominal wall were then taken down bluntly. The small bowel was then visualized to protrude between the posterior rectus sheath and the anterior rectus sheath forming intraparietal hernia. Attempts were made to reduce the small bowel, but due to the numerous adhesions, two small enterotomies were made. The decision was made, at that time, to proceed with an open exploration. The trochars were removed and vertical midline incision was made with a 10 blade. Dissection was carried down to the fascia with electrocautery. (DESCRIPTION) A portion of the operative details are highlighted, beginning with, "Attempts were made to reduce the small bowel." (SPEECH) OK. So highlighting what piqued our interest. Attempts were made to reduce the small bowel, but due to the numerous adhesions, two small enterotomies were made. The decision was made, at that time, to proceed with an open exploration. So I can't tell exactly what happens. As we've heard in the questions. Were the adhesions literally part of the bowel? And that's why we kept them out, because there were enterotomies. So a little bit more language might have been helpful. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy case #3 continued. (SPEECH) Moving on. The abdomen was carefully entered and the remainder of adhesions taken down with our Metzenbaum scissors. The affected small bowel was brought within the surgical field. Two small full thickness enterotomies were encountered within the small bowel. These were repaired with 2-0 silk in a Connel fashion. Two adjacent serosal injuries were appreciated. And these were repaired with 2-0 silk in a Lambert fashion. The wound was inspected. There were two defects noted. There was a 4 centimeter defect of the right lateral, and a 3 centimeter defect of the left lateral. These were repaired with number one prolene. The prolene was placed through the posterior layer of the abdominal wall, and then elevated through the anterior abdominal wall with a Carter-Thomason device. This was done in an uninterrupted fashion. The repair was inspected and found to be without peripheral gaps or defects. The wound was then copiously irrigated with warm saline. The overlying anterior fascia was closed with a double loop two number one PDS suture. Skin was closed with staples, and an Aquacel silver surgical dressing applied. The trocar incisions were closed with 3-0 Vicryl and Steri-Strips were applied. All right. Highlighted. The affected small bowel was brought within the surgical field. So they already knew there were areas of interest. Two small full thickness antibodies were encountered within the small bowel. These were repaired with 2-0 silk in a Connel fashion. And then there were adjacent serosal injuries. So that sort of details why we moved to the open procedure, and what they ultimately saw from their initial take down of adhesions. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy case #3 continued. Findings and Complications. (SPEECH) All right. So their final findings. Intraparietal hernia containing significantly adhesed omentum and small bowel. Small bowel enterotomy inherent to the operation. Complication, none. Patient tolerated the procedure well. (DESCRIPTION) Under Findings, "Small bowel enterotomy inherent to the operation" is highlighted, along with "None" under Complications. (SPEECH) So there's that enterotomy inherent. We would have underlined that and moved on without an additional code prior to certainly our coding guidelines, and maybe even prior to the 2021 coding clinic. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy case #3 continued. C.D.I. query and M.D. response. (SPEECH) So this prompted a query. Please clarify the clinical significance of the intraoperative small bowel enterotomies and adjacent serosal tears and repair of each. Clinically significant, clinically insignificant, clinically unable to determine clinical significance, other. OK. So there is no debate about the cause and effect, right. So we know that's described in the narrative. So we're asking the physician to weigh in on clinical significance. And their answer was serosal tears and enterotomies, clinically insignificant. Before we go to the questions, can I give them our color commentary? So when we had this case presented to us, Cheryl said, I think I'm coding this as an accidental laceration, right. Audrey said, I think we need to query. Dr. Wolf, you said. I was like, I don't know. I mean, we give them a buy on that whole inherent thing. Right. And I wanted to take that moment to tell you, we did this by committee. So hint as we're going forward. We're giving you a hint here. But what we didn't have is who. We didn't have the expert at the table. So we want you to answer these, and then we're going to tell you what someone else said outside of our questions. We're going to tell you answer B, but let's go ahead and go through the questions, the polls and then we'll tell you what our expert case said. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy case questions #3. (SPEECH) Yeah. So we got a lot of people weighing in. But let's answer the questions. The three are going to be, were they integral, did they alter the course, and should we assign the code? So first of all, question number one, were the enterotomies integral to the surgical case? Would it have happened to every other surgeon? Is it inherent to a patient who needs hernia repair with adhesions? Yeah. This language has been used so much. And I think the physicians sort of followed our lead when we were asking queries, historically. If I say these things, then I'm not going to get queried about whether or not it's a complication. And while we're-- we go 31%. Let's see. Looking at get some questions here. Some people said, I wouldn't have queried. Some people said, I would. Some people said, if they had consented to an open, would that justify it? And Patrea has the golden question. She has her response. Was the procedure altered due to the enterotomy? That is the question, and that's the fun part. That's the mystery answer that we're going to give you. (DESCRIPTION) Results appear. 65.6% answered yes. (SPEECH) I'm just sharing that with you, so go right ahead. Yeah. So 2/3 thought, yeah, the way the surgeon described it, it certainly sounds like it was unavoidable. Meaning it would have happened to every other surgeon trying to do the same procedure. We had a third that said, no, didn't sound like that would have happened to everyone. Our next question. Did it alter the course of surgery? And we'll take it in the context of clinically significant. However, we want to interpret that from the guideline. Did it significantly alter the course of surgery? And I guess that's two different things. Was it clinically significant and did it alter the course of surgery? In my mind, it's kind of both. But they mean the same. All right. Answers are flowing in. So some thoughts about should we have queried if it changed the course of surgery. Should we ask the surgeon? (DESCRIPTION) Results appear. (SPEECH) All right. Let's see what we got here. So more people, 3/4, 75%, thought, yeah, it seemed like it did alter the course of surgery based on the documentation. And then lastly, should we assign an accidental puncture and laceration code? So we can answer all those questions getting things straight in our head. But what would you do if this was your chart and you were going to push this out on a client? Would you code an accidental puncture and laceration? So was it clinically significant, as described in the narrative, and did it alter the course of surgery? You notice the guideline doesn't say, did the doctor say it was inherent or integral? It said, is it insignificant? And did it alter the course of surgery? So we have a asking the question allows the provider to state it's insignificant. I don't think you can code the accidental laceration after that, regardless. We'll remember our example from the coding clinic where the physician said it's inherent and not a complication. They just came right out and said that. The coding clinic was like, the body of the record supports that it was clinically significant, so no matter how much you say it's not, we have to code it. Correct. All right. Let's see what we got. (DESCRIPTION) Results appear. 66.7% answered yes. (SPEECH) So we're back to 2/3 think we should code it, and a third are like, yeah, you know what, lots of adhesions. We got in there, we repaired the hernia, didn't really alter the course of her care. All right, Cheryl. Should we tell them the answer before we give them this last question? Sure. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Case questions. Was C.D.I. query needed on case, and if so, was the query asking the right question? (SPEECH) And the fun part of this is, I read another op note just like this, and in the op note, the surgeon said the exact same thing that Dr. Wolf's surgical expert said. And I'm going to let you Dr. Wolf tell them what the answer was. But I just want to share with everybody, when someone spontaneously documents on their own, you tend to have to see that that probably is significant. So go right ahead. Yeah. So our CMO is a surgeon. And I was like hey, we're really trying to sort out how to approach these cases. And here's the rule. The hole that we create, the puncture, laceration, whatever it's in. There has to be cause and effect, meaning the surgeon caused it. Can't be a hole that was already there. And it has to result in altering the course of the procedure or the care being provided. And it has to be clinically significant. And that's one of the ways that they've defined it. So he's reading this op note and his face is going back and forth. And I was obviously focused on the adhesions and the enterotomies and the repair. And while that still may be up for debate, he looked up and he said, Beth, he's like, this patient could not get a mesh. We spilled bowel contents into their bowel we couldn't put a foreign object in there. It would get infected. He's like, this patient's going to recur from her hernia perspective. It definitely altered the course and frankly, her outcome, which I would not have put together. So I'm always humbled, but I was extremely humbled in these circumstances where sometimes I need to phone a surgical friend to get the appropriate knowledge base. And my surgeon on my other chart said, after the serosal tear occurred, he did not place mesh because of that risk of infection. He said, because of that, we did not proceed with mesh and we performed a simple hernia repair. It was the exact same thing. And remember, that was just a note. That was not me even asking a surgeon. I found that spontaneously documented. And again, I could say, good to that doctor. He clearly said, we altered the course of surgery because we did not do that. And what many of you would maybe wonder is, how can Cheryl, the nurse, Audrey, the coding professional, Dr. Wolfe, the medical physician advisor, how can we make those decisions? So stay tuned a moment. But let's go ahead and throw this last poll question out and see how you-- Because we've had a lot of comments back and forth. But let's see how everybody formally answers. Was the CDI query needed, and did we ask the right question? Yeah. And I'll just say, let's take the mesh piece out of it. Let's just focus on the enterotomy and the repair. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Enterotomy case questions #3 Q&A. (SPEECH) Oh, we didn't poll that one. You know what, I apologize. I forgot we did not do one. What we would have said, and as you've seen in your chats, you've had some great conversation debates. Half of you said you'd query, half of you said you wouldn't. Lots of conversations. If it's clear that it altered the course of surgery, the fact that it is quote unquote significant, not significant. The significance was in the operative note. The significant repair that was performed was in the operative note, we probably would not have queried, because whatever the doctor answers is not going to change how I'm going to answer this question, how I'm going to code this. We've got in the habit that we should always query these doctors. Well, now, we've got them spontaneously documenting things that maybe aren't clinically true. So we need to make sure that we don't blanket query every operative note, and try to decide, is this inherent and should I code it? We need to be able to look at this collectively, as we move forward here in just a moment. We need to move forward collectively, and make decisions about how we're going to approach these cases on a case by case basis. And most of you are-- And Deborah said, why wouldn't you just ask, did it alter the course of surgery? Really good question. And for those that are saying, I want to see a sample query, we're going to go ahead and proceed to that area. We're going to talk about our general thoughts. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, 3M considerations on addressing accidental lacerations. (SPEECH) So some considerations. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, 3M considerations. An image of a doctor speaking into a recorder as a nurse leans on a counter peering at his patient's file. Text, Each case is unique. Best practice is to involve a peer or coding leader in cases of uncertainty if a code should be assigned or if a peer surgeon review is needed. General thoughts: When tissue is removed or additional surgeon brought in to assist, no need to hold for review. Code as a complication. When to involve surgeon leadership review (documentation appears conflicting). Surgeon notes it is inherent or integral, but it appears to alter the course of surgery. Surgeon notes complications none, but based on case review a complication code is being assigned. (SPEECH) The most important thing that Audrey ever taught me as a new consultant, she taught me a lot of things, but the most important thing that she taught me is you have to look at each case on its own in its entirety. For example, someone put in the Q&A a very specific case question and said, what would you do with this? And I'm like, no, no, no, no, no, no. I would have to see the entirety of the record. We can't just even read the entire DAP note. We need to know the whole picture. Our recommendation is, I'm not smart enough for this. I'm so sorry. I don't think any of us have that expertise. Again, none of us saw the answer being, hey, we didn't put mesh in. Of course, when he said that all of us went, oh, well that makes sense. But that was not part of ours. And so we really do believe that you should look at some of these unusual cases and have a general surgeon weigh in, a surgeon leader should review. And again, when the tissue is actually excised, or you're bringing in a surgeon to help you, seriously, you need to code those and move on. The advice is clear that it altered the course of surgery when you bring a friend in or you're having to cut tissue out that you weren't planning to cut out. But again, when do we really want to bring in that surgeon leader? Really when it feels conflicting. The surgeon says it's integral, but it appeared to alter, or in our third case, where the surgeon said complications none. But based on the case review, it kind of looks like we should be assigning a code. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Considerations continued. In a query, we are not recommending use of terms inherent or clinically significant with small serosal tears with simple repair. If it is obvious a laceration code should be assigned, we would not recommend sending a query. Query example below is only in those rare instances when a tear is noted and repaired with little detail in operative report. Recommending clarification as follows: Serosal tear was minor and did not alter the surgical or clinical course of care. Serosal tear altered the surgical or clinical course of care (describe the impact). Other (please specify). Clinically unable to determine (SPEECH) And again, just some general thoughts. We are not recommending using, in a query, the terms inherent or clinically significant. Again, for accidental lacerations. We're not talking about complications in general. We're talking about the accidental lacerations. We don't like to use that word inherent or significant, because how is that going to change our code assignment. The coding clinic advice did not say if it's inherent we don't code it. So don't give them words that don't change our coding. If you have a small, again, serosal tear. Remember that superficial layer that appears to be a simple repair, this might be a time where we're uncertain. And I saw someone had asked about the hernias or the defects. What were those defects? Again, I was a little lost. Well, were those the hernia defects or were those the serosal, the bowel injury defects. That was a great question. That might be a case that might have been the question is, what were the defects due to? Was that due to your lysis or was that the hernia well deficits? But again, this example below is when we're thinking, at 3M, and it's our opinion that we need to send less of these clarifications. Because they tend to think, if I get this query then there's no complication assigned. And again, for the integrity of the medical record, why are we not putting a mesh in Mrs. Smith? Why did her hernia repair fail? Why is she going to have to come back in two years or three years or whenever? We need to be able to explain that, and our code set is doing that. But you'll notice our choices. The serosal tear was minor, and did not alter the surgical or clinical course of care. Or it did alter the surgical clinical course. And of course, you notice we're saying describe that impact. And we might say, alter the surgical course of care as, we were unable to place mesh. That would be an example of them expounding on that thought. And Cheryl, I'll just toss out. In talking with the surgeons. Again, they're like, well, should we just not document these things. Because they're like, but we need to document them, because even a serosal tear, if that patient, if I'm rounding for my partner and they have a fever two days after the surgery, I'm going to go back to the op note and see if they had any serosal tear. So on the one hand, they're kind of telling me it's not significant, don't code it as an accidental puncture laceration. But on the other hand, they're like, well, we need to document it, because in case there's a problem, we want to know that they're there. It lowers my threshold for getting a CT scan. I think they're struggling with this too. I mean, I can't stress enough how personal a complication code feels. Again, I said, the code book says, it doesn't mean that you did anything wrong. But when you're working with your surgeons, remember that's not their perspective. I don't know. It remains to be seen how we can really normalize this, because no physician is going to answer a query saying, yes, this is a complication, if they didn't already document it that way until the [INAUDIBLE]. So it's not a surprise that we were never capturing these in a query as a complication using that language. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Q&A. (SPEECH) OK. So we do have about 10 minutes of questions. And I'm going to go back to sort of the beginning. There was a common theme that we keep getting to in the questions, right. Is a simple suture altering the course of surgery? It was a general question. Multiple people have asked at different points in these case examples in the chat and in the Q&A. And I'm going to make one comment, and I'm going to have Audrey further comment. My first comment, again, how deep is that injury to that bowel? A simple serosa doesn't even necessarily need a stitch. They might do it just in case but it doesn't always-- Again, there's no succus spilled. And I think that when you're thinking about when you say a simple repair, what does a simple repair mean? And what was the depth? But Audrey, I'm going to defer to you, and get your thoughts on this. Well, that brings up a good point. What you are looking at is, what is the documentation regarding the serosal tear? And that was some of the comments I was seeing in there. It could be that it's a serosal tear, sorrowful injury, enterotomy, bowel injury. It's not just one way of documenting the diagnosis, if you will of it, it could be a lot of different ways. I commonly see the enterotomy, the serosal tear, but it's not just that it's a tear, it could state injury. But to Cheryl's point, it is about the depth of it. Now, what was originally stated in coding clinic? Remember, if it is a serosal tear or a dural tear, or no, not dural tear. Sorry, I'm going to take that one back. Serosal tear, enterotomy, and they did a suture that we query. And I'm going to use the term clinical significance, because that's what was said in coding clinic. We're querying for the clinical significance. Or how did it impact on the care of that patient? We're querying. We're not automatically coding. We're not automatically not coding. We have to query for how did it impact on the care? The later coding clinics, and then the guideline update, in my opinion, was expanding on that clinical significant statement. And trying to stop the unavoidable expected type of response we were getting from the surgeons and physicians, and stating that if it altered the course of surgery, that it's automatically considered a complication. Because you got that cause and effect in there, and that you were automatically coding it without the need of a query to the surgeon. So once again, we query. But if it altered the course, then we're going to go ahead and code it without a query. So altering the course of surgery, that is what seems to be-- what do they mean by that and that's a lot of comments that I was seeing in the questions, and in the chat as well. What is altering the course? And it could be a wide range, excising something that you weren't expecting to excise, calling in a consultant to take a look at the patient, opening up the patient instead of doing the laparoscopic approach. Those are examples, but that's not the only thing. So now I'm going to go back to, if you're reading something, for example on that one where they didn't put the mesh in. But if you're questioning, is it altering the course, then that's when a query can come into play. So we're not making the decision ourselves. Now, it may not be that you want to query directly to the surgeon, but you do want to find that surgeon champion in your facility that you can take these cases to and get the questions. And maybe have a committee. A developer process where you have a multidisciplinary team where they come in and you have your surgeon, physician champions reviewing the case. They can tell you about it clinically, and they can weigh in from a professional standpoint and maybe help you with the query, if a query does need to take place. Maybe they have a peer to peer conversation, or they can help you deciding on the wording for the query on this, if additional documentation is necessary. So it's really a whole process of it. You're looking at the type of entry that took place, you're looking at the type of alteration, if any, to the care of the patient that took place, and then you may be taking this on to the surgeon champion before you go back directly to the surgeon involved in this case to get the clarification. It's a wide range. It is difficult. And that's why we're taking a step by step approach, and having you think about it methodically for the whole thing and not just the one op and the little section of the op note where it's mentioned. But looking on to the postoperative progress notes to see did something else occur after that. That it is supporting the clinical significance or not. I can think of another one. We give perioperative antibiotics. So basically you get three doses of antibiotics. Why did they continue antibiotics for three days afterwards? Is that normal? Is that normal? We know it's not. We know that there is a normal perioperative antibiotic course. That's another example of, did it alter the course of surgery or care. It did alter the course of care. We gave these patients extra antibiotics, because we had a contamination. So we've got an older question, and I want to make sure that we're clear. The concern, of course, is coding these could classify the patient has been qualified for a PSI, PSI 15. Again, it's based on the timing of the procedure. If they repair it at the time of that original surgery, that's not a PSA 15. It's the ones that they didn't know, and they had to go back subsequently. So it may or may not be a PSI. And of course, again, our job is to tell the clinical truth. And I just want to make that distinction. But know that the PSA 15 logic is also complicated. And it's really dependent on all the procedures, not just what we'll consider the main procedure in which an enterotomy may or may not have occurred. Let's see. We talked about that one. I'm flipping backwards. We talked about the sutures. Stacey, had a great question. I'm hearing if something happened it's not significant, it will not be coded. Also, significance can be judged by the coder and does not have to be stated by the procedurals. Again, as Audrey said, we're trying-- I'm personally saying, I'm just not smart enough for this. I don't have that. And I was a bedside surgical nurse, an ICU nurse. I saw lots of patients surgeries right in my room, unfortunately, at times. I think we're trying to say, this guideline is vague and maybe the best way is to have a committee approach. And I know, Dr. Wolf, you can speak to that how things have evolved at your institutions since this guidance came out. Yeah. I mean, I think first of all, we had to make sure that the coders and CDI were on the same page in at least how we were going to interpret the guideline. Because if you think about clinically significant, we have previous language that says, if it was monitored, evaluated, treated, or assessed, or increased length of stay or nursing care. So we have that definition of clinically significant. We had to sit down and agree as a coding and CDI team that while a simple stitch in the serosa is a form of treatment and possibly even just monitoring, if you watch it, that we were not going to code that as an accidental puncture and laceration if the physician described a simple stitch. We weren't going to make them say, not altering the course of surgery, but just a simple stitch, no other issues. So we had to internally talk about that, and that's where consultants are not going to give us guidance on how to set up our own policies and procedures. But once we were doing that, then we could say, all right, coders, these are the questions that you want to ask. Was there something that occurred in the body of the record that the patient did not consent for? So that was the first red flag. And then you look and say, well, did it look like that occurred because of the patient's organic underlying anatomy? So do they already have a hole in their bowel because they had a phlegmon from their diverticular abscess. Even though, that's an enterotomy, that was a patient came into the OR with it. So was it significant whatever event occurred to alter the course. And then going back and saying, do I have a clear cause and effect established? So was it not already there? The physician accidentally caused something meaning unintentionally, if you will. Again, I mean, I think it's a work in progress. And I can tell you, I mean, we're all afraid of how everyone else is going to interpret this, because while not many of these turn out to be PSIs, as Cheryl said. They don't all return to the operating room or have a second procedure. The number of your accidental puncture and lacerations codes are still reported. The volume, regardless of whether or not they're PSIs and it's an O to E ray. So nobody wants to be the hospital that has a lot of them. And we can say, oh well, we follow the letter of the codebook, or whatever. I mean, are there going to be people who think a simple stitch is significant and code those out for a CC? I don't know. We know the billboards and the quality ratings don't come with a little disclaimer about coding compliance. We have to figure out how we're going to do that ourselves. But get on the same page, surround yourself with experts, and be transparent. The surgeons care about this. So use it as a way to get in front of them. Yeah, I'm going to try to help sort out how we're going to approach this consistently, but I'm also going to have a spot at the meeting now every month for 10 minutes. So I'm going to leverage some of this controversy to talk about other things that are related to documentation. So I think this gives us a chance to be more interactive with surgeons on a topic that they clearly care about. We had a question. And again, just to sort of reiterate, can the doctors in advance tell you-- For example, I discussed the risks of the surgery with the patient and I gave them a big old explanation of every bad thing that could happen. Does that mean that we would not code it as a complication? No. That is irrelevant. Now, someone did ask, if Dr. Smith and I had a conversation, and said, we're going to go in and attempt this repair, I think you've got a lot of adhesions, we might also do a small bowel resection. And if on my op note I'm consenting for a resection, I think that's a little different. In other words, the doctors telling you we're either going to do something simple, we're going to clean up some scar tissue, or I might have to resect tissue. And me consenting, knowing in advance that he may do this surgery, is not, again, an accidental laceration. It's saying, not certain how easy this is going to be. And I think we do need to make that distinction. Again, what did the patient consent to? What was the plan? If you go back to the first case, it was to do a surgical dilation, if you will, of an anastomotic stricture. Second case was to figure out what was wrong with the patient, not to [INAUDIBLE] them. And the third one is they would have done, as a standard of care, especially in a morbidly obese patient, we really needed that mesh. So I do think we need to think about what was the intent, what was the plan. And the surgeons are the ones that are going to tell us, this is standard deviation, this is standard care, this is not. And I had one once and it was actually a perforation of the heart wall when they were doing a giant VSD repair. They were trying to put a patch on and they stuck a catheter through the wall. And one of the surgeons said, that is absolutely a complication. They should have never tried that. That should have been an open repair. In other words, the doctor said, this is not the normal way to have approached this very large VSD. Your surgical experts will normally tell you the truth. And the sad part is, that surgeon was actually getting the ding on the case, even though he did not perform it. Meaning that case and who was the attending of record, his name was associated with the case. So we just need to tell the truth. And Lori said, and then we will stop. This will be our last question. For clarification, regardless of what a provider states in a query response, if there is coding clinic guidance on the subject, the query response would be null and void. With the exception of a he said, no, that was pre-existing, that was disease process. That hole in there was because the patient had a ruptured diverticulitis. So unless they had completely said this was here before I entered the patient's abdomen, yeah. Again, the question is why are we querying, if it's obvious that was not planned? And then Lisa, I'll turn it back over to you. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, That's a wrap! (SPEECH) Great. Well, thank you all so much. Just seeing the attendee chat was great. A lot of attendees going back and forth throughout the webinar with their thoughts and opinions, which I think is really great. That we all had that opportunity to chat with each other. And a lot of great comments of how well done this webinar was. And I definitely want to echo that. So thank you to our presenters. Just a real quick recap about our resources, the presentation, as well as the certificate of attendance, is in the resources. So please be sure to download those before you exit the platform. When you do exit the platform, we really would appreciate for you to complete that survey at the end. And some of you did ask, as well, if we did record today's session, we did. So that will be posted on our website here in the next couple of weeks. So if you do want to listen in again, that will be available. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, 3M educational boot camps for advanced C.D.I., pediatrics, and quality training. A screenshot of a Resources page with a blue button at the bottom that reads, Click to learn more. Advanced C.D.I. training - March 20-24, 2023. Advanced quality training - February 14-17, 2023. Advanced C.D.I. Pediatric training - July 10-14, 2023. (SPEECH) We do offer our educational boot camps. So if you are interested in learning more about those, within that resources section there is a link to learn more about these boot camps, so please take a look at those if you're interested. (DESCRIPTION) A screenshot of the 2023 3M Client Experience Summit page with a purple button at the bottom that reads, Learn more here. (SPEECH) And if you are a 3M client, we invite you to join us in May for our client experience summit. We are going to be in Atlanta this year. We moved from Salt Lake City. So we will be at the Westin Peachtree in Atlanta, May 22nd through the 25th. So we invite you to sign up and join US. Registration should be opening soon. So we really appreciate and would love to see you there. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Going to C.E.S.? 3M C.E.S. pre-conference mini boot camps - Learn from industry experts at 3M's mini boot camps designed to enhance your skills in clinical documentation integrity (C.D.I.), coding and quality that will take place prior to 3M C.E.S., May 21-22, at the Westin Peachtree Hotel in Atlanta. All four sessions are pre-approved for C.E.U.'s. Pre-conference sessions - Our focused pre-conference sessions will take a deeper dive into 3M solutions focused on risk adjustment, potential U.S. News & World Report Hospital Rating changes, outpatient safety and quality. Join us for these special sessions to learn more about how we can help your organization's initiatives by improving overall health outcomes and patient experience. There will be two pre- conference sessions offered and will be free. Separate registration is required for these as well through our registration site. (SPEECH) If you are going to be going to CES, we are offering pre-conference mini boot camps, so basically taking some of that great knowledge and information that we offer with our boot camps, what I had mentioned before, you can get. If you do come to CES, you can come in early and get some of that information pre-conference. As well as some other pre-conference sessions. We just have a lot going on content wise. So we added a couple of sessions beforehand. So again, we really appreciate all of you joining today. There was a ton of information. So we certainly will be getting that recording out to you all soon on the website. And we certainly appreciate you joining us. And we will definitely see you on our next webinar. We'll be sending that information out soon. So if you're interested in registering for that, you'll get that information as well. So again, download your certificate of attendance, so you can submit that to obtain CEUs, as well as the presentation. So again, Thank you to Dr. Wolf, Cheryl, and Audrey. We really appreciate your time. And you all have a great rest of the day. Thank you.

      Webinar title slide

      Implications of 2023 coding guideline updates for coding accidental lacerations

      • February 2023
      • Updates to the fiscal year 2023 Official Coding Guidelines have changed the approach regarding review and capture of accidental lacerations. Join 3M experts and webinar favorite, Dr. Beth Wolf from Roper St. Francis, as they dive deep into the implication and impact to your documentation, coding and quality efforts. To allow for enough time, we have extended this webinar by 30 minutes as this topic has generated great interest and we want to ensure time to discuss thoroughly and allow for questions.
      • Webinar handout (PDF, 835 KB)
    • (DESCRIPTION) Title, On24 for a better webinar experience! Three women are displayed at the top left corner of the screen - Chris, a red-haired woman in a gray striped shirt; Bobby, a dark-haired woman in a purple blouse; and Colleen, a dark-haired woman in a blue shirt. The first speaker is not shown. Slide shows logo, 3M, Science. Applied to Life. A great company is showing what interesting applications a fantastic product can bring for motivated users. Windows on the slide are arranged in three columns. The left-hand column shows three windows. From top to bottom - Live Stream, Media Player; Resources; Q and A, Have a question? Let us know here. The center column has two windows. From top to bottom - Slides; Want to know about our products? Ask an expert. The right-hand column has two windows. From top to bottom - Speaker Bio, Meet our speaker! Survey, We want to hear from you survey! The survey has two questions - How would you rate the subject? And how would you rate the speaker? The bottom holds the Menu Bar, a gray rectangle with 10 icons. (SPEECH) Noon, and welcome to our quality webinar. We're excited to have you here where we're going to be talking about OPPS and CPT. (DESCRIPTION) The slide changes to show an image of a curly-haired woman in a gray suit and a brown-haired bearded man with blue scrubs and a stethoscope behind text, 3M Quality Webinar Series, OPPS and CPT - What you need to know to start off 2023. (SPEECH) Before we get started and I pass it over to our speakers, I just wanted to go over a couple housekeeping items. (DESCRIPTION) The slide changes to text, Housekeeping! On24 Webinar Platform for a better user experience. Use Google Chrome and close out of VPN, multiple tabs. Check speaker settings and refresh if you are having audio issues. Ability to move engagement sections. Ask questions! Chat with attendees! Certificate of Attendance available to download for live webinar sessions. Engagement tools and CC available. Check the resources section. Complete the survey. The information, guidance, and other statements provided by 3M are based upon experience and information 3m believes to be reliable, but the accuracy, completeness, and representative nature of such information is not guaranteed. Such information is intended for people with knowledge and skills sufficient to assess and apply their own informed judgement to the information and is not a substitute for the user's own analysis. The participant and-or participant's organization are solely responsible for any compliance and reimbursement decisions, including those that may arise in whole or in part from participant's use of or reliance upon information contained in this presentation. 3M disclaims all responsibility for any use made of such information. No license under any 3M or third-party intellectual property rights is granted or implied with this information. 3M and its authorized third parties will use your personal information according to 3M's privacy policy. This meeting may be recorded. If you do not consent to being recorded, please exit the meeting when the recording begins. (SPEECH) We do utilize the ON24 platform for a better experience. So you'll see a lot of different boxes that you can utilize. And I'll get to those in a second. But just for a better experience, because this is a web-based platform, we do recommend using Google Chrome. Close out of VPN and multiple tabs because that does help with the bandwidth. And because this is a web-based platform, there is no dial-in information. So if you are having any audio issues, check your speakers settings. And if you do a quick refresh of your browser, that usually fixes any glitches that there might be. Like I mentioned, there's several engagement sections. You can make them larger. You can make them smaller. You can also minimize them, which is great. There is a Q&A box. We encourage you to ask questions throughout. We did turn on a new feature. So we're going to see how this goes today. It's the chat feature. And so you can chat back and forth with attendees about the content that you're hearing today. We do ask that you ask questions in the Q&A because it will be a little bit harder to track questions there. But try that chat feature. We'd love to hear from you. And again, you can chat with attendees and kind of get their feel for things as well. In the resources section, we do have several things available for you. The presentation handout is in the resources section, as well as the certificate of attendance. And so go ahead and download that. You can also download that from the little cap-looking thing in the engagement tools. But that certificate of attendance can be used. You can submit it to an accredited association to obtain CEUs. If you do need closed captioning, you can turn that on within the media player. And again, you can kind of minimize things and make things larger if you need to. One of the last sections there is is the survey. We certainly appreciate your feedback. So after the webinar, please feel free to complete that just to let us know how we did. So without taking up any more time, because we have a lot to get through, I'm going to go ahead and pass it over to Bobby, who's going to get things started. Bobby. Thank you so much, Lisa. (DESCRIPTION) The slide changes to heading, Learning Objectives. At the completion of this session, the participant will have an increased understanding of - Key policies for the calendar year, C-Y, 2023 OPPS-ASC Payment System Final Rule regarding changes to - inpatient only list, IPO; ASC covered surgical procedures; CMS prior authorization; Hospital outpatient quality reporting program, hospital OQR. The American Medical Association, AMA, updates to 2023 CPT code set, Key updates to the Surgery, Medicine, and Category III codes. (SPEECH) So some of the learning objectives for today, we wanted to talk about the key policy changes for the OPPS and ASC payment systems for calendar year 2023. Just a few things, the inpatient-only list, the ASC covered procedure list, prior authorizations, those additions, and then a little bit about that hospital outpatient quality reporting program, and then spend a lot of time on the CPT updates for 2023. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Key policies for the CMS Calendar Year, C-Y 2023 OPPS-ASC payment system. (SPEECH) So the first thing that I wanted to talk about was the inpatient-only list. And I want to give you a little bit of background on the list. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Inpatient only, I-P-O, list. Then and now... Blue window titled C-Y 2021. Elimination was to take place over a three-year period, completely phased out by C-Y 2024; Procedures were not assessed against CMS' longstanding removal criteria; Consisted mostly of musculoskeletal-related services, 266 of 298 codes; Goal was to increase patient choice and encourage site neutrality; Policy established where procedure removed from IPO list would be indefinitely exempted from some medical review activities related to the two-midnight rule. Green window titled C-Y 2022. Halting the elimination of the IPO list; Adding back services removed in C-Y 2021 except for five; Longstanding criteria will be used to evaluate services before removal from the IPO list and codified, classified in the regulations; Exempts procedures removed from the IPO list on or after 1-1-22 from site of service and noncompliance with two-midnight rule for two years. Dark blue window titled C-Y 2023, added 8 procedures, removed 11 procedures. (SPEECH) In calendar year 2021, CMS had made the decision that they were going to eliminate the inpatient-only list. And this would take over a three-year period and be completely phased out by 2024. So they removed 298 codes from the inpatient-only list for 2021. And they did this without using the criteria that they had been using prior to remove codes from the inpatient-only list. Then in calendar year 2022, CMS changed the decision and decided to halt the elimination of the inpatient-only list. They added back 293 of the 298 codes that they had removed in 2021. And they went back to that longstanding criteria that they had used prior to decide if a procedure was able to be removed from the list or not. For calendar year 2023, we have eight procedures added to the inpatient-only list. And 11 procedures were removed. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Inpatient only list, Criteria for assessing procedures for removal from the IPO list. Blue highlighted section shows, A procedure does not need to meet all five criteria to be removed from the IPO list; green highlighted section shows, All procedures on the IPO list can be found in Addendum E on the CMS website. (SPEECH) This slide just shows the criteria that CMS uses to assess a procedure to see if it should be removed from the inpatient-only list. (DESCRIPTION) Criteria - Most outpatient departments are equipped to provide the services to the Medicare population; The simplest procedure described by the code may be furnished in most outpatient departments; The procedure is related to codes that have already been removed from the IPO list; A determination is made that the procedure is being furnished in numerous hospitals on an outpatient basis; A determination is made that the procedure can be appropriately and safely furnished in an ASC and is on the list of approved ASC services or has been proposed by CMS for addition to the ASC list. (SPEECH) Just to note that not all of this criteria has to be met. It could be just one of the criteria that would allow the procedure to be removed. And then I wanted to note that all of the inpatient-only procedures can be found on the inpatient-only list addendum E on the CMS website. And we'll talk about how to access that here shortly. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Additions to Inpatient only list 2023. Blue table with five columns. From left to right - C-Y 2023 CPT code; C-Y 2023 Long descriptor; Action; C-Y 2023 OPPS final status indicator; C-Y 2023 final APC assignment. (SPEECH) So these are the codes that were added to the inpatient-only list for 2023. You can see that the status indicator is a C. And that is how you know those are inpatient-only procedures. (DESCRIPTION) Eight rows in each of five columns. C-Y 2023 CPT code and C-Y 2023 Long Descriptor - 15-7-78, Implantation of absorbable mesh or other prosthesis for delayed closure of defect-defects, i.e. external genitalia, perineum, abdominal wall, due to soft tissue infection or trauma; 22-8-60, Total disc arthroplasty, artificial disc, anterior approach, including discectomy to prepare interspace other than for decompression, second interspace, lumbar, list separately in addition to code for primary procedure; 49-5-96, Repair of anterior abdominal hernia-hernias, i.e. epigastric, incisional, ventral, umbilical, spigelian, any approach, i.e. open, laparoscopic, robotic, initial, including implantation of mesh or other prosthesis when performed, total length of defect-defects, greater than 10 centimeters, incarcerated or strangulated; 49-6-16, Repair of anterior abdominal hernia-hernias, i.e. epigastric, incisional, ventral, umbilical, spigelian, any approach, i.e. open, laparoscopic, robotic, initial, including implantation of mesh or other prosthesis when performed, total length of defect-defects, 3 to 10 centimeters, incarcerated or strangulated; 49-6-17, greater than 10 centimeters, reducible; 49-6-18, greater than 10 centimeters, incarcerated or strangulated; 49-6-21, Repair of parastomal hernia, any approach, i.e. open, laparoscopic, robotic, initial or recurrent, including implantation of mesh or other prosthetics when performed, reducible; 49-6-22, incarcerated or strangulated. (SPEECH) All of these codes are actually new codes for 2023. (DESCRIPTION) Column Action - all entries read Add to IPO list. Column C-Y 2023 OPPS final status indicator, all entries read C. Column C-Y 2023 OPPS final APC assignment, all entries read N/A. (SPEECH) All of the-- or generally, but not always, the inpatient-only services are going to be surgical services that will require inpatient care either because of the nature of the procedure, the typical underlying physical condition of patients who would require this procedure, or the need for at least 24 hours of post-operative recovery time or monitoring after the patient has the procedure before they can be safely discharged. Now, those procedures that have a status indicator of C, CMS does not reimburse. Or no payment is made for an inpatient-only procedure submitted on an outpatient hospital claim or a bill type of 13x. In addition to that, the other procedures reported with that inpatient-only procedure will not be reimbursed as well. So you want to make sure that you're performing the inpatient-only procedures in an inpatient setting, in the appropriate setting. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Removed from Inpatient only list 2023. Five columns with five rows. Column titles, C-Y 2023 CPT code; C-Y 2023 long decriptor; Action; C-Y 2023 OPPS final status indicator; C-Y 2023 final APC assignment. (SPEECH) This is the first half of the 11 codes that were removed from the inpatient-only list for 2023. (DESCRIPTION) Columns C-Y 2023 CPT code and C-Y 2023 Long Descriptor - 2-2-6-3-2, arthrodesis, posterior interbody technique, including laminectomy and-or discectomy to prepare interspace, other than for decompression, single interspace, lumbar, each additional interspace, list separately in addition to code for primary procedure; 4-7-5-5-0, Biliary endoscopy, intraoperative, choledochectomy, list separately in addition to code for primary procedure; 2-1-1-4-1, Reconstruction midface, LeFort I, single piece, segment movement in any direction, e.g. for Long Face Syndrome, without bone graft; 2-1-1-4-2, 2 pieces, segment movement in any direction, without bone graft; 2-1-1-4-3, 3 or more pieces, segment movement in any direction, without bone graft. (SPEECH) So now these procedures can be performed either in the inpatient or in the outpatient setting and will be payable regardless of which they are furnished in. (DESCRIPTION) Column Action - all entries read Remove from IPO list. Column C-Y 2023 OPPS final status indicator - entries 2-2-6-3-2 and 4-7-5-5-0 read N; entries 2-1-1-4-1, 2-1-1-4-2, and 2-1-1-4-3 read J1. Column C-Y 2023 OPPS final APC assignment - entries 2-2-6-3-2 and 4-7-5-5-0 read N/A; entries 2-1-1-4-1, 2-1-1-4-2, and 2-1-1-4-3 read 5-1-6-5. Heading, Removed from Inpatient only list 2023, continued. Five columns with six rows. Column titles, C-Y 2023 CPT code; C-Y 2023 long descriptor; Action; C-Y 2023 OPPS final status indicator; C-Y 2023 final APC assignment. (SPEECH) This slide shows the rest of the 11. And if you notice, most of these are musculoskeletal procedures. So the orthopedic procedures continue to be moved towards the outpatient setting. (DESCRIPTION) Columns C-Y 2023 CPT code and C-Y 2023 Long Descriptor - 2-1-1-9-4, Reconstruction of mandibular rami, horizontal, vertical, C, or L osteotomy, with bone graft, includes obtaining graft; 2-1-1-9-6, Reconstruction of mandibular rami and-or body, sagittal split, with internal rigid fixation; 2-1-2-5-5, Reconstruction of zygomatic arch and glenoid fossa with bone and cartilage, includes obtaining autografts; 2-1-3-4-7, Open treatment of nasomaxillary complex fracture, LeFort II type, requiring multiple open approaches; 2-1-3-6-6, Open treatment of complicated, e.g. comminuted or involving cranial nerve foramina, fracture-fractures of malar area, including zygomatic arch and malar tripod, with bone grafting, includes obtaining graft; 2-1-4-2-2, Open treatment of palatal or maxillary fracture, LeFort I type. (SPEECH) And then you'll also note that the status indicators have been changed from a C, and they're assigned new status indicators. (DESCRIPTION) Column Action - all entries read Remove from IPO list. Column C-Y 2023 OPPS final status indicator, all entries read J1. Column C-Y 2023 OPPS final APC assignment, all entries read 5-1-6-5. (SPEECH) So this is how you can access that inpatient-only list. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Inpatient only list 2023, Addendum E, 2023. Table with four columns and 15 rows; HCPCS Code, Short Descriptor, CI, SI. Entries 2-7-0-2-5, Incision of hip, thigh fascia; 2-7-0-3-0, Drainage of hip joint; 2-7-0-3-6, Excision of hip joint, muscle; 2-7-0-5-4, Removal of hip joint lining; 2-7-0-7-0, Part remove hip bone super; 2-7-0-7-1, part removal hip bone deep; 2-7-0-7-5, Resect hip tumor; 2-7-0-7-6, Resect hip turn including acetabulum; 2-7-0-7-7, resect hip tumor with-innom bone; 2-7-0-7-8, resect hip tumor including femur;2-7-0-9-0, removal of hip prosthesis; 2-7-0-9-1, removal of hip prosthesis; 2-7-1-2-0, reconstruction of hip socket; 2-7-1-2-2, reconstruction of hip socket; 2-7-1-2-5, partial hip replacement. No entries in Column CI. All entries in Column SI read C. (SPEECH) On the website on the top right, if you click on the website link, (DESCRIPTION) https://www.cms.gov/medicaremedicare-fee-service-paymenthospitaloutpatient-pps-hospital-outpatient-regulations-and-notices/cms-1772-fc. CMS-1772-FC, PDF version; 2023 NFRM OPPS Cost statistics files; 2023 NFRM OPPS "data addendum B" and "2 times rule" file; 2023 NFRM OPPS addenda, circled in blue; 2023 NFRM OPPS blood revenue code cost to charge ratios; F-Y 2023 wage index home page; Final changes to the ambulatory surgical center payment system and C-Y 2023 Payment rates. Status Indicator C = inpatient only procedures, not paid under OPPS-denied beneficiary liable. (SPEECH) and then you'll have to scroll down just a little bit and look for that 2023 OPPS addenda. If you click on that, it will open up a page where you can download Excel files of any of the OPPS addendum. Addendum E is that inpatient-only list. All those codes will have a status indicator of C. If you download addendum B for other reasons, like you're looking for Medicare payment information, and you have that file downloaded, you can also use that to search for the inpatient-only procedures by sorting on the status indicator of C. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Changes to the list of ASC Covered Surgical Procedures for C-Y 2023. Green highlighted text, Changes to the list of ASC Covered Surgical Procedures for CY 2023. (SPEECH) These are some of the changes to the ASC covered procedure list. (DESCRIPTION) Table 76, ASC Covered surgical procedures to be newly designated as permanently office-based for C-Y 2023. Four columns, six rows. Columns C-Y 2023 CPT/HCPCS code and C-Y 2022 Long descriptor - entries 0101T, Extracorporeal shock wave involving musculoskeletal system, not otherwise specified, high energy; 0446T, creation of subcutaneous pocket with insertion of implantable interstitial glucose sensor, including system activation and patient training; 1-5-2-7-5, Application of skin substitute graft to face, scalp, eyelids, mouth, neck, ears, orbits, genitalia, hands, feet, and/or multiple digits, total wound surface area up to 100 square centimeters, first 25 square centimeters or less wound surface area; 2-1-1-9-8, osteotomy, mandible, segmental; 3-1-5-7-4, laryngoscopy, flexible, with injection-injections for augmentation, e.g. percutaneous, transoral, unilateral; 4-0-8-3-0. closure of laceration, vestibule of mouth, 2.5 centimeters or less. C-Y 2022 ASC payment indicator, all entries read G2. Final C-Y 2023 ASC payment indicator, entry 0101T reads R2, 0446T reads P2, 1-5-2-7-5 reads P3, 2-1-1-9-8 reads R2, 3-1-5-7-4 reads P2, 4-0-8-3-0 reads P2. Payment indicators are based on a comparison of the final ratios according to the ASC standard rate setting methodology and the C-Y 2023 PCS final rates. For a discussion of the final PFS rates, we refer readers to the C-Y 2023 PFS final rule. (SPEECH) So CMS's policy is intended to ensure that surgical procedures added to the ASC CPL can be performed safely in the ASC setting on the typical Medicare beneficiary. For calendar year 2023, CMS conducted a review of procedures that currently are paid under the OPPS but are not included on the ASC CPL. (DESCRIPTION) Table 79, C-Y 2023 Surgical procedures for the ASC CPL. Table C-Y 2023 CPT/HCPCS code, C-Y 2023 Long descriptor - entry 38531, Biopsy or excision of lymph node-nodes, open, inguinofemoral node-nodes. (SPEECH) They also assessed procedures against CMS's regulatory safety criteria. And based upon this review, they're updating the ASC CPL by adding this one lymphatic procedure to the list for 2023 shown in table 79 on your slide. (DESCRIPTION) Table with two columns, four rows - Columns Indicator, Definition; entries G2, Non-office based procedure added in C-Y 2008, payment based on OPPS relative payment weight; P2, office-based surgical procedure added to ASC list in C-Y 2008 or later with Medicare physician fee schedule, MPFS, non-facility practice expense, PE, relative value units, RVUs, payment based on OPPS relative payment weight; P3, office-based surgical procedure added to ASC list in C-Y 2008 or later with MPFS non-facility PE RVUs, payment based on MPFS non-facility PE RVUs; R2, Office-based payment based on OPPS relative payment weight. (SPEECH) After they reviewed the clinical characteristics of this procedure, as well as consulting with stakeholders and multiple clinical advisors, CMS determined that this procedure is separately paid under the OPPS. It would not be expected to pose a significant risk to beneficiary safety when performed in an ASC setting and would not be expected to require active medical monitoring and care after the procedure. This procedure also does not result in extensive blood loss, require major or prolonged invasion of body cavities, or directly involve major blood vessels. CMS also followed their policy to annually review and update the covered surgical procedures for which ASC payment is made and identify new procedures that could be appropriate for ASC payment, including their potential designation as office based. So using calendar year 2021 claims for review of the 2021 volume and utilization data resulted in the identification of six surgical procedures that CMS believes meets the criteria for designation as permanently office based. The CPT codes that moved to permanently designated as office based for 2023 are listed in table 26 on your slide. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Prior authorization changes for 2023. Blue highlight, CMS implemented the Prior Authorization for Certain Hospital Outpatient Department, OPD, services through the Calendar Year (C-Y) 2020 Outpatient Prospective Payment System/ Ambulatory Surgical Center, OPPS/ASC, Final Rule CMS-1717-FC. Light blue highlight, Initially, effective July 1, 2020, blepharoplasty, botulinum toxin injections, panniculectomy, rhinoplasty and vein ablation required a prior authorization when performed in the hospital OPD; for claims on or after July 1, 2021, implanted spinal neurostimulators and cervical fusion with disc removal were added to the list. Green highlight, New for 2023, CMS finalized the addition of facet joint interventions requiring prior authorization for claims on or after July 1, 2023. This service category includes facet joint injections, medial branch blocks, and facet joint nerve destruction. Documentation must support the history of pain which has not been responsive to conservative measures. Documentation must also support the conservative measures that have been tried and failed. The local coverage determination, LCD, also further clarifies that documentation must support a clinical assessment which supports that the pain is a result of the facet joint and that there is no other pathology that may be causing the pain. Documentation must reflect the patient pre and post procedure pain rating, procedure report, and the injectable used is within the LCD requirements. (SPEECH) Moving on to the prior authorization changes for 2023, the facet joint interventions are going to require preauthorization for claims on or after July 1, 2023. This includes the facet joint injections, medial branch blocks, and facet joint nerve destruction codes. There's documentation criteria for these services that include the documentation has to support the history of pain, which has not been responsive to conservative measures. The documentation also has to support what conservative measures were tried and failed. You need to make sure you look at the LCD, the Local Coverage Determination, which also says that documentation has to support a clinical assessment, which supports that that pain is a result of specifically that facet joint and not any other pathology that could be causing the pain. Documentation also has to reflect the pre and post-procedure pain rating, the procedure report, and the inject date used that's determined or listed in the LCD requirements. CMS found that in their analysis of integrated data repository data that facet joint intervention claim volume had increased by 47% between 2012 and 2021. The OIG has published multiple reports indicating questionable billing practices, improper Medicare payments, and questionable utilization of facet joint interventions. The OIG had a report published in 2020 and identified over $748,000 in improper payments and Medicare-paid claims for facet joint injections. And this was an audit period from January 1, 2017 through May 31, 2019. So due to this data analysis and research, CMS said that the increases in volume for these procedures were unnecessary. And they knew that further program integrity and action was warranted. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Prior authorization code additions for 2023. Blue table, Beginning for service dates on or after July 1, 2023. Two columns, Code and Facet Joint Interventions. Ten entries - 6-4-4-9-0, Injection-injections, diagnostic or therapeutic agent, paravertebral facet, zygapophyseal, joint or nerves innervating that joint, with image guidance, fluoroscopy or CT, cervical or thoracic, single level; 6-4-4-9-1, Injection-injections, diagnostic or therapeutic agent, paravertebral facet, zygapophyseal, joint or nerves innervating that joint, with image guidance, fluoroscopy or CT, cervical or thoracic, second level, list separately in addition to code for primary procedure; 6-4-4-9-2, Injection-injections, diagnostic or therapeutic agent, paravertebral facet, zygapophyseal, joint or nerves innervating that joint, with image guidance, fluoroscopy or CT, cervical or thoracic, third and any additional level-levels, list separately in addition to code for primary procedure; 6-4-4-9-3, Injection-injections, diagnostic or therapeutic agent, paravertebral facet, zygapophyseal, joint or nerves innervating that joint, with image guidance, fluoroscopy or CT, lumbar or sacral, single level; 6-4-4-9-4, Injection-injections, diagnostic or therapeutic agent, paravertebral facet, zygapophyseal, joint or nerves innervating that joint, with image guidance, fluoroscopy or CT, lumbar or sacral, second level, list separately in addition to code for primary procedure; 6-4-4-9-5, Injection-injections, diagnostic or therapeutic agent, paravertebral facet, zygapophyseal, joint or nerves innervating that joint, with image guidance, fluoroscopy or CT, lumbar or sacral, third or any additional level-levels, list separately in addition to code for primary procedure. 6-4-6-3-3, Destruction by neurolytic agent, paravertebral facet joint nerve-nerves, with imaging guidance, fluoroscopy or CT, cervical or thoracic, single facet joint; each additional facet joint, list separately in addition to code for primary procedure; 6-4-6-3-4, Destruction by neurolytic agent, paravertebral facet joint nerve-nerves, with imaging guidance, fluoroscopy or CT, cervical or thoracic, each additional facet joint, list separately in addition to code for primary procedure; 6-4-6-3-5, Destruction by neurolytic agent, paravertebral facet joint nerve-nerves, with imaging guidance, fluoroscopy or CT, lumbar or sacral, single facet joint; 6-4-6-3-6, Destruction by neurolytic agent, paravertebral facet joint nerve-nerves, with imaging guidance, fluoroscopy or CT, cervical or thoracic, each additional facet joint, list separately in addition to code for primary procedure. (SPEECH) So you can begin to prepare for the July 1, 2023 edition of these facet joint procedures to the prior authorization list now by identifying applicable Medicare coverage documents, so that LCDs and Local Coverage Articles, LCAs, and then the requirements in each of those. You want to make sure that your key stakeholders are aware of both the need for the prior authorization effective July 1, 2023, as well as educating them on those applicable documentation requirements. So have them educate them on the LCDs and the LCAs. And that would be like your outpatient department or managers, your scheduling department, and any physicians that would be performing these procedures. And I think Colleen is now going to talk about the outpatient quality report. Yeah. Hi, everyone. Good afternoon. And thank you, Bobby. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Outpatient Quality Reporting, OQR, Program. Arrow points left to right behind six blocks ranging from dark to light blue. Implemented by CMS for hospital outpatient services; Mandated by the tax relief and health care act of 2006; Became effective for payments beginning in C-Y 2009; Hospitals report data to receive the full update to their OPPS rate, must meet administrative, data collection and submission, validation, and publication requirements or receive a 2% reduction in payment for failing to meet these requirements; Provides CMS with data to help Medicare beneficiaries make more informed decisions about their healthcare; Participating hospitals agree that they will allow CMS to publicly report their data. (SPEECH) This is Colleen. So we're going to spend a few minutes on quality reporting, which is a component of the outpatient perspective payment system. This component is known as CMS's hospital outpatient quality program. It's also known as the hospital OQR program. So you'll probably hear me calling it the OQR program. So when we think about OPPS, right, this goes way back to 2000. It was August in 2000 that CMS implemented the outpatient perspective payment program. I was around to see that happen. And then as we look to the next step, it was actually 2006 when the hospital OQR program was mandated by the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 and became effective for payments beginning in the calendar year of 2009. So this hospital OQR program is a pay for reporting quality program for hospital outpatient services and requires hospitals to meet quality reporting programs for hospital outpatient services, or they potentially will receive a 2.2% point reduction in their annual OPPS payment update rate. Hospitals qualify for the full OPPS update rate by submitting required quality data for specific quality care measures. And I'll show you those in a few slides here. So of course, in addition to providing hospitals with a financial incentive to report their quality of care measure data, the hospital OQR program provides CMS with data to help Medicare beneficiaries make more informed decisions about their health care. This hospital quality of care information gathered through the hospital OQR program is available on the CMS hospital compare website. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Outpatient Quality Reporting, OQR, Program. Two blue circles overlap. Left-hand circle reads, focuses on reporting measure data that have high impact, support national priorities for improved quality and efficiency of care for Medicare beneficiaries. Right-hand circle reads, The current measure set includes measures that - assess processes of care, imaging efficiency patterns, care transitions, ED throughput efficiency, the use of health information technology, care coordination, patient safety and volume. (SPEECH) So let's take a look a little bit at the measures. So these measures focus on services that have high impact and support national priorities that improve both quality of care and efficiency of care for Medicare beneficiaries. The measures may be of various types, as you see here on the screen, those of processes, structure, outcomes, efficiencies. And to highlight one of them, let's take a look at the Emergency Department or this ED throughput efficiency, which is measured by a patient's length of stay. So this would be an example of a process measure. And it's measuring the median time from emergency department arrival to time of departure for patients that are discharged from the emergency department. So why is it important to measure this? And this, of course, becomes a quality issue, right? So this is about reducing patients' time in the emergency department, which can improve access to treatment and increase the quality of care. Reducing this ED-- what we call ED throughput time potentially improves access to care to specific patient conditions and increases the capability to provide additional treatment. So in recent times, we've all heard, right, about EDs that experience significant overcrowding, heavy resource demand. And it's led to a number of problems. We hear about ambulance diversion, prolonged patient waiting times, increased suffering for those who wait, and, unfortunately, rushed and unpleasant treatment environments, which all result in potentially poor outcomes for patients, for Medicare beneficiaries. In a recent national survey, 40% of hospital leaders reviewed ED crowding as a symptom of workforce shortage. ED crowding results in delay in administration of medications, such as antibiotics for pneumonias, and has certainly been associated with perceptions of compromised emergency department care. So measuring ED throughput promotes quality of care and patient safety and is often used as a performance indicator for hospital emergency departments. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, OQR Program Measures for C-Y 2023 payment determinations. Blue table with three columns, Measure, Measure Title, and Type; and 14 entries. Entries - OP-2, Fibrinolytic therapy received within 30 minutes of ED arrival, Abstraction; OP-3, Median time to transfer to another facility for acute coronary intervention, Abstraction; OP-8, MRI lumbar spine or low back pain, claims-based; OP-10, Abdoment CT, Use of contrast material, claims; OP-13, cardiac imaging for preoperative risk assessment for non-cardiac low risk surgery, Claims; OP-18, median time from ED arrival to ED departure for discharged ED patients, Abstraction; OP-22, ED, patient left without being seen, Abstraction web-based entry; OP-23, Head CT or MRI scan results for acute ischemic stroke or hemorrhagic stroke patients who received head CT or MRI scan interpretation within 45 minutes of arrival, Abstraction; OP-29, Appropriate follow-up interval for normal colonoscopy in average risk patients, web-based; OP-31, cataracts, improvement in patient's visual function within 90 days following cataract surgery, web-based, hospitals may voluntarily submit data for C-Y2023; OP-32, Facility 7-day risk standardized hospital visit rate after outpatient colonoscopy, claims-based; OP-35, Admissions and emergency department, ED, visits for patients receiving outpatient chemotherapy, claims-based; OP-36, hospital visits after hospital outpatient surgery, claims-based; OP-39, breast cancer screening recall rates, claims-based. (SPEECH) So this is a list here on this slide. So today for calendar year 2023 payment determination. So if you were to look up this OQR measure. We have some resources at the end. You'll see they have the calendar year up through 2026 and maybe even 2027, where different measures are introduced and then what calendar year is payment determination impacted. So this list of 14 measures that you see on the screen are for calendar year 2023 payment determination. And you can see on the screen, some of these measures, again, when you look at the type, they're abstracted from the medical record. So where in your organization, who's abstracting this information from the medical record? For some of the measures, there's a CMS data abstracting reporting tool. So there may be some web-based entries. Someone in the organization's doing that. And then there's outcomes data. So when you look at some of the outcomes listed here, that comes from hospital outpatient claims. So if we look at it one that's pretty-- again, I'm probably a nerd of some sorts on this. But this OP measure 36, which measures hospital visits after outpatient surgery, so just even thinking about what Bobby was just talking about as things come off the inpatient-only list and moved into the hospital outpatient arena and then ultimately into the ASC arena. But where's the safety component when CMS measures if we make a good decision? So if we look at that particular measure, we know that outpatient what we call same-day surgery is, obviously, exceedingly common in the US. It says actually the CMS says that nearly 70% of all surgeries in the US are now performed in the outpatient setting. Most outpatient surgery, of course, is safe. But there are well described and potentially preventable adverse events that occur after outpatient surgery, such as uncontrolled pain, urinary retention, infection, hemorrhages, venous embolisms. And these can result in unanticipated hospital visits. So in brief, this measure OP 20 36 measures Medicare fee for service patients age 65 and older, who are undergoing a same-day surgery. They do exclude some eye surgeries. So it's undergoing a same-day surgery in a hospital outpatient department. So this OP measure reports or measures patients that had an inpatient admission directly following a scheduled outpatient surgery or also had an unplanned visit either as a hospital admission, an observation stay, or an emergency department visit occurring within seven days of that procedure. So the intent here of OP measure 36 is to measure or illuminate variation in quality of care across hospital outpatient departments for same-day surgery. It helps to inform patient choice and also to drive quality improvement. (DESCRIPTION) OQR program OPPS OP-26 measure, request for comment on reimplementation of hospital outpatient volume on selected outpatient surgical procedures, OP-26, measure or adoption of another volume indicator. Hospital care shifting from inpatient to outpatient setting; research indicates that outpatient volumes will continue to grow; some estimates 19-29% between 2019 to 2029. Volume has a long history as a quality measure; studies suggest that larger facility surgical procedure volume may be associated with better outcomes; the hospital OQR program does not currently include a quality measure for facility-level volume data; it did so previously with the CY 2012 reporting period, CY 2014 payment determination Hospital Outpatient Volume on Selected Outpatient Surgical Procedures measure, OP26, beginning. In the C-Y 2018 OPPS-ASC final rule with comment period CMS removed OP26, stating that there is a lack of evidence to support this specific measure's link to improved clinical quality. C-Y 20023 OPPS-ASC C proposed rule considers reimplementing the OP26 measure or another volume measure. (SPEECH) So to wrap up this discussion, I thought this was very interesting. So as part of the final rule for-- excuse me-- the OPPS final rule, we did see some discussion around OP measure 26, which is an old measure. And it was removed. So CMS is considering reintroducing this measure. And as part of the final rule for calendar year 2023, they're asking for public comment on this. And if you go into the final rule, you can see some of the comments that were addressed. So CMS studies suggest that larger facilities that have surgical volume-- so the more volume you do doesn't alone lead to better outcomes. But it may be associated with better outcomes due to having characteristics that improve care. So for example, high-volume facilities may have teams that work more efficiently together, has superior systems for identifying responding to complications, so in CMS's mind and AHRQ along with that, making volume an important component of quality. So when they removed this measure in the past, they stated there was lack of evidence to support the specific measures linked to improved clinical quality. Although, there wasn't evidence between patient volume and better patient outcomes. So we know, over the past few decades, innovations in health care has driven that migration from the inpatient setting to the outpatient setting. Upwards of almost 50% of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions, known as PCIs or coronary stentings, have shifted from the inpatient setting to the outpatient setting. And we know as another example, more than 70% of patients who undergo arthroscopic surgery can be discharged on the same day as their operation due to innovative techniques, improvements in anesthesia, technologies available in outpatient settings. So given these developments, CMS believes that patients may benefit from the public reporting of facility-level volume that reflects the procedures performed across hospitals and provide ability to track volume changes by facility and procedure category. So volume can serve as an indicator to help patients determine which facilities are experienced with which certain outpatient procedures. So more to come on whether we'll see this measure in the coming years. And we'll wait and see what CMS reports next year on this. But I thought that was an interesting component of the quality program to share. So I'm going to turn this back over to Bobby and to Chris. And they're going to present some of the important key updates to the CPTs for 2023. Thank you, Colleen. (DESCRIPTION) Slide title, American Medical Association CPT 2023 updates. Heading, summary of changes, 393. Red circle marks additions, 225; blue triangle marks revisions, 93; and strikethrough text, Deletions, marks deletions, 75. (SPEECH) So I'll start with the summary of the changes. We had 393 total changes in 2023, 225 additions, 93 revisions, and 75 deletions. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, High level overview, 2023 code set changes. Four columns, with last three marked Added, Revised, Deleted. Entries - evaluation and management services, 1, 50, 26; Anesthesia, 0, 0, 0; Surgery, 33, 20, 19; Radiology, 1, 5, 0; Pathology and lab, 12, 4, 0; Medicine services and procedure, 38, 9, 0; Category II codes, 0, 0, 0; Category III codes, 70, 1, 23; PLA codes, 70, 4, 7. (SPEECH) This slide just shows a little bit more of a breakdown as far as specific sections. So surgery, medicine, the proprietary lab analysis codes and category III codes have the most changes. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Integumentary. Repair, Closure, other flaps and grafts - entry 1-5-7-7-8, Implantation of absorbable mesh or other prosthesis for delayed closure of defect-defects, i.e. external genitalia, perineum, abdominal wall, due to soft tissue infection or trauma, for repair of anorectal fistula with plug, e.g. porcine small intestine submucosa, S.I.S., use 4-6-7-0-7; for implementation of mesh or other prosthesis for anterior abdominal hernia repair or parastomal hernia repair, see 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-5-9-2; for insertion of mesh or other prosthesis for repair of pelvic floor defect, use 5-7-2-6-7; for implantation of non-biologic or synthetic implant for fascial reinforcement of the abdominal wall, use 0-4-3-7-1. Repair, Closure, other procedures. Two entries #+ 1-5-8-5-3, removal of sutures or staples not requiring anesthesia, list separately in addition to E/M code; 1-5-8-5-4, Removal of sutures and staples not requiring anesthesia, list separately in addition to E/M code (SPEECH) So then we'll move on to the integumentary system. So we have a new code, 15778. And it was created for reporting implanting absorbable mesh or other prosthesis for delayed closure of a defect due to soft tissue infection or trauma. And there are multiple parenthetical notes here to help us with the appropriate use of this code. But this is going to come into play when we talk about the hernia changes as well. We have two new add-on codes, 15853 and 15854, which were created for reporting suture removal not requiring anesthesia or sedation in the office or other outpatient site and outside of the global period. So these codes were actually needed to capture additional practice expense related to the removal of these sutures or staples but not inherent to an ENM code. We have parenthetical notes that instruct which ENM services would be appropriate to report with 15853 and 15854. And if you note, these parenthetical notes do contain the office visit codes as well as the emergency department codes. (DESCRIPTION) Heading- Musculoskeletal System. Femur (Thigh Region) and Knee Joint- Repair, Revision, and/or Reconstruction. 2-7-4-1-5, Osteochondral allograft, knee, open. (For osteochondral xenograft scaffold use 0-7-3-7-T). 2-7-4-1-6, Osteochondral autografts, knee, open (e.g. mosaicplasty) (includes harvesting of autografts). (For osteochondral xenograft scaffold use 0-7-3-7-T). Category III codes, 0-7-3-7-T, Xenograft implantation into the articular surface. (Use 0-7-3-7-T once per joint). (Do not report 0-7-3-7-T in conjunction with 2-7-4-1-5, 2-7-4-1-6). 0-7-7-8-T, Surface mechanomyography (sMMG) with concurrent application of inertial measurement unit (IMU) sensors for measurement of multi-joint range of motions, posture, gait, and muscle function. (Do not report 0-7-7-8-T in conjunction with 9-6-0-0-0, 9-6-0-0-4, 9-8-9-7-5, 9-8-9-7-7, 9-8-9-8-0, 9-8-9-8-1.) Codes 0-7-3-7-T and 0-7-7-8-T have red circles next to them. (SPEECH) Moving on to the musculoskeletal system, 27415 and 27416 are currently used to report osteochondral allographs and autographs. We have a new category III code 0737T, which is used to report an osteochondral xenograft scaffold, which refers to biologic or organic materials designed for cartilage layer regeneration. And it can include polymers and ECM-based materials. Considering that cartilage is saturated with water and bioactive ions, bioceramics that could constantly release bioactive ions are also used to repair osteochondral lesions. These xenografts have the potential advantages of being in an abundant supply, a low cost, longer shelf life, product uniformity, and a low risk of disease transmission. 0737T can only be reported once per joint, so either the right or left, for example. And it would be regardless of the number of graphs used in that joint. We also have a new subheading, office-based measurement of mechanomyography and inertial measurement units. And we have guidelines that have been created for use of the new code 0778T. This code is used for the measurement and recording of dynamic joint motion and muscle function. And it includes the incorporation of multiple Inertial Measurement Units, or IMUs, with a concurrent surface mechanomyography sensor. These measurements are obtained in an office setting while the patient is physically present. So this cannot be done remotely. This procedure can't be done remotely. (DESCRIPTION) Heading Musculoskeletal system. Category III codes- continued. 0-7-1-7-T, Autologous adipose-derived regenerative cell (A.D.R.C.) therapy for partial thickness rotator cuff tear ; adipose tissue harvesting, isolation and preparation of harvested cells, including incubation with cell dissociation enzymes, filtration, washing, and concentration of A.D.R.Cs. (Do not report 0-7-1-7-T in conjunction with 1-5-7-6-9. 1-5-7-7-1, 1-5-7-7-2. 1-5-7-7-3, 1-5-7-7-4, 1-5-8-7-6, 1-5-8-7-7, 0-1-5-8-7-8, 1-5-8-7-9, 2-0-6-1-0, 2-0-6-1-1, 7-6-9-4-2, 7-7-0-0-2, 0-2-3-2-T, 0-4-8-1-T, 0-4-8-9-T, 0-5-6-5-T.) 0-7-1-8-T, Injection into supraspinatus tendon including ultrasound guidance, unilateral. (Do not report in conjunction with 2-0-6-1-0, 2-0-6-1-1, 7-6-9-4-2, 7-7-0-0-2, 0-2-3-2-T, 0-4-8-1-T, 0-4-9-0-T, 0-5-6-6-T.) Both codes have red circles next to them. (SPEECH) And these two category III codes were actually approved for use July 1, 2022. But they wouldn't be in your CPT manual until the 2023 manual. And this is for stem cell therapy for rotator cuff tears that it requires a harvest sample of a patient's bone marrow usually from the hip region. And then that bone marrow sample would be spun to separate the adult stem cells, the platelets, and the white blood cells from the red blood cells. And then they would take that combination of those three healing agents and inject them directly into the damaged rotator cuff. And that would promote that tissue healing and regeneration. Alternatively, allograft or donor cells harvested from discarded placental tissue could also be used to inject. And now I'm going to turn it over to Chris to finish up musculoskeletal and talk about the cardiovascular updates. (DESCRIPTION) Heading Musculoskeletal system. Arthrodesis- New introduction notes. Code 2-7-2-7-9 describes percutaneous arthrodesis of the sacroiliac joint using a minimally invasive technique to place an internal fixation devices that passes through the ilium, across the sacroiliac joint and into the sacrum, thus transfixing the sacroiliac joint. Report 0-7-7-5-T for the percutaneous places of an intra-articular stabilization device into the sacroiliac joint using a minimally invasive technique that does not transfix the sacroiliac joint For percutaneous arthrodesis of the sacroiliac joint utilizing both a transfixation device and intra-articular implants, use 2-7-2-9-9. 2-7-2-7-9, Arthrodesis, sacroiliac joint, percutaneous or minimally invasive (indirect visualization), with image guidance, includes obtaining bone graft when performed and placement of transfixing device. (Do not report 2-7-2-7-9 in conjunction with 0-7-7-5-T). (For percutaneous arthrodesis of the sacroiliac joint utilizing both a transfixation device and intro-articular implants use 2-7-2-9-9.) (For percutaneous arthrodesis of the sacroiliac joint by the intra-articular implants use 0-7-7-5-T.) 2-7-2-8-0, Arthrodesis, sacroiliac joint, open, including obtaining bone graft, including instrumentation, when performed. (Do not report 2-7-2-8-0 in conjunction with 0-7-7-5-T.) For percutaneous/minimally invasive arthrodesis of the sacroiliac joint without fracture and/or dislocation utilizing a transfixation device, use 2-7-2-7-9.) Code 2-7-2-8-0 has a blue triangle next to it. (SPEECH) Thank you, Bobby. So within the arthrodesis section of the CPT book, there are new introductory and parenthetical notes for codes 27279 and 27280, which describe arthrodesis of the sacroiliac joint percutaneous and open. Code 27279 involves placement of a trans fixation device. There's a new category III code 0775T for arthrodesis of the sacroiliac joint percutaneous with intraarticular implants that does not transfix the sacroiliac joint. So clarification was needed for reporting. There is a revision to the wording in 27280 near to description, so that it better matches the description in the code 27279. Code 27279 describes percutaneous arthrodesis of the sacroiliac joint using a minimally invasive technique to place an internal fixation device or devices that pass through the ilium, across the sacroiliac joint, and into the sacrum, thus transfixing the sacroiliac joint. Report 0775T for the percutaneous placement of an intraarterial stabilization device into the sacroiliac joint using a minimally invasive technique that does not transfix the sacroiliac joint. For percutaneous arthrodesis of the sacroiliac joint utilizing both a transfixation device and an intraarticular implant, you would use the enlisted code 27299. You cannot report 27279 or 27280 in conjunction with 0775T. (DESCRIPTION) Heading Musculoskeletal system. Arthrodesis- Category III code. Code 2-7-2-7-9 describes percutaneous arthrodesis of the sacroiliac joint using a minimally invasive technique to place an internal fixation devices that passes through the ilium, across the sacroiliac joint and into the sacrum, thus transfixing the sacroiliac joint. Report 0-7-7-5-T for the percutaneous places of an intra-articular stabilization device into the sacroiliac joint using a minimally invasive technique that does not transfix the sacroiliac joint. For percutaneous arthrodesis of the sacroiliac joint utilizing both a transfixation device and intra-articular implants, use 2-7-2-9-9. 07-7-5-T, Arthrodesis, sacroiliac joint, percutaneous, with image guidance, includes placement of intra-articular implants (e.g. bone allografts, synthetic devices.) (Do not report 0-7-7-5-T in conjunction with 2-7-2-7-9, 2-7-2-8-0.) Fro percutaneous arthrodesis, sacroiliac joint, with transfixation device, use 2-7-2-7-9). (For removal or replacement of sacroiliac intra-articular implants use 2-7-2-9-9). (For bilateral procedure, report 0-7-7-5-T with modifier 50). The code has a red circle next to it. (SPEECH) So the same introductory note as the previous slide but within the category three section. For bilateral percutaneous placement of an intraarticular stabilization device into the sacroiliac joint using a minimally invasive technique that does not transfix the sacroiliac joint report 0775T with a modifier 50. (DESCRIPTION) Heading Musculoskeletal system. Spinal instrumentation. 2-2-8-5-7, Total disc arthroplasty (artificial disc), anterior approach, including discectomy to prepare interspace (other than for decompression), single interspace, lumbar. 2-2-8-6-0, Second interspace, lumbar (List separately in addition to code for primary procedure). (Use 2-2-8-6-0 in conjunction with 2-2-8-5-7). (For total disc arthroplasty, anterior approach, lumbar, more then two interspaces, use 2-2-8-9-9). (0-1-6-3-T has been deleted). (To report total disc arthroplasty [artificial disc], anterior approach, lumbar, see 2-2-8-5-7, 2-2-8-6-0). Next to 2-2-8-5-7 there is a blue triangle. Next to 2-2-8-6-0, there is a plus sign and red circle. (SPEECH) So within the spinal instrumentation section, CPT code 22860 was created to report total disk arthroplasty of a second interspace performed via anterior approach and is intended to be reported in conjunction with code 22857, which was revised to a parent code to accommodate the addition of the new code 22860. CPT code 0163T has been deleted. And parenthetical notes have been added and revised to direct us that if more than two interspaces are treated, then the unlisted code 22899 would be used for the entire procedure. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Respiratory system. Category III codes. 0-7-8-1-T, Bronchoscopy, rigid or flexible, with insertion of esophageal protection device and circumferential radiofrequency destruction of the pulmonary nerves, including fluoroscopic guidance when performed, bilateral mainstem bronchi. 0-7-8-2-T, unilateral mainstem bronchus. (Use0-7-8-1-T, 0-7-8-2-T only once, regardless of the number of treatments per bronchus). (Do not report 0-7-8-1-T, 0-7-8-2-T in conjunction with 3-1-6-2-2-3-1-6-2-8, 3-1-6-4-0, 3-1-6-4-1, 3-1-6-4-3, 3-1-6-4-5, 3-1-6-4-6, 3-1-6-4-7, 3-1-6-4-8, 3-1-6-4-9, 3-1-6-5-1, 3-1-6-5-2, 3-1-6-5-3, 3-1-6-5-4, 3-1-6-6-0, 3-1-6-6-1). (For bronchial thermoplasty, see 3-1-6-6-0, 3-1-6-6-1). There are red circles next to both codes. (SPEECH) Here are two new codes for bronchoscopy, which is 0781T and 0782T for bronchoscopy with insertion of the esophageal protection device and circumferential radiofrequency destruction of the pulmonary nerves including fluoroscopic guidance when performed bilaterals based on bronchi and then unilateral mainstem bronchi. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Cardiovascular system. New category III codes. Bioprosthetic venous valve. 0-7-4-4-T, Insertion of bioprosthetic valve, open, femoral vein, including duplex ultrasounds imaging guidance, when performed, including autogenous or non-autogenous patch graft (e.g. polyester, e.P.T.F.E, bovine pericardium), when performed. (Do not report 0-7-4-4-T in conjunction with 3-4-5-0-1, 3-4-5-1-0, 7-6-9-8-8, 9-3-9-7-1). Cardiac functional radioablation. 0-7-4-5-T, Cardiac focal ablation utilizing radiation therapy for arrhythmia; noninvasive arrhythmia localization and mapping of arrhythmia site (nidus), derived from anatomical image data (e.g., CT, MRI, or myocardial perfusion scan) and electrical data (e.g. 12-lead ECG data), and identification of areas of avoidance. (For catheter-based electrophysiologic evaluation, see 9-3-6-0-9, 9-3-6-1-9, 9-3-6-2-0, 9-3-6-2-1, 9-3-6-2-2). 0-7-4-6-T, conversion of arrhythmia localization and mapping site (nidus) into a multidimensional radiation treatment plan. 0-7-4-7-T, delivery of radiation therapy, arrhythmia. There are red circles next to each code. (SPEECH) So moving on to the cardiovascular system, we have three new category III codes, bioprosthetic venous valve, cardiac function radioablation codes. There's a new category III code to report the insertion of a bioprosthetic valve in the femoral vein as an open approach, including imaging guidance using duplex ultrasound, 0744T. The valve is single use and meant to be permanently implanted to support blood flow from the lower extremities. It is used to treat conditions such as chronic deep vein insufficiency, reflux within the deep vein system, or leg ulcers. You may also see this procedure documented as a venal valve. There are three new category III codes to report cardiac focal ablation utilizing radiation therapy. Cardiac radioablation is a new, noninvasive treatment that uses functional radioablation in combination with mapping and targeting of the abnormal myocardium. It is used to treat arrhythmias, such as ventricular tachycardia. There is a parenthetical note for catheter-based EP evaluations to see the 93,000 CPT codes. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Cardiovascular system. New category III codes. Percutaneous transluminal coronary lithotripsy. 0-7-1-5-T, Percutaneous transluminal coronary lithotripsy (List separately in addition to code for primary procedure). Use 0-7-1-5-T in conjunction with 9-2-9-2-0, 9-2-9-2-4, 9-2-9-2-8, 9-2-9-3-3, 9-2-9-3-7, 9-2-9-4-1, 9-2-9-4-3, 9-2-9-7-5.) Audio-detected coronary artery disease risk score. 0-7-1-6-T, Cardiac acoustic waveform recording with automated analysis and generation of coronary artery disease risk score. Absolute quantification myocardial blood flow (A.Q.M.B.F). 0-7-4-2-T, Absolute quantitation of myocardial blood flow, (A.Q.M.B.F), single-photon emission computed tomography (S.P.E.C.T) with exercise or pharmacologic stress, and at rest, when performed (List separately in addition to code for primary procedure). (use 0-7-4-2-T in conjunction with 7-8-4-5-1, 7-8-4-5-2). (For absolute quantification of myocardial blood flow (A.Q.M.B.F.) with positron emission tomography (PET), use 7-8-4-3-4. There is a plus sign and red circle next to codes 0-7-1-5-T and 0-7-4-2-T and a red circle next to 0-7-1-6-T. (SPEECH) There are three new codes for percutaneous transluminal coronary lithotripsy, audio detected coronary artery disease risk scores, and absolute quantification myocardial blood flow. Category III code 0715T is an add-on code to use in conjunction with percutaneous coronary intervention codes. Many changes to subsection instructional and parenthetical notes, which are noted in green. This code was actually effective July 1, 2022 for reporting. This procedure was established on the principles of shockwave lithotripsy that is done for our kidney stone procedures. Category III code 0716T is used to report cardiac acoustic waveform recording with automated analysis and generation of coronary artery disease risk score. This is a noninvasive sensor that is placed on a patient's chest to assess for coronary artery disease risk. It may be used for patients that are experiencing shortness of breath or fatigue or atypical chest discomfort. Absolute quantification myocardial blood flow is a new procedure that detects reduced coronary flow reserve and helps identify patients with high-risk coronary artery disease. This is an emergency technology that uses different processes, software, imaging cameras, and workflow. It is an add-on code used in conjunction with CPT codes 78451 and 78452, which is our spec procedures. So there are new codes for pulmonary angiography. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Cardiovascular system. Pulmonary angiography- related revisions in Medicine/Cardiovascular/Cardiac Catheterization. 9-3-5-6-8, Injection procedure during cardiac catheterization including imaging supervision, interpretation, and report; for pulmonary angiography (List separately in addition to code for primary procedure). (Use 9-3-5-6-8 in conjunction with 3-3-3-6-1-3-3-3-6-6, 3-3-4-1-8, 3-3-4-1-9, 3-3-4-7-7, 3-3-7-4-1, 3-3-7-4-5, 3-3-8-9-4, 3-3-8-9-5, 3-3-9-0-0-3-3-9-0-4, 3-7-1-8-7, 3-7-1-8-8, 3-7-2-3-6, 3-7-2-4-6, 3-7-2-4-8, 9-2-9-9-7, 9-2-9-9-8, 9-3-4-5-1, 9-3-4-5-3, 9-3-4-5-6, 9-3-4-5-7, 9-3-4-6-0, 9-3-4-6-1, 9-3-5-8-0-9-3-5-8-3, 9-3-5-9-3-9-3-5-9-7). (For selective unilateral or bilateral pulmonary arterial angiography, use 9-3-5-6-9, 9-3-5-7-3, which include catheter placement, injection, and radiologic supervision and interpretation). 9-3-5-6-9, for selective pulmonary arterial angiography, unilateral (List separately in addition to code for primary procedure). 9-3-5-7-3, for selective pulmonary arterial angiography, bilateral (List separately in addition to code fro primary procedure). (Use 9-3-5-6-9, 9-3-5-7-3 in conjunction with 3-3-3-6-1-3-3-3-6-6, 3-3-4-1-8, 3-3-4-1-9, 3-3-4-7-7, 3-3-7-4-1, 3-3-7-4-5, 3-7-2-3-6-3-7-2-3-8, 3-7-2-4-6, 3-7-2-4-8, 3-3-8-9-4, 3-3-8-9-5, 3-3-9-0-0- 3-3-9-0-4, 3-7-1-8-7, 3-7-1-8-8, 9-2-9-9-7, 9-2-9-9-8, 9-3-4-5-1, 9-3-4-5-3, 9-3-4-5-6, 9-3-4-5-7, 9-3-4-6-0, 9-3-4-6-1, 9-3-5-0-5, 9-3-5-8-0-9-3-5-8-3, 9-3-5-9-3-9-3-5-9-7). 9-3-5-7-4, for selective pulmonary venous angiography of each distinct pulmonary vein during cardiac catheterization (List separately in addition to code for primary procedure). (Use 9-3-5-7-4 in conjunction with 3-3-3-6-1-3-3-3-6-6, 3-3-4-1-8, 3-3-4-1-9, 3-3-4-7-7, 3-3-7-4-1, 3-3-7-4-5, 3-7-2-3-6-3-7-2-3-8, 3-7-2-4-6, 3-7-2-4-8, 3-3-8-9-4, 3-3-8-9-5, 3-3-9-0-0- 3-3-9-0-4, 3-7-1-8-7, 3-7-1-8-8, 9-2-9-9-7, 9-2-9-9-8, 9-3-4-5-1, 9-3-4-5-3, 9-3-4-5-6, 9-3-4-5-7, 9-3-4-6-0, 9-3-4-6-1, 9-3-5-0-5, 9-3-5-8-0-9-3-5-8-3, 9-3-5-9-3-9-3-5-9-7). There is a plus sign and blue triangle next to code 9-3-5-6-8, a plus sign a red circle next to code 9-3-5-6-9, and a pound sign, plus sign, and red circle next to both codes 9-3-5-7-3 and 9-3-5-7-4. (SPEECH) There are new add-on codes 93569 and 93573 to 93575. Prior to 2023, there were no CPT codes to provide a mechanism to differentiate between angiography of the pulmonary arteries, pulmonary veins, or angiography of Major Aortopulmonary Collateral Arteries, also called MAPCAs, when performed during a cardiac procedure. New add-on codes were established to allow proper reporting of the angiographic procedures, codes 93569, 93573 to 93575 are add-on codes. So the primary procedure code must be listed first. These new angiography codes are used in conjunction with transcatheter aortic, mitral, and pulmonary valve procedures, endovascular stent repair of coarctation of the aorta, percutaneous transluminal mechanical thrombectomy procedures, transcatheter placement of intravascular stents in an artery or a vein, transluminal balloon angioplasty in an artery or a vein, and cardiac procedures when performed. The new add-on codes do include selective introduction and positioning of the angiographic catheter, injection and radiological supervision and interpretation. The introductory language for 93574 clarifies that a distinct named pulmonary vein must be selectively cannulated and selective venous angiography of that vein performed for each instance that 93574 is reported. Introductory language for code 93575 clarifies that a distinct MAPCA must be selectively calculated and selective venous angiography of the MAPCA performed for each instance of the code for 93575 is reported. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Cardiovascular system. Pulmonary angiography- related revisions in Medicine/Cardiovascular/Cardiac Catheterization. 9-3-5-7-5, for selective pulmonary angiography of major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (M.A.P.C.As) arising off the aorta or its systemic branches , during cardiac catheterization for congenital heart defects, each distinct vessel (List separately in addition to code for primary procedure). (Use 9-3-5-7-5 in conjunction with 3-3-3-6-1-3-3-3-6-6, 3-3-4-1-8, 3-3-4-1-9, 3-3-4-7-7, 3-3-7-4-1, 3-3-7-4-5, 3-7-2-3-6-3-7-2-3-8, 3-7-2-4-6, 3-7-2-4-8, 3-3-8-9-4, 3-3-8-9-5, 3-3-9-0-0- 3-3-9-0-4, 3-7-1-8-7, 3-7-1-8-8, 9-2-9-9-7, 9-2-9-9-8, 9-3-4-5-1, 9-3-4-5-3, 9-3-4-5-6, 9-3-4-5-7, 9-3-4-6-0, 9-3-4-6-1, 9-3-5-0-5, 9-3-5-8-0-9-3-5-8-3, 9-3-5-9-3-9-3-5-9-7). 9-3-5-6-9, 9-3-5-7-3, 9-3-5-7-4, 9-3-5-7-5 include the selective introduction and positioning of the angiographic catheter, injection, and radiologic supervision and interpretation). There is a pound sign, plus sign and red circle next to code 9-3-5-7-5. (SPEECH) Code 93575 is the last code in this section of codes for selective pulmonary angiography of MAPCAs, which are done during a cardiac catheterization procedure for cardiac congenital heart defects. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Percutaneous AV fistula creation. Percutaneous AV fistula creation guidelines. Codes 3-6-8-3-6, 3-6-8-3-7 describe percutaneous arteriovenous fistula creation in the upper extremity for hemodialysis access, including image-guided percutaneous access into a peripheral artery and peripheral vein via single access (3-6-8-3-6) or two separate access sites (3-6-8-3-7). The artery and vein are approximated, and then energy (e.g. thermal) is applied to establish the fistulous communication between the two vessels. Fistula maturation procedures promote blood flow through the newly created fistula by augmentation (e.g. angioplasty) or redirection (e.g. coil embolization of collateral pathways) of blood flow. Codes 3-6-8-3-6, 3-6-8-3-7 include all vascular access angiography, imaging guidance, and blood flow redirection or maturation techniques (e.g. transluminal balloon angioplasty, coil embolization) performed for fistula creation. These procedures may not be report separately with 3-8-6-3-6, 3-6-8-3-7, when performed at the same operative session. (SPEECH) So moving on to percutaneous AV fistula creation, there were two codes, 36836 and 36837 that described percutaneous AV fistula creation in the upper extremity for hemodialysis access, which include imaging guidance, percutaneous access into a peripheral artery and peripheral vein using single access for the 36836 or two separate access sites for 36837. These codes include all vascular access, angiography, imaging guidance, and blood flow redirection, or maturation techniques, such as transluminal balloon angioplasty, coil embolization performed for AV fistula creation. These are basically one-code services. There's no component coding. The entire service is coded with one CPT code. So here are the two new codes for the percutaneous AV fistula creation. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Percutaneous AV fistula creation. Two new codes for AV fistula creation. 3-6-8-3-6, Percutaneous arteriovenous fistula creation, upper extremity, single access of both the peripheral artery and peripheral vein, including fistula maturation procedures (e.g. transluminal balloon angioplasty, coil embolization) when performed, including all vascular access, imaging guidance and radiological supervision and interpretation. (Do not report 3-8-6-3-6 in conjunction with 3-6-0-0-5, 3-6-1-4-0, 3-6-2-1-5, 3-6-2-1-6, 3-6-2-1-7, 3-6-2-1-8, 3-6-2-4-5, 3-6-2-4-6, 3-6-2-4-7, 3-6-8-3-7, 3-6-9-0-1, 3-6-9-0-2, 3-6-9-0-3, 3-6-9-0-4, 3-6-9-0-5, 3-6-9-0-7, 3-6-9-0-8, 3-6-9-0-9, 3-7-2-3-6, 2-7-2-3-8, 3-7-2-4-1, 3-7-2-4-2, 3-7-2-4-6, 3-7-2-4-8, 3-7-2-5-2, 7-5-7-1-0, 7-5-7-1-6, 7-5-8-2-0, 7-5-8-2-2, 7-5-8-9-4, 7-5-8-9-8, 7-6-9-3-7, 7-7-0-0-1). For arteriovenous fistula creation via an open approach, see 3-6-8-0-0, 3-6-8-1-0, 3-6-8-1-5, 3-6-8-1-8, 3-6-8-1-9, 3-6-8-2-0, 3-6-8-2-1). (For percutaneous arteriovenous fistula creation in any location other than the upper extremity, use 3-7-7-9-9). 3-6-8-3-7, Percutaneous arteriovenous fistula creation, upper extremity, separate access sites of the peripheral artery and peripheral vein, including fistula maturation procedures (e.g. transluminal balloon angioplasty, coil embolization) when performed, including all vascular access, imaging guidance and radiological supervision and interpretation. (Do not report 3-8-6-3-7 in conjunction with 3-6-0-0-5, 3-6-1-4-0, 3-6-2-1-5, 3-6-2-1-6, 3-6-2-1-7, 3-6-2-1-8, 3-6-2-4-5, 3-6-2-4-6, 3-6-2-4-7, 3-6-8-3-7, 3-6-9-0-1, 3-6-9-0-2, 3-6-9-0-3, 3-6-9-0-4, 3-6-9-0-5, 3-6-9-0-7, 3-6-9-0-8, 3-6-9-0-9, 3-7-2-3-6, 2-7-2-3-8, 3-7-2-4-1, 3-7-2-4-2, 3-7-2-4-6, 3-7-2-4-8, 3-7-2-5-2, 7-5-7-1-0, 7-5-7-1-6, 7-5-8-2-0, 7-5-8-2-2, 7-5-8-9-4, 7-5-8-9-8, 7-6-9-3-7, 7-7-0-0-1). For arteriovenous fistula creation via an open approach, see 3-6-8-0-0, 3-6-8-1-0, 3-6-8-1-5, 3-6-8-1-8, 3-6-8-1-9, 3-6-8-2-0, 3-6-8-2-1). (For percutaneous arteriovenous fistula creation in any location other than the upper extremity, use 3-7-7-9-9). There is pound sign and red circles next to both codes 3-6-8-3-6 and 3-6-8-3-7. (SPEECH) These codes are for the upper extremity only. So you would use an unlisted code if being created in a lower extremity. Before 2023, there were only codes for AV fistula creation for an open approach. There are new introductory guidelines and new and revised parenthetical notes that have been added or updated for many codes within the surgery and radiology subsections in the CPT book. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Percutaneous AV fistula creation. C.P.T. 3-6-8-3-6- single access AV fistula creation. Ellipsys. Access via a single percutaneous puncture into an arm vein. A catheter is passed through the vein wall into the proximal radial artery (AV fistula). Duplex ultrasound guidance only- no fluoroscopy. Produces a connection between the artery and vein via thermal energy. (SPEECH) So here is an example of a single-access AV fistula creation. You may see it noted as an ellipsis within documentation. This is your single-access puncture into an arm vein. The catheter is placed through the vein wall into the proximal radial artery, which then creates the AV fistula. Fluoroscopic guidance is not used within this procedure. Only duplex ultrasound guidance only. And it produces a connection between the artery and vein via thermal energy. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Percutaneous AV fistula creation. C.P.T. 3-6-8-3-7, two access AV fistula creation. WavelinQ-4F. An arterial catheter is introduced through the brachial artery. A venous catheter (with radiofrequency [RF] electrode) is introduced through an upper extremity vein. Magnets are used to hold the artery and vein together. The RF electrode is then used to create a connection between the artery and the vein (AV fistula). (SPEECH) Here is an example of the two-access AV fistula creation, also called you might see it documented as wavelength F4 or 4F. Sorry. An arterial catheter is introduced through the brachial artery. A venous catheter with radiofrequency electrode is introduced through an upper extremity vein. There are magnets that are used to hold the artery and the vein together. And the radiofrequency electrode is then used to create a connection between the artery and the vein to then create that AV fistula. So right now, I will pass it back over to Bobby to go over the digestive system updates. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Digestive system. Esophagus - Endoscopy - Esophagoscopy. 4-3-2-3-5, Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, flexible, transoral; diagnosticm including collection of specimens by brushing or washing when performed (separate procedure). Do not report 4-3-2-3-5 in conjunction with 4-3-1-9-7, 4-3-1-9-8, 4-3-2-1-0, 4-3-2-3-6 to 4-3-2-5-9, 4-3-2-6-6, 4-3-2-9-0, 4-3-2-9-1, 4-3-4-9-7, 4-4-3-6-0, 4-4-3-6-1, 4-4-3-6-3, 4-4-3-6-4, 4-4-3-6-5, 4-4-3-6-6, 4-4-3-6-9, 4-4-3-7-0, 4-4-3-7-2, 4-4-3-7-3, 4-4-3-7-6, 4-4-3-7-7, 4-4-3-7-8, 4-4-3-7-9). 4-3-2-4-1, with insertion of intraluminal tube or catheter. (Do not report 4-3-2-4-1 in conjunction with 4-3-1-9-7, 4-3-1-9-8, 4-3-2-1-2, 4-3-2-3-5, 4-3-2-6-6, 4-3-2-9-0, 4-4-3-6-0, 4-4-3-6-1, 4-4-3-6-3, 4-4-3-6-4, 4-4-3-6-5, 4-4-3-6-6, 4-4-3-6-9, 4-4-3-7-0, 4-4-3-7-2, 4-4-3-7-3, 4-4-3-7-6, 4-4-3-7-7, 4-4-3-7-8, 4-4-3-7-9). 4-3-2-4-7, with removal of foreign bodies. (Do not report 4-3-2-4-7 in conjunction with 4-3-1-9-7, 4-3-1-9-8, 4-3-2-3-5, 4-3-2-9-0, 4-3-2-9-1, 4-4-3-6-0, 4-4-3-6-1, 4-4-3-6-3, 4-4-3-6-4, 4-4-3-6-5, 4-4-3-6-6, 4-4-3-6-9, 4-4-3-7-0, 4-4-3-7-2, 4-4-3-7-3, 4-4-3-7-6, 4-4-3-7-7, 4-4-3-7-8, 4-4-3-7-9). 4-3-2-9-0, with deployment of intragastric bariatric balloon. (Do not report 4-3-2-9-0 in conjunction with 4-3-1-9-7, 4-3-1-9-8, 4-3-2-3-5, 4-3-2-4-1, 4-3-2-4-7). 4-3-2-9-1, With removal of intragastric bariatric balloons. (Do not report 4-3-2-9-0 in conjunction with 4-3-1-9-7, 4-3-1-9-8-, 4-3-2-3-5, 4-3-2-4-1, 4-3-2-4-7). There is a pound sign and red circle next to codes 4-3-2-9-0 and 4-3-2-9-1. (SPEECH) OK, so for the digestive system, we have two new codes, 43290 and 43291, which were created to report an EGD with a deployment and removal of an intragastric bariatric balloon device. This is a new procedure. And it can be used to assist with treatment of weight loss for morbid obesity. We have revisions to the parenthetical notes for codes 43236 and 43241 and 43247 due to the creation of these new codes. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Digestive system. Abdomen, Peritoneum, and Omentum - Repair - Hernioplasty, Herniorrhaphy, Herniotomy. The hernia repair codes in this section are categorized primarily by the type of hernia (inguinal, femoral, lumbar, omphalocele, anterior abdominal, parastomal). Some types of hernias are further categorized as "initial" or "recurrent" based on whether or not the hernia has required previous repairs. Additional variables accounted for by some of the codes include patient age and clinical presentation (reductible vs. incarcerated or strangulated). The excision/repair of strangulated organs or structures such as testicles, intestine, ovaries are reported by using the appropriate code for the excision/repair (e.g. 4-4-1-2-0, 5-4-5-2-0, and 5-8-9-4-0) in addition to the appropriate code for the repair of the strangulated hernia. (4-9-4-9-1 to 4-9-5-5-7, 4-9-6-0-0, 4-9-6-0-5, 4-9-6-6, 4-9-6-1-0, 4-9-6-1-1, 4-9-6-5-0, 4-9-6-5-1 are unilateral procedures. For bilateral procedures, use modifier 50). (Do not report modifier 50 in conjunction with 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-6-2-2). (SPEECH) So I think this might be what you've all been waiting for. The hernia repair reporting has undergone a significant change for 2023, starting with the updated instructional notes at the subcategory of repair. The types of abdominal hernias were updated to include paracetamol hernias. And we also have updated notes for our reporting unilateral and bilateral hernia repairs. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Digestive system. Abdomen, Peritoneum, and Omentum - Repair - Hernioplasty, Herniorrhaphy, Herniotomy. (4-9-5-6-0, 4-9-5-6-1 have been deleted. For repair of initial incisional or ventral hernia see 4-9-5-9-1, 4-9-5-9-2, 4-9-5-9-3, 4-9-5-9-4, 4-9-5-9-5, 4-9-5-9-6). (4-9-5-6-5, 4-9-5-6-6 have been deleted. For repair of recurrent incisional or ventral hernia see 4-9-6-1-3, 4-9-6-1-4, 4-9-6-1-5, 4-9-6-1-6, 4-9-6-1-7, 4-9-6-1-8). (4-9-5-6-8 has been deleted. For implantation of mesh or other prosthesis for anterior hernia repair, see 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-6-1-8). (4-9-5-7-0, 4-9-5-7-2 have been deleted, For epigastric hernia repair, see 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-5-1-8). (4-9-5-8-0, 4-9-5-8-2 have been deleted. For umbilical hernia repair, younger than 5 years, see 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-6-1-8). (4-9-5-8-5, 4-9-5-8-7 have been deleted. For umbilical hernia repair, age 5 years and older, see 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-6-1-8). (4-0-5-9-0 has been deleted. For spigelian hernia repair, see 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-6-1-8). (SPEECH) Initial and recurrent repairs of incisional or ventral hernias have completely new codes for reporting, so code range 49591 through 49618. Codes for epigastric, umbilical, and spigelian hernia repairs are going to be reported with that same range of codes. So incisional, ventral, umbilical, spigelian, and epigastric will all be reported with the same code range, 49591 through 49618. The code that we used for the implantation of mesh with the hernia repair, 49568, has been deleted for 2023. And if you remember, we talked about, in the integumentary system, removal of a noninfected mesh can be reported with new code 49623 and would be used in conjunction with or as an add-on code for this code range, this new code range of hernia repairs. So the implantation of the mesh is included in the hernia repair, but we have a code for the removal of noninfected mesh. If the mesh is infected and it's removed before the hernia is repaired, we would report that with 11008 for the infected mesh. That's additionally an add-on code and could be reported with the hernia repair codes. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Digestive system. Abdomen, Peritoneum, and Omentum - Repair - Hernioplasty, Herniorrhaphy, Herniotomy. Codes 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-6-1-8 describe repair of an anterior abdominal hernias, (i.e. epigastric, incisional, ventral, umblical, spigelian) by any approach, (i.e. open, laparoscopic, robotic). Codes 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-6-1-8 are reported only once, based on the total defect size for one or more anterior abdominal hernias, measured as the maximal craniocaudal or transverse distance between the other margins of all defects repaired. For example, "Swiss cheese" defects (i.e., multiple separate defects would be measured from the superior most aspect of the upper defect to the inferior most aspect of the lowest defect. In addition, the hernia defect size should be measured prior to opening the hernia defects (i.e., during repair the fascia will typically retract creating a falsely elevated measurement). When both the reductible and incarcerated or strangulated anterior abdominal hernias are repaired at the same operative session, all hernias are reported as incarcerated or strangulated. For example, one 2-cm reductible initial incisional hernia and one 4-cm incarcerated initial incisional hernia separated by 2 cm would be reported as an initial incarcerated hernia repair with a maximum craniocaudal distance of 8 cm (4-9-5-9-4). Inguinal, femoral, lumbar, omphalocele, and/or parastomal hernia repair may be separately reported when performed at the same operative session as anterior abdominal hernia repair by appending modifier 59, as appropriate. Codes 4-9-6-2-1, 4-9-6-2-2 describe repair of a parastomal hernia (initial or recurrent) by any approach (i.e. open, laparoscopic, robotic). Code 4-9-6-2-1 is reported for repair of a reductible parastomal hernia, and code 4-9-6-2-2 is reported for an incarcerated or strangulated parastomal hernia. Implantation of mesh or other prosthesis, when performed, is included in 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-6-2-2 and may not be separately reported. For total or near total removal of non-infected mesh when performed, use 4-9-6-2-3 in conjunction with 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-6-2-2. For removal of infected mesh, use 1-1-0-0-8 . (SPEECH) So the code range for 49591 through 49618 will describe the repair of an anterior abdominal hernia. And now, like I said prior, that's going to include ventral, umbilical, epigastric, incisional, and spigelian. This code range also will include repair by any approach, so either open, laparoscopic, robotic. They're all going to be reported with the same code range. These codes are going to be reported only once based on the total defect size from one or more anterior abdominal hernias or hernia measured as-- and this sounds a little tricky, but we'll talk about it-- as the maximal cranial caudal or transverse distance between the other margins of all defects repaired. So what that means is, if the patient has one hernia defect, you can draw-- or you would draw an oval around the defect. Either the width or the height, whichever is greater, is the measurement that you're going to use to report the size of your defect. If you have two hernia defects that are going to be repaired and there is less than 10 centimeters of intact fascia between them, you would draw your oval around all of the defects that are going to be repaired and use the maximum either width or height, whichever is greater, of that measurement for your defect size. If you have multiple hernia repairs and there's either equal to or greater than 10 centimeters of intact fascia between the defects, at this point, you're going to draw your oval around each separately and then add those together to get your maximum either whether it be the width or the height, the maximum size of the defect. And in your 2023 coding manual, you'll have illustrations that will help you with the measuring the sizes of the defects. They want you should actually measure the size prior to opening the hernia defect. Because during the repair, the fascia will typically retract. And then you'll get a falsely elevated measurement. When both the reducible and incarcerated or strangulated anterior abdominal hernias are repaired at the same operative session, you're going to report all hernias as incarcerated or strangulated. So you won't code the reducible. And we'll look at the code descriptions. And that'll make more sense here in a second. So inguinal, femoral, lumbar, omphalocele, or paracetamol hernia repairs can be separately reported with these anterior abdominal repairs when performed at the same operative session by either appending modifier 59 or 51, as appropriate. So if they repair an inguinal hernia and an anterior abdominal hernia, you can report those separately by using the appropriate modifier. So this is the code range for the initial hernia repairs, anterior abdominal hernia repairs. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Digestive system. Abdomen, Peritoneum, and Omentum - Repair - Hernioplasty, Herniorrhaphy, Herniotomy. 4-9-5-9-1, Repair of anterior abdominal hernias (i.e. epigastric, incisional, ventral, umbilical, spigelian), any approach (i.e. open, laparoscopic, robotic), initial, including implantation of mesh or other prosthesis when performed, total length of defects; less than 3 cm, reductible. 4-9-5-9-2, less than 3 cm, incarcerated or strangulated. 4-9-5-9-3, 3 cm to 10 cm, reductible. 4-9-5-9-4, 3 cm to 10 cm, incarcerated or strangulated. 4-9-5-9-5, greater than 10 cm, reductible. 4-9-5-9-6, greater than 10 cm, incarcerated or strangulated. There is a red circle next to all of the codes. (SPEECH) You see the size now determines. You have less than three centimeters for reducible and then less than three centimeters for incarcerated or strangulated. And then three centimeters to 10 centimeters for both and then greater than 10 centimeters for both. Now, your greater than 10 centimeters, both reducible or incarcerated, are on the inpatient-only list. So you need to make sure that when you're educating on the use of these new codes, that people understand that if it's greater than 10 centimeters for 2023, it is on the inpatient-only list. And I'm guessing it's because of the size of that hernia defect. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Digestive system. Abdomen, Peritoneum, and Omentum - Repair - Hernioplasty, Herniorrhaphy, Herniotomy. 4-9-6-1-3, Repair of anterior abdominal hernias, (i.e. epigastric, incisional, ventral, umbilical, spigelian), any approach (i.e., open, laparoscopic, robotic), recurrent, including implantation of mesh or other prosthesis when performed, total length of defects; less than 3 cm, reductible. 4-9-6-1-4, less than 3 cm, incarcerated or strangulated. 4-9-6-1-5, 3 cm to 10 cm reductible. 4-9-6-1-6, 3 cm to 10 cm, incarcerated or strangulated. 4-9-6-1-7, greater than 10 cm reductible. 4-9-6-1-8, greater than 10 cm, incarcerated or strangulated. There is a pound sign and red circle next to all of the codes. (SPEECH) This is the code range for the recurrent anterior abdominal hernia repairs. Again, the 49617 and 49618 greater than 10 centimeters is on the inpatient-only list. And these also, don't forget, it doesn't matter if it's laparoscopic, open, or robotic. The same code is going to be used. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Digestive system. Abdomen, Peritoneum, and Omentum - Repair - Hernioplasty, Herniorrhaphy, Herniotomy. 4-9-6-2-1, Repair of parastomal hernia, any approach (i.e. open, laparoscopic, robotic), initial or recurent, including implantation of mesh or other prosthesis when performed, reductible. 4-9-6-2-2, Incarcerated or strangulated. 4-9-6-2-3, Removal of total or near total non-infected mesh or other prosthesis at the time of initial or recurrent anterior abdominal hernia repair or parastomal hernia repair, any approach (i.e. open, laparoscopic, robotic). (List separately in addition to code for primary procedure). (Use 4-9-6-2-3 in conjunction with 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-6-2-2). For removal of infected mesh, use 1-1-0-0-8). Abdomen, Peritoneum, and Omentum - Repair - Hernioplasty, Herniorraphy, Herniotomy- Laparoscopy. 4-9-6-5-0, Laparoscopy, surgical; repair initial inguinal hernia. 4-9-6-5-1, repair recurrent inguinal hernial (4-9-6-5-2, 4-9-6-5-3 have been deleted. To report laparoscopic repair of ventral, umbilical, spigelian, or epigastric hernia, see 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-6-1-8). (4-9-6-5-4, 4-9-6-5-5 have been deleted. To report laparoscopic repair of incisional hernia, see 4-9-5-9-1 to 4-9-6-1-8). (4-9-6-5-6, 4-9-6-5-7 have been deleted. To report laparoscopic repair of recurrent incisional hernia, see 4-9-6-1-3, 4-9-6-1-4, 4-9-6-1-5, 4-9-6-1-6, 4-9-6-1-7, 4-9-6-1-8). There is a pound sign and red circle next to codes 4-9-6-2-1 and 4-9-6-2-2. There is a pound sign, plus sign and red circle next to code 4-9-6-2-3. (SPEECH) And then we also have new codes added for repair of paracetamol hernias. So we didn't have a paracetamol hernia repair code. Now we do. These two codes are also on your inpatient-only list. So you want to make sure, again, when you're educating on the new hernia codes that you make them aware, these paracetamol hernia codes are new. But they are inpatient-only procedures. And then we already talked about the new code 49623, which is an add-on code. And that is for that removal of noninfected mesh at the same time of the initial or recurrent anterior hernia repair or a parastomal hernia repair, any approach. If it's infected mesh, you still have this parenthetical note that tells you to use code 11008, which is also an add-on code. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Male genital system. Prostate - Excision. 5-5-8-2-1, Prostatectomy (including control of postoperative bleeding, vasectomy, meatotomy, urethral calibration and/or dilation, and internal urethrotomy); suprapubic, subtotal, 1 or 2 stages. 5-5-8-3-1, Retropubic, subtotal. (For laparoscopy, surgical prostatectomy, simple subtotal, use 5-5-8-6-7). Prostate - Laparoscopy. 5-5-8-6-6, Laparoscopy, surgical prostatectomy, retropubic radical, including nerve sparing, includes robotic assistance, when performed. (For laparoscopy, surgical prostatectomy, simple subtotal, use 5-5-8-6-7). 5-5-8-6-7, Laparoscopy, surgical prostateectomy, simple subtotal (including control of postoperative bleeding, vasectomy, meatotomy, urethral calibration and/or dilation, and internal urethrotomy), includes robotic assistance, when performed. (For open subtotal prostatectomy, see 5-5-8-2-1, 5-5-8-3-1). There is a red circle next to code 5-5-8-6-7. (SPEECH) Now, moving on. And there weren't any changes to the inguinal hernia repair. So all of those stay the same. Moving on to the male genital system, we have a new laparoscopic code for a simple subtotal prostatectomy. We didn't have a way to report this prior. Code 55867 includes the control of the post-op bleeding vasectomy, the autonomy, urethral calibration, urethral dilation, internal urethrotomy, and any robotic assistance. There are new parenthetical notes four 55831 and 55866 to go along with that new code. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Male genital system. Category III codes. 0-7-3-8-T, Treatment planning for magnetic field induction ablation of malignant prostate tissue, using data form previously performed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination. (Do not report 0-7-3-8-T in conjunction with 0-7-3-9-T on same date of service). 0-7-3-9-T, Ablation of malignant prostate tissue by magnetic field induction, including all intraprocedural, transperineal, needle/catheter placement of nanoparticle installation and intraprocedural temperature monitoring, thermal dosimetry, bladder irrigation, and magnetic field nanoparticle activation. (Do not report 0-7-3-9-T in conjunction with 5-1-7-0-0, 5-1-7-0-2, 7-2-1-9-2, 7-2-1-9-3, 7-2-1-9-4, 7-2-1-9-5, 7-2-1-9-6, 7-2-1-9-7, 7-4-1-7-6, 7-4-1-7-7, 7-4-1-7-8, 7-6-4-9-7, 7-6-4-9-8, 7-6-8-5-6, 7-6-8-5-7, 7-6-8-7-2-, 7-6-8-7-3, 7-6-9-4-0, 7-6-9-4-2, 7-6-9-9-8, 7-6-9-9-9, 7-7-0-1-1, 7-7-0-1-2, 7-7-0-1-3, 7-7-0-2-1, 7-7-0-2-2, 7-7-6-0-0, 7-7-6-0-5, 7-7-6-1-0, 7-7-6-1-5, 7-7-6-2-0). 0-7-1-4-T, Transperineal laser ablation of benign prostatic hyperplasia, including imaging guidance. There is a red circle next to codes 0-7-3-8-T and 0-7-3-9-T. There is a pound sign and red circle next to code 0-7-1-4-T. (SPEECH) 0738T and 0739T have been established to report ablation of malignant prostate tissue by magnetic field induction. 0738T is for the planning. And 0739T is reported for the actual ablation procedure, where they introduce magnetic nanoparticles into malignant prostate tissue. And then these particles are heated in an alternating magnetic field. 0714T was created to report transperineal laser ablation of BPH. This is a minimally invasive procedure. And it includes the imaging guidance. And so now we have an alternate to the surgical excision that we had before. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Eye and ocular adnexa, Anterior Segment - Anterior Chamber6-5-8-5-0. Trabeculotomy ab externo. (Do not report 6-5-8-5-0 in conjunction with 0-7-3-0-T). (For trabeculotomy by laser, including optical coherence tomography (O.C.T) image guidance, use 0-7-3-0-T). 6-5-8-5-5, Trabeculoplasty by laser surgery. (Do not report 6-5-8-5-5- in conjunction with 6-5-9-6-0, 6-5-8-6-5, 6-5-8-7-0, 6-5-8-7-5, 6-5-8-8-0, 0-7-3-0-T). (For trabeculotomy by laser, including optical coherence tomography (O.C.T.) image guidance, use 0-7-3-0-T). Category III Codes. 0-7-3-0-T, Trabeculotomy by laser, including optical coherence tomography (O.C.T) guidance. (Do not report 0-7-3-0-T in conjunction with 6-5-8-6-0, 6-5-8-5-5, 9-2-1-3-2, 0-6-2-1-T, 0-6-2-2-T). 0-4-0-2-T, Collagen cross-linking of cornea, including removal of the corneal epithelium, when performed, and intraoperative pachymetry, when performed. (Report medication separately). 0-5-1-4-T. (0-5-1-4-T has been deleted). There is a red circle next to code 0-7-3-0-T. There is a blue triangle next to codes 0-4-0-1-T and 0-5-1-4-T. (SPEECH) This moving on to the eye, we have new category III code, 0730T, trabeculectomy by laser, including OCT guidance, which is a nonsurgical procedure. Utilizes a laser beam to the trabecular meshwork. And it allows the drainage of the aqueous humor, which would then relieve the intraocular pressure. We have revisions to parenthetical notes for 65850 and 65855 and providing instructions regarding 0730T. Code 0514T has been deleted. And parenthetical note for 0402T instructs us that the medications for collagen cross-linking can now be reported separately. New codes for the auditory system regarding the osseointegrated implants. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Auditory system. Osseointegrated Implants. New introduction notes: The following codes are for implantation of an osseointegrated implant into the skull. These devices treat hearing loss through surgical placement of an abutment or device into the skull that facilitates transduction of acoustic energy to be received by the better-hearing inner ear or both inner ears when the implant is coupled to a speech processor and vibratory element. This coupling may occur in a percutaneous or a transcutaneous fashion. Other middle ear and mastoid procedures (6-9-5-0-1 to 6-9-6-7-6) may be performed for different indications and may be reported separately, when performed. New/Revised Codes. 6-9-7-1-4, Implantation, osseointegrated implant, skull; with percutaneous attachment to external speech processor. 6-9-7-1-6, with magnetic transcutaneous attachment to external speech processor, within the mastoid and/or resulting in removal of less then 100 sq mm surface area of bone deep to outer cranial cortex. 6-9-7-2-9, with magnetic transcutaneous attachment to external speech processor, outside of the mastoid and resulting in removal of greater than or equal to 100 sq mm surface area of bone deep to the outer cranial cortex. 6-9-7-1-7, Replacement (including removal of existing devices), osseointegrated implant, skull, with percutaneous attachment to external speech processor. 6-9-7-1-9, with magnetic transcutaneous attachment to external speech processor, within the mastoid and/or involving a bony defect less than 100 sq mm surface area of bone deep to the outer cranial cortex. There is a pound sign next to code 6-9-7-1-4. There is a pound sign and blue triangle next to codes 6-9-7-1-6, 6-9-7-1-7, and 6-9-7-1-9. There is a pound sign and red circle next to code 6-9-7-2-9. (SPEECH) Just a new introduction notes, the last line has been changed to say other reparative middle ear and mastoid procedures. The revised code 69717 and 69719 now instead of saying revision or replacement just say replacement. Code 69719 and 69716 were revised to include within the mastoid. We have a new code, 69729, which is used to report the implantation of the osseointegrated implant. And this is going to be with percutaneous attachment to the external speech processor with a magnetic transcutaneous attachment to an external speech processor. And that would be outside of the mastoid. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Auditory system. Osseointegrated Implants. New/Revised Codes, continued. 6-9-7-3-0, with magnetic transcutaneous attachment to external speech processor, outside the mastoid and involving a bony defect greater than or equal to 100 sq millimeter surface area of bone deep to the outer cranial cortex. 6-9-7-2-6, Removal, entire osseointegrated implant, skull; with percutaneous attachment to external speech processor. (To report partial removal of the device [i.e. abutment only], use appropriate evaluation and management code). 6-9-7-2-7, with magnetic transcutaneous attachment to external speech processor, within the mastoid and/or involving a bony defect less than 100 sq millimeter surface area of bony deep to the outer cranial cortex. 6-9-7-2-8, with magnetic transcutaneous attachment to external speech processor, outside the mastoid and involving bony defect greater than or equal to 100 sq mm surface area of bone deep to the outer cranial cortex. 6-9-9-3-0, Cochlear device implantation, with or without mastoidectomy. (For implantation of vestibular device use 0-7-2-5-T). There is a pound sign and red circle next to codes 6-9-7-3-0 and 6-9-7-2-8. There is a pound sign and blue triangle next to codes 6-9-7-2-6 and 6-9-7-2-8. (SPEECH) We have new code 69730 for replacement, including removal of an existing device of an osseointegrated implant that's outside the mastoid. Revisions to the removal code 69726 is for removal of the entire implant. And we have instructions that if only the partial removal, we need to use the appropriate ENM code. 69727 was additionally revised to include within the mastoid. 69728 was added for removal of the entire osseointegrated implant outside of the mastoid. And we have a new parenthetical note for code 69930 to use a category III code for the implantation of a vestibular device. And then these are the new codes for the vestibular device implantation, 0725T. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Auditory system. Category III codes. New codes. 0-7-2-5-T, Vestibular device implantation, unilateral. (Do not report 0-7-2-5-T in conjunction with 6-9-5-0-1, 6-9-5-0-2, 6-9-5-0-5, 6-9-5-1-1, 6-9-6-0-1, 6-9-6-0-2, 6-9-6-0-3, 6-9-6-0-4). 0-7-2-6-T, Removal of implanted vestibular device, unilateral. (Do not report 0-7-2-6-T in conjunction with 6-9-5-0-1, 6-9-5-0-2, 6-9-5-0-5, 6-9-5-1-1, 6-9-6-0-1, 6-9-6-0-2, 6-9-6-0-3, 6-9-6-0-4). 0-7-2-7-T, Removal and replacement of implanted vestibular device, unilateral. (Do not report 0-7-2-7-T in conjunction with 6-9-5-0-1, 6-9-5-0-2, 6-9-5-0-5, 6-9-5-1-1, 6-9-6-0-1, 6-9-6-0-2, 6-9-6-0-3, 6-9-6-0-4). (For cochlear device implantation, with out without mastoidectomy, use 6-9-9-3-0.) 0-7-2-8-T, Diagnostic analysis of vestibular implant, unilateral; with initial programming. 0-7-2-9-T, with subsequent programming. (For initial and subsequent diagnostic analysis and programing of cochlear implant, see 9-2-6-0-1, ,9-2-6-0-2, 9-2-6-0-3, 9-2-6-0-4. There is a red circle next to every code. (SPEECH) 726T is for removal of the implanted vestibular device. Removal and replacement of the device is 0727T. Diagnostic analysis of that vestibular implant is 0728T. And with subsequent programming is 0729T. And now I'm going to hand this over to Chris to finish up with the nervous system procedures. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Nervous system. Neurosurgery - New category III codes. 0-7-1-9-T, Posterior vertebral joint replacement, including bilateral facetectomy, laminectomy, radical discectomy, including imaging guidance, lumbar spine, single segment. (Do not report 0-7-1-9-T in conjunction with 2-2-8-4-0, 6-3-0-0-5-, 6-3-0-1-2, 6-3-0-1-7, 6-3-0-3-0, 6-3-0-4-2, 6-3-0-4-7, 6-3-0-5-6, 7-6-0-0-0, 7-6-4-9-6.) 0-7-3-5-T, Preparation of tumor cavity, with placement of a radiation therapy applicator for intraoperative radiation therapy (I.O.R.T) concurrent with primary craniotomy (List separately in addition to code for primary procedure). (Use 0-7-3-5-T in conjunction with 6-1-5-1-0, 6-1-5-1-2, 6-1-5-1-8, 6-1-5-1-9, 6-1-5-2-1). There is a red circle next to both codes. (SPEECH) All right, there are two new codes within the neurosurgery section. These are category III codes. The first one is 0719T for posterior vertebral joint replacement. This includes bilateral facetectomy, laminectomy, and radical discectomy, and imaging guidance, which are bundled together as part of the service. To support accurate coding, a parenthetical note has been added to restrict use of this procedure with other procedures in the CPT code set. Category III code 735T is for cranial intraoperative radiation therapy. This code is used to report the preparation of a cavity left by the removal of a tumor for placement of a radiation therapy applicator for intraoperative radiation therapy that is performed concurrently with the craniotomy. So you would report this following the removal of a brain tumor and the tumor spread is prepared for placement of the intraoperative applicator. This is an add-on code reported with the appropriate craniotomy code. There are new category III codes for transcutaneous magnetic nerve stimulation. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Nervous system. New category III codes. Transcutaneous magnetic nerve stimulation. Codes 0-7-6-6-T, 0-7-6-7-T, 0-7-6-8-T, 0-7-6-9-T describe transcutaneous magnetic stimulation that is performed to treat chronic nerve pain and provided by a physician or other qualified health care professional. The injured nerve is localized using magnetic stimulation at the time of the initial treatment, the skin is marked (with photographic record) to facilitate rapid localization of the correct site for subsequent treatments, and the appropriate amplitude of magnetic stimulation is defined. Noninvasive electroneurography (nerve conduction) may be used as guidance to confirm the precise localization of the injured nerve and, when performed, should not be separately reported as a diagnostic study. A separate diagnostic nerve conduction study performed prior to the decision to treat with transcutaneous magnetic stimulation may be separately reported. 0-7-6-6-T, Transcutaneous magnetic stimulation by focused low frequency electromagnetic pulse, peripheral nerve, initial treatment, with identification and marking of the treatment location, including noninvasive electroneurographic localization (nerve conduction localization), when performed; first nerve. 0-7-6-7-T, each additional nerve (List separately in addition to code for primary procedure). (Use 0-7-6-7-T in conjunction with 0-7-6-6-T). (Do not report 0-7-6-6-T, 0-7-6-7-T in conjunction with 9-5-8-8-5, 9-5-8-8-6, 9-5-9-0-5, 9-5-9-0-7, 9-5-9-0-8, 9-5-9-0-9, 9-5-9-1-0, 9-5-9-1-1, 9-5-9-1-2, 9-5-9-1-3 for nerve conduction use as guidance for transcutaneous magnetic stimulation therapy). (Do not report 0-7-6-6-T, 0-7-6-7-T in conjunction with 6-4-5-6-6, 9-0-8-6-7, 9-0-8-6-8, 9-0-8-6-9, 9-7-0-1-4, 9-7-0-3-2, 0-2-7-8-T for the same nerve). There is a red circle next to code 0-7-6-6-T. There is a plus sign and red circle next to code 0-7-6-7-T. (SPEECH) There are four new category III codes for treatment of chronic nerve pain, initial and subsequent treatments. 0766T is reported for the first initial nerve treatment. And 0767T is for each additional nerve treated. These are not used in conjunction with EMGs or other nerve conduction studies or tests. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Nervous system. New category III codes. Transcutaneous magnetic nerve stimulation, continued. 0-7-6-8-T, Transcutaneous magnetic stimulation by focused low frequency electromagnetic pulse, peripheral nerve, subsequent treatment, including noninvasive electroneurographic localization (nerve conduction localization), when performed; first nerve. 0-7-6-9-T. each additional nerve (List separately in addition to code for primary procedure). (Use 0-7-6-9-T in conjunction with 0-7-6-8-T). (Do not report 0-7-6-8-T, 0-7-6-9-T, in conjunction with 9-5-8-8-5, 9-5-8-8-6, 9-5-8-8-7, 9-5-9-0-5, 9-5-9-0-7, 9-5-9-0-8, 9-5-9-0-9, 9-5-9-1-0, 9-5-9-1-1, 9-5-9-1-2, 9-5-9-1-3, for nerve conduction use as guidance for transcutaneous magnetic stimulation therapy). (Do not report 0-7-6-8-T, -0-7-6-9-T in conjunction with 6-4-5-6-6, 9-0-8-6-7, 9-0-8-6-8, 9-0-8-6-9, 9-7-0-1-4, 9-7-0-3-2, 0-2-7-8-T for the same nerve). (For posterior tibial neurostimulation, percutaneous needle electrode, use 6-4-5-6-6). (For therapeutic repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation [T.M.S.] treatment, see 9-0-8-6-7, 9-0-8-6-8, 9-0-8-6-9). (For application of a modality to one or more areas, electrical stimulation [unattended], use 9-7-0-1-4). (For application of a modality to one or more areas, electrical stimulation [manual], each 15 minutes, use 9-7-0-3-2). (For transcutaneous electrical modulation pain reprocessing [e.g. scrambler therapy], each treatment session [includes placement of electrodes], use 0-2-7-8-T). There is a red circle next to code 0-7-6-8-T. There is a pound sign and red circle next to code 0-7-6-9-T. (SPEECH) These two codes, 0768T and 0769T, are for the subsequent treatments for the first nerve, as well as each additional nerve that is treated. There are new parenthetical notes for these CPT codes. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Nervous system. New category III codes. Mechanical hypothermic management. 0-7-7-6-T, Therapeutic induction of intra=brain hypothermia, including placement of a mechanical temperature-controlled cooling device to the neck over carotids and head, including monitoring (e.g. vital signs and sport concussion assessment tool 5 [S.C.A.T.S 5], 30 minutes of treatment. (Do not report 0-7-7-6-T more than once per day). (For initiation of selective head or total body hypothermia in the critically ill neonate, use 9-9-1-8-4). There is a red circle next to code 0-7-7-6-T. (SPEECH) There's a new category III code for mechanical hypothermic management. This is a therapeutic induction of intrabrain hypothermia. This code is less likely to be used by interventional pain management providers, more likely to be used by sports medicine physicians. It's indicated for patients with concussion or a suspicion of concussion. It's only reported once a day. And it is a timed code at 30 minutes of treatment. And it is often performed within the outpatient setting. And with that, I know we have just a few minutes left. I would like to turn it back over to Lisa. (DESCRIPTION) Heading, Q&A. (SPEECH) Great. Thank you both so much for all of that information. That's a lot. So we appreciate all the information that you had and the work that you did to put this together. So thank you both so much. Just to clarify, though, did we-- I know with the amount of time, there were a couple slides left, correct, that we didn't get to, right? Yeah. We did. This is Colleen. So we did have-- somebody was asking about the respiratory section. So in the interest of time, we were worried because we didn't have enough time. So we will put those into the presentation, so you have the final one. OK, perfect. Thank you. Thank you so much. So again, thank you all for attending today. Because of time, we are going to go ahead and kind of get things wrapped up. So one thing that if you were or if you did join us for the December webinar, we mentioned that we were going to be doing a special edition for the RSV, what you need to know. That is now available on our quality webinar page. So if you are interested in learning about that, we did have a panel of experts that did a special edition. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Don't miss! Specialty Quality Webinar available on-demand. Respiratory syncytial virus (R.S.V) - what you need to know now. Join our panel of experts as they dive deep into R.S.V. as it continues to surge and how it will impact your documentation, coding and quality efforts in 2023. Learn about respiratory syncytial virus (R.S.V.) symptoms, manifestations and treatments. Identify potential query opportunities in R.S.V. documentation. Understand coding and sequencing for R.S.V. and related conditions. Quality Webinar Page. At the bottom are photos of four people with text below from left to right. Susan Belley, M.Ed, R.H.I.A, C.P.H.Q. Senior manager, Compliance & Audit Services. Melissa E. Clarke, MD, C.M.Q., Physician Clinical Transformation Consultant, Teresa Brown, R.N. C.C.D.S, C.D.I.P, C.C.S., Inpatient C.D.I. Consultant. Audrey Howard, Senior Auditor Compliance and Audit Services. (SPEECH) That's also in the resources section. So if you want to, you can either get to it from the presentation. Or in the resources section, there is a link to that as well. (DESCRIPTION) Text, 3M educational boot camps for advanced C.D.I, pediatrics and quality training. 3M has successfully educated and trained thousands of C.D.I. specialists and coders since the early 1990s, and we created the industry's first formal C.D.I. program. With more than two decades of industry experience, our 3M consultants are not only experienced educators, C.D.I. specialists and coding professionals, but they are also on the front lines working hand in hand with clients optimizing their C.D.I. and quality programs. They take that expertise directly from the field and into the classroom, so you have the most up to date content to succeed in your role. Advanced C.D.I training. 3M's advanced C.D.I. training, normally offered as part of the 3M Advanced C.D.I. transformation program, will be offered in an engaging weeklong course. Available exclusively to 3M clients, this course will help address knowledge gaps, fundamental C.D.I. skills and dive into the clinical and coding concepts. Upcoming training session: Mar. 20-24, 2023. Advanced Quality training. The new advanced quality training takes a look at how C.D.I., coding and quality efforts can help or hinder an accurate reflection of the quality of care. Available exclusively to 3M clients, this course is perfect for seasoned C.D.I., coding and quality professionals and multidisciplinary C.D.I. teams looking to take their quality programs to the next level. Upcoming training session: Feb. 14-17, 2023. Advanced C.D.I. Pediatric training. 3M's advanced pediatric training can prepare your C.D.I. team to recognize the unique problems and challenges in a pediatric population, leading to more accurate documentation. Available exclusively to 3M clients, this week of training has been tailor made for experienced C.D.I. coding and quality teams and individuals looking to develop their pediatric knowledge. Upcoming training session: July 10-14, 2023. Click to learn more. (SPEECH) We do have some bootcamps coming up. So if you are interested in learning more about CDI advanced training, quality training, and CDI pediatrics, we do have these bootcamps coming up. You can see those dates. You can click within the presentation for more information, as well as within that resources section. That also takes you to our website to learn more information. (DESCRIPTION) Text, 3M, Science. Applied to Life. 3M Client Experience Summit. May 22-25, 2023, Atlanta, Georgia. 3M Client Experience Summit for 2023, we are excited to be at a new location and venue at the iconic Westin Peachtree Plaza Hotel in the heart of downtown Atlanta, Georgia. Mark your calendars for May 22-25, 2023. Each year, 3M brings together our most valued clients and colleagues to discuss evolving trends in the health care industry, learn about new opportunities in care and technology, share best practices and celebrate successes in innovation. And each year, we keep expanding and adding new and exciting opportunities! 3M C.E.S. webpage. (SPEECH) If you are a current 3M customer, we have started to send out information about our client experience summit. That will be taking place a little bit earlier this year in May. We are going to be going to Atlanta. So we're excited to kind of do a change of venue and do it early in the spring. So if you are interested in learning more, go ahead to that CES web page, where you can get some information there. We're really excited to be kicking that off. So registration is going to be opening in early March. So if you are a 3M customer, we would love for you to join us. So again, thank you to our presenters today. Again, a lot of information to get through. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Thank you! (SPEECH) We will be posting the recording to our website, as well as the presentation. We'll make sure we get slide 28. I don't know this-- it was a phantom slide. I don't know what happened to slide 28. So I'll make sure we get that added. And let us know how we did in the survey, especially about that attendee chat. This was the first time that we did that with this series. So if you did like this feature, let us know. And let us know about the content as well. We'll be sending out information about some of our upcoming webinars in the next week or so. So we appreciate your time. Happy new year. And we'll see you on the next webinar. Thank you.

      Webinar title slide

      Outpatient prospective payment system (OPPS) and CPT®: What you need to know to start off 2023 on the right foot

      • January 2023

        In this 3M Quality Webinar, 3M experts Chris Berg, Colleen Ejak and Bobbie Starkey discuss the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) OPPS Final Rule, which impacts outpatient payment and quality reporting.

      • Learn how some of the top policies for CMS’s OPPS affect quality reporting in the outpatient setting in 2023 and how each year the American Medical Association (AMA) releases the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code set changes for the upcoming year. This year there are updates to 393 CPT codes that you and your team should know about to avoid costly compliance or reimbursement issues. Chris, Colleen and Bobbie will detail the CPT procedure codes that were added, deleted and revised, along with the reasons behind the major 2023 CPT code changes.
      • Webinar handout (PDF, 1.6 MB)
    • (DESCRIPTION) A slideshow. Title slide, 3 M Quality Webinar Series. Respiratory syncytial virus - what you need to know now. December 16, 2022. Copyright 3 M, 2022. All Rights Reserved. (SPEECH) Hello, everyone. And thank you for joining us for this special edition of the 3M Quality Webinar Series. Today, we're going to be talking about respiratory syncytial virus-- what you need to know now. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Presenters, pictures, names, and titles of four people. (SPEECH) I'd like to first introduce our presenters. My name is Susan Belley, and I'm the manager of compliance and audit services for consulting services. Next, we have Dr. Melissa Clarke. She's our physician clinical transformation consultant in the 3M HIS division. Third, we have Teresa Brown and RN in our CDI section of consulting services. She's a pediatric nurse by specialty. And lastly, we have Audrey Howard, a senior auditor in our compliance and audit services. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Learning Objectives, a bullet point list and a disclaimer. (SPEECH) The objectives of our presentation today are to learn about RSV symptoms, manifestations, and treatments, identify potential query opportunities in RSV documentation, and understand coding and sequencing for RSV and related conditions. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Clinical aspects of R S V. (SPEECH) So we'll start out today by talking about the clinical aspects of RSV with Dr. Clarke. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, a question in a speech bubble next to a picture of Dr. Clarke. (SPEECH) So, Dr. Clarke, tell us about respiratory syncytial virus infection that seems to be so prevalent in the population at the present time. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Respiratory syncytial virus (R S V), an illustration of microorganisms, and a bullet point list. (SPEECH) Great question, Sue. Well, RSV or Respiratory Syncytial Virus is one of the many viruses that cause respiratory illness of the nose, lung, and-- nose, throat, and lungs. The virus usually occurs yearly in the late fall through early spring months. But that can vary actually based on different parts of the country. Typically, RSV just causes cold symptoms. But in those who are at higher risk, it can actually progress to bronchiolitis. Of course, that's disease of the small airways or pneumonia. Bronchiolitis specifically is particularly dangerous in former preemies and infants under 12 weeks because of their small immature airways that can get easily obstructed due to edema and mucus and their difficulty with clearing those secretions. RSV is very contagious. And it's spread via respiratory secretions, coming into contact with mucous membranes of the eyes, mouth, nose, or inhalation of droplets via direct person-to-person contact, unclean hands. RSV can actually survive for 30 minutes or more on unwashed hands. And it can also survive on surfaces up to six hours. So touching unclean surfaces and then touching your face is another common way of spread. And then talking about the symptoms, those can come two to 10 days after contact with RSV. According to the CDC, most people are contagious for about three to eight days. However, if you are an infant or have a weakened immune system, you can be contagious for as long as four weeks, even if you're not showing symptoms. And then the immune compromised symptoms can last up to three weeks. Although in healthier people, they only last up to about five days. And so you see on the slide some of the symptoms that can be a problem at any age-- fever, severe cough, wheezing, tachypnea, hypoxia, and cyanosis, and then particularly to infants, poor feeding, apnea, and chest wall retractions. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, a new question in the speech bubble. (SPEECH) OK. Well, thank you for all that information. Why are we seeing this tremendous surge now? I know you said that it can run from the fall into the spring. But by all accounts, it's much worse this year. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Reasons for the R S V surge, pictures of a restaurant, a classroom, and a baby in a hospital. (SPEECH) Absolutely. So we're right in the middle of RSV season now. And the reason we're seeing it more severely are due to those masking and social distancing measures that we've been doing over the past couple of years due to COVID, as more people are vaccinated and those mitigation strategies are going away, we're now exposed to the RSV that we weren't exposed to because of those mitigation strategies over the past couple of years. And then as many people are returning to daycare and school and other places without masks, as a result of the relaxation of those mitigation strategies, viruses are doing their thing. They're spreading as normal. However, the children who are more vulnerable than usual never got to establish immunity and get their circulating antibodies and antibody memory cell-- and memory cells, immune system memory cells, that they would have had had they been exposed to RSV over the past couple of years. In addition, the spread of RSV and other seasonal respiratory illnesses seem to start earlier this year or this season. And then people can catch RSV more than once. But the first time you get RSV as a child, you're going to be generally sicker than the next time. So we're seeing those cohorts of infants who are born after 2020 who are now one and two now just having their first RSV infection. So they're getting more severe symptoms now. All that's leading to the overwhelming of hospitals and emergency departments and urgent cares. Thank you. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, a new question in the speech bubble. (SPEECH) So when we think about RSV, we know that children are treated in the outpatient setting. But what about the disease requires hospitalization for some? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, R S V hospitalization, a picture of a baby in an incubator, and a bullet point list. (SPEECH) Yeah, so the hospitalization occurs in individuals who are at risk, the elderly who have underlying disease or problems mounting our immune response. And then infants who are 12 weeks old or younger at the start of RSV season, again, anatomical factors lead them to be more at risk, same with premature or low birth weight infants, those infants who have underlying chronic disease, like chronic lung disease of prematurity, certain types of heart defects, neurologic conditions that make it more difficult for them to clear their secretions, those who are undergoing treatments that lower their immune system. And then there are also some additional risks, such as having siblings or your mom smoking during pregnancy, being exposed to secondhand smoke in the house, not breastfeeding because breastfeeding actually transfers antibodies to the young child. So these individuals are at higher risk for hospitalization. They have more difficulty with secretions, getting oxygen into the body. So poor oxygenation is a reason for hospitalization. Because they're working so hard to breathe, they're unable to feed, they become dehydrated, so they may have to be admitted for IV fluid hydration and supplemental nutrition via tube feeding. They may also need nasal suctioning, frequent nasal suctioning. And then there's the chance, because your immune system is now lowered and busy fighting RSV, that you have a chance for secondary bacterial infection. All those reasons are ones to come into the hospital. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, a new question. (SPEECH) Thank you. So we're hearing a lot in news reports about the twindemic and the triple-demic. Can you tell us about that? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Influenza-like illness surveillance map, December 10, 2022 week, a map of the United States with a color-coded I L I Activity Level, and a bullet point list. (SPEECH) Sure. That's basically the combination of surging influenza, RSV, and COVID-19 cases. That's what the triple-demic is. Millions of Americans are getting sick, as I mentioned, putting pressure on hospital systems. And they're all respiratory viruses. And so what's complicated is that the initial phases of each or mild cases of each all look the same. So sometimes it's hard to distinguish at home unless testing is done. This map from the CDC shows that the mapping of influenza-like illnesses, which we've been doing for years prior to COVID. For this most recent map actually shows that these influenza-like illnesses are just about high to very high activity all over the United States with just a few exceptions here and there. The most marked rise in cases, hospitalization, and death in the most recent weeks have actually been from influenza. CDC estimates that the reported flu cases, hospitalization, and death just one week after the Thanksgiving weekend were higher than during some entire flu seasons. Nationwide, just over 35% of children aged six months to 17 years have gotten their flu vaccine. So that's definitely room for improvement there. And then when it comes to RSV, more adults have been ill this year. The rate for adult hospitalizations for RSV is actually 10 times that of prior years. One piece of positive news is that it looks like the RSV hospitalization rate for children has peaked, so we're at its peak. So we're hoping that it will come down. And as a result of all of this, many jurisdictions are actually calling for a return to masking, although, most have stopped short of reimposing mask mandates. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, a new question. (SPEECH) OK. We've been hearing a lot in the news about the shortage of amoxicillin due to RSV. Why is this? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Amoxicillin suspension shortage, a picture of a bottle of pills, and a bullet point list. (SPEECH) Amoxicillin is commonly used to treat ear infections and other problems, infectious problems in children. It's in short supply related to the surge in respiratory infections, including RSV, that can then lead to complicating and secondary ear infections and sometimes the overtreatment of viral diseases as bacterial diseases. Only a few countries produce the active ingredient for amoxicillin. And so the national shortage of amoxicillin is specifically though with amoxicillin suspensions, which is the formulation that's given to children. And it's expected to last for several months. The good news, though, is not all forms of amoxicillin are affected. So there are some workarounds that are being done, so prescribing the tablets, the capsules, or the chews for children. And if they're too young to take that, crushing them or opening the capsules, which can be done by the pharmacist to make sure that the right dose is given for ones that are too young to take those formulations. And then, of course, there are alternatives, like Augmentin, cephalosporins like Keflex or ceftriaxone or IM or oral penicillin, all of which could be used. Well, that's encouraging that we have some workarounds. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, a new question. (SPEECH) What are the measures that can help prevent or mitigate the tripledemic? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, "Tripledemic" mitigation, pictures of a mask, a vaccination station, and a child with a bandage on their arm. (SPEECH) So the good old tried and true, masking, indoors, hand-washing, and of course, staying home if you have symptoms, all these are effective ways to slow the spread of all three viruses. For little ones under 12 weeks, the best treatment is avoidance, keeping them away from lots of individuals who might unknowingly pass the virus on to them. For COVID, keeping up to date on COVID vaccinations clearly reduces complications of infections. The newest bivalent COVID booster is available to anyone five years and up. The influenza vaccine, all people over age six months should receive an annual flu vaccine. And a special focus on pregnant women, we've already seen a rise in maternal deaths due to the COVID pandemic, actually up to 40% increase in maternal deaths due to COVID. So getting the flu vaccine and the updated COVID booster is especially critical for pregnant women because protection from these viruses actually extends to the newborn in the baby's first six months of lives before they're eligible to be vaccinated themselves. And then when it comes to RSV, no vaccine exists. Although, pharma companies are working on it. The highest risk infants are eligible to receive RSV prophylaxis with a drug called palivizumab or Synagis. This is a monoclonal antibody therapy that binds the fusion region of the RSV virus and prevents it from binding to enter the cell. It's offered to specific groups of infants at high risk during RSV season. It's a monthly injection that you get. And actually this year, because of the severity of RSV season, the American Academy of Pediatrics has actually expanded eligibility. So talking with your doctor about that is a way to go if you have little ones. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, C D I in the pediatric R S V population. (SPEECH) Well, thank you so much, Dr. Clarke. I think you've given us a nice broad spectrum of things to think about from a clinical perspective on RSV. So-- Thank you. Yes, thank you so much. So we'll move to Teresa Brown, who will talk about CDI in the pediatric RSV population. Teresa. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, What is R S V? A picture of a person working in a lab, and a bullet point list. (SPEECH) Thank you, Sue and Dr. Clarke. So as Dr. Clarke just explained what RSV is, what I wanted to really emphasize from a clinical documentation standpoint is one of the most common causes of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in our infants is RSV. So as we saw, oftentimes they come in with multiple conditions. The other thing I wanted to really point out is once-- RSV in infancy is thought to be related to a development of asthma later on in childhood as well. And as Dr. Clarke explained, these infants and certainly our children with chronic lung disease, all have an increased risk of developing RSV. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, R S V - symptoms and treatment, two bullet point lists. (SPEECH) So some of the symptoms here and treatment. So as was mentioned earlier, they may start with a runny nose. And certainly if they can't breathe, they're not going to feed. But I know in our younger patients, we oftentimes may see periods of apnoea. We may see in that assessment, in that physical assessment, tachypnea, chest wall retractions. And so from a CDI standpoint, oftentimes if we've got the assessment descriptions of retractions, look at how they're treating them because that's going to give us some clues into do we have a query opportunity? So certainly, as Dr. Clarke mentioned, dehydration. So are they on continuous IV fluids? And looking to see how much oxygen do they need. And certainly by the time we get into if we have tube feeding, do we have a query opportunity there for a nutritional diagnosis? But also what our medications tell us, what the provider's thinking. Certainly, as was mentioned, we have the respiratory syncytial virus immunoglobulin. So that's going to-- when you see that on the [INAUDIBLE], we know that they're treating RSV and also with palivizumab, the antibody against RSV. So hopefully, this is going to lessen the severity of illness and really shorten that length of stay. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Bronchiolitis, a picture of a man in a lab coat, and a bullet point list. (SPEECH) So in documenting, as we've built up today, a lot of this population is not coming in with only RSV. RSV might be the trigger. But one of the things I do want you to know is that bronchiolitis again is an infection of the lower respiratory tract that it usually affects infants. But the most common cause of bronchiolitis is a virus. And that's what we're seeing with RSV. So they're not-- so a lot of these children are not coming in with only RSV. So look to see, as Dr. Clarke mentioned, we are seeing now if-- are they testing for influenza? So make sure you're looking to see, OK, did we do-- what were the results? So look at your labs and see what that is to get specificity to the type of flu is it? And also, bronchiolitis can have a bacterial component as well. So look to see. Again, that treatment's going to guide you. We know we don't give antibiotics for viruses. So that's going to give us a clue that they may have a bacterial type infection. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Bronchiolitis, continued, an illustration of the lungs, and a list. (SPEECH) So initially, this virus causes just an upper respiratory infection. But it can go on and extend down into that lower respiratory tract, and that's where we see because it causes that overall inflammation within the respiratory tract. Oftentimes bronchiolitis it occurs where in that we're seeing that now most commonly within the fall and winter. And typically, this impacts infants three to six months of age. The data tells us that there's a little higher incidence in our males, and about 75% of the bronchiolitis is occurring within that first year of life. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Pediatric pneumonias, a picture of a child in a hospital bed, and a bullet point list. (SPEECH) The next condition that we really should be looking for is, do we have clinical indicators of a pneumonia? And when we think of really with childhood pneumonias, oftentimes there's outpatient treatment. And that really covers the mild to moderate pneumonia types in children. And the medication is typically the same used for acute otitis media. So I think of what is causing this child to be admitted? So the other piece is that RSV is a major cause of pneumonia during infancy and early child-- up to the two years of age. So most of childhood pneumonias are a viral nature. But what really is going to guide you is, how are they treating them? So oftentimes when we see that there's maybe a possible bacterial etiology, look at your chest X-ray results. Are we seeing infiltrates? And that may be an indicator. But sometimes I know sputum cultures are a little difficult to get. And sometimes even if they're negative and we've got an infiltrate, but also look at how they're treating because again, that's going to give us-- oftentimes, as Dr. Clarke mentioned, amoxicillin we're using and we're seeing shortages now. But typically, they began at that amoxicillin level. So oftentimes infants between one and three months of age when they do acquire a pneumonia, these typically tend to be bacterial in origin. And they're usually gram positive or staph aureus is the culprit. So again, the treatment, your diagnostics, make sure that you're looking at all of those elements. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Pediatric pneumonias, continued, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) What we've seen is with the Haemophilus influenza type B, this one has been less common since the introduction of the Hib vaccine. But we do see children less than two years of age still can be at a higher risk for this type because the immune response has not been developed. But again, typical regimen is outpatient therapy. And there are second and third-generation cephalosporin that they're using to treat. And so always look at that. Why wasn't this child able to be treated in the outpatient or at home? So typically, again, children younger than five years, we're really going to see that initial treatment of IV ampicillin. But you may also see gentamicin and certainly the cefotaxime for neonates. And sometimes these can be a single dose, especially for children greater than 28 days or up to five years of age as well. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Neonatal pneumonias, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) Another category is our neonates, and we know that those include from birth to 28 days of life. So when we see pneumonia in this population, the most common, it tends to be a bacterial infection. And we often see this with sepsis. But again, there's a later onset that usually occurs about seven days of age, and again, a lot of these babies are going to be in ICU. Some of the organisms we see there are going to be a gram positive but even some gram negative. And they often will treat them with broad spectrum antibiotics as well because, again, they are often infected with pseudomonas, the citrobacter, bacillus, and Serratia. But the other cause of this are viruses. And so RSV comes back into this population as well, really RSV and CMV, and even some fungal causes in this neonatal population. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Pediatric anatomy, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) So when we look at why the need for hospitalization or the need if you are having your children and they're in PICU, in the Pediatric ICU, and you think, OK, we've talked about a lot of these pneumonias are treated in the outpatient arena. So we really want to accurately make sure that we're reporting why they're at this ICU level of care. So one of the things that really puts our pediatric population at risk are just anatomical differences in the respiratory system and some of those. And they contribute to that higher frequency of respiratory compromise. So they don't need much to really push them into maybe a possible respiratory failure. And so some of those are going to be, they have a large head. They have a very small mandible, small neck, but they also have a large posteriorly placed tongue. They're obligate nasal breathers, but they also have a less rigid upper airway. Their epiglottis is larger and sloppier, but again they have immature musculature. So this really puts them at a higher risk of muscle fatigue, where they just wear out. But the other is they have an increased metabolic rate, which therefore it results in an increased oxygen consumption. But a little more on the physiological level is they have smaller and fewer alveoli. So there's less surface area for gas exchange. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Pediatric respiratory failure - common causes, two bullet point lists. (SPEECH) So when we look at respiratory failure, we can-- I've seen it cause-- I've seen it referred to as extra-thoracic, meaning upper airway. So something outside of the lung is causing an impaired, is impairing their airway. And this might be due to airway malformations, vascular malformations but foreign bodies. But it may also be infections. Epiglottis is one of those or croup. But when we think of respiratory failure and it's inner thoracic, what we're saying is something within the lung is now impairing their ability to oxygenate. So that's when we started to see is, as I mentioned just a little bit ago, bronchiolitis. One of the leading causes of that is RSV. Pneumonias, have we-- maybe we started out with a viral component but have gone on to develop because we can have a viral and a bacterial component. And that infection it may be contributing to just again their airways are smaller. They may develop pulmonary edema, and even we may see respiratory distress. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Pediatric respiratory failure signs and symptoms, a picture of a woman in a white coat talking to a woman and child, and a bullet point list. (SPEECH) So when you look at, I think, from a CDI standpoint, we really want to look at what are our-- how are providers documenting? How are they giving us those descriptors of what they're seeing the patient look like? Because again, I think this is a great example. Children, so if we see that they're lethargic we know that that's always a flag. We know our kids they're very resilient, and not much keeps them down. So when they're lethargic, when they're irritable, that's a sign of-- and certainly all the way to anxiety, anxious or unable to concentrate. But oftentimes they will sit up. They'll lean forward and look to see, do they have-- are they using-- are they documenting accessory muscle use? Because again, this allows for that diaphragmatic movement. And so one of the things with epiglottis, they sit upright and they extend-- you'll see that neck extended and head forward. But they may be drooling and mouth breathing as well. So look at how your providers are documenting the description of the patient because that's going to give us clues as well. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Pediatric respiratory failure signs and symptoms, continued, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) The other is when our providers facilitate, what do they hear? Are they hearing stridor? Do we have wheezing and crackles? Those Rice Krispie sounds are more indicative of pneumonia, a bronchiolitis. Or are they saying severe work of breathing? And oftentimes they'll be tachypneic until they start to wear out. And if we see bradypnea, that's never a good sign. But again, oftentimes they're breathing fast, but they were out quickly. The other is, is there a description of cyanosis, even though we've put them on 1 liter or 2 liters of oxygen? And certainly, if we see decreased breath sounds, oftentimes that's indicative of severe-- we know that we're not getting airway-- the bronchioles are so inflamed. They're not able to move any air. So you look for, is this-- they may come in with RSV, but do they have underlying asthma as well? So looking for-- that may be an opportunity to query for the severity and type of an asthma exacerbation. If we're seeing pleural effusion, do we have an underlying congenital heart defect that is maybe now causing some heart failure? If we see the documentation of paradoxical movement, that just means the chest wall moves in during inspiration and out. Oftentimes we see this movement with foreign objects, but it can also be from severe electrolyte imbalances. And so when we think of viruses and they're not able-- oftentimes those come along with vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration, which then causes those electrolyte imbalances as well. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Pediatric respiratory failure, a table and a bullet point list. (SPEECH) As we've talked about respiratory failure, look back in your medical record and see, oftentimes, there'll be a pediatric assessment triangle of some sort. It's a bedside tool that's used. So again, it's a rapid identification for children that are in respiratory distress. We know that if we don't intervene when they're in distress, they will move on to failure. And so this is called a PAT. So you can-- again, this is going to give you a clue that wait a minute that our providers are thinking-- they're thinking about respiratory distress or failure. But this is a quick tool that they'll look to see what do they look like? Level of alertness, interaction. Are they responding to stimuli? What is their work of breathing? Are they grunting? Is that abdominal breathing, nasal flaring? So these are all going to be clues for STDIs. And then again, what's the color? Cyanosis, when we get those-- when we have nail bed cyanosis or around the mouth, that's telling us that this child is not being oxygenated, all the way down to pallor and even mottling. But it's really about that early recognition. And because we know that respiratory failure doesn't happen on its own, it's looking at now, what is the underlying etiology? What's the cause? And oftentimes it may be RSV that has triggered these cascade of events. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Respiratory failure - query example, a sample of a request for a diagnosis. (SPEECH) This is just a quick query example of if you see-- if we've got ABGs or even VBGs, you can use those. I know sometimes we don't always have ABGs. But if we've got those, it's always good to note when if you do have an ABG, also make sure you note how much oxygen they were on when they were drawn. Because sometimes they may look really good, but then you look to see, oh, well, they're on a 100% FiO2. So take note of that. But also look at what your nurses are documenting. Sometimes they'll give us maybe a little bit more. In this example, this came from a nursing assessment. And she documented that the patient was lethargic, that they now had decreased interaction, accessory muscle use with grunting and tripoding. The treatment, it looked like they had placed them on BiPAP for five hours. They were then placed on a 50% non-rebreather. So that really demonstrates that high flow oxygenation. And this is an easy example, whether you do something like this or you give them appropriate choices. But I felt like this was just a quick. It doesn't have to be complicated. Based on the above clinical picture, please clarify a corresponding respiratory diagnosis. So we don't-- I know sometimes the multiple choice can be a little intimidating, but this is just a quick, easy query for you to write. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Secondary diagnosis to capture the clinical picture, a list. (SPEECH) So as we've talked through today, from a CDI standpoint, I think it's very important for us, whether it's CDI encoding for us to really capture that clinical picture for the accuracy for all-- for these patients. And the way that we do that is through our secondary diagnoses. So really as we've talked about, did they do-- did they swab for pneumonia-- oh, I'm sorry, influenza? If they did, what was the type? So we want to make sure that we're accurately reporting that. And as Dr. Clarke had mentioned with COVID-19, look to see at those results. The other is dehydration. As a secondary diagnosis, if we've got-- it's certainly with these children that require IV fluids. Do we have a diagnosis with that? The other is along with dehydration, again, we often see electrolyte disturbances. In those, we've always got to replace. So if you're seeing that we're replacing the potassium, the magnesium, those are great secondary diagnoses that really impact the severity of illness. But also look, especially with our ICU patients or even the step down, if they're on telemetry, are they experiencing any arrhythmias? And making sure we get this in the documentation along with hypoglycemia, even apnea, bradycardia. Or acidosis and alkalosis, we may see that especially with these respiratory conditions and even nutritional deficiencies. And I know poor feeding in our neonates is a good severity driver. All the way, do have we now, because of their inability to take in nutrition, have they now passed over into malnutrition? Also, don't forget to report the mode of oxygenation. That can also be-- again, these are going to give us those severity drivers. And again, if we've got underlying conditions, such as asthma, we want to know the type and the severity. And also, does this baby-- as Dr. Clarke mentioned, our preemies are really at a high risk for this. And are they coming in with other chronic respiratory diseases that originated in the perinatal period but are now impacting this episode of care? And again, we can query for these. Well, thank you so much, Teresa, for all that good information. Thank you. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Coding for R S V and related conditions. (SPEECH) We will switch to Audrey to finish up talking about coding for RSV and related conditions that we've discussed today. Audrey. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Coding for R S V, two bullet point lists. (SPEECH) Thank you so much, Sue. We will start talking about coding for RSV first. There are several combination codes that identify both the condition and the RSV virus so that if they are documenting RSV pneumonia or RSV bronchopneumonia, you see on screen here that it goes to a specific code that captures both the, J12.1. The same is true for acute bronchitis and also acute bronchiolitis as well. That has a combination code. Now, there are some times that RSV will be in a condition or be the underlying organism involved in a condition that does not have a combination code. And in those instances, we would put the B97.4 as a secondary diagnosis with the actual condition sequenced as the principal diagnosis. Some examples of that could be croup. It could be upper respiratory infection. It could be otitis media. So your condition in those instances would be sequenced first, followed by the RSV as the cause of disease is classified elsewhere as a secondary diagnosis. Now what's also important to note on these types of situations is picking up some additional secondary diagnoses to complete the entire story, if applicable, on this patient. We have heard mentioned that RSV could be more of a risk factor in patients that come from secondhand smoke. So if there's a smoker in the house, that could be triggering or being a risk factor for it. So picking up that z code as a secondary diagnosis would be important or even in the perinatal period where they were exposure to a tobacco smoke. So picking those up as secondaries are also important in those for all of the respiratory conditions. So it's not just applicable to the RSV coding. It's with all types of respiratory conditions. It's a chapter note that's available. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Coding for influenza, two bullet point lists. (SPEECH) Now let's discuss a little bit about coding for influenza. There are three different categories that are available for influenza coding. You'll see J09, J10, and J11. J09 is for the influenza that's due to a certain identified influenza virus. And these are less common types of flu viruses but really significant that could cause severe flu in patients. And that would be your avian flu, swine flu. You may even hear something like the novel influenza A. Now, I'm pointing that one out because I don't want us to get confused with your common more everyday types of influenza A, which would be categorized to category J10. So be careful when they are swabbing for the specific type of flu and that information comes back and the provider documents it. Make sure that you are categorizing it correctly. Your more common everyday flu A would go to category J10, where your novel influenza A, which is a specific type of influenza, would go to J09. And I'm bringing this up because it can have an impact on your DRG assignment. Now, also, within each category of the-- that categories the flu conditions, they have other manifestations that are commonly associated with it. So if the patient has pneumonia or other respiratory conditions or gastrointestinal manifestations or other manifestations, which could include your encephalitis or encephalopathy, those will have specific codes to it as well. And it's also important to pick it up. Notice that it has the term with. And so it's just that it is with. Your pneumonia is with influenza. Now, you're going to have specific codes available also regarding the type of pneumonia. So is the pneumonia the same organism as your flu? So in other words, maybe it's pneumonia you have a flu, influenza type A, your common every one-- day 1. And so it's a viral pneumonia that's of the same type. If there is no additional documentation, you would just be picking up that flu with pneumonia code, the one code within the J10 category. However, if the pneumonias we have been often hearing about could be superimposed bacterial pneumonia along with your virus of the flu, then you can pick up an additional code and following all the sequencing directives that are on this because typically your flu would go first under-- the pneumonia codes there is coding directives that will tell you the sequencing, your coding directives that will imply the sequencing implications to that. But know that sometimes you can pick up a secondary code for the specific type of bacterial pneumonia, and once again, that can impact on your DRG assignment. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Coding for COVID-19, a list. (SPEECH) Now, let's move into just briefly talking about some coding related to COVID. And I'm not going to go into the specifics of COVID with all of those guidelines that are available just to note that. Because we could be having a patient admitted with multiple viruses, the RSV, the COVID, the flu, it could be that the baby or the child or even the adult in whatever situation, may have been exposed to COVID or had COVID in the past, in the last couple of weeks, and they're coming in now with other sorts of issues that are going on. We need to really pay attention to the provider's documentation. If the patient was recently diagnosed with COVID or has COVID now, what is the documentation stating? Is the documentation stating that it is a current or active infection? Well, then that's going to code to the U07.1. However, if it was a past condition that the virus is no longer active or it's not causing an acute infection and they are saying that the patient may be having some sequelae of the COVID but that it's no longer an active infection, well, then that may be going to the U09.9 code. Or if the patient just had a previous history of the COVID, they're not having any active manifestations, they're not having any sequelae of the previous infection with COVID, it's just a personal history of the COVID, then that's going to go to the Z86.16. Once again, always really following the provider's documentation of is it a current active infection? We know that patients can continue to test positive for COVID-19, but it's no longer an active infection. Sometimes that documentation is not clear. And this is where a good query could come into play to find out if this current positive test for COVID, even though they just-- they had the active infection previously, is it a current infection? Or is it a past and no longer that they have the active virus and maybe they're just doing the viral shedding? So really looking at that documentation and querying as appropriate. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Sequencing of principal diagnosis, a quote. (SPEECH) Now when it comes to sequencing as your first listed or your principal diagnosis, always sequencing depends upon the circumstances of admission. We have been hearing the clinical side of it from Dr. Clarke and from Teresa regarding why is the patient being admitted at this time? And so that's the question you are asking yourself when you go to list or sequence your principal diagnosis. Why was the patient coming in? They may have had the virus, and the virus of RSV or flu or COVID may not necessarily always cause the hospitalization. But it's what other condition? It could be that combination of the pneumonia due to RSV that's causing the admission. Well, absolutely, then that could be your principal diagnosis. If they've had the virus for a couple of days but all of a sudden their breathing starts getting worse and they're coming in now because of the respiratory failure, well, then you may be putting the respiratory failure as the principal diagnosis. One answer to each individual case is not going to be the way. You have to really-- in other words, it's not always going to be your RSV pneumonia or always going to be your respiratory failure is the principal diagnosis. So you really have to apply the circumstances of admission. What necessitated that inpatient status at this time as to be that condition that you're going to sequence as your principal diagnosis? So really looking at the treatment that was provided and the clinical evidence, the clinical signs and symptoms that the patient brought in with them to the hospital, is going to guide your selection. Sometimes you may have a choice as to what is sequenced as the principal diagnosis when they come in with multiple conditions but really looking at the treatment that is provided. Because if they're getting some treatment, that would not really be causing the inpatient-- and I'm speaking of inpatient stay on this one-- causing the inpatient stay at this point, then that may not be able to be your principal diagnosis. They may have been able to get, for example, fluids in the ED and go home. What caused that the kick over into the inpatient setting? So looking at the documentation, looking at the treatment that is provided, the clinical evidence that the patient has at the time of admission, and if it's not clear, query the provider for clarification to say what was the condition? Or what were the multiple conditions that required the condition? And that can help you sequence your principal diagnosis. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Perinatal infections, a list. (SPEECH) I just want to briefly bring up about perinatal infections. And so this is going to be about infections that are happening within the first 28 days of life. There is a guideline that states that if a newborn has a condition that can be either considered due to the birth process or community-acquired and the documentation does not indicate which it is, the default is going to be due to the birth process. And the perinatal code should be used in that situation. Now, if the condition was community-acquired, then the perinatal code should not be assigned. So once again, the key point of that is that if the documentation is not telling us, then you default to the infection being due to the birth process. Now, there is an exception to this, and that there was a coding clinic granted it was a dozen years ago, and it is from ICD-9 time frame. But the clinical information on this is not changed. RSV infection is considered a community-acquired infection. So if a baby does develop an RSV infection during the first 28 days of life, well, it is considered community-acquired. So you would be using-- not, you would not be using the perinatal code in that situation. You would be putting the community-acquired condition as your principal diagnosis. Also, the guidelines related to COVID-19 and perinatal condition seemed to flip-flop the original coding guideline. And they were stating that if the documentation did not indicate the specific type of transmission for your COVID-19 that you would default it to be in community-acquired and go to the U07.1 as the principal diagnosis. But if they did say, if the provider's documentation did state that the COVID-19 was contracted in utero or during the birth process that you would put the perinatal code, that P35.8, as the principal diagnosis, followed by the U07.1. But all in all, when it comes to perinatal infections, if you don't really know for sure if it's originating during or due to the birth process or if it was community-acquired, query the provider for the clarification on this just to make sure that you get the appropriate principal diagnosis. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, R S V in preterm infants, two codes. (SPEECH) And finally, we have meant-- Dr. Clarke and Teresa have mentioned that a preemie, a premature baby may be at risk for developing the RSV infection or getting the virus. I wanted to point out here that if the provider's documentation includes that it was a premature delivery, that there was a preterm birth, and it was contributing to the patient's current condition and not just limiting to RSV infection but we are-- that's the topic of this presentation. And it was related to the RSV infection or that it's contributing condition to that that you can assign the prematurity code to this current encounter, even though it's not the birth delivery. So you can put the P07.2 for the extreme immaturity or the P07.3 for the preterm prematurity newborn on these encounters. Remember, these perinatal codes may be used throughout the patient's lifetime if it is appropriate. But you need to get that documentation, that stating that it is a contributing condition or a contributing factor to the current encounter. And, Sue, at this point, I'd like to turn it back over to you to wrap it up for us. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, 3 M educational boot camps for advanced C D I, pediatrics and quality training, a list of training sessions and a button labeled Click to learn more. (SPEECH) OK. Thank you, Audrey. And thank you to all of our presenters today. I think you have given a nice well-rounded picture of RSV and some related conditions, which is very pertinent to what's happening out there in the community today. I'd like to draw your attention to some of the upcoming educational bootcamps that 3M consulting services will be offering. Specifically on the right, we do have a boot camp for advanced CDI pediatric training. Then you can reach out to 3M or click to learn more about those upcoming webinar training programs. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, 3 M Client Experience Summit. May 22-25, 2023, Atlanta, Georgia. A description of the summit and buttons labeled 3 M C E S webpage, and Speaker submissions are open. (SPEECH) I'd also like to mention that the 3M Client Experience Summit for 2023 is coming up. It's going to be held in May of 2023, and it will be held in Atlanta. So we have information about the Client Experience Summit on the 3M web page. And we are also taking submissions for anyone who wants to speak at the summit. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Thank you! (SPEECH) So thank you very much and wishing everyone a happy holiday season. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Notices, a list.

      Webinar still image

      Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) – what you need to know now

      • December 2022

        Our panel of experts as they dive deep into RSV as it continues to surge and how it will impact your documentation, coding and quality efforts in 2023.

        • Learn about respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) symptoms, manifestations and treatments
        • Identify potential query opportunities in RSV documentation
        • Understand coding and sequencing for RSV and related conditions

        Webinar handout (PDF, 1.6 MB)

    • (DESCRIPTION) Slide, New year, new webinar platform! A sample of the platform, showing a media player, chat box, slideshow, speaker bio, survey, and a menu bar. Text, 3 M Quality Webinar Services. Copyright 3 M, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Two women appear on a video call at the top left-hand corner of the slideshow. (SPEECH) Good afternoon and welcome to our November quality webinar. We have a great session today about the IPPS 2023 updates. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, 3M.. Science. Applied to Life. 3 M Quality Webinar Series. I P P S 2023 updates and impacts on C D I and quality. November 30, 2022. (SPEECH) Before we get started, I'm going to go ahead and do some quick housekeeping items. We have a lot to get through, so I'm going to try to get through this as quick as I can. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Housekeeping, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) Since we do have this web-based platform, if you are experiencing any audio issues, do a quick refresh, make sure you're closed out of VPN and multiple tabs. And use Chrome, that is the recommended browser for utilizing on 24. And also check your speaker settings, in case there's any issues with your audio. We do have the ability to move engagement sections around. So you'll see that there's a Q&A box. Put in as many questions as you want to. We'll get to as many as we can at the end. There's also a Resources section where you can find the presentation handout for today, as well as the certificate of attendance. You can submit that certificate to accredited associations to get CE use. And also, there are a couple other resources to register for next month's webinar, as well as review any of our previous. Again, we do have that Q&A box, so please feel free to ask as many questions as you can. But then also at the end, we do have a survey. We appreciate your feedback. But also we did add a question for your opinion on topics. Our team is preparing for 2023. So if there is something that you'd like to hear our experts talk about, let us know in that survey. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Meet the speakers. Cheryl Manchenton, R N, B S N, Project Manager, Quality Services Lead, 3 M Consulting. Audrey Howard, R H I A, Senior Auditor, Compliance & audit services. (SPEECH) So our speakers today are no strangers. They have been on many of our quality webinars as our experts. So if you do want to read more about Cheryl and Audrey, their bios are in the Speakers section of the Resources. But let's go ahead and turn things over, so we have enough time to get through this great topic. So Audrey, I'm going to go ahead and pass it off to you. (DESCRIPTION) Audrey appears on the video call. Slide, Learning objectives, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) Thank you so much, Lisa. And so today, we are going to be talking about, of all the changes that took place that became effective on October 1st, which were changes related to diagnosis codes, procedure codes, updates to the official coding guidelines, and also changes within the MS-DRG classification system, of all of those changes, which ones impacted quality? And how did they impact quality? So that's really what we're going to be covering within this hour. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, F Y 2023, I C D 10 C M, updates related to quality. New slide, Summary of changes - by the numbers. (SPEECH) So let's really get into the diagnosis coding changes that took place. Overall, there were almost 1,200 new diagnosis codes. So a whole boatload of new codes that came in. And a lot of them were back in the external cause codes range. So-- but there were some that are pertinent to quality. And we're going to cover those today. There were some diagnosis codes that were deleted, but not really that the diagnosis is actually-- the code was actually deleted, it was that it was expanded at another character level. So the subcategory was deleted as they developed-- as they expanded out at the other character levels. And then there were some diagnosis code titles that were revised as well. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), two bullet point lists. (SPEECH) At this time, in hitting the first subject, I'm going to turn it over to Cheryl so that she can talk about this first topic. No pun intended on hitting the first topic for HIT, heparin induced thrombocytopenia. Again, obviously, there are two types which I did not know. So this was actually interesting. I love when a new code prompts me to understand more about the disease process. There are type 1 and type 2 HITs. And you'll notice, type 1 is a non-immune mediated heparin induced thrombocytopenia, where type 2 is your immune system is also making me more susceptible, shall we say, to the effect of heparin. And it tends to take a little bit-- you have a more delayed response and it's actually a little bit harder to treat because you're also-- not only are you dealing with the result of the HIT, but also trying to get your immune system settled down. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, continued, a table of new diagnosis codes. (SPEECH) Why we're giving you that level of detail, of course, is because there are new codes that were, again, as obvious as expanded. And you'll see that we have immune mediated, non-immune mediated, or other. And you can see the inclusion terms under each of those. One of my favorite things that Audrey does every year when we get the new code is she actually goes to the coordination and maintenance committee meeting minutes and reads the information about that. How did we get here? What is the purpose of these codes, et cetera? And again, probably, you're going to see my phone up here near my mouth. But this code expansion was actually requested by AHRQ, so there is a hint to you that-- where these coats came from. And we'll talk about when and the why, but we always prompt you, go and read those meeting minutes. They're always really interesting, believe it or not. There's lots of what I call the gossip behind the codes. So you see, we have this expansion with the different types. And you'll see they're, of course, assigned to DRG 813, if that was the reason for admission. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, table continued. (SPEECH) And going forward, there is one other new code, other platelet-activating anti-PF4 disorders. And again, it's other types. Again, it's a cousin, it's not a direct HIT, it's just a different type of heparin induced thrombocytopenia. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How do new HIT codes impact quality? A list. (SPEECH) So the question, of course, and we're going to do this similarly as we go through is, how does this impact quality? Again, broadly, does it impact HACs? Does it have impact PSIs or is it a general risk adjustment impact? The question is, nope, it's not on the HAC list. As far as, again, as we know, there are no exclusions for hospital-acquired conditions anyway. So there's no direct impact to that, but there is definitely going to be an impact directly to the PSI, and probably to the risk adjustment. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Impact of new HIT codes, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) So currently, there is the-- the HIT codes are not an exclusion for PSI 12. So in other words, having the presence of immune mediated HIT does not provide an exclusion for the patient who develops DVT or PE in a surgical patient. AHRQ, as we said, after the code expansion to say, you know what? These are not preventable. This is when your immune system is already primed, shall we say, to cause this interaction with the heparin, this is not a truly avoidable event. Now, it is not effective right now, right? Because that version was released last July, this previous July, prior to our new fiscal code changes. But when AHRQ releases their next version, which would be probably in July of 2023, we expect that this will be one of the excluded criteria, meaning, they're immune mediated. So do stay tuned. Do watch. But understand that because it's always affected back to October 1st of the current fiscal year, meaning, October of 2022, we can start clearing today and getting that level of specificity on the HIT, so that when that new version is released from AHRQ that you're prepared. But you also see the HIT codes or HIT codes are all currently on your Elixhauser commodity list already, in that coagulopathy category. So we have no reason to think that AHRQ would not-- Elixhauser would not use expanded codes. I have no reason to expect that it would be any different. So definitely, two categories or areas of risk adjustment, if you will, that they will be influencing. Audrey, I'm going to turn it over to you. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Acidosis, a table of new diagnosis codes. (SPEECH) So the next subject that we're going to talk about are the expansion of the acidosis. Prior to October 1st, we just had one code for acidosis, and that included metabolic, lactic, respiratory acidosis. Now with the expansion of this, we have different codes that are available. And they have separated out the lactic acidosis with-- and what's included with that is the metabolic acidosis. But they have created new codes for acute or chronic metabolic acidosis, which, once again, the lactic acidosis will be included with that. They put the respiratory acidosis down into the other acidosis. So once again, expanding out, there's different codes that are available. We'll want to know, is it lactic, metabolic, respiratory acidosis, what is the acuity or chronicity of that, and-- to be able to assign the right code. All of the codes, you'll notice, are considered CCs. So just as the predecessor code was, they are still considered CCs. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Acute slash chronic respiratory acidosis, a table. (SPEECH) You'll notice also that for the respiratory acidosis, if it was unspecified, it went to that other acidosis. So not otherwise specified. But if it's considered acute or chronic respiratory acidosis, that is now included under the codes for acute respiratory failure with hypercapnia, or chronic respiratory failure with hypercapnia respectively if it's acute or chronic respiratory acidosis. So it's interesting that they have put this-- the respiratory acidosis, if it's specified as acute or chronic under the same code for the respiratory failure with hypercapnia. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How do new acidosis codes impact quality? A list. (SPEECH) So Cheryl, tell me how it's going to impact quality on these new acidosis codes. Certainly. So again, you'll see a theme that it is not really going to affect those hospital-acquired conditions. And again, as best as we can tell, it's not going to affect our PFI proper, but it will definitely affect risk adjustment. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Impact of new acidosis codes on quality, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) So again, to summarize, acidosis is not an exclusion diagnosis for any quality metric. So it doesn't provide an automatic exclusion. It does not mean it's not part of risk adjustment, but it doesn't provide a-- if I developed this complication, if I were asked about it can be an exclusion. Also note that respiratory failure, meaning, workload going, more charts being assigned to gustatory failure by that acute respiratory acidosis as an example. It's also not an exclusion for any quality metrics. However, gustatory failure is utilized for risk adjustment in most of our methodologies. And of course, it seems obvious to us that the more that we just get a doctor to call it acute respiratory acidosis, that would be a sign to acute hypercapnic respiratory failure, we're probably going to get more patients with that, and that's more risk adjustment. Please remember, though, for risk adjustment, typically, that diagnosis does need to be present on admission. So it's not just enough to get that diagnosis on there, we do need to review and ensure it was present on admission. Of course, our respiratory failure codes are already HCC, so we'll have more report at HCC. It is also utilized for risk adjustment in CMS's 30-day mortality and the admissions program. And again, for your knowledge in version 24, they're included under category 84. And then finally, when respiratory-- acute respiratory failure is the principal diagnosis with a secondary diagnosis of emphysema or bronchiectasis, that's not part of CMS's 30-day mortality or readmissions program. So again, an increase in reporting can actually help us in terms of risk adjustment and possibly, avoidance of a 30-day mortality or readmission. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Dementia, a table. (SPEECH) Miss Audrey, dementia. So the next topic is dementia. And they expanded out the three categories that were currently available regarding dementia, the vascular dementia, dementia and diseases classified elsewhere, and then the unspecified dementia. So they expanded that out, creating a lot of new codes. In fact, 69 new codes related to the dementia. And what the new codes are capturing now are the severity. Is it unspecified severity, mild, moderate, or severe in the severity level of it? In addition, before, we are able only to pick up with behavioral disturbance or without behavioral disturbance. Well, they've expanded that out to capture different types of behavioral disturbance or types of behavior from these patients with dementia. And you'll see that it's with agitation, with other behavioral disturbance, with psychotic disturbance, mood disturbance, and with anxiety. You'll notice that off to the side here, each of the new codes that have a type of behavioral disturbance with it are classified as CCs. And therefore, it doesn't matter what is the severity level of the patient, mild, moderate, severe, it's really that, did they have a behavioral disturbance of some sort? Without behavioral disturbance are the only ones that are considered non CCs. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, 5 bullet point lists. (SPEECH) On this next slide, you'll see that there's-- it's broken out. Of all those different types of behavioral or psychological types of dementia, what's included under each one? And what's listed here are the inclusion terms that are in ICD-10-CM. So it's what is already included in there. So you'll see, under agitation, it will have aberrant motor behavior such as exit-seeking, pacing, restlessness, blocking, or other types of verbal or physical behaviors. And you'll see those what are listed-- what's considered one of those types of behaviors. And then the other types of what is considered other behavioral disturbances, you'll see what those listed are. And then as well as the psychotic and the mood disturbance. Anxiety is just anxiety on this. And once again, all of these types of behavioral or psychological disturbances are considered CCs. The only one that's not considered a CC or non CC are those without a behavioral disturbance. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Mild neurocognitive disorder, a table. (SPEECH) Also, I didn't mention that they-- on all of those new dementia codes, they had even listed a new inclusion term, and the major neurocognitive disorder was listed with all of that. So if they have a major neurocognitive disorder, then they're also going to develop codes for the mild neurocognitive disorder. So F06.7 was a new code that was-- subcategory that was created for this. And then they broke this out even to say with or without behavioral disturbance. So just know that there is another set of codes that are available for mild neurocognitive disorder. It seems to be the new terminology that providers may be using instead of dementia. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Chapter 5: Mental, behavioral and neurodevelopmental disorders (F01 to F99), a bullet point list. (SPEECH) Now we are going to talk about other updates to the official coding guidelines later. But because we're talking about dementia, we went ahead and took it out of sequence and put the dementia updated coding guideline here. Just so you know that there was some updated guidelines on this. And basically, it is just saying that severity is available. And it's going to be up to the provider to document the severity of the dementia. And then that's how it's going to be coded. So we may need to query. There are some definitions that are available out there for what is mild, moderate, and severe type of dementia. But it is going to be up to the provider to document that severity. It is also nice to see that if the patient is admitted in one type of severity and they progress to a higher severity level, then we are going to only assign one code for the highest severity level reported during that stay. So that's a nice update to the coding guidelines there. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How do new dementia and neurocognitive disorder codes impact quality? A list. (SPEECH) So Cheryl, how does it impact-- how does this impact quality? So before we do that, as we're watching the chat, I want to make sure-- I want to make sure everybody's clear, because there was a good question that came up. And I thought we could address it quickly. Those behaviors are assumed related unless the provider is back in another cause. They're indexed under the with terminology so the provider does not have to specifically say the anxiety is due to dementia, unless he had said she has primary anxiety, she's had anxiety for 50 years, or she has anxiety related to surgery, shall we say, or something like that. But they are assumed related in the codebook. And Audrey, did you need to say anything different on that before I move on to the quality impact? No. That is a very good point that the with guideline here-- and I do like how you distinguish that if they had anxiety for 50 years, then you know that anxiety is not related to the dementia. Yeah. Possibly just exacerbated, but certainly not the primary cause. So let's talk about these new codes, how they do impact quality. But again, we appreciate the great questions. And sometimes, when we cut them quickly, we will leave them in because we'd like that term is as close to the subject matter. Obviously then, we do think that this will impact our PSIs and it will certainly impact risk adjustment. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Impact of new dementia and neurocognitive disorder codes on quality, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) Dementia as a diagnosis is included in most of your risk adjusted methodologies. So again, we have no reason to think that they would not use the expanded code to be included in the existing methodology. OK? And of course, for the Elixhauser methodology in particular. That does not require the diagnosis to be POA. So we know sometimes, Mrs. Smith comes in with dementia that is quite mild on presentation. She's doing quite well. And she gets in the hospital for a few days. And she starts having behavioral disturbances. So we would assign that with a POA of no. But that would still be giving us credit in that Elixhauser methodology because the dementia itself is a-- we'll call it a chronic condition. As Audrey alluded to, I hadn't seen this in the documentation as well. The providers are using that phrase "Neurocognitive disorder" more frequently. And when you try to clear the providers, we were getting some pushback. They're saying, I'm not comfortable taking the mini mental status exam. So it was just a terminology they might not have been comfortable with. Know that if they had described it as major, as Audrey alluded to, it would be assigned to the dementia category. In other words, we are going to have more patients that will get an increase in the Elixhauser score with documentation of major neurocognitive disorder. We don't know if they will include the mild on that risk adjusted list, stay tuned. And for those asking, no, the Elixhauser version that normally comes out in October of this year did not come out yet. I have been watching. I even looked just last week. So I can't tell you if it is on there. Certainly, the dementia with or without behavioral disturbances is an exclusion for AHRQ-- PSI 11 for a post-procedural respiratory failure. But again, starting with this current version, it has to be present on admission to provide an exclusion. And again, for those in the chat who are asking the question, if that behavioral disturbance itself was not present on admission, you would find that combination code with a POA of no. And so it would not provide that exclusion. Now, again, progression of severity, mild, moderate is different than having an acute behavior. So again, we have to follow the guidelines that talked about progression, but it did not talk about the POA assignment of the behavioral disturbance. All we have is a reference. And I know Audrey, you'll agree, it's our POA guidelines about combination codes and POA assignment. That's correct. OK. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Malignant pericardial effusion, a table. (SPEECH) So go ahead and take our next topic. The next one is malignant pericardial effusion that they created a specific code to be able to capture a malignant pericardial effusion. And you'll see that there is a code first note under there that says code first underlying neoplasm. So the underlying neoplasm will have to be sequenced first, followed by the malignant pericardial effusion so that this code would not be sequenced as the principal diagnosis. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How does malignant pericardial effusion impact quality? A list. (SPEECH) So Cheryl, how does this impact quality? Really, it's unclear. So you'll notice, we have a different emblem. We have a question mark, meaning, there's nothing obvious, we really don't know one way or the other. And here's why. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Impact of malignant pericardial effusion on quality, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) Metastatic cancer, so our metastatic site, there are some metastatic cancers in your Elixhauser category for metastatic cancer. I don't know if they're going to add this code. But what I will tell you on their previous version, it's cousins, if you will, the malignant ascites and the malignant pleural effusion are currently not in the metastatic category. So I don't think they would add the malignant effusion to this category. If it is, it's a very heavily weighted category in the Elixhauser weight. As you can see, 11.4 mortality or 23.4 readmissions. So I don't think it's going to be on that list. Selected metastatic cancers are HCCs. And again, its companion cousins, those are also not HCC, so I don't know if that will be added. Your cancer codes are an exemption for PSI 7, right? PSI 2 and 7. But again, I sincerely don't think those codes will be added as the only comparative code that we have as your effusion, your ascites are not on those cancer list from AHRQ. There are only the C codes and a couple of codes in the D code range. Your traditional cancer codes are the only ones included there. So don't anticipate this impacting. But again, we are not certain that for world models such as Vizient, Premier, Healthgrades, et cetera, they might be using this as risk adjustment in their other models. We obviously don't have insight to that at 3M, but I would expect if the-- again, the ascites and the effusions are already used for risk adjustment in those models. I would expect those same models would expand to the effusion. But we don't know for certain. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Hepatic encephalopathy, a table. (SPEECH) For the next topic, we have hepatic encephalopathy, which it has its own unique specific code now. In ICD-9, there was a specific code for hepatic encephalopathy. And early on in ICD-10, the hepatic encephalopathy was basically a part of hepatic failure. So now, it has been chiseled out. And we have a brand new code specifically for hepatic encephalopathy. And you'll see what all is included under here. It is hepatic encephalopathy without coma. So if it is with coma, it will go to a different code. And you'll see that it is not considered a CC based on this, but it's not classified as a CC at this point. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How does hepatic encephalopathy impact quality? A list. (SPEECH) So Cheryl, how does this impact quality? This is going to be interesting. Again, from a risk adjustment perspective, I think we're going to see some changes. So let's talk through these. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Impact of hepatic encephalopathy on quality, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) So previously, as Audrey said, it was previously classified as hepatic failure. And the hepatic failure itself is included in your AH-- sorry, the Elixhauser comorbidity list. But note, the only ones that were there was your alcoholic hepatic failure and your chronic hepatic failure. So it did not include the unspecified, for example, hepatic failure that the encephalopathy would have gone to. So I don't really believe, again, that there's going to be a change to those Elixhauser rates because it wasn't very often that we had these codes being represented for a patient with hepatic encephalopathy. And again, you're alcoholic and your chronic liver failure HCCs in category 27. They're currently-- the diagnosis itself is not currently used for an exclusion for any PSI. But again, as we said, it might be included in other risk adjustment models. And again, know that there is no distinction on acute or chronic hepatic encephalopathy. We have one code now for the questions that are coming in on this. It's not an MCC. We get basically nothing for this diagnosis. You still might have the ability to query on the chronicity of the hepatic failure if the patient has that, but in this code, and I'm trying to think how to say this the right way, they basically mimicks the way it was being represented in ICD-9. And again, do I say that correctly, Audrey? Yeah. Yes. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Fracture of ribs slash sternum associated with C P R, a table. (SPEECH) OK. The next set of new codes that we're going to discuss are related to fractures of the ribs or sternum associated with CPR. So it's always-- based on some recent advice, we were told to assign a non-traumatic fracture code as if there is fractures related to CPR or chest compressions. So now they've created unique codes specifically for this. So you'll see how it ranges down. It fracture the sternum, fracture of one rib, fracture of multiple ribs, even if you have a flail chest related to CPR, or other types of fractures associated with CPR. So just specific codes, it's in the M category, the M chapter, M96, so that it can be able to distinguish this type. And I have always heard, and I'm a coder by background, I play a doctor on TV, that you're not doing CPR right unless you are breaking a couple of ribs in there. So I see Cheryl nodding your head, so I haven't said anything silly yet. Most of these codes are CCs. There is one MCC in here, and that is if it's flail chest associated with the chest compressions. So that will be classified as an MCC. And even that flail chest will go to if it's the principal diagnosis, it will go to MDC 4, which is the respiratory MDC. So good set of new codes that are created. And let's see how it impacts quality. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How do chest injuries from C P R impact quality? A list. (SPEECH) And I'll make that statement. You haven't done good CPR on an elderly patient without breaking a few ribs. Some of our younger people might sustain. The other thing that I'll add is the doctor actually has to say those ribs are due to the CPR and not due to something else. We can't make that assumption. That's not a whip thing in our codebook. So do know that you're looking for that appropriate documentation. But again, it's not really affecting our HAC or our PSIs. And again, we'll talk about why on the next slide. And Audrey already alluded to it. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Impact of chest injuries from C P R on quality, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) We weren't supposed to be assigning traumatic injury code for injuries occurring from a procedure. And we've had that advice way back, as you can see, from 2019. And we had even more specific coding clinic advice in 2021. And there, again, officially, had been in our guidelines back since, again, about 2019, but, of course, are still incorporated in our current guidelines. And we've got those references for you here. Secondly, I do think that there will be an indirect impact because even though we weren't supposed to be assigning those codes, I have seen those codes in audits being assigned inappropriately to those traumatic injury codes starting with an F. So hopefully, this will prevent us-- protect us from ourselves, if you would, from our errors. Again, really don't know, though, on the flip side, are they going to say that any broken rib during CPR is a bad outcome? Is that going to be considered a bad outcome in the future? Don't know. I really don't know. I had one recently where many, many, many bad things happened during a code. And you could wonder, did we actually do some harm? But I think it will be several years before anybody would look at the data. They have enough data to really determine, is this a truly bad outcome? And as a reminder, these are not HACs. This is not on the HAC list. None of the-- not-- its predecessor code that it used to go to, M9896 was not on the HAC list, nor are these new codes. But like I said, very glad we have these very, very specific codes. I'm pleased that we have them because we don't know where they're going to be used on a future. Again, from my perspective, I think it would be sad if they use those as a complication because we're literally in those life saving moments, if you would. And as a kind of a note, those Elixhauser codes are not available yet, the new version. But they are available out on AHRQ's website. If you look up Elixhauser, they have a website in a file to download. But the new version is not out yet. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Contrast-induced nephropathy, a table. (SPEECH) Audrey, how about contrast-induced nephropathy? Basically, a brand new code was created for contrast-induced nephropathy to be able to identify the nephropathy if it is related to contrast. You are allowed to code acute kidney injury, AKI, if it is present. and reportable, with this new code of N14.11, because you'll see that there's an Excludes 2 note. An Excludes 2 means that both conditions can be reported together if both are reportable and documented in the record. You'll see that it is not considered a CC. So how does it impact quality? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How does contrast nephropathy impact quality? A list. (SPEECH) This is another one I actually really like because you can get nephropathy from vancomycin is a great example, as compared to contrast. So having a unique code, I think, is going to be really good for the future, but again, how is that going to be utilized? I don't think there was a way to really utilize it without having its own unique code. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Impact of contrast nephropathy on quality, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) In other words, I think down the road, just might be used at some point. It's currently the contrast-induced nephropathy, its predecessor code was not included as an HCC or the Elixhauser categories because as we know, it's typically transient, right? It's usually not permanent. We give them fluid, give them the Mucinex, hold the offending medications, give them fluids, and things usually get better. Like I said, I think it could be used in the future. That might be a good thing for researchers to study that to say, how often does this occur? And did we do all the protective-- renal protective therapies that we should have done in terms of pre-hydration and Mucinex, or maybe not using contrast or using lower doses. So not sure what's going to go in the future, but I-- I'm pleased there's a unique code. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Problems related to housing and economic circumstances, a table. (SPEECH) The next topic is on social determinants of health. Basically, these new codes are within the social determinants of health section. And so you'll see that new codes were created for transportation insecurity, financial insecurity, and material hardship. And we'll talk a little bit more from a coding guideline standpoint about social determinants of health. But just know that these are some new codes that were created. I know it's a huge topic right now, and that it was discussed to have a lot of new codes created for this. But for effective October 1st, these are the only three codes that were created for this section. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How do new S D O H codes impact quality? A list. (SPEECH) So Cheryl, how does it impact quality? And as Audrey said, they had been releasing the codes. And just as a reminder, it's actually meant to be staged out over several years. In other words, they've had a plan not to release 800 codes at once. They were gradually doing them by category. So this is part of a major project, the Gravity Project for those that are interested and want to read up on that. Again, really unclear because where are the current SDoH codes being utilized? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Impact of new S D O H codes on quality, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) None of those are included currently in CMSs or AHRQs risk assessment models. Now here's the thing. I'm not going to disagree with anyone saying, well, they should have been. Yeah. And I think that both CMS and AHRQ would agree with you. The problem is we don't have consistent reporting across our organizations, across our settings on these SDoH codes. There's been a huge push over the last five years, especially. But how can you utilize something when the data is not consistent? Of course, as a reminder, CMS, for the last two years, has been asking for input on, how do we include these? What should we include not just SDoH but other socioeconomic status? Should we be including race, age, living environment, et cetera? But do know that outside of the big quality picture, there are several states that have initiative to capture these and are mandating some reporting. And again, from my perspective, the more we do today, the more that we make this a standard part of our coding work, if you would, I think the better data set we have to maybe use for future models. But right now, it's really unclear. And again, some of them might be used in some of the proprietary methodologies, but nothing on a formal risk assessment that we're aware of. But that I am hope. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, F Y 2023, I C D 10 P C S, updates related to quality. (SPEECH) OK. Audrey, let's shift over to PCS. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Summary of changes - by the numbers. (SPEECH) OK. And with PCS, which is the procedures portion of ICD-10, you will see that overall, the 331 new procedure codes were created, 64 were deleted. And this year, they did not revise any of the procedure code titles. This is a moderate number of changes for this year. Definitely, not as much as they have done in the past. But they did create a lot of good new codes that will be able to identify the new technology, to be able to identify difference in approach on how some of them are done, some qualifiers were changed. So they did make a moderate amount of changes for the PCS section. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How do new and modified P C S codes impact quality? A list. (SPEECH) So overall, Cheryl, how did the procedural coding section impact quality? Well, again, another big question mark, because as Audrey said, the codes weren't really exciting this year. And I don't mean it in a negative way. They were good codes that need to be there, but they weren't these big, big changes in procedural coding other than maybe shifting. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Quality impact of new P C S codes, a list. (SPEECH) But let's talk through those. I mean, it really is undetermined because most of those, as Audrey really alluded to, they're expansions of pre-existing codes, adding additional qualifiers or moving out of administration the measurement or things like that. But please know that in terms of procedural coding changes, AHRQ is always one version behind CMS. So in other words, the codes we released today, they will incorporate into their next version. And again, when we look through this code list, Audrey and I look through, and we're like, those are non OR procedures and they-- and not even in AHRQ's world, meaning, their predecessor codes, if you will, or the previous category they were assigned to, they weren't already on AHRQs operative procedure code list. So we don't think that this is going to have any direct impact. But as always, I would agree that having more specific qualifiers and having better PCS code can aid in the methodology down the year. That is another note. AHRQ doesn't do anything overnight. They usually look for about five years of coded data before they make any drastic determinations, because again, it takes time for all of us to adapt to the new codes and report them appropriately and accurately. So AHRQ, sometimes, does some things quickly, such as the HIT code. But other times, they really do wait to have a more comprehensive set of data. So we don't really think any of these new codes are going to have an impact per se. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, F Y 2023 Official Coding Guidelines, updates related to quality. (SPEECH) So how about the coding guidelines? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Conventions for the I C D 10 C M, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) So moving into the coding guidelines, they didn't change a lot this year as compared into previous years. But they did add several statements that made us scratch our heads a little bit. And also, we're thankful for some of the clarifications. Once again, these are updates to the official coding guidelines. And so you're trying to apply your each individual record to the guidelines to make sure you're staying within that. The first update that we want to discuss is what is sometimes referred to as guideline 19, where the overall premise of the guideline is to say that your diagnosis code assignment is based on the provider's diagnostic statement, that the condition exists. So if the provider has documented it, basically, it should be quotable as long as it's reportable, that it's evaluated, monitored, treated, et cetera. So that's what this guideline is saying. Code assignment is not based on clinical criteria. This has always been in here. So what's in green is what has been updated this year or what's been changed so green usually means that it's been updated on these slides. Red does mean that something has been taken away or deleted. And blue typically means revision. So here, they added the statement, if there is conflicting medical record documentation, query the provider. Seems like a simple statement. And it is something that we should always follow. Whenever there's conflicting documentation, we need to query the provider to get that clarification in the record. But they specifically did put it under this guideline 19 that's saying, you are trying to make sure that if it's documented, is there-- is it supported in the record? And if we're unsure, then we do need to query the provider. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How does update to clinical criteria guideline impact quality? A list. (SPEECH) So Cheryl, let's talk about the quality on that. I think we'd all agree that this could affect any of the complications methodologies. I think this is a definite-- it's a subtle change, but let's talk about the how. And again, Audrey said, clinical criteria guidelines. The guideline is not new. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Impact of update to clinical criteria guideline on quality, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) But it's a reminder, because I think there's been a push back and forth between CDI and coding, sometimes. Coding is saying, it's documented so I'm going to go ahead and capture that. In other words, it does meet reporting criteria. The doctor said it so we have to move on. It's a reminder, we don't necessarily have to move on if there is something in the medical record that is conflicting with what the doctor is saying. And that may reduce the number of documented complications such as a PE when there is literally no diagnostic evidence, there's an MRI that's negative, or a V/Q scan that is actually negative. That might-- that-- instead of just capturing that PE, that might require-- that might warrant, I should say, a query that might remove that being a complication. But also understand that with a reminder that if a clinical picture is not consistent, because that is also conflicting documentation, not just doctor's words, if there is conflicting documentation, conflicting evidence, as we do more clinical validation, it may reduce some of those diagnoses that are utilizing risk adjustment. And again, just examples, of course, being some of those heavy hitters like sepsis or hyponatremia, acute respiratory failure, where you might see less of those reported. Again it's not limited to those. We're just giving you examples of if the patient now does not have that or an acute MI is another great example with the new nonischemic myocardial injury code. If the doctor is calling that a type II MI, but there is no evidence, a query would be warranted. So I do think, as I hate to say a very blatant reminder in the guideline to query, that this probably will have an effect. It should have always been that way, as Audrey said. We should have always been querying for conflicting documentation. But sometimes, that extra elbow will probably have an influence. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, General coding guidelines, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) Audrey, next topic. So the next one is an update to the documentation of complications of care. And what you'll see is that the top part of this guideline has not changed. We still need to have the provider's documentation establishing the relationship between the condition and the care provided. What they are doing is expanding on that cause and effect relationship between the care provided and the condition. And what they added in here was saying the documentation must support that the condition is clinically significant. And how it did say and what it said in the past is there must be a cause and effect relationship between the care provider and the condition. And that an indication in the documentation that it is a complication. So instead of that vague way of saying that there was an indication, that there was a complication, just that it's clinically significant, that it's been proven in there, and that it is not necessary-- It goes on to say, it's not necessary for the provider to explicitly document the term "Complication." So that's nice to see that in there. Going on with that, they give the example of saying that it doesn't need to explicitly document their complication, but that the condition will alter-- for example, the course of the surgery is documented in the operative report. So they're giving this information. They're putting it into the guideline. There was a coding clinic that was on this within the year related to this. So they took that information from the coding clinic advice, and actually felt like it was important enough to put this into the guideline as well. So they are trying to make it that the information from the operative report, if they're saying that there was something that happened in the operative report, it's not being explicitly needed to be documented as a complication, but they're saying it's severe enough that it may be coded as a complication without a query necessary at that point, that you would be appropriate to code it as a complication code. But they still kept in here, query the provider for clarification if the documentation is not clear as to the relationship between the condition and the care provided. So they updated that section as well, but still saying that a query is necessary. So Cheryl, I am going to pass it over to you to talk about the impact on the quality in this case. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How does update to complications coding guidelines impact quality? A list. (SPEECH) Did we lose you? Are you on mute? There we go. So sorry. I have home construction so I've been muting by phone, so everyone did not have to hear the banging. Apologies there. There was a question that physician doesn't have to use the exact word alters the course of surgery. I had one recently said, two enterotomies were made. Hence, I converted to open procedure to repair them. In other words, he didn't have to say it over. He told me, I altered the course to repair those lacerations. But our general note here is we really want to be a little bit broad here. And by that, we mean, this is a hot topic. And also, we're going to give you an advertisement for hopefully, February of next year. Stay tuned. Watch this web page. We are going to do a special session on this particular topic, because Audrey and I could spend four hours arguing this, debating this, discussing this, coming up with what about. So we're going to do a special session, not just with the two of us, but with some physicians as well. So we are telling you to stay tuned. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Impact of complications coding guidelines on quality, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) But globally, quickly, chart review and code assignment of complications. It's a really complex process. It does not fully resolve whether or not you should have assign complication codes, because there are nuances in each clinical scenario. And again, I had a chart particular where the surgeon had a totally different answer. A surgeon that we reached out to for their opinion came up with something that I wasn't expecting at all. We are making a general statement that we believe your best practice in the future is really going to have a multidisciplinary committee look at this. And we have several clients that have done this in the past and continue to do this process. But we also want to make sure that you have a surgeon leader. Again, when we shared a particular note with a provider, they gave us a totally different perspective than any of us were expecting. And as always, it's going to need to be on a case by case basis. But like I said, we could talk on this for hours, so we're going to bypass this [INAUDIBLE]. So please stay tuned and come back. We're going to talk about this in a lot more detail. But we didn't want to ignore it. And people say, why didn't you discuss this new guideline? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Chapter 19: Injury, poisoning, and certain other consequences of external causes (S00 to T88), a bullet point list. (SPEECH) So let's shift over to underdosing. Well, and I will say one thing on that. I mean, even though we are going to discuss it later, I want to make sure-- I mean, there is no real definition of what alters the course of surgery. It really is on, like Cheryl said, on a case by case basis. Take a look at it. What did they say? What did they do in the operative report? And try to apply the guideline to it. It's just going to be on a case by case. And you're going to have to-- if you do have any questions on it, you can always reach out to us and give us that example. That would add to our arsenal, actually. But moving on to underdosing. Underdosing is underreported, if you will. So they updated the guidelines to, in my opinion, make it easier on being able to pick up the underdosing. So they added a couple of statements into the guideline. And that documentation of a change in the patient's condition is not required in order to report an underdosing code. So the fact that if the provider is documenting that the patient is taking less of a medication than is prescribed or has discontinued the prescribed medication on their own, then that's sufficient for the code assignment. So that's the additions to the underdosing guideline at this point. And so Cheryl, talk about the quality. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How does update to underdosing coding guidelines impact quality? A list. New slide, Impact of update to underdosing coding guidelines on quality, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) And I think you're still on mute. As you take yourself off mute, you can code the underdosing and the medicine noncompliance together on the same record. Absolutely. And thank you for that. Again, these underdosing codes are not currently used by CMS or Elixhauser for risk adjustment. But it doesn't mean that it might be utilized in other models. And maybe more robust data might influence that. Because I think we'd all agree, it should be utilized in risk assessment, right? But he didn't take his Lasix. OK. I'm agreeing with you clinically. So I think the more that we apply these codes and the more robust data we have, the potential for them to be utilized, it will be higher. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Chapter 21: Factors influencing health status and contact with health services (Z00 to Z99), a bullet point list. (SPEECH) And it's cousin, those social determinants of health. So yeah. For the social determinants of health, they are saying that code as many codes as necessary for that. But the key point in here is that there's an associated problem or risk factor. They do put in the example, not every patient individual living alone is really needing that code for problems related to living alone. You notice on the new codes, they were saying, they were out of money. Well, who's not out of money? That-- I mean-- or that, how did it state that you're low on money? We're all going to say that we're low on money, but we're all not going to have that code assigned for our situation. It's when there is a problem associated or there's a risk factor associated with that situation that that code would be assigned. So I think that's the key factor in the updated guidelines. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How does update to S D O H coding guidelines impact quality? A list. (SPEECH) Cheryl. Yeah. And we'll quickly-- the official code and guidelines always trump any coding clinic advice. So for the person that was asking that question, you always refer to the official coding guidelines as your source of truth on the underdosing. Again, if there's not-- it doesn't matter if there's not associated condition. The fact they didn't take their medicine, they got lucky. But I just want to reiterate that really fast before we move forward. But meanwhile, back to our social determinants again, another question mark, if you can imagine, because again, they're not currently utilized. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Impact to update to S D O H coding guidelines on quality, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) And again, as a reminder, they are utilized, for example, one of our question or comments was, it is being-- some of these codes are being used in a new ECQM or Electronic Clinical Quality Measure, the severe obstetric complications. So they are part of that model, but they're not part of some of what we'll call the bigger risk adjustment, those that affect our payment if you'll say, for example. But again, I think it's still important that we're getting these SDoH codes. The more that we're capturing, I think, the better we're representing, and the better they can be utilized for risk adjustment as needed. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, F Y 2023, M S D R G, updates related to quality. (SPEECH) And then our last little topic here, the MS-DRG update, yes, Audrey? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Summary of changes - by the numbers. (SPEECH) Yup. We are heading into the homestretch with the last topic. And you'll see here, no new MS-DRGs, no deleted MS-DRGs, and no revised MS-DRG titles. So they didn't really change a lot of the major things, but they did shift a lot of codes around. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Embolization of portal and hepatic veins, a table. (SPEECH) So some codes, what you'll see here, some-- these four codes that were previously classified to the unrelated DRGs were moved to MDC 7 in the other hepatobiliary or pancreas procedures because they were closely related to a diagnosis that is classified to MDC 7. So it's the occlusion or restriction of the hepatic or portal vein that were added to MDC 7. So that instead of going to unrelated, they would go to the DRG within MDC 7. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How do M S D R G updates impact quality? A list. (SPEECH) And how does that impact quality? Well, it does probably, possibly impact PSIs or risk adjustment. And for those that are worried as we're approaching this half hour, we are going to go a little bit over. Remember, if you have to drop off, this session has been recorded if you need to hear the end. But we'd rather give this it's good view, if you would. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Impact of M S D R G procedure update changes on quality, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) This is getting very complicated. But the point being that when you have procedures that were unrelated DRGs, the MDC exclusions that would have avoided a PSI are negated when they were in the unrelated category. So those procedures in MDC 7, moving into MDC 7, I would show you as an example. Those now coming in, we might get some actual exclusions on those. And when you think about these types of patients that are having that procedure, you can understand that some of that might be-- sorry, may not be salvageable, that patient may not be able to survive that hospitalization. So this will actually be in our benefit to you all. And let's move to our next one. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Percutaneous excision of hip muscle, a table. (SPEECH) For the next three slides, it's moving procedures around again. And in fact, these four procedures that are related to percutaneous excision of the hip muscle are now considered non-OR procedures, therefore, it will no longer impact the MS-DRG assignment. They made them similar to a percutaneous excision of the retro peritoneum, that was not considered an OR procedure. And they say they're similar in nature, so they made these non-OR procedures as well. So these are specific to excisions of the right or left hip muscle, percutaneous approach if it's a biopsy or not. So no longer considered OR procedures. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, O.R. procedure to non-O.R. procedure, a table. (SPEECH) On these five procedure codes, they were changed from an OR procedure to a non-OR procedure. So they may still impact on some DRGs, but they did change the designation on the occlusion of the splenic artery, the-- some excision of the larynx, changing them to a non-OR procedure. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Non-O.R. procedure to O.R. procedure, a table. (SPEECH) And then vise versa, these four procedure codes were changed from a non-OR procedure to an OR procedure. So now it will impact on the DRG, and the DRG that's involved depends on what the principal diagnosis is. So Cheryl, how does it impact quality? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, How do M S D R G updates impact quality? A list. New slide, Impact of M S D R G updates on quality, a bullet point list. (SPEECH) I think this again is probably a little bit bigger, with, again, a question mark. But understand, AHRQ use two different sets of files to determine if a patient had surgery. They're either they're OR procedure lists or the surgical MS-DRG list. When the OR procedures are being refined to non-OR procedure, you're potentially reducing your denominator and your numerator for all of those PSIs that are based on a surgical procedure. So you'll see, it's a pretty big list there. And then conversely, the non-OR procedures being assigned to OR procedures, again, when AHRQ uses that current code set, you could have potentially increased denominator candidate claims, and maybe more PSIs because of those OR procedures. Again, I always find it interesting to see what's moving backwards and forwards because remember, typically, CNS is doing that about resource consumption. What were the resources involved in caring for that patient? But there are sometimes these other downstream impacts that may apply or may happen. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Key takeaways, a list. (SPEECH) So our key takeaways. As you saw, there are some minor code changes or again, some coding guidelines updates that can actually have a big impact on quality outcomes. Not just listening to Audrey and I, but we really encourage all of you to carefully look at all of those new codes and understand why the code change was made, or the code was deleted, expanded, et cetera. But it's not just enough to look at the codes, you need to fully really understand the risk adjustment methodology. So often, I get questions where the real problem is they did not understand AHRQ's methodology to begin with. So if you don't understand the methodology, then you don't understand how the updates may apply. So it's really being a good student, if you will. And then finally, really encourage all of you to not keep the-- your light under a bushel. Share that information with all the stakeholders. Make sure quality hear, make sure your leadership hears this information of the big changes. Not just learning that other changes happen, but when is that going to affect our metrics, when are we going to see this affect the data, to really ensure that we are making everyone aware, so that there's no surprises later. Well, why didn't you tell me this? Or, yes, that happened this year, but we're not going to see that until the data in three and four years down the road, possibly. Making sure you're sharing that detail. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Q&A. (SPEECH) And with that, I'm going to turn it over to Lisa. All right. Well, thank you, both, so much. So much information. And for those of you that are still on, we are going to be recording this, as was mentioned. It will be available on our website in the next couple of weeks. So if you do want to listen in again, it'll definitely be there. So we're going to go to just two questions right now, just so we can get a little bit more clarity on these ones we thought it was important to go over on these ones as well. So the first one is, thoughts about the capture of chronic respiratory failure from the documentation of chronic respiratory acidosis on those patients that are not dependent on continuous oxygen. That was a mouthful. [LAUGHS] Yeah. And it's a good question. I didn't see it in the chat early enough to address it, but I want to get back to that. Remember, you have two types of chronic respiratory failure. You have hypercapnic, and you have hypoxic. So a patient can have hypercapnic respiratory failure and not be dependent on oxygen. So for me, I have no concerns from a clinical validity process or denial process because you typically have evidence of chronic respiratory acidosis by that normal pH with an elevated bicarb. So again, remember, there is two distinct types. And that's why we have the different codes that talk about hypercapnic versus hypoxic. All right. And to piggyback on that a little bit, to query for the acuity of respiratory acidosis, should the patient display additional signs and symptoms of respiratory failure since it will code to acute or chronic respiratory failure with hypercapnia. Yeah. Great question. So again, I will tell you that when no codes were assigned, an index under acute respiratory failure and chronic respiratory failure-- Audrey and I went-- it did cause a pause. But by definition-- and similar with the chronic, by definition, part of the more common definition is respiratory decompensation, not just physically but in your blood gases. So in other words, if you are acidotic, I don't care if you're not having distress, you're not doing a good job. And COVID is a perfect example of that. And I hate to pick that one in particular, but tell the patients have profound hypoxia without us knowing that, without them being symptomatic. Many times, we're much more surprised on what we get on the blood gas. If you look at the patient, they're able-- they're holding their own, if you will. They've got enough to out of the water. So I want to make sure that that acidosis is clinically deviated enough, meaning, in other words, just because your pH is 7.34-- I'm using that as an example, is that truly significant enough to warrant an acute respiratory acidosis? The same way that we would validate a hyponatremia with just a barely low sodium or a slightly low platelet count. Just because it's not in that normal range doesn't mean it is significant. So instead of rushing to query every time they say respiratory acidosis acute or chronic, we need to make sure that acuity, if you will, that actual patient presentation, overall picture of what are they doing about that pH. A thing, is it due to a nebulizer? I mean, there's so many variables, but it's just proceed with caution. But for some of those providers that don't like to answer queries, if they're documenting respiratory acidosis, and it's clinically appropriate. And they give you that level of acuity, going to the appropriate code for chronic or acute makes clinical sense based on, again, some of the more common definitions for the hypercapnic respiratory failure. But it is a great question. And I do think we need to proceed carefully with these. Fantastic. Thank you so much. Don't forget, in the Resources section, you do have the ability to register for that other-- we're calling it a special edition session for the quality webinar in December. So if you haven't registered for that one, you can get to that link there. We also have provided the certificate of attendance. And so you can download that and submit it to an accredited association of your choice to obtain CEUs. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, 3 M educational boot camps for advanced C D I, pediatrics and quality training, descriptions and dates for three training sessions. (SPEECH) And there is also a link in there as well if you'd like to learn more information about our educational bootcamps. We are already planning for next year, which is crazy. And so our first bootcamp is in January. And we also recently sent out for our customers that are joining us today, that CES is going to be taking place in May. So if you haven't seen that email for our customers that want to join us in May, make sure you check your email on that as well. And so again, Audrey and Cheryl, thank you so much for your time today. It was a great session. I'm glad we have this one recorded. And we'll get this on our website as soon as we can. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Thank you! (SPEECH) And if anybody has any questions, please feel free to reach out to us. And we will talk to you again in December. Thank you all for joining today.

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      IPPS 2023 updates and impacts on CDI and quality

      • November 2022
      • How will the fiscal year (FY) 2023 Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) final rule affect your organization’s quality performance? What can you do to prepare?
      • Join 3M experts Audrey Howard and Cheryl Manchenton to learn about changes affecting Medicare payment policies and IPPS rates for FY 2023.
      • You will:
        Learn about new changes to coding guidelines and codes that may affect quality scores
        Demonstrate significant opportunities to improve performance considering these changes
        Understand how COVID-19 has impacted and continues to impact quality reporting
      • Webinar handout (PDF, 990 KB)
    • (DESCRIPTION) Diagram of platform. (SPEECH) Hello, and happy first day of fall. Welcome to our September quality webinar. We appreciate you joining us today. As we have our attendees joining, I'm going to go ahead and go over a couple of housekeeping items. And then I'll kick it over to our speakers to get started. So again, thank you for joining us for what you don't know, or audit may hurt your quality scores. Again, before we get started, this is a web based platform. For a better user experience, we do recommend using Google Chrome and to close out VPN or multiple tabs, just to help with the bandwidth and security walls. If you are having any issues with your audio, check your speakers settings. And you can do a quick refresh of your browser, and that usually clears out the cache. You do have the ability to move around the engagement section. So if you want to make the presentation larger or the media player larger, you can. Those all move around, and you can close them and minimize them, if you want to. We do encourage you to ask questions. So in the engagement tools, there is a Q&A box. So please, during the webinar, ask questions, and we'll get to as many as we can at the end. We do offer a certificate of attendance, as well as other resources, like the handout in that resources section. So before the webinar is complete, make sure you check those resources to download those prior to the end of the webinar. In our engagement tools, we do offer closed captioning. So if you do need that feature, in the media player, you can turn that on, it is in real time. And again, check the resources section. We have a lot of information there. And lastly, if you can complete the survey, once the webinar is complete, we always like to know how we did. So let us know your feedback. We really appreciate it. Our speakers, you all should know well. We have Sue Belley and Audrey Howard. If you're interested in learning more, the biographies of them both are in the engagement tools as well, that you can check out their history. And so let's go ahead and get started. I'm going to go ahead and pass it over to Sue. (DESCRIPTION) A slide is titled, Learning Objectives. (SPEECH) Yes. Good afternoon, everyone. I'm Sue Belley. And I want to thank you for joining us this afternoon. My colleague, Audrey Howard, and I are going to talk about some of the elements of an in-patient hospitalization that can impact an organization's quality metrics. Typically, we find that organizations spend a lot of time validating the clinical documentation and coding of records with diagnoses identified as patient safety indicators or PSIs, hospital acquired conditions, also known as HACs, and readmissions and mortalities. However, when we perform audits on organization's medical records from a quality perspective, we're really struck by the number of opportunities that impact quality metrics that organizations are not aware of or tend to overlook during their auditing process. Many of you know that quality metrics are extremely complex, and it takes a really deep knowledge to understand all of the intricacies of them. What we'll be focusing on today is one aspect of these metrics, which are the elements you see listed on screen, the observation outpatient surgery converted to inpatient status, point of origin, admission type, present on admission indicators, clinical validity, and discharge disposition. Some of these elements are what might be considered administrative data, such as the patient's status, the point of origin, the admission type, and discharge disposition. We're going to about each of these overlooked components and make the case for including them in quality audit workflows that organizations are doing today. So I'm going to turn the presentation over to Audrey. And we'll get started. Audrey. Thank you so much, Sue. The first topic that we're going to cover today is regarding the conversion of the patient from either observation or outpatient surgery to the inpatient status. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Impact of inpatient status on timing quality. (SPEECH) Since our focus here today is on inpatient cases, this conversion to the inpatient status is extremely important to the selection of the principal diagnosis, which impacts all quality metrics. In addition, this establishes the admit date, which will also help us to determine the point of origin and the admit type, which we will discuss in more detail late. What makes this even more challenging is that different payers may have different rules about the admit date after the time spent in observation or outpatient surgery. Therefore, it is very important to work with case management or utilization review as well as the billing department to establish the inpatient admission date, at which point, you can select the principal diagnosis following the official coding guidelines. (DESCRIPTION) Observation status, monitor, inpatient status. (SPEECH) The official coding guidelines related to a patient which originally starts in observation or goes from outpatient surgery to observation to the inpatient status are similar. These patients were expected to go home following observation. But something happened to cause them to be admitted to the inpatient status, either the condition worsened, it did not improve, or the provider wanted to continue monitoring the condition or complication. Therefore, that condition, which required the inpatient status, is sequenced as the principal diagnosis. This follows the definition of the principal diagnosis. The most common example of observation to inpatient admission is a patient admitted with pain, either a chest pain or abdominal pain, and they work the patient up. Maybe the pain did not subside in the allotted time, and needed to be admitted to the inpatient status, or maybe a more definitive diagnosis was established and required inpatient care, or maybe another condition developed during that observation status that required the admission to the inpatient status. Review of the medical record and-- is critical. And it's important to determine the intent behind the conversion to the inpatient status. And if the documentation is not clear, then always query the provider for clarification. (DESCRIPTION) Text on a green arrow reads, Admission from outpatient surgery. (SPEECH) The same premise is true of a patient being admitted to the inpatient status from outpatient surgery. When a patient receives surgery in the hospital's outpatient surgery department, and is subsequently admitted for continuing inpatient care at the same hospital, the principal diagnosis for the inpatient admission depends on the circumstances of admission. The complication code would be sequenced as the principal diagnosis if the reason for the inpatient admission is a complication. The condition necessitating the outpatient surgery will be sequenced as the principal diagnosis if no complication or other condition is documented as the reason for the inpatient admission. In other words, maybe the provider just wanted to continue monitoring the patient after the outpatient surgery, but there is no complication. If the reason for the inpatient admission is another condition unrelated to the surgery, assign the unrelated condition as the principal diagnosis. For example, maybe the patient developed atrial fibrillation during the post-op monitoring period and required inpatient admission. (DESCRIPTION) Before and after table. Case example. (SPEECH) This slide is showing a case example of a patient who presented to the emergency department with hematochezia. The documentation stated, admit to observation where a colonoscopy was performed and three arterial venous malformations were cauterized. During the colonoscopy, the provider noted pneumoperitoneum secondary to iatrogenic perforation of colon. The documentation then supports the patient was admitted to the inpatient status for repair of the colonic perforation. Now based on this documentation, it appears that the reason for admission to the inpatient status was the accidental perforation of the colon. In this case, we recommend querying for confirmation of the reason for conversion from observation to inpatient, and to confirm the inpatient admit date and time was after the colonoscopy. Confirming this information would change the principal diagnosis, allowing the accidental perforation of colon to be the principal diagnosis present on admission. In this case, that change would eliminate PSI 15. At this point, I'd like to turn the presentation back over to Sue to discuss the next topic. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Point of origin slash admission type. (SPEECH) Thank you, Audrey. The point of origin-- we're going to talk about point of origin and admission type. So I'll start with point of origin. The point of origin is a code that is placed on the claim form to identify where the patient came from at the time of admission to the hospital. So examples of point of origin codes include a patient who is admitted from home or a patient who comes in from a skilled nursing facility or another acute care hospital, just some examples. The point of origin may impact CMS's mortality and readmission measure, AHRQ's patient safety indicators, and other quality reporting organizations or methodologies like Healthgrades. For example, we know that PSI 4, which is the death rate among surgical inpatients with serious treatable complications, has a denominator exclusion for patients admitted from a hospice facility, which is point of origin code F, for example. (DESCRIPTION) Point of origin codes table. (SPEECH) So on screen, you see a table of the point of origin codes and their descriptions. So here, I'm circling-- you can see point of origin code of F, transfer from a hospice facility, which is the example that I just gave on the previous slide. You can see point of origin code of 1, which would be used for a patient who comes in from home. So the point of origin code is assigned at the time of admission during the registration process with the patient. The information is gleaned from a variety of sources, such as the patient, the family, the physician, nursing staff, the EMS squad that brought the patient in, or perhaps, from a facility transfer form from a skilled nursing facility. When I think about all the possible sources where the point of origin can be gleaned from, I see how easy it might be for the point of origin code to be incorrectly captured and placed on the claim form. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Quality metrics using admission type. (SPEECH) The admission type goes hand in hand with point of origin. So the admission type indicates the priority of the patient's admissions. And by this, I mean, is the admission classified as an emergency admission, an urgent admission, or an elective admission? Or a newborn admission, in the case of a newborn. Or a patient admitted as a trauma center admission for trauma facilities. Admission type may impact CMS's mortality and readmission measures, the AHRQ PSIs, and other quality reporting organizations. (DESCRIPTION) Admission type table. (SPEECH) On this slide, you'll see the definitions for the admission types I just explained, emergency, urgent, elective, newborn, and trauma center. (DESCRIPTION) Types 1-5. (SPEECH) So on screen, I have an example from one of our test systems. And it is a record for test patient Bob Smith. And you can see that his admission type is undefined here. And for that matter, his admission source-- to the left of the red arrow-- is also undefined. So perhaps, something went wrong during the registration process, and this was-- this information wasn't captured and entered into the registration system. I mentioned that admission type PSIs, we know that PSIs 10, 11, and 13 are dependent on an admission type of three or elective. And we also know that for PSI 4, which is again, death rate among surgical inpatients with serious treatable complication, the denominator inclusion criteria includes, in part, an admission type of elective, or any admission type in which the earliest ICD-10 PCS code for an operating room procedure occurs within two days of admission. So I know that sounds like a mouthful. And it's a hint at the intricacies of PSI methodology that I mentioned earlier. (DESCRIPTION) Before and after table. Case example. (SPEECH) On this example on screen, this is an example of an admission type gone wrong. So this patient was transferred to a facility due to the fact that the patients PEG tube-- the percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube-- was displaced. And the patient was positive for C. diff colitis. The patient underwent a replacement of the PEG tube four days after admission. Unfortunately, the patient did expire during the hospitalization. And the patient's admission type was registered as elective. When we think about this situation, this wasn't an elective admission, but rather, either an urgent or an emergent admission type. We recommend revising or correcting the admission type for this particular patient, which would eliminate the triggering of PSI 4, that death rate among the surgical inpatients. Because urgent or emergent cases with procedure dates greater than two days after admission do not meet the denominator inclusion criteria for PSI 4. So again, I know that sounds complex and confusing, and possessing a deep understanding of the PSI or PSIs and their inclusion and the exclusion criteria is critical. And then validating that all of the information that impacts the PSI is accurately captured and reported takes really a great deal of knowledge and skill. And sometimes, you want to work with quality department, for example, or those individuals in the organization who are really expert at PSIs if your team or the individual coders don't possess that information. (DESCRIPTION) Color-coded table. (SPEECH) So I mentioned earlier that the admission type is captured during the registration process. So hospitals usually have some type of job aid, which I shared an example of on screen, for registrants to use to help them assign the correct admission type. So as you can see here, if a patient is being admitted to a rehab hospital or their pre-admission to hospice care at this particular organization, they're considered elective. If they're coming in, they're an OB patient that's coming in through the ED, being admitted, they're emergency, or they have a stroke or a heart attack. So those kinds of aides can help the registration process. So looking at how to verify that or help get the correct information in the end. So I'm going to turn the presentation over to Audrey. And she's going to continue by talking about discharge disposition-- I'm sorry, present on admission. Thank you so much, Sue. So now, we are going to discuss the present on admission and-- which became effective for inpatient discharges on October 1, 2007. So it's been around for quite a while. And this was a part of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. (DESCRIPTION) Present on admission. (SPEECH) It was originally created to identify certain hospital acquired conditions or HACs, resulting in a lower MS-DRG payment in those select cases. However, present on admission indicators are becoming a factor in an increasing number of quality metrics beyond the original use of the hospital acquired conditions. We have been doing some audits with patient safety indicators and present on admission indicators are critical to those, for example, with sepsis, deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism to name a few. But there are other conditions where we might-- where we find the most opportunity for change. In addition, other quality metrics such as CMS mortality and readmission measures, and the Elixhauser comorbidity index are using POAs in their measurements. For the other quality reporting organizations such as Vizient, Premier, and Healthgrades, to just name a few, the POA Indicator may impact on the risk adjustment or exclusion criteria. We don't know for sure how it impacts because this information is proprietary, but we are hearing observations from our clients that it may impact such as with the do not resuscitate. (DESCRIPTION) Alphabet blocks read, Y N U and W. (SPEECH) Here are the POA indicators that are available-- yes, no, unknown, and clinically undetermined. The next several slides are going to discuss the indicators in more detail. However, it is important to note that typically, in the quality metrics reporting, the POA indicators of Y and W are considered present on admission, and therefore, not counted against you, where the POA indicators of N and U are not considered POA, and included in the quality outcome score. So when I realized that some coding professionals and CDI specialists may inadvertently assign the POA indicator for yes to all the diagnoses after they code the entire record, and that how-- it just may become like autopilot for them to do this. So changing the practice and probably clicking on each present on admission indicator just after the code is assigned to make sure that it's-- you've gotten the correct POA indicator is probably a better practice so that you can be able to keep up the accuracy of the POA assignment and help with the inclusion or the exclusion of the case inequality metric. (DESCRIPTION) A green block reads, Y. (SPEECH) So let's quickly review through the POA indicators. The present on admission indicator of Y for yes is typically the most common POA indicator assigned. It means that the diagnosis is present at the time the order for the inpatient admission occurs. It also includes any condition that develops during the outpatient encounter, such as the emergency department, observation, and outpatient surgery prior to the inpatient admission. So building on what I said earlier, if a patient was converted to the inpatient status from the observation or outpatient surgery, the POA indicator on that diagnosis would be yes for that condition. And please notice again that I did say it was at the time the inpatient admission order occurs. So just because something happens in the emergency department, you have to look at what time was the patient admitted, because the patient may still be in the emergency department when something happens. And so you need to see, did it occur before or after that inpatient admission order happened? (DESCRIPTION) A blue block reads, N. (SPEECH) The POA indicator of N for no is assigned when the condition develops after the order to the inpatient admission. Using POA N is essentially saying the condition developed during the hospital encounter. And if that is the case, then it needs to be reported as such. However, if that is not the case, reporting it as not present on admission may have a negative impact to the facility. (DESCRIPTION) A lighter blue block reads, U. (SPEECH) Although the POA indicator of U, which stands for unknown is an available option, in my opinion, U should stand for unacceptable. In my opinion, no diagnosis code should be build with the POA indicator of U. Instead, prior to the final coding, the provider should be queried if the documentation is unclear, vague, or inconsistent. (DESCRIPTION) Text, please clarify if condition was. 3 options listed. (SPEECH) This is an example of a query for a confirmation of the POA status. The query is simply asking if the condition was present at the time of admission, developed during the inpatient stay, or if the provider is clinically unable to determine if the condition was present on admission. (DESCRIPTION) A purple block reads, W. (SPEECH) Because establishing the POA indicator is not always straightforward with some conditions, the provider may legitimately answer clinically unable to determine, which goes to the POA indicator of W. W-- the POA of W is based on the provider's clinical judgment. This POA designation should be based on explicit physician documentation of such in the medical record or in response to a query regarding the POA status for a diagnosis. The coding professional cannot make the decision on their own that the diagnosis was clinically undetermined. (DESCRIPTION) Text, POA indicator based on provider documentation. (SPEECH) Documentation from any provider involved in the care and treatment of the patient may be used in the POA assignment determination. This documentation may include signs and symptoms documented by the provider at the time of admission, the POA assignment may also be based on a culture or lab value obtained at the time of admission, with the diagnosis established after study. However, the POA assignment may not be based on non-provider clinician documentation, such as nursing documentation, regardless of when it was documented. However, this information can be used in a query to the provider. For example, if the initial nursing assessment included a stage three sacral pressure injury, but the provider did not document the diagnosis and tell the discharge summary, the provider could be queried for the POA status, using the clinical information from the initial nursing assessment. (DESCRIPTION) Before and after table. Case example. (SPEECH) So here's an example with a recommendation for a query of the POA status of pulmonary embolism. This was a patient admitted with an infected arterial venous fistula. The patient was noted to have an internal jugular thrombus on admission. On hospital day five, the patient had a CT scan, which was performed due to the abdominal issues which incidentally found a pulmonary embolism. The discharge summary noted, "Pulmonary emboli due to non-compliance. Patient is a poor candidate for Coumadin. We will place her on Eliquis." Since this patient was noncompliant with medications on admission, and the PE was incidentally found, and there was a presence of an internal jugular thrombus, it would be appropriate to query for POA status of the pulmonary embolism. In this case, the pulmonary embolism was present on admission. If-- I'm sorry. If the pulmonary embolism was present on admission, it would eliminate PSI 12. Now, remember, each case has to stand on its own merits. So you're looking at, at each individual case, what were the signs and symptoms? What were the circumstances for testing? What was the documentation? What was going on with the medication? So look at everything on each individual case. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Clinical validity. (SPEECH) Moving on to our next topic of discussion, which is clinical validity. Although it appears we are discussing the code assignment of a diagnosis, this topic really goes beyond the coding process. (DESCRIPTION) Impact of clinical validity on quality. (SPEECH) It is important to clinically validate certain high risk diagnoses or complications because we do not want to over report them, which may impact PSI, HACs, or PPCs. In addition, it may falsely elevate the expected rate in some of those quality metrics as well. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Official coding guideline. Code assignment and clinical criteria. (SPEECH) Now shown here is the official coding guideline related to code assignment and clinical criteria, sometimes referred to as guideline 19. For coding purposes, code assignment is based on the provider's diagnostic statement that the condition exists. As I have stated many times, code assignment is based on the provider's documentation. It is not within the coders responsibility to determine that the diagnosis did not meet clinical standards. Now, that's the information that's put into the coding guidelines. The code assignment is not based on clinical criteria used by the provider, and the provider statement that the patient has a particular condition is sufficient. Once again, that's from the coding guidelines. (DESCRIPTION) Flow chart. (SPEECH) That being said, it is absolutely necessary to clinically validate the diagnosis prior to final code assignment. Facilities need to validate that the documentation appropriately reflects the patient's clinical condition. Although the clinical validity process is a separate function from the coding process, coders need to be trained to recognize when a diagnosis may not meet clinical validity, so that they can escalate the review to the appropriate person. Providers, CDI staff, and coding personnel need to work together to ensure the clinical evidence, provider documentation, and code assignment are aligned. If a provider's documented diagnosis does not appear to meet clinical criteria, additional documentation from the provider is necessary. That additional documentation may include supporting evidence for the condition, or it may state the diagnosis was ruled out or not clinically supported. The coder cannot simply omit coding the diagnosis if it does not meet the facility's clinical criteria. And there's some good information in coding clinic 2017 fourth quarter, and also 2016 fourth quarter for some information on this topic. (DESCRIPTION) Before and after table. Case example. (SPEECH) So here's an example of a clinical validity recommendation for a post-operative pneumothorax. You'll see that this patient was admitted with septic shock secondary to UTI and an obstructing stone. The patient underwent cystoscopy with stent placement. The chest X-ray on hospital day two, after the procedure, included suspicion for small left pneumothorax. Repeat chest X-rays, which stated, "No definite pneumothorax is identified." And then another repeat chest X-ray stated, "No evidence of pneumothorax." The chest X-ray for the next day did not mention anything about pneumothorax. The progress notes on hospital day three stated, "Left apical pneumothorax. Doubtful pneumothorax resolved." Pneumothorax was originally coded with POA N, resulting in PSI 6. We recommended a clinical validity review of the pneumothorax, in this case. And if the pneumothorax was not confirmed, then this case does not qualify for PSI 6. And at this time, I'd like to turn the presentation back over to Sue to discuss our final topic. OK. Thank you, Audrey. So I'll be wrapping up with discharge disposition. (DESCRIPTION) Discharge disposition compliance. (SPEECH) So the discharge disposition is the code that identifies where the patient was discharged to at the end of their hospitalization. So patients can be discharged to home, they can expire, they can be transferred to another acute care facility to name a few examples of discharge disposition. And I think that most of us who work in the coding arena and the inpatient setting are very familiar with discharge disposition. So as mentioned before, some of the components of discharge disposition may impact PSIs, CMS's mortality, and readmission measures, as well as other quality reporting organizations metrics. So it's very important to correctly report the discharge disposition. I would also be remiss if I didn't mention that there's also a compliance aspect to reporting the discharge disposition. I'll spend a few minutes talking about CMS's acute care transfer policy, as well as their post-acute care transfer policy. So-- but first, let's talk about capturing and reporting the discharge disposition. Obviously, this can't be identified and reported until the end of the patient's hospitalization when it's known how they're going to disposition. (DESCRIPTION) Table. (SPEECH) Here are some examples of disposition code. I think I-- one of the slide had some disposition code choices. (DESCRIPTION) Quality metrics using discharge disposition. (SPEECH) Patient went home. They went to rehab. They died. Or they're going to home health care. The discharge disposition code is entered into the registration system. And what is a little different here from some of the other components we previously talked about today is that the inpatient coding professional, who performs the final medical coding after discharge, is usually the person tasked with validating that the discharge disposition is correct, or updating it in the system if it's not. And that sounds easy enough, but I can assure you that that's not. So before joining 3M, I spent many years as a coding manager. And one of the recurring challenges we faced in coding was making sure we got the discharge disposition correct. It was not uncommon at all to find conflicting documentation about the patient's disposition in the medical record. One note may say that the patient was being discharged to home. Another note or maybe case manager or social worker note might say that the patient was going to rehab. And a third might say the patient was going home with home health care. So we had to develop a process with our case management department because typically, case management departments and organizations have the best handle on what's happening to the patient post-discharge. That resulted in us receiving a daily 20 to 30 page fax of patients who were discharged the previous day, and their correct discharge disposition. And then we use that list to update our coding extracting system with that discharge disposition. So when the coding professional finished the case and sent it to the claim form, it would automatically be updated. (DESCRIPTION) Quality metric and facility table. (SPEECH) So I wanted to talk about the quality metrics piece. So mortality outcomes are attributed to the admitting hospital. And in cases of transfers, the sequence of hospitalizations is treated as one episode of care. And the admission and associated outcomes are attributed to the first admitting hospital. So for example, if a patient is admitted to acute care hospital A, and then transfer to acute care hospital B, the admission and the associated outcome-- by outcome, meaning, they survived or they died within 30 days-- is attributed only to hospital A. For readmission measures, if the patient left against medical advice as a discharge disposition, that record is excluded from the measure. And then for other quality organizations, we know that discharge disposition is used in risk adjustment and/or exclusion criteria. So again, we've mentioned the intricacies of the quality metrics. And this is definitely in that same vein. And you think about everything being attributed to hospital A, and it's concerning, but that is the methodology today. So the acute care transfer policy. I mentioned the compliance aspect of discharge dispositions. Under the acute care transfer policy, Medicare makes full MS-DRG payments to inpatient perspective payment systems, IPPS hospitals, when the patient is discharged to home or certain types of health-- other types of health care institutions such as patient discharge status code of 4, which means the patient is going to an intermediate care facility. I don't want to really get into the weeds about this policy-- this webinar. And I've summarized it or tried to simplify it, if you will, on the screen. But please know that this is far more detailed and complex than you see on screen. And the bottom line is that an incorrect discharge disposition may lead to incorrect payment for the organization. And this would become a compliance issue that would need to be rectified. So in addition to quality metrics, which is our focus today, you know what? There's also this other big important thing that discharge dispositions support. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Post-acute care transfer. (SPEECH) I also wanted to mention the post-acute care transfer policy. A post-acute care transfer occurs when a patient is classified to one of a group of specified MS-DRGs, and the transfer occurs to one of the facilities listed here on screen. So when this happens, the transferring hospital is paid based on a per diem rate up to an-- including the full DRG payment. The final discharging hospital or facility or agency is paid based on the full prospective payment rate, which may include a cost outlier, if applicable, and a special payment post-acute transfer occurs, and a special pay DRG resulting in the transferring hospital being paid 50% of the payment and 50% of the transfer payment. So suffice it to say, again, intricacies here. But if the discharge disposition is incorrect, payment to the facility will be incorrect, and again, a concern for a compliance issue. (DESCRIPTION) Before and after table. (SPEECH) So just a quick look at a discharge disposition example. So in this particular case, a patient was admitted for a malignant small bowel obstruction due to peritoneal cavity metastasis. The discharge disposition was reported as home, that the patient went home. However, the discharge summary stated, "Discussed with cancer hospital liason. Patient will be transferred this evening as there is a bed available. Disposition, transfer to cancer hospital for higher level of care." Based on this documentation, we recommended revising the discharge disposition from home to the discharge disposition for another institution, in this case, a cancer hospital. OK. At this time, I will turn this over to Audrey to wrap up. Audrey. (DESCRIPTION) Key takeaways. (SPEECH) Thank you so much, Sue. And so what are the key takeaways from today's presentation? As you have heard from this presentation, these minor abstracting-- what we call minor abstracting items may have a major impact on quality outcomes. However, we cannot really call these minor abstracting items. They are very important and ones that should not be overlooked. We recommend incorporating these five components into your daily auditing process. The audit may be a coding or DRG accuracy audit, compliance audit, or a quality audit. To ensure the accurate and consistent application of some of these components, it is important to review the definitions with those involved, those who would initially capture the information and those who are validating the information. Then it is important to create a process to correct the inconsistencies. Finally, it's necessary to establish a clinical validity review process. Work with your medical staff to develop clinical criteria for these high impact diagnoses. But remember, you may still need to obtain additional documentation when the provider documents a diagnosis, and it does not meet the facility's established criteria, either to support the diagnosis or to eliminate it. And then thank you so much for your time and attention today. At this time, I'd like to turn the presentation back over to Lisa. And let's see if we have any questions that have been posed. (DESCRIPTION) Q and A. (SPEECH) Great. Thank you, both Sue and Audrey. We do have a lot. So we will get to as many as we can. A couple of questions that did come in was about the recording. If there's going to be a recording, and if there's a handout. So before we get to Q&A, I just wanted to answer those real quickly. So in a few weeks, we will be adding this recording as well as all of our other quality and CDI innovation webinars. They're all on our website. So in the next few weeks, this recording will be there. So be sure to check back for that. And then a couple other questions were about is the presentation available for download. And it is-- it's in the Resources section under, I believe, I call it Handout. So that is the presentation for today. So you can download that as well. And lastly, the certificate of attendance is in there too. So make sure you-- while we're answering questions, go into the Resources section, and you can download those PDFs. All right. So let's go ahead and start with questions. Our first question is, is it possible for a condition designated as W to be the principal Dx? I'll take that one. Yes, it is possible. W, remember, means clinically undetermined. So the provider has told us that they cannot clinically determine if it was present on admission or not. And I know it does seem strange for a W-- a condition that would have a W as the POA indicator to be sequenced as the principal diagnosis. But it is allowed, it can happen, but it should be extremely rare that it happens. Some of those times could be the sepsis, because sepsis is sometimes difficult to find out when it occurred. And you may have queried the provider to find out, was this present on admission or not? The physician is not able to really state. But that is the condition that necessitated the inpatient status. So it is possible to put a W as the POA indicator on the principal diagnosis. There's nothing that does not allow it. It's just going to be rare. And I'm not advocating for it to be your principal diagnosis. But it can happen. All right. Our next question is, what is your point of view adding condition was evolving at the time of admission order when, specifically in sepsis as query response option? So I believe this is saying like the POA status, basically, of this condition. And they're saying it's evolving at the time of admission. Because I'm getting documentation like that from the provider, it does indicate that it was present on admission. I believe the physician is trying to put as much information that they know clinically about this. They're not willing to wholeheartedly say, yes, it was present on admission, but saying that was evolving at the time of admission means that it probably was there at the time of admission. And I, personally, would put a POA Yes for that type of a condition. Sue, do you have any additional thoughts? No. I think you answered that how I would answer it. All right. A couple questions did come in about CEU. So I do want to pause on that real quick. So the certificate of attendance that we provide can be submitted to an accredited association. And so whether you want to submit it at AHIMA or ACTIS. For CEUs, you can. And that's what that certificate of attendance is for. We don't actually provide the CEU. You provide that certificate to one of the accredited associations. So hopefully, that answers some of those questions. All right. Let's go to a question from Sarah. Are all patients admitted from ED, urgent or other? I'll take that. So I think it's-- if a patient is being admitted through the ED, they would be urgent or other. But I would say, you should go back to your patient registration department to see what type of guidelines they follow or they have to follow. I mentioned the job aids, what is their policy. There might be some extenuating circumstances where it might not be urgent or emergent. I can't think of what that might be at the moment. I also would say that with this situation, more and more nursing is involved in the determination of what is the patient's status as well, and more and more nursing is involved in the bed placement process in hospitals today. It's a partnership with patient access. So a lot of the policies or decisions may be made by the nursing people responsible to work with patients who are being admitted to the hospital. So it just stands to reason if you're coming through an ED, would be urgent or emergent. But there could be some other reason that they wouldn't be. So I would say, go back and check with your organization. Great. All right. Let's go to a question from Sandra. If a patient is admitted from an assisted living facility, what would be the point of origin? So I-- unless there's something specific for assisted living facility, it would probably-- oh, good. Thank you for going back there. Let's see. (DESCRIPTION) Point of origin table. (SPEECH) I'm going to wager, it's probably one. But Audrey, do you have a thought on that? Well, I see for the value 5, that assisted living facility is added-- Oh, there. --into the-- OK. There you go. OK. Yeah. It's a non-newborn admission transferred from a skilled nursing facility, ICF, or even the assisted living facility or others. So I think that would capture a lot of those how they're coming into the facility. All right. Another question about patients at home on hospice. What is their point of origin? Now I do see that F is transferred from a hospice facility. But I think if they're on home hospice, that that would be a non-health care facility point of origin, because they are coming from home. I think the intent of this is where are they really coming in from? They want to know, was it a facility or not? I do see on here that the home health agency was officially retired in 2010. So I'm thinking 1 for the home hospice. And I see that we also loose a question there about the point of origin for an LTA. So that's a long term acute care hospital. So I'm thinking that it might be 4, because it's long term acute care. And I don't see another specific listing like in 5, for example. (DESCRIPTION) Text, 4, Transfer from a hospital, different facility. (SPEECH) All right. Our next question is, are you saying there wasn't enough documentation on that surgery-- so this will probably be referencing one of our earlier slides going back-- on that surgery report to use that complication as the primary diagnosis, or we should query it-- query if we feel the connection is not made clear enough? (DESCRIPTION) Before and after table. Colon perforation. (SPEECH) I think, on this particular example, and basically, on a lot of these types of cases. And once again, each record stands on its own merit, that it is better to query to get the provider to answer the question, why was the patient converted to the inpatient status? It's-- the providers are not always clear on why the patient was switched over. And I think that that either querying or even having some verbal conversations or education to the physicians-- to the providers to say, please document the reason why the patient is becoming into the inpatient status. That will help be able to prevent any denial-- or well, help to assist in any denials or any rebuttals to denials. So that's why it is always best to query when the documentation is not clear why it's coming in. It did seem like-- I mean, this one was a good example where we almost had enough documentation there to be able to support it without a query, putting the POA of yes, and that was the reason why they're coming in. But going back to what I was saying, that different payers have different rules regarding observation and when they're going to count the observation to-- or the admit date be before-- at the point of observation or is it going to be after the observation status. So I think that's always good too to be able to get that documentation in there to support what's going on. And then you can still work with what was the actual admit date for that payer. And this could be one of those task force meeting to be able to find out some of the rules and guidelines regarding different payers and working with physicians, and getting that documentation to be able to help support what would be the admit date, and then-- so you can establish your principal diagnosis. All right. So we probably have time for one more question. And I know it's tough to scroll through all of them. Audrey or Sue, is there one last one that you think would be a good one for us to get to? And while you're looking, there was a question about AAPC CEUs. I, unfortunately, do not know that answer. We recommend either-- oh, go ahead, Sue. Yeah, I was going to say, AAPC typically requires organizations to have prior approval, and their specific code number assigned to the certificate in order for you to submit it. So my recommendation would be that you contact AAPC, and ask them if they will accept this without prior approval. So that's up to them. They're usually pretty specific, unless they've changed recently. Perfect. Thanks, Sue. Yeah. Was there a question that you were wanting-- Well, I just-- --from the audience? I think there's a question here about the patient who was transferred to the cancer facility. And the question is, what happens if there is-- there's a days delay for the patient to be transferred to the cancer facility because of no bed. So if-- I guess, if the patient goes somewhere else, if they go home and then they're going to be admitted from home to the cancer center, then the discharge disposition would be home. It doesn't indicate-- I mean, they said, would they need to document discharge to home? I mean, I think, you could say patient is going home to be admitted to cancer hospital. One bed available. If there's some-- that sounds like a very specific kind of situation. And a lot of these questions are very specific kinds of situations. You might need to do some investigation on that on your end. (DESCRIPTION) The Q and A slide reappears. (SPEECH) And then there-- I agree with that. I was to go on to another question in here that, please review what 3M has to offer for coders to identify PSI prior to bill drop. There is a-- in 360, there's a flag in CRS plus that you'll get a flag if there is a PSI on the case. So that is some of what 3M has identified to be able to flag if PSI. All right. Great. Well let's go ahead, since we are just about at time, and this will give everybody time to take a quick break before they're on to their next thing for the day. As a reminder, the handout is in the resources section as well as a couple other resources in there. There are links to our upcoming boot camps. We encourage you to click on those if you are interested in getting more information about that. And we will have one more-- oh, what month are we in? September, October, November. Yes. We will have one more quality webinar this year that we will send communications out on that. If you are interested in registering for those, we always appreciate you joining. We had a very large number today, which is great. This is such an important topic. So we certainly appreciate your time as well as the information from Sue and Audrey. We are getting comments in about how informative it was. And so we know this will be something that people will want to go back and listen to. So make sure you do check our website here in the next few weeks. And we also have, coming up in October, our CDI innovation webinar. So if you are interested in that, you can certainly register for that as well. And so again, we appreciate all of your time today. We appreciate the information. And if you have any questions, please feel free to reach out. And again, thank you to both Sue and Audrey for today. And we will talk to you all in November. Thank you very much. Thank you. (DESCRIPTION) Text, 3M Education boot camps. Virtual advanced CDI training. The advanced CDI training week offers comprehensive CDI education addressing fundamental CDI skills and the clinical and coding concepts behind many key major diagnostic categories. This training week is a crucial starting point. Upcoming advanced CDI training week. November 1st through 5th. Virtual advanced quality training. Discover how CDI, coding and quality efforts can impact the quality of care across various value-based purchasing initiatives. The. quality training is a great followup to the Advanced CDI training. Upcoming Advanced quality training weeks, November 15th through 19th.

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      What you do not know (or audit) may hurt your quality scores

      • September 2022

        Skeptical that another audit can improve your organization's quality scores? Join us as 3M experts walk through the often overlooked components that may impact your scores. Learn about the importance of looking beyond the codes as we showcase examples and actual results.

        Webinar handout (PDF, 995 KB)

    • (DESCRIPTION) A 3M Web Page, Text, New year, new webinar platform! 3M Quality Webinar Services. (SPEECH) Hi, and good afternoon. Thank you for joining today's July quality webinar. We're going to get started here in just another minute. A couple emails are coming through that a couple of people aren't able to join so I am just getting some of these emails out to a few people, sending them a different link. And hopefully, they will be able to join. So we'll just give them maybe a couple extra 30 seconds to join, and we'll get things started. All right, let's go ahead and get started. Hopefully, the ones that weren't able to join will be able to join here soon. Again, welcome to the July CDI-- oh, I'm sorry, July quality webinar. I'm losing track of months. (DESCRIPTION) Evolution of CDI, Part 2: A new frontier, the emergence and growth of outpatient CDI. (SPEECH) As we kick off our part two in this series of the evolution of CDI. Before we get things started, I just wanted to go over a couple of housekeeping items. This is a new platform so if you joined us last year and haven't joined us yet, you'll see that we have a new platform with a lot of new features. It's definitely more interactive, which is great. So you're able to minimize and bring up those different sections if you want to. If you do need closed captioning, you can get that into the media player. If you are having any issues with audio, check your settings. You will join via your computer, not a dial-in information. Again, you have the ability to move these sections around, making it a bit more interactive. We certainly encourage questions. You can put that in the Q&A section of the dashboard. We'll get to as many as we can at the end. We do offer a certificate of attendance, and that is in the resources section. There's a bunch of resources in there. That's the handout, the certificate of attendance. If you do want to go back and listen in to the part one from May, you can click on it there all in the resources section. And we always appreciate at the end if you can complete the survey, just to let us know how we're doing. We have a great group of speakers today, with Colleen Deighan, Chris Berg, and Richard Wetherbee. And so I'm going to pass it on over to Colleen to get us started. (DESCRIPTION) Text, Meet our speakers. Photos of each speaker appear with bios. Chris Berg is an Outpatient Consultant with 3M H,I,S Consulting and has over 30 years of experience in Health Information Management, including extensive experience in outpatient coding, documentation integrity, and health care compliance. Colleen Deighan is a consultant with 3M Health Information Systems, where she provides advisory services on outpatient CDI, clinical coding and revenue cycle management to 3M clients. Richard Wetherbee, M,S, BSN, RN, is a Registered Nurse and currently works for 3M Health Information Systems as a Process Improvement Clinical Consultant. (SPEECH) Thank you, Lisa, and good afternoon, everyone. We are very excited to talk to you about this topic. I know I speak for myself, Chris, and Rich. We've been preparing this talk to you and anxious. We're all three of us very interested in this topic. So just quick agenda items that we really want to talk about the impact to your CDI programs. We definitely see many inpatient CDI programs expanding into the outpatient area. So what are some of those impacts? Talk about how to effectively implement an outpatient CDI program. There's definitely some differences, obviously, between outpatient and inpatient CDI so talk a little bit about that and close with some lessons learned. So we really want to make this informational, and we encourage you to ask questions. We're going to leave some time at the end to really address some of our questions we find sometimes in our surveys that that's a common question. Response is wish we had more time to go through the questions so we definitely want to dedicate some time. So we're just going to go ahead and get started here. Lisa did mention part one. So this slide here is from Cheryl Manchenton's part one evolution, which again, was from May of 2022, just a few months ago. And Lisa did present that link in the resources if you haven't had an opportunity to listen to that. You can definitely do that on demand at any time, and it's a really good informational session, as well, around the journey. And one of the questions here was presenting was where do we go from here so I really think this particular slide of her sets the table for us as we go through those waves there around that initial CDI program that goes way back to around 2000. So 20-plus years CDI, starting in the DRG assurance arena, has been around and just really, again, that financially based, that generational waves as we moved into the severity of illness, risk of mortality in our APR DRG world, expanding into looking at severity of illness and clinical validations. And then she talked about in phase four really a full comprehensive CDI program with mortality reviews with a look at patient safety indicators, hospital acquired conditions. Even we see maturation of some programs focusing on HCCs as part of that inpatient concurrent review, just really more around documentation integrity than documentation improvement. So the term CDI started out as Clinical Documentation Improvement. I think it was in 2019 we saw ACDIS and AHIMA adopt that word integrity. And then Cheryl talked about phase five, which again sets the table for what we want to talk about today in the outpatient arena on really just a comprehensive review of documentation in all care settings and, again, expanding into just not necessarily impact to the case but overall integrity of the documentation. (DESCRIPTION) What is Outpatient CDI? Outpatient definition source, medicare dot gov. And Clinical Documentation Integrity, CDI, a-h-i-m-a dot org. (SPEECH) So this is a good question. We've tossed around a lot internally. So what actually is outpatient CDI? So I put up on here, first of all, Medicare's definition of outpatient. So this comes from a Medicare website to its beneficiaries. So they define for their beneficiaries what it means to be an inpatient, which means you have, as we all know, a formal order from your doctor to admit you to the hospital. And the time you're in the hospital till you're discharged, you're considered an inpatient. And then there's outpatient. So if you look at what's there-- so it's really everything else. And that adds to some of the conundrum of outpatient CDI. So whether you're in the emergency department having observation services, seeing a physician in the clinic, having a diagnostic radiology test, or an outpatient surgery, or an endoscopy, all of those services certainly can happen during an admission. But if your doctor hasn't written an admission order, you're considered an outpatient. And CMS even adds the caveat that even if you spend the night in the hospital doesn't necessarily mean that you're admitted. So I think I like to define outpatient because it really helps to really, for me, talk about so many different areas that the Clinical Documentation Integrity program can go or focus on in the outpatient setting. And then we look at the definition of CDI. So what I really struggled with was finding a definition of outpatient CDI. Does the industry have a definition for outpatient CDI? So we start with essentially what Medicare says is everything other than an inpatient is considered outpatient services and just the wide breadth of those services. And then the CDI program really focusing on the accuracy, the completeness, the preciseness of the documentation that accurately reflects a patient's disease burden and the services provided to that patient and then how that data then, which we always said whether it's written with an ink pen, it's keyboarded, it's -- scribed, it's dictated, all that translates into coded data that then translates in and used in so many different areas, a few of them listed here, such as reimbursement, public health data, disease tracking, and so on. Chris, anything that you think about when we think-- we tried and really struggled with kind of finding a definition of outpatient CDI for the industry. We did. We looked at different websites, looking at also ambulatory CDI as it's also called. It is going back to those documentation integrity specifics of being clear, consistent, complete, what we see on the inpatient side, transferring that into the outpatient arena. And again, I think that arena, that funnel is so huge. That's really what some of the things we want to talk about here today as we get into this. So we're going to-- I'm going to turn it over here to you, Rich, to ask our first question. Great. Thank you, Colleen. Good afternoon, everyone, or good morning, or good evening, depending on where you are today. My name's Rich Weatherby, registered nurse, 3M clinical consultant. And today's first question is, do you currently have a dedicated outpatient CDI program within your organization? Please trigger yes, no, or unsure. And we'll give you a few seconds to do that right now. Yeah. I think that we see a mixture of responses when we ask this question. I think there's still a lot of chatter about outpatient CDI. I think a lot of people say we should be doing something, just not really sure where to start. I'm a proponent of that inpatient CDI team. Under that leadership, developing an outpatient CDI team within that same leadership structure. And I think, again, we see, whether it's an ACDIS poll, an AHIMA poll, a 3M poll, this is a common question we like to ask just to see what's going on in the industry because this pulse is-- even though it's been around for a while, it's still sort of a new concept to a lot of folks. Especially [INAUDIBLE]. Colleen, we have over 700 folks and attendees today. And looks like we're tallying up to close to 400 responses. So why don't I segue towards what that response looks like? So with respect to-- go right ahead. No. Go ahead, Rich. Here's the answer. The question again is do you currently have a dedicated outpatient CDI program within your organization. And 31 and 1/2% said yes. 55% said no. And unsure at 13.4%. So that's a great stock for us. So why don't we move us forward? Yeah. So just one comment on that. I think, again, it's good to see all three of those responses, because I think, again, we hope a lot of you are here to think about CDI and some of the information that we have. So go ahead with poll question number two there, Rich, please. Here we go. So if you do not have an outpatient CDI program, are you considering implementing an outpatient CDI program in the next 12 months? Again, the answer is yes, no, or unsure. And one of the things that I have in here is the survey, so ACDIS, the Association of Clinical Documentation Integrity Specialists, of which I am a member-- Chris is a member. I'm sure many of you listening in are members. They have a CDI week in September. So I have some of the data around a similar question here of what we saw. There's still a lot of people thinking, again, I know I need to do something. I'm just not sure really what to do. So just curious to some of the responses here around-- and maybe you're not sure as you're listening. We know not everybody is a CDI specialist listening in. But if you know within either your planning or within your organization, you're hearing anything about outpatient CDI. And as we give folks a couple more seconds, we asked in the next 12 months because it is a time consuming process. There's a lot that goes into it and on top of all the other initiatives that may be going on. But it gives us a key ballpark figure with these responses. So I'm going to move us forward. And we have about 250 responses here. And here we go. 22% said yes. 24% said no. And 53.3% are unsure if whether or not within the next 12 months they'll be implementing a CDI program. (DESCRIPTION) What is driving the need for Outpatient CDI? Like inpatient clinical documentation, outpatient and professional services documentation is important to the quality of care, reimbursement, population health and overall success of the healthcare industry. Who are the users of outpatient clinical documentation? Providers, public health agencies, payers, pharmaceutical industry, government organizations, non-government organizations, health systems, researchers. (SPEECH) Well, then again, those of you that, again, this was a caveat of 55% that said, no, we don't have a current program, what percentage of those were a yes And whether, again, you've got some plans or you don't have any plans. Hopefully, you'll learn something today that maybe will get your organization moving forward on this. So thank you again for our poll questions. We do have one more in just a moment. But I think that's, again, it helps us understand our audience and who's listening. And so we appreciate those that did respond to those. So again, the need is pretty diverse. But just like inpatient documentation integrity that we've been doing for 20 plus years I've been involved in CDI-- I'm not going to lie. I've been around since the paper days of 2000. Those first days of DRG assurance is what it was called with paper books, and paper DRG worksheets, and going up to the floor and reviewing documentation so this is long before the electronic medical record, but that same impact that we need in both the outpatient areas and professional services for quality of care, payment, population health. And really the industry itself, we see the shift from inpatient and outpatient and the shift from fee for service to value base. And really sort of the physician space is kind of the last base of that when we think about DRGs in that perspective. Payment model APCs of 2000 ambulatory payment classifications of CMS is another prospective payment model for outpatient facility services. And then some of these risk-based plans that we see organizations and physician practice entering into is also a prospective model so that overall success of not only population health but the industry itself. So I have a textbook that I actually-- there's an AHIMA book. It's called Clinical Documentation Improvement for Outpatient Care. It was written by Pamela Carroll Hess. It goes back to 2018, which I think is when you search either ACDIS or you search AHIMA, which are two big industries for documentation integrity coding, there's a lot of information that starts around 2015, 2016. There was discussion for the case for outpatient CDI, how the time is now for outpatient CDI, what to consider. So it's been a conversation for the last six or seven years. Still seeing a lot of us hearing about it for the first time, a lot of us still doing that discovery. But I think this textbook identifies these important areas. And we talk about providers and this need for documentation Integrity in the outpatient setting for, again, the same when we think about all that journey of 20 years of inpatient CDI and the success of those programs for organizations. When we go into the outpatient area, the physician clinic area, identifying providers using documentation for disease process, for treatment option, even collaboration of care, and the public health agencies for tracking informational diseases, infectious disease type. Other public health issues are payers setting a lot of payment policy, the pharmaceutical industry, government organizations. When we think about the Department of Health and Human Services, the Office of Inspector General, all of those, they have the same sort of CMS initiative to secure the Medicare Trust Fund, so fraud and abuse, a lot of this data integrity used in those different types of programs and certainly research, health systems utilizing this information for strategic. So we're only as good as the documentation in the record. Right. So we've talked about that for a long time on the inpatient side. So I think it's an important driving force here as well. So we're going to go on to our last question here. All righty. So this last question. For those of you with active outpatient CDI programs and/or planning for an outpatient CDI, what is your focus area? And these are our choices. ED/observation surfaces, E and M accuracy, HCC diagnosis capture, medical necessity, denials management, or other. Please take a few minutes. We'll tally them up. So in our first poll, there was about 33%, 34% that said they did have a dedicated outpatient CDI program. So those are the folks are-- even those that are again thinking about it, planning something, have you thought about where do I want to start or where did I start? And that's what we're trying to get at here. These are some top ones and not all of them. That's why we added the other bucket. But this is some of the common areas that we see initial focus on the CDI program in the outpatient setting. I think it's also important-- Yeah. We didn't put them in any relevance order. I did want to say that. I was going to just add that I think it's also important with all these choices as you're planning, the consideration-- and we'll get into this a bit more. You don't want to boil the ocean. That's for sure. But with respect to a specific area, this kind of gives you some key opportunities here. Yeah. And maybe some of you have heard that second item there, E and M accuracy, we do know some folks do focus on that. Certainly in 2021, there were some changes to the office E and M category, significant changes. First time in 25 years that there were changes made to those. And they were really around focusing the physician into more of how to intuitively care for patients with the medical decision making component. So we're going to see some changes again in January 2023 when the fiscal year for the outpatient or the amulatory setting and the physician fee service setting. So ED, observation, hospital inpatient services are undergoing those same changes we saw last year in 2023. So again, potential area of focus for many different reasons around the accuracy of that E&M or what some people refer to it as the E and M bell curve selection of the acuity of the patient. So interesting thought there. Yeah. Go ahead and read those off, please, Rich. Here we go. For those of you with active outpatient CDI programs or a plan of an outpatient CDI, what is your focus area? ED obs services, 14%; E and M accuracy, 13%; HCC diagnosis capture, 38%; looking at medical necessity at 13, almost 14%; denials management at 9.2% is the lowest percentage at this point and other at 10%. (DESCRIPTION) Text, A-C-D-I-S 2021 (September) CDI Survey. Question 27, Outpatient CDI Expansion, year over year. 29, Primary outpatient review focus. (SPEECH) Yeah. That's some good information, which takes us to the survey. So I clipped this out of the ACDIS 2021 CDI survey. So during CDI Week for the Association of Clinical Documentation Integrity Specialists or ACDIS, this survey-- I have actually last year's survey. They put the 2020 data into one of their questions. So this is a multiquestion survey. It's actually going on right now for 2022 which will be, again, revealed the findings in the September CDI Week. So interesting. I know for 2021, there were close to 1,000 people that responded, ACDIS members, to this survey. So it's a pretty robust survey. And I was really interested in outpatient CDI. So the question was around have you expanded into the outpatient arena. So interesting to see the '20 to '21 data there around, yes, we have a standalone. Yes, my inpatient CDISes or me as an inpatient CDI specialist, I do look at some outpatient records or, no, we don't have any plans. Yes, we're planning. So not a lot of shift in those. I think there was a shift-- we see about a 4% shift between, yes, we have a standalone or, no, we don't but we're planning. So that 20. So still when you think about that, we have 45% of the listeners in that particular survey, which is pretty similar to what we see here, really don't have any plans to really do anything with CDI and some that are working in CDI. This is a little lower than our percentage that we asked our listeners today. But then I think we don't but we're planning, we don't and we're not planning-- those are some of the drivers that are just interesting. I don't think there's a right or wrong answer, but it's just interesting to see. That's really probably the most reliable survey of the pulse of the outpatient CDI industry. And then I purposely put the full question before we showed this slide to question 29 in that survey, which was what is the primary focus. So 39% of our listeners today indicated HCCs. And then you can see from this particular survey and the survey questions, anywhere from 10% to 14% on ours today, whether it's E and M's, it's denials prevention, it's medical necessity, which could be next level of care for patient status, and emergency department and observation. The survey was low. It was 2 and 1/2%. It was 13% when we asked, 14%. And we like the ED obs. We think it's a natural area for an inpatient CDI to expand. So interesting just to see that. So I think, again, it calls to the wide funnel of outpatient CDI and where, again, I don't think there's a right or wrong answer of where you start your focus, just that there's so many different areas that you could really focus your program on. And I think, again, that adds to some of the conundrum about what should I do with outpatient CDI. So we're going to move on. And we've got some questions. Kind of make this a panel interactive between Chris, and Rich, and I. All right. Real quick I did want to mention to those who have joined, there were a couple that made a couple comments in the Q&A about not being able to see the slides. Just make sure you're checking that you are in Chrome and closing out of any VPN. And if you want to do a quick refresh, that might help. But we are going to have this presentation on demand on our website soon so you can always go back and listen as well. As well as a couple CEU questions. We do offer again that certificate of attendance to download. And you can submit that for CEU to associations to ACDIS and AHIMA. OK. So the first panel question we have is to you, Colleen. What are some of the things to consider when expanding CDI into outpatient settings? Thank you, Lisa. So I did work in the industry for a long time at a big academic medical center. I stood up an outpatient CDI program. I've been a director of CDI as well in the past. So I think there's a lot to think about here. But I kind of listed my top four things that I think about around what you should consider. So along with Rich's boil the ocean comment, I always say, first of all, you don't have to have everything figured out to get started. You can just get started. So it's OK to not have everything figured out. I also encourage you to think big and start small. So you really want to have those early wins and start in a small area. I think one of the things that is really important is understand the industry and do your homework on what the industry is saying. Spend those three hours of dedicated learning-- some people like to say 5 hours of deliberate learning a year. Focus on what is the industry saying. Between ACDIS, AAPC, AHIMA, and many other organizations, there's a lot of information, CMS being another one, about the expansion of clinical documentation integrity into the outpatient setting. So really do your homework and make sure then once you really feel like you can confidently speak about outpatient CDI, you want to align where you want to focus to what your organizational needs and strategic goals are. So that talks a little bit about collaborating. But really you want to work in conjunction with what's important to your organization. And that's why I say everybody's different. There's no right or wrong answer, but aligning what you want to do with CDI into what's important to your organization. And I think too, know the differences between inpatient and outpatient. Again, I'm a proponent of an inpatient CDI team standing up an outpatient team. But there are some differences. We're going to talk a little bit about that too but I think just at a high level, just the sheer volume of encounters in the outpatient setting is overwhelming. The timing of the reviews are going to be different. There's staffing considerations. What am I going to measure? What's important to measure? As some of the examples, as part of that research in the industry, and talking to leadership within your organization, and being prepared to know what am I getting myself into so to speak. And then certainly, senior leadership support is really important to help drive this forward from your starting point. And Chris, anything you would add to what I said there? Just that, again, it's not a one size fits all. And outpatient CDI is new compared to inpatient CDI. So if you start in one area and don't feel that that is an area that you're successful at, there are other areas to choose from and to consider when looking into an outpatient CDI program. So don't fix yourself into a box. There are other opportunities. Yeah. Anything, Rich, from you on that? Yeah. You know, I like to always consider the patient first. It's one full contiguous circle of care, the transition from walking through-- whether it's a PCP office, walking through an ED, from disposition of the physician of record, whether I'm an ops status, or whether I'm going to an inpatient unit, and whether I'm discharged in a timely manner. I consider the fact that why would I want to work toward an outpatient program if I have a viable inpatient CDI program. So I think about the patient experience and how achieving a quality driven program will reflect not only on patient outcomes, not only on ROI, but on your organization's overall rankings of quality measures, public opinion, and you'll have a consideration of matching up against your local peers and do it nationally. So there's a lot of reasons to do this. Yeah. Rich, you bring up a point. There are some outpatient CDI quality metrics that are part of the outpatient perspective payment system. I've talked about those on different webinars, too. And there's not a lot of awareness to them. But it seems like the hospital compare that we see those inpatient metrics. There are 25 or so metrics from an outpatient perspective. They do affect payment, but they're really about, again, the beneficiary and outcome. So a good point. Thanks for bringing that piece up. [INAUDIBLE] (DESCRIPTION) The next question appears regarding outpatient CDI. (SPEECH) All right. What advice would you give to an organization looking to implement a CDI program? And that is to Chris. Thanks, Lisa. So the advice that I would give to an organization looking to implement an outpatient CDI program is, again, it's not one size fits all. It's really looking at where your pain points are. Is it denials? Is it medical necessity-specific denials? Is it looking at the physician clinics, not only from an HCC perspective but from an E and M level accuracy with that physician, making sure that they're documenting everything that they do when they're seeing that patient in the clinic? We know that they're seeing the patient in the clinic and providing these services. We want to make sure that they're documenting what they do. And then also looking at the ED obs area. This is a great area from an inpatient perspective to an outpatient perspective when it comes to a CDI program. Using our inpatient CDI folks, focusing on those ED obs cases, we can look at making sure that POA is appropriately documented. In an obs case, we can make sure that the infusion and injections are being documented correctly, any other procedures that are being done in the ED obs area. We have so many opportunities specific to the ED obs area, making sure that patient status is correct, collaborating with the care management team, and making sure the process flows well for the patient as Rich said before, and just what are the pain points that you have at your facility that you want to make better? Also having the right people at the table. You want to make sure that you have leadership from not only HIM but finance, your contract management team. You need to have physician leadership, possibly population health folks at the table. And then really review your data. Your data shows a lot of information where to focus, specific to denials, HCC capture rates, those capturing those chronic conditions year over year. The E and M levels can be a great opportunity to help physicians, educate physicians as well as coders. Those are the big topics that I had as far as advice that I would give to an organization. Anything to add, Rich? Number one, your advice is spot on. That's so important. Also to understand your organization process. What is the process of the patient experience? And how does that tie into the outpatient CDI capture? Literally perform a step by step overview of who, how, when, and where. It's almost peeling back that layer of time after time to assure that you get this right. Dive into the patient experience flows. Dive into your CDI flows on the inpatient side and how that piece can actually segue way towards the outpatient-specific opportunity. Look at your emergency services. Look at the way that the ambulatory settings are actually communicating coming through your front doors. Look and consider the revenue leakage associated with the appropriate level of care from observation status versus inpatient status and how that actually gets captured in the record. How is that-- I call it the triangle of communication between the physicians on the outpatient side, the inpatient side, and that third point being the patient and where they end up. How efficient is that process? There are so many tangible flows, so many pieces to this puzzle that, again, it's very important to understand and really drill down what that process is at many levels. Thank you. And Colleen, do you have anything to add? Yeah, the only thing that I would say is, Chris, you really spoke to an assessment, right? So that's the beginning point. And if you go back to the active survey and even if you just use those five or six items that are there and do an assessment talk like Chris mentioned, if you want to think about ACC's talk to your health team, talk to your manager care, what kind of covered risk, how many covered lives are we talking about, how many risk contracts are we in, where is our ACC scores. A lot of people have that information. They're not always sure who to distribute it to, but sometimes going into those areas. So really doing that assessment and figuring out, again, by talking to different folks, where is my biggest opportunity, do I have a denials opportunity, are our risk scores very low, have we entered into some new risk contracts, do we have a lot of revenue leakage-- that's a common term we use in the ED to observation versus inpatient status or short stay ED denials, this condition 44 claims-- is that a big area for us that maybe we could focus some efforts on. So that, and I always say whichever area you focus on, don't forget as we all know the stories in the medical record, right? So you want to do those record reviews. But thinking again about staffing, where am I going to start where I've got some engaged physicians or engaged leadership that's going to really help us be successful. And again, I always say start small, think big, but start small, but really do a good assessment educational. There's new knowledge that's going to be needed to do some of this work that you maybe haven't done before. So what are the educational needs that we have? Not only our CDI team and our coding team, but our physicians and other providers-- where is there an educational gap? And communication, of course, is a big part of being successful. But really that all those points that Chris mentioned is really just doing a thorough assessment. Thank you. We'll go on to the next question. (DESCRIPTION) Quote, Don't be afraid to fail. Be afraid not to try. Michael Jordan (SPEECH) All right. How is outpatient CDI different than inpatient CDI? And that is another question for Chris. OK. From an outpatient CDI perspective, when you think about the ED and you think about those office visits, those are short stays, very little time, high volume cases that we are seeing on the outpatient side. The query perspective is different. So on the inpatient side, we're looking at it concurrently. On the outpatient side, we may be looking at it prospectively in the clinics. And then concurrently in the ED and the OBS area to get that documentation up to what the physician is treating the patient for. And the regulatory laws for outpatient CDI-- there are many different rules and regulations, even specific to coding guidelines. The outpatient coding guidelines are different than inpatient coding guidelines. In the outpatient area, really in the ED, we may see a lot of symptom diagnoses because of those short stays that the ED docs are seeing patients for. So we may not have a definitive diagnosis to code. Also having the communication with the coding team, making sure that you collaborate with your coding team on the outpatient side for those office visits as well as those ED and OBS cases. So if you're sending a query on those OBS cases and it is answered, you want to make sure that on the coding end of it, did they see that query, did they see that it was answered and appropriately documented in the record, as well as did they code it. So we want to have that communication that they have on the inpatient side. They discuss the DRG, they discuss the documentation in the record, still having that great communication and collaboration between CDI and coding teams. So again, just as far as what the difference is-- also the education, going from an inpatient CDI to an outpatient CDI, the coding guidelines, documentation guidelines are different. So that learning curve maybe for a short stint in the outpatient. But many RNs are going from an inpatient to an outpatient perspective and then in looking into getting credentialed for that outpatient coding credential and having both the CDI and the coding credential which is needed on the outpatient side. Also think about those physicians that are in the office that are billing their own levels and billing their own ICD-10 codes. They may need assistance with that. So education to physicians is important in the outpatient side. So as Michael Jordan said, "Don't be afraid to fail. Be afraid not to try." So there are so many opportunities in the outpatient side. It's getting specific to where you want to focus and then educating your CDI team to those specific regulations. So, anything to add, Colleen? Yeah, the only thing that strikes me too is that I think the awareness, right? So again, CDI been around for a long number of years, but a lot of the providers that you're going to see whether you're working in the clinic or you're working in the ED area, they aren't familiar with CDI, they aren't familiar with queries. And so some of it is just that awareness of that piece. Again, I'm a proponent of utilizing your bench, your inpatient bench, and having some of those [INAUDIBLE] start on the outpatient area, know those gaps of a learning curve. But they bring a lot to I think it's easier to backfill that bench than start completely new. But one thing too consider I think when I-- the majority of specialists in CDI on the inpatient side are our clinical. I think there is a need for a good mix, maybe a more of a mix between CDI and coding professionals in that outpatient area that can really work together. But again, just the timing of the review, the volume of the records, the awareness, I think is the one big takeaway. It's almost like starting over in some cases because there's not the same awareness, which was kind of surprising to me, especially in the ED. Different customers that we've worked with-- it's really just that awareness to what CDI and what we bring to the table. It was something they weren't as familiar with as our doctors that work in the hospital. Thanks. And Rich, do you have anything to add? No, I would just add that one of the differentiators would be on the PCP side when you really consider and looking at the HCCs and how the HCCs are tied in crosswalk with the ICD-10 codes. And that example would be an 80 or 70 or a 65-year-old patient who walks in, comes in with congestive heart failure as well as diabetes controlled, say. And you look at that patient and the risk scores that are associated with that and the demographic scores that are associated and cumulatively how that really looks from a CDI perspective. And then whether or not there's a disease interaction between the two in this particular case and this particular those two HCC there are. So the bottom line here is that with excellent documentation, with very specific inclusion criteria for meat, that the meat objective for the physicians, you come up with that rahf score and there's a reimbursement strategy that's associated with that. I think the importance to this statement is the fact that if you're doing it correctly, number one, you have a quality outcome. You have better outcomes with your patients. You're not really missing anything. At the same time, you increase in the revenue. So there's a lot of opportunity there just in that one example. Thank you. You're welcome. All right. So for our last question, what are some lessons learned from inpatient CDI that can translate into outpatient CDI. And that is for Colleen. Yeah, we want to just wrap up here quickly because we do have a number of questions. So I want to get to some of those. But I think the lessons-- I just have for lessons learned again. I think, again, going back to Cheryl and her presentation in part one in May just a few months ago was-- as you thought about that journey, we started out in a bubble in a HIM, and then SOI and ROM came into play in the mortality reviews and the shift to MSTRGs and the need to work with quality on patient safety indicators and hospital acquired conditions. And then Cheryl mentioned infectious disease and those different impacts. And I think that was a good lesson learned when you come into the outpatient area, which is more revenue cycle focus than our sweet spot as CDI professionals I always say is in the middle of the revenue cycle. But that collaboration that Cheryl talked about that really-- the growth of CDI, the evolution of CDI, a collaboration is a big piece of that. My second point is always, again, remember the journey. One of the things that I struggle with sometimes is we've been doing inpatient CDI for a long time and we've gotten good at that and we have good industry metrics that we measure. We have technology to assist us with our reporting. There are some lacking of that in the outpatient area. And again, depending on where you're going to focus your efforts-- one of the things we noticed as an example is the query rate. So we have an industry benchmark around query rate for inpatient. When you get to the ED and OBS area of that query, what should it be, what's a good query rate, watching that month over month or quarter over quarter. There aren't so same industry benchmarks. So I always say, remember the journey and be sort kind, I guess, to outpatient that is still very new and we need some of the technology. So when I think about that, how can my existing technology help me in particular in the [? ED-Obs ?] area, can we leverage some of the technology and some of the reporting that we do in our inpatient solutions to help us in the outpatient areas, or can I start without a technology solution, how do I get there. So I think thinking about what can I leverage in my existing reporting structure to help me tell the story of my outpatient. And just sort of finally stay committed. Like Chris said, start somewhere. It's OK to not have it all figured out. Maybe you need to shift your focus. But stay committed to what you wanted to do, but flexible on the details because it is still going to be very new. A lot of people compare outpatient CDI to inpatient CDI and just, again, the technology solutions and reporting and the metrics. There's still a lot to figure out that we need to, as an industry, help figure out together. So I'm going to turn it over to you, Nisa. And I did see some questions in the chat. One of them, there's a question from David Gaff around demonstrating measurable CDI impact. I think that's a good question. Do you want me to address that one? Yeah, go for it. Yeah, let's start off there. Yeah. So David asked the question about how do you demonstrate measurable impact to CDI, and use HCCs as an example. So one of the things you can do with HCCs is look at your overall buy plan, buy health plan, how many covered lives do we have per plan because it is based on a plan. So do I have a Cigna plan, do I have a plan with a Blue plan or whatever and how many covered lives are in there, and what's the average RAF score. So I could I do some kind of a metric to predict how I could improve that. And some of it's just looking at the HCC categories and seeing from a starting point, do I do I focus on a location or do I focus on an HCC category such as diabetes, which brought up a little bit about diabetes, it's actually hypoglycemia in the outpatient settings. One of the biggest opportunities we see a similar hierarchy in diabetes that we see in DRG is where there's a triplet of HCCs for diabetes. So you could look at it from the HCC perspective and say, do I want to focus on a certain HCC? Or do I want to focus on a certain plan and look at that with a low RAF score or a particular location? So being able to track either baseline RAF or HCC capture by category are two ways you can really-- you want your baseline and then measure your impact as those increase because of the impact of CDI. One thing I do say though-- the caveat is this is a prospective payment model. So HCCs that you're predicting next year's cost of care. So it's not like increasing the CMI or the CCMC and seeing that immediate impact to the bottom line. It takes some time, but you can still see those capture rates increase by focusing on something specific. All right. Is there any other questions that you wanted to start with first? Or I can just start from the bottom and work my way up. So one of the questions that Robin Gonzales asked about credentials. So she mentioned a coder who has the CRC which is an APC credential for risk adjustment. And should they get their CCDS or another certification? So I did want to point out that ACTUS has a CCDSO which is certified clinical documentation specialist for outpatient. So Robin, the CRC is very risk based. And I think when I look at the CCDSO as a potential certification that's much broader into all of those areas that we talked about, not just risk based coding. So I think the CRC is a really good place to start. But as coders and CDI specialists, continue to learn, I think the CCDSO is something to definitely look at. I don't know, Chris, if you look at those questions, if there's anyone-- Her next question was, does outpatient CDI use only ICD-10 codes and what are the best resources for an outpatient CDI coder. So outpatient CDI does not only use ICD-10 codes. Many outpatient CDI also need to know CPT coding guidelines specific to either the ED or when you're working in the physician clinics, the outpatient visits. They also use E&Ms there. So knowing those coding guidelines which, again, have been updated over the past years. As far as documentation requirements, they're trying to simplify the documentation requirements for physicians. So knowing both ICD-10, outpatient coding guidelines, as well as CPT coding guidelines is very useful in an outpatient setting. And then the resources again-- your basic ICD-- I'd always go back to the books-- the ICD-10 book and the CPT books. Using those first. And once you've mastered that, many folks have access to an encoder and using that encoder appropriately. So Chris, one of the questions also came from Bradon Bills was about the 2021. So I mentioned the 2021 outpatient. It's actually office and other outpatient E&M categories, the new and established patient. And those coding changes from January 1st of 2021, how they affect the need for CDI. And when I think about E&Ms-- and again to Chris' point, what we see is a very large percent in clinic the physicians do their own coding. They see the patient, they document the care, and they capture the E&M level and they associated diagnoses through [INAUDIBLE] or some charge capture component. A lot of them don't have a good sense of E&Ms in general. And then there were these significant changes where really the decision was made to the key components of a history and physical no longer relevant for payment, relevant for specific to the care, but not as a requirement for payment. So when you think about the shift to just medical decision making, there were significant changes to how medical decision making is done. But again, it's looking at bell curves of a particular physician or physician group against industry standards and this becomes more educational. And maybe the review is looking at a particular physician's bell curve against his peers or against his industry peers and then doing a record review and seeing if somebody is sort of falling outside the bell curve, is there an opportunity to really connect the dots around the care they deliver and the level of service because I do know in my many discussions with physicians, they struggle with this. Some of them even consider it an administrative work and why do I have to assign a level of service. But I think it's a great opportunity for CDI to get involved and really drive proper acuity of patients on physician profiling is impacted by this even actually. So I think those opportunities. And again, we see some changes coming. And I know 3M aggregate data from one of our solutions, we saw a shift to the bell curve to the right with more of a focus just on medical decision making, which again, it was around giving the provider, the physician, the nurse practitioner, more time with the patient and making the level assignment more intuitive to how they work today and tie into the decisions they make today. So did we give our physicians more time with their patients-- that was the driving factor from both the AMA and CMS. And maybe using CDI to help with templates. Did we look at the templates and all the information that's in there and understand the downstream impacts? I think there's a lot of different areas that CDI can actually help with E&M services. Any of those other questions? Yeah. I think there was one question-- yep, go ahead, Lisa. I'll go ahead. I was going to say, so there's a bunch. And I think some of these might be getting answered as we continue to go. So I'm going to pick one that I don't think we got to. And this will be our last one because we only have a couple of minutes left, and I'm hoping this one isn't too hard. When working with providers to improve their documentation or when-- maybe not that one because it looks like it got cut off. That one is talking about the certification. Sorry, I apologize. I'm just scrolling through a bunch of them. Is there a collaborative coding in CDI partnership for review of cases for coding? So I do see that question there. This came from Edith, right? Yeah. Yeah, so if we're talking in patient, there should be. We have a working DRG from the CDI team and a final DRG from coding. And there should be a reconciliation of those two because there's clinical information that a coder can learn and there's coding information that a CDI professional can learn. So it's really important that there is reconciliation of that. And we take that same thing into observation cases [INAUDIBLE]. If you're talking about HCC as another example where the CDI team is looking pre visit or prospectively a few days out from the visit and looking longitudinally over two years of visits, and then there may have been a query posed to the provider. And then post the visit, the coding team is often validating those services and making sure the claim is accurate and the diagnosis meet the guidelines for reporting structure. So there's a very important collaboration in HCCs, in observation services. I think when you talk even about denials, and a CDI team is looking retrospectively at denial patterns and then working with different areas where they see a high pattern of denials. And then the coding teams working in real time with those cases. So there's lots of opportunity to collaborate together for sure. And I just wanted to add really quick-- Carol, Karla asked about the title of the textbook. The book is in Ahima book, and is Clinical Documentation Improvement for Outpatient Care. Author was Pamela Carol Hess. H-E-S-S. Great textbook from the Ahima. (DESCRIPTION) Chris Berg, c berg 3 at m m m dot com. Colleen Deighan, c deighan at m m m dot com. Rich Wetherbee, r wetherbee at m m m dot com. (SPEECH) Awesome. All right. Well, we are seconds away from time. And so I do apologize. We weren't able to get to all questions today. There were a lot. So if you do have any questions, I am going to go ahead and put up a contact information if you'd like to reach out for any additional questions. We do also have resources for you as well. We have some upcoming boot camps for CDI training, quality training, and advanced CDI pediatric training. All of those resources are available to you both in the handout as well as links within the resources section. And so again, we can't thank you all enough for attending today. And to our expert speakers, it's amazing just how much knowledge you all have. So we really appreciate it. And if you do get a chance, please complete the survey at the end. We like to know how we did. And if you do want to go back and re-listen to this webinar, it will be available in hopefully in the next month or so. It'll be available on our website to go back and listen again. So again, thank you to our speakers. And we will see you again in September. So thank you. Have a great rest of your day. (DESCRIPTION) They smile and Rich waves. (SPEECH) Thank you.

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      Evolution of CDI - Part Two: A new frontier, the emergence and growth of outpatient CDI

      • July 2022
      • As today’s health care settings shift from inpatient to outpatient and from fee-for-service to value-based payment models, you must adapt your CDI program. During the May 3M Quality Webinar, we discussed the evolution of inpatient (IP) CDI, now we want to continue the conversation and explore the growth and new emergence of outpatient(OP) CDI.
         
      • Join our expert panel as we discuss the impact on your CDI program and what you can do to embrace OP CDI. During the webinar we’ll discuss:
        • How expanding into the outpatient arena will impact your CDI program and how to stay abreast of evolving needs for documentation integrity
        • How to effectively implement and sustain an OP CDI program by preparing your CDI program for the emergence into outpatient settings
        • The differences between OP CDI and IP CDI, and how to prepare your organization
        • 4 Lessons learned from IP CDI that can translate to OP CDI

      • Webinar handout (PDF, 1.1 MB)
    • (DESCRIPTION) Slide, New year, new webinar platform! A great company is showing what interesting applications a fantastic product can bring for motivated users. Blank elements are labeled in an image of the platform. On the left, a media player, Resources field, and a Q&A box. In the middle, a slide box and Ask An Expert button, and on the right, a speaker bio with a photo and a box with two survey questions. (SPEECH) Hello, and good afternoon. (DESCRIPTION) Title slide, 3M Quality Webinar Series. Part one: The evolution of C.D.I.. See how far your C.D.I. program has come. May 2022. An image of a woman holding a tablet while speaking to a doctor wearing scrubs as they sit at a table. (SPEECH) Thank you for joining our May quality webinar where we are going to be talking about the evolution of CDI. This is a part 1 to a two-part series within our series. Part 2 will be in July. And we'll be sending you information about that soon. But again, this one is the evolution of CDI. See how far your CDI program has come where we're going to be welcoming one of our regular presenters that you've all grown to love Cheryl Manchenton. Before we get started, I did just want to go over a couple of housekeeping items. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, New year, new platform. (SPEECH) If this is your first time joining our webinar, we are on a new platform this year called ON24. And it really is a better experience for our attendees. Because this is a web-based platform, we do ask that you use Google Chrome. Close out of any VPN or multiple tabs because that will slow down your bandwidth. And because this is a web-based platform, there's no dial in number. So any audio is going to be coming through your speakers. So if you are having any issues, do a quick refresh and hopefully that'll take care of it. We do have more engagement sections, so you can make the video larger, presentation larger, close out of anything that it's distracting to you with those engagement sections. There is a Q&A section. So we ask that you put all questions in there. We'll get to as many as we can at the end. We do provide a certificate of attendance. That is in the resources section as well as the handouts. If you are or if you did join us in our March webinar, we told you that we would provide the questions and answers. We had a lot from that last webinar. So we did compile all those. So if you were on that one in March, you can download those as well. Again, with that certificate of attendance as well as the handout section. And at the end, we always appreciate you completing the survey. So let us know how we did. You can either fill that out during or at the end. But let's go ahead and get started. I'm going to pass that over to you Cheryl and to go over the agenda and to get started. Thank you so much. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Agenda. Evolution of C.D.I.. Challenges on the journey. To infinity and beyond? Fine print: The information presented herein contains the views of the presenters and does not imply a formal endorsement for consultation engagement on the part of 3M. Participants are cautioned that information contained in this presentation is not a substitute for informed judgement. The participant and/or participant's organization are solely responsible for compliance and reimbursement decisions, including those that may arise in whole or in part from participant's use of or reliance upon information contained in the presentation. 3M and the presenters disclaim all responsibility for any use made of such information. The content of the webinar has been produced by 3M, and its authorized third parties will use your personal information according to 3M's privacy policy (see Legal link). This meeting may be recorded. If you do not consent to being recorded, please exit the meeting when the recording begins. (SPEECH) Absolutely. So good afternoon or good morning to whoever we are at in the United States, et cetera. It's my pleasure to talk to you. Really going to talk about how is CDI evolved because it really, really has even in the 13 years that I've been involved. What challenges have we stumbled upon on the way. And what's next? Where are we going from here? (DESCRIPTION) Slide, The Evolution of Clinical Documentation Improvement. A blue panel above a right-facing arrow labeled "Inpatient" reads, Initial Model for C.D.I. Programs - Financially based review of Medicare population. (SPEECH) So the way you want to think about this, and we're primarily talking about inpatient. And again, as a reminder in July, our inpatient-- our outpatient people will talking about that. And by the way I just saw a typo which is why I was somewhat. It's not a query rat, it's a query rate. So you love when you see your typos right in front of you. But let's talk about how CDI programs got into being. There over 25 years old, almost 30 years of doing this work. And the initial model was really financially based. Wow. We're missing money. If we had done some chart reviews and ask them questions, we'd improve our CMI. And really in the beginning, it was very much focused on Medicare clients only. You start in somewhere for a couple of reasons. One, Medicare is usually the biggest volume or was 25 years ago of our inpatients. And the second piece being very clear rules of documentation coding, et cetera. But knowing it was at that time your primary payer, it made sense to cover just on that one. There was not as much collaboration with coding. It's not that there wasn't any, but we did not have big dialogues. We just have some discussions sometimes or again. CDI operated in one world and coding operated in another world and the two did not meet. And I still have some programs where that is the actual state today. Definitely had no collaboration in the early days with quality or quality outcomes. And we had traditional key performance indicators or KPIs. Such as how is the CMI changing? What is that MCC/CC capture rate? What is the coverage rate. How many cases we're able to see. And again, what does that query rate. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, The Evolution of Clinical Documentation Improvement continued. A green panel to the right of the blue panel reads, Next Generation Model for C.D.I. Programs. Financially based review of Medicare and other D.R.G. based payers. Focus on severity of illness and risk of mortality in reviewed populations. (SPEECH) Moving forward, that next generation is we expanded not just from Medicare to other DRG-based payers. And certainly as we had more managed care, in the managed Medicare is outpacing Medicare as the highest volume in most hospitals. So let's look at all of our DRG-based payers. And Yeah. Let's look at that severity of illness and risk of mortality now that we have good tools that calculate our severity mortality, let's take a look at those. You had the same KPIs. Your leadership might have added or included that observed expected mortality rate as a measure. Of course, to have that next generation where you're doing more, you need to actually have a way to measure how well you were doing. So you had to look at your baseline and your current state on severity mortality. Certainly there are proprietary models out there. Not just the three on APR-DRG methodology. And many of the outcomes or the measures are only on war, back in the day only on the O/E ratios only. Of course, when you started adding new payers in, you brought some challenges. The payers, depending on what type of payer it is, they can set up their own rules. And certainly, it's not that we never had denials in the past in the traditional model, but it was normally what we'll call coding errors. And again, I use that word very lightly. Please take it how I meant it. Those were perceived coding errors. But as we started adding or covering new payers, we would see an increase in the denial rate. And again, as those teams really started focusing not just on the financial, there really need to be more engagement with coding, but still really not a whole lot of involvement with quality. And again, less that program, that organization was what we'll call a next-gen or a little bit more advanced program. But again, this is certainly how the programs in general have evolved for those that have been around a long time. Some programs starting new have zipped past these first two and really done a more advanced model. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, The Evolution of Clinical Documentation Improvement continued. A teal panel to the right of the green panel reads, Phase 3. Financially based review of Medicare and other D.R.G. based payers. Focus on severity of illness and risk of mortality in reviewed populations. Documentation integrity and clinical validity. (SPEECH) So that next phase three. It's not just financial review of Medicare and other DRG-based payers because remember, that can also be APR-DRG-based payers. Not just those in the Medicare or the MS-DOG groupers. But we've moved into a world or have experienced where our payers are now including Medicare, getting involved in clinical validation. And we've seen a huge uptick especially in the last five years in those payer denials for what they'll consider clinically nonvalid conditions. Because of those denials, that alone has really impacted us in terms of the reimbursement certainly. But I think a cost that we forget about is the loss of productivity. What are the labor costs and fighting? Reviewing and fighting those. Second thing that we have found is more and more payers have decided they're going to dip their toe into the clinical validation pool. There's different rules. And I will say, a commercial payer that only has acronyms for their name as an example has very clear criteria for when obesity as an example is reportable. Where other payers don't ever challenge the diagnosis. Another thing that we have consistently seen at this point in a CDI journey. The CDI department was not always given access or insight to trends. What was happening? If the CDIs don't know what's happening, how could they avoid those denials. How can we preemptively review that chart, ask some clarifying questions. How do we preemptively help the providers. The providers are certainly frustrated because why am I getting more queries on this and why you challenge my diagnosis. And that did, no matter what we say it is definitely increase the minutes. We need to spend on each chart because we're now having to apply an additional layer of scrutiny through that to really look for integrity and clinical validation. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, The Evolution of Clinical Documentation Improvement continued. A blue panel to the right of the teal panel reads, Phase 4 - Comprehensive C.D.I. Program. . Review for financial opportunity, severity of illness and risk of mortality in all patient populations. Documentation integrity and clinical validity. Quality outcomes review of P.S.I., P.P.R., H.C.C., P.P.C.. Second level review for financial, profile, and quality opportunities. (SPEECH) Third, next sort of phase four, shall we say, is really a comprehensive CDI program. And you're looking at not just financial opportunity or severity of illness and risk mortality, but you're looking at all inpatient populations. Not just those that reimburse me appropriately. And of course, we're continuing on with integrity and clinical validity. But now the CDI teams have really been asked to understand and/or participate in quality outcomes reviews of such things such as Patient Safety Indicators, PSI; Potentially Preventable Readmissions, or PPRs; Historical Condition Categories, HCCs; or Potentially Preventable Complications, PCCs. And then certainly many CDI programs now have incorporated a second level review process to not just look at this financial or profile opportunity, to also look for quality opportunities. And again, for us that is a much more quality. Comprehensive look is really having those second level reviewers. And I use air quotes when I say full pay for performance because really it is an acronym. There are multiple ways that are reimbursement, that the hospitals are receiving for inpatients could be affected whether it be the hack, reduction program, or CMS star ratings, value-based purchasing, ACO relationships, through accountable care organizations, shared savings models. And of course, getting those HCCs allows us to negotiate better for those blended rates with our payers. And again, it requires a lot more second level reviews and truly requires a lot of collaboration. Not just between CGI and coding, but certainly with quality and sometimes beyond quality. Sometimes infection control and some focused departments in our organization. But here's my question. If you have moved into really a phase four program. If you have moved beyond phases one two or three on your CVI journey, have you changed your KPIs. And again, I think this is an important distinction I'm making. Why are we using the same old metrics if we're asked to do more? And it's not that we should maybe remove some of those even though I could argue about removing some of those, but should we be adding in some? And that's really what we're going to spend a lot of our time today talking about. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, What C.D.I. metrics should be deemphasized and why? Coverage rate. Number of initial versus continued stay reviews. Financial goals per individual C.D.I.. "Match Rate." (SPEECH) So what metric should be de-emphasized and why. So let's talk about that first one. That coverage rate. Why is coverage rate so important? Are there cases that truly don't need a review because they don't have any opportunities, such as short stay elective surgical procedures, one or two-day stays? Why is the coverage rate so important? What benefit-- what happens when a CDI does or does not review that case? If you're not seeing opportunities there, and I had a client and it's been golly, eight or nine years ago. They did a test project where they had a second level review or look at all those discharges that happened over the weekend that were admitted and discharged before we could get a CVI review on the case. And what happened if that second level reviewer, again, a really seasoned reviewer looked at those cases. How many opportunities did he find? And the answer was very few. And it didn't justify the loss of productivity for a whole day for him to perform all those reviews. So I think coverage rate may or may not be the best thing. And secondly, when you think about what cases should have review, that's where prioritization comes into play. And we will talk about that a little bit later. But is coverage rate the best metric? Second thing, the number of initial verses continue to do reviews. I think sometimes CDI managers say you have to have 10 new and 15 continuous day reviews. I'm not putting numbers out there as in these are three goals. My point is, why is that an appropriate metric? How does that benefit? What happens if we see less initials? Certain days of the week obviously like Mondays, we're going to see a lot more initial patients trying to catch some of those new ones, but why are we trying to see every patient? What is the goal now. Please understand that there are some programs that do really advanced work with some of the proprietary methodologies such as Vizient or Premiere. So their coverage is different because their focus is very different. But instead of saying how many I do, how many charts did we actually perform quality reviews on. So maybe this should not be a big measure but maybe a KP around the quality of the work that I did in that chart is more important than the volume of initial or continued stay. This third one, I still have one program and I know of a few out there that sets a financial goal for queries on an individual CDI. I think this is harmful. I will say that. I do not like it. Yes. My client knows, I've told them many times. I think it pushes the envelope. It pushes the CDI too hard to say, oh, wow, have I hit my number this month? But what it also does is I think it also demotivates us. Well, I already hit my 50,000 this month. I don't really need to work so hard the rest of the month on finding opportunities. So I dislike it. Intensely, I don't find any value. I think there's better ways to measure the effectiveness of our CDIs and attract and train them. The last one that match rate and I use that in quotes because it has different names and thoughts. So I want to make sure that I explain what I mean there. Is how often do the CDI and the coder get the same DRG. With a really expense program, that match rate again, air quotes, is usually really high. So if the number really never changes much, why is it a metric? And when you think of a match rate, it's usually just a DRG match. And they're using in the softwares reason codes for why we had different DRGs or not or optimal to assess that match rate. But I find that it is not helpful other than to trend a new employee. And it's not telling the story. What if we got the same DRG and it's really not a good DRG for the patient to be in. Or we have the same DRG, but our severity and mortality are very different. And/or we have the same DRG, the same severity and mortality, but we have very different amounts of coded data or diagnoses listed and not the same POA. So I think match rate is as a global metric overmatched. And I think the other thing that I just saw in one of the charts is can I comment on CMI being a goal for the CDI program. My comment would be, we have to have some goals. We have to keep the shops in business. We have to keep our staff employed. So I am putting a slight caution sign on removing that. But what I would say is it's become increasingly difficult in the time of code, but I was actually trending. Two of my clients CMI recently watching them longitudinally. And again, I could see that CMI go up and down and we could draw arrows to exactly where their COVID spikes were. So a CMI goal is fine if your patient population is stable. We haven't had a stable population in over now almost 2 and 1/2 years. And I hate to say that we're approaching the half year mark. But not certain that it's the best KPI. (DESCRIPTION) An interactive poll question with four options. (SPEECH) So you'll see here an opportunity to please interact and answer this polling question. And the question is, does your CDI and/or your coding team because I think it pertains both, have KPIs, or those Key Performance Indicators, for quality metrics such as the hack reduction program, value-based purchasing, star ratings, O/E ratios or the readmissions reduction program. And you'll see your choices in terms of we have all of these, some of these, none of these, or that's OK to say, I don't know. And it's not-- and it doesn't mean that it's a bad thing if you don't have any of these The question is, we're curious to see how many hospitals, organizations, departments actually do incorporate those additional KPIs. (DESCRIPTION) Poll results appear. 6.1% chose "All of these," 37.8% chose "Some of these," 28.9% chose "None of these," and 27.2% chose "I do not know." (SPEECH) And what you see is we have-- 6% of our audience said yes. It's all of those. I'm like, Wow. Again, not saying that's good or bad. I'm just-- I'm very impressed. 37% said some of these. And again, I'm glad. Usually I would expect it's around-- PSI is a really common one or the PSI 90. For those that said none of these, again, the question is why not. And again, we're going to talk about that here in the next couple of slides. But I think we're doing ourselves an injustice by not having nontraditional KPIs. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, What workflow should be added? Prioritization of C.D.I. reviews. Focused second level reviews (not just mortality) by clinical coding and quality staff. 100% reconciliation between C.D.I. and coding (S.O.I./R.O.M., code set, AND P.O.A.). C.D.I. and provider participation in denials. Collaboration with infection control on H.A.I. definitions and measures. (SPEECH) So what workflow do I think we should add. As we're trying to move to that advanced model, that comprehensive CDI model, how do I still get my-- I'm sorry. I was thinking of a bad phrase. How do I maintain my productivity when asking the CDIs or the coders to do more. I think the first thing, the prioritization of the review is making sure that we're seeing the right patients. Does this DRG in general have a high likelihood of being moved with an additional MCC or an alternate. But I'll also say that when you think about the prioritization of reviews, I'm trying to think of a really, really good example. And the one that comes to mind is in the female in the obstetric population. There are now CCs and MCCs for our moms. But those DRG are fairly low weighted. So getting a CC on a really low weighted case might add $100 or $200 to the case where prioritizing the case that getting a CC is worth $2,000 or $3,000 or more makes sense. So it's making sure that we're getting our bang for our buck. And it's not just prioritization for financially, it's those length of stay outliers. Those low severity mortalities, and adjusting your priority tool to do that. So I do think if you're not doing some sort of prioritization beyond this is my primary period that we review. How are you-- I would ask you to consider that. Again, second thing if you're not doing it. Those really in-depth focus level reviews. not just mortality reviews. And I think the second thing that happens is we have a different glasses or lenses that we're wearing when we review the chart. Our coding professionals are looking for coding opportunities. They're not looking to say, what clinically should we have queried? Meaning, the coder should focus on, is this coded correctly? Is there anything absent? Our clinical staff should be looking for again, what is clinically missing. What could be clinically clarified. Letting each of us use our areas of expertise and our quality staff saying, that seems very strange that you have this with the POA of no. And my favorite example of this was anaplasmosis. And I don't know if any of what that is. I had to look this one up when I read the chart. And it is a tick bloodborne infection. And this was coded at one of my hospitals with a POA of no. And my physician advisor smiled when I told him that he says, yes, it's not like we have deer walking up and down the halls of our hospital. So a quality person might be the one to recognize it. It might be a clinical person recognizing something seems strange here. And not just looking at just the complication codes. So I think that's another workflow if you're not doing is really and again, I think you have to be focused. Pick a couple of DRGs or if I'm working on the CMS mortality measures, those DRGs that are in the CMS mortality measures on the star ratings. Focus your DRGs, your second level you use on those patient populations. This third one, I will tell you. I get a lot of pushback on this from clients that haven't known me a long time. And I'm going there. We should have not just the same DRG. We should also have the same severity mortality or coding. You should have a higher one. Why is CDI reporting 30 codes and coding is only reporting 10? And I'm using a gross exaggeration. Normally coding reports more codes than CDI. But is there a specific code that CDI captured that coding didn't and why not? Is it because it's not reportable? Is it because it was not auto suggested in a way that we could see it? What is the reason that we did not capture a particular code. But the one that really sets people's teeth on edge is looking at the present on admission status. And one of my clients last week said, I want you to reemphasize that we should be doing a comparison on present on the mission. And the reason why it's important is because that is a specific necessity for the risk-adjusted models. They won't consider or utilize certain conditions when they're not present on admission. So it doesn't matter that you get the code on the chart if it's not going to be utilized in risk adjustment. That fourth one. Several of my clients actually have the CDIs whether it be the leaders or second level reviewers. They have clinical people participating in those denials reviews and those appeals. And having the providers also join in. Certainly when it goes peer to peer with a physician involved, we have found with some of our clients, especially those that are good at it, they tend to overturn a lot of those denials. So that's something that you're not doing. We certainly encourage you to have clinical people take a look at that. And again, participate in the formal denial process. This last one. The collaboration with infection control on those hospital acquired infections or HAIs. Our coded data should be as close as it can be to actually what is reported to CMS to the National Health Safety Network HAIs. They're very clear, maybe hard to understand, but they're very well-defined definitions for the hospital acquired infections. What is a CLABSI? What is a CLAUDI? And working collaborating with them and deciding who's going to have that conversation with the provider. Either we're underreporting it on our claims data or we have overreported. I had one that I looked at this week that the provider said that. That patient was intimated less than 48 hours. That is not a vap by definition on anybody's criteria. Even though that's a very convoluted definition, the patient had to be on the vet more than 96 hours. So already there's an opportunity to do some clinical validation on why we're calling it vap. And I the CDI or the coder may not know that criteria inside and out. So I might need to work with my friends to get clarity and say, is this on your list or not. I mean, that one like I said was really obvious for me. It just was not a vap. It literally was an aspiration pneumonia as he was seizing. OK. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, What metrics should be added and why? Query compliance. Missed opportunity for risk-adjustment. Average codes per case (Coding). P.O.A. accuracy (Coding). (SPEECH) So let's talk about-- so we talked about what workflow will still allow you to-- that you should consider. But what about what KPI should we add and why. And again, I see a really-- a couple of really good comments over there. And I appreciate. I see one of my new coworkers who joined us with a really good comment. What about your query compliance? We should be reviewing those queries making sure they're compliant. Did you offer all appropriate choices? Did you pad your clinical information to point the doctor in a certain position? And I know that is time consuming and cumbersome, but it goes back to the Hippocratic oath, first do no harm. Did we the CDI or the coder miss an opportunity to capture a career for risk-adjusted diagnoses? How many diagnoses did we miss? And again, the audit that I'm working on this week, I am very carefully looking. And actually the manager said, I want them to stop thinking about how will this affect the chart. Instead of how will this affect the chart, does this diagnosis belong on the chart. Not, what does it do to the chart, but why shouldn't it be there. I think another really good metric that one of my clients is really tracked and noted was the number of codes for case that were captured. Again, they have to meet UHDDS reporting requirements. But if all things are equal, meaning if I don't have specialized coders, so I do realize that we have to make some considerations there. We should be able to trend our department over time. And again, one of our clients we specifically watched and looked and we actually did some extra education with the coders on the use of our software. And said, are you taking full advantage of the software. And we saw a dramatic increase in the number of codes per case. And remember, those extra codes are part of risk adjustment. Now, of course, that leads what when you're reporting more than 25 codes. So again, we'll talk about that in just a second. And the last thing that I really do think should be-- and again, I could argue CDI as well on this one. But primarily when it goes out the door are we getting the appropriate POA assignment on this case. Do we misread it? Do we miss an opportunity to ask a question? So POA accuracy is not just did you assign the right one, but did you miss an opportunity to query to get the appropriate POA. And remember, this is just a short list. I could come up with probably 20 or 30. But realistically I think you have to start small and say, are some things that we should add in. This is really where our programs need to evolve. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, What else? Shared metrics between quality, coding, and C.D.I.. Extensive provider education. E.M.R. enhancements (smart phrases etc.). Standardized definitions for high value diagnoses. Collaboration with infection control on H.A.I.. Definitions and measures. (SPEECH) But what else? My question is, why don't we share the metrics? Why are we not all held accountable. And it has been really interesting to watch one of my clients on their journey. They weren't allowed at the table in the meetings. And they fought for a place at the table when it came to quality outcomes such as star ratings or their premier rankings, et cetera. And they're all held accountable for that performance. In other words, quality should be working on the quality of the actual physical care. Meaning can we improve the care that we're delivering or are patients on a daily basis. Where coding and CDI can look at the accuracy of the claims going out the door and making sure that we're doing all that. But why don't we share the metric. I think we need to really, do more education with our providers. I was doing some education this morning with an ICU CDI specialist specifically on NICU. And helping-- some of the struggles that we were having. And that she was having, we think could really be mitigated by some education. Helping them understand why is this question being asked. Why is this important to get this accurate on this baby's chart? What are the implications not just today, but on the transfer of care to that pediatrician in the outpatient setting. Letting them know what we're focusing on and where it's affected. EMR enhancements. Many people have instituted smart phrases. The smart phrases are a good thing and a bad thing. Again, we could spend three hours debating that. But for example, if a provider keeps using a dropdown for a very unspecified choice, why aren't we giving them the specified choices? Why don't we customize that to that type of physician so that we are getting better documentation out of them. A great example is now with our nonacute nonischemic myocardial injuries. Why aren't we adding that to the cardiologist drop down choices instead of demand ischemia? Why don't we remove demand ischemia and replace it with better smart phrases? Or really for example, with malnutrition because of the OIG. When the provider-- a lot of my clients have ways to have the provider sign off on the diagnosis. Well, I just worked with one to say, not just that they agree with the dietician but they agree with the dietician and it impacts the patient in the following ways and gave the providers some choices, some smart choices that they could choose. And then, of course, a free text and requiring them to comment on that. That fourth one again. Many hospitals have been able to achieve this and some have not. We should have standardized definitions for what we call high-value diagnosis, meaning those that are frequently denied. Our sepsis, our encephalopathy, our respiratory failure, renal failure, ABLA, hyponatremia, things like that. And not only is helping all of us when we approach the charts, but it's also helping in that defense in case it does try to get denied. And again, I do think we need to collaborate with infection control. If you weren't collaborating, why aren't we? And understand that. We're reporting in two different worlds in two different sets of metrics, but we should have the same understanding of what is the clinical picture here. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Non-Traditional C.D.I. R.O.I. Metrics. Decrease in medical necessity denials. Decrease in external auditor denials for clinical validity. Increased success rate for appeals, A.L.J., etc.. Decrease in P.S.I. rates and improvement in A.H.R.Q. performance. Improvement in Value-Based Purchasing (V.B.P.) score and H.A.C. reduction program total score. Improvement in Medicare Spending per Beneficiary by increasing expected expenditures via capture of HCCs. Decrease in rate of potentially preventable readmissions and decrease in readmissions penalties where applicable. Increase in national quality rankings (U.H.C., U.S. News and World Reports Best Hospitals, Star Ratings/Care Compare, etc.). (SPEECH) Some nontraditional CDI ROI metrics for you. Is we should see our medical necessity denials. So the clinical validation denials really can substitute either one there. You should go down. If we have a cleaner chart going out the door, we should have less denials. That's not solely on the backs of the CDI, I know that there is a lot more behind that. There's payer negotiations that has to occur. But overall, and I'll give you a great example, that same NICU senior specialist their hospital has seen an increase in denials in that population. Why? Because she's asking the doctors to document more. So we have to put that in context that is once you've stabilized and worked with those payers, if we have cleaner charts going out the door, per chance we should be able to see that trend down. And I would set very, very minimal changes here. I would not ask for big ROI gains in either the medical necessity or the clinical validation because again, sometimes it takes time. We should have-- what is our success rate for turnovers? Whether or not we got in denial, how is our success rate? I know again, one of my clients is presenting this summer at the client experience summit on how well that they have done on winning. Successfully winning their appeals. So why is that not a metric. Again, if the chart stands well and is documented well and then the CDIs are insurance clinically valid, we should have a higher success rate. Certainly, decrease in PSI rates because that is coded data. What I will say, though is at a certain point that's going to tap out. Meaning you're going to hit a certain nadir there where you're probably not going to make any other improvements. And an example, one of my clients they had horrific, I'm going to use their words, not mine horrific PSI performance. And it was publicized on the front page of a national newspaper. And the one facility in particular. So they underwent a very long journey. And they put these PSI metrics in their KPIs for the CDI performance. And they got everything down into the top five decile performance for how well they are doing on their PSI except for one category or two. But the one in particular that was way out of their control was their DVT PE, post-op PE and DBTs. They had validated them as much as they could. They had done everything they could. And they hit a point where they weren't seeing any missiles anymore. There weren't miss queries. There weren't miss coding opportunities. They then took that back to the providers and said, you know what, it's on you now. We need to figure out how we can clinically improve this. So again, that decrease or that maintaining of a good PSI rate might be a better metric. It may not be just a decrease, have we maintained this exceptional performance. Again, value-based purchasing and hack reduction program. There are components that are very much based on claims data and some that is not based on claims data. But, again, it is still worth a certain portion of your score. So why aren't we sharing in the both success and/or the failures in doing well on those? Why aren't we taking the same credit that quality does? What is that Medicare spending per beneficiary? It's very easy to track and trend. It's out on the CMS compare every year. If we are getting additional HCCs captured in any setting that, Medicare spending per beneficiary should reflect the care or the necessary cost that we're delivering. Again, the decrease in the readmissions and the penalties again where applicable. Alternate principle diagnosis and risk adjustment. Just focusing on those CMS mortality and remissions it's the same group of cohorts. They have the same risk adjustment. So if we're adding extra diagnoses that are clinically appropriate, we're extending our expected rate of readmissions. And so we should see that we're either continuing to do well or improving our performance in that. That next one. Again, our hospital focuses on those. As a whole our quality does, but why aren't we part of that. As an example again, the client that's speaking this summer is talking about their leapfrog scores. And it's one of their metrics because the organization came to them and said, we've got a bad rating, how are you going to help us improve. So if CDI and coding are being asked to participate in the performance, we should be allowed to measure and be appreciated for the improvement. And they did actually move up to several of their hospitals, that being five stars and leapfrog and now one is a four star. And again, they were much worse than that. So I mean, sorry, A rating. I'm so sorry. A rating now. In one hospital and a B compared to where they were before. And again, sorry, that last one is a duplicate. I already did discuss that. (DESCRIPTION) A thought bubble pointing to "Decrease in P.S.I. rates and improvement in A.H.R.Q." reads, Shared between C.D.I. Coding and Quality. (SPEECH) OK. And again, it's a reminder that the CDI metrics, I just want to remind you that they don't have to be my metrics and your metrics and their metrics. Why aren't they our metrics? And we present to leadership our performance. Because again, almost all of these have some involvement. There are parts of CMS star rating out of our control. There are parts of value-based purchasing that are out of our control. But we should be sharing those together. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Challenges. (SPEECH) So what are some challenges on the journey. We don't have good measurement tools. Or we may not have good measurement tools to measure that ROI. And stay tuned on my next slide because I'll also show you what I mean by that. But many times we're waiting for publicly reported data and we don't have internal reporting to know how we're doing. Secondly, we may not have really good artificial intelligence or prioritization tools. One of the biggest things I'll say for those of you on the line that are 3M clients. It should be customized by you based on your facility population. It should also include quality specific prioritization factors. And if not, I'm-- and if you don't have a 3M product, your tools should do this. It should be able to help you prioritize based on certain DRG that your focus or again are unique. In other words, you can keep telling me that this is a priority and that I might find an MCC here, but we've audited these 80 times. I want to take this weight down because we never find anything. It's a waste of time to continue to see this patient. Second challenge is really sometimes getting the buy in from senior leadership it's usually not a problem, but where it becomes a lack of buy in from senior leadership is, it does require some extra personnel to do this work. Even with prioritization and computer assisted coding and all the technology we have, it's sometimes hard to get the senior leaders to agree. That's why you need those non-traditional ROIs so that you can say, look, the extra three FTEs you gave me, here's what happened with our quality scores. Another good reason to try and put that in. The fourth one, sorry, I roll my eyes here. The frontline staff, but that's your job as a leader. And it's my job as a frontline staff to do my job. This isn't my job. I'm supposed to look for this and that. I'm not supposed to be checking up on the coders work. You're not checking up on the coders work. The question is, are we as a team looking at this chart before it goes out the door to ensure it's tucked in appropriately. Well, this. Is going to take more time OK. I laugh when somebody says, I didn't have time to write all those queries because I have to get my reviews done. That drives me crazy. I had somebody saying if you're salaried like, I'm so tired of working over 40 hours. I'm like, but you're salaried. So I think we have to manage that behavior. We also have to share the ROI successes with them and the opportunities. Let them see we've added these extra personnel, we've given you more time, and look at what's happened to the performance. This last one, again, is probably my personal frustration. We don't always get timely return on investment because there is a significant lag time for your publicly reported measures whether it be CMS or US News and World Report, Healthgrades, Leapfrog. Their weight they're either utilizing Medicare data and/or they're using two or three years of data. And again, my next slide is probably my favorite. And I encourage you all to share this next slide with your leadership. Do know that there is some proxy, shall we say? That will give you some real time results. So you'll have an idea how you're going to look publicly or it's a good guesstimazation of how you're going to look publicly. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, C.M.S. reporting and payment adjustment. A timeline lists data collection periods across the top - July 1, 2017 to December 1, 2019, July 1, 2018 to June 30, 2021 (excluding January 1 to June 30, 2020), July 1, 2019 to June 30, 2022 (excluding January 1 to June 30, 2020), July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2023 (excluding January 1 to June 30, 2020), July 1, 2021 to June 30, 2024, and July 1, 2022 to June 30, 2025. Listed below are yearly Public Reporting/Star Ratings and H.A.C. V.B.P. and H.R.R.P. payment adjustments between 2021 and 2026, with arrows labeled "What the public and executive leadership see" pointing to 2021 and 2022, and arrows labeled "What C.D.I., Coding, and Quality can influence" pointing to 2025 and 2026. (SPEECH) And again, this next slide is probably my favorite. And I actually created this for a CFO who said, I am wanting to improve our CMS mortality. So he was very specific about what he wanted. And so we wanted to show him where we were on the journey, where we were working today, and where that data is going to be reported. And of course, when you look at the timeline across the top, look at the times of data, the data time collection periods. 2017 to '19. With their reporting out in 2021 and 2022 what we did several years back and the work that we are in right now, anywhere between July because we're in May of 2022. So even one more arrow over to the left that purple. That's the area that we're currently in that we still have an ability to influence So helping your C-suite and your board members understand the slide is probably the biggest thing that I encourage you all to do. It's the ship is sailed. But it also says, look, what we're doing right now, we're not going to see results until 2024, 2025, 2026, that's frustrating. You've got to give us time to put these measures in place. And they have to give us the grace and be patient. So I'll add in that other thing is it's giving them and then begging them for some patience with this. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Where should we go from here? A fifth green panel is pictured to the right of the other four from the The Evolution of Clinical Documentation Improvement slides, with that and the fourth panel now above a right-facing arrow labeled Outpatient. The pane reads, Phase 5 - Holistic Clinical Documentation Improvement. Comprehensive review of documentation in all care settings. Comprehensive review of all payers. Comprehensive review of all diagnoses. Focus change from case impact to documentation completeness. (SPEECH) Where should we go next? Well, what you see is phase five, holistic clinical documentation improvement. You'll notice I also incorporated outpatient. This is my reminder that in July our outpatient team will be talking about that evolution. But the one that I really want you to think about is the second, third, and fourth dots over there, still apply to inpatient. Are you looking at all payers? Are you looking at all diagnoses, not just those that move the needle. And you know again, as my CDI director said, I want them to stop thinking about what does this do to the case and change it to does this condition belong on the case, the software, our software will tell you what it did to the case. It added an elixir. It added an additional MCC. Removed to PSI whatever it might be. The other thing sorry that I didn't even throw in here and I meant to is the advanced sequencing. As we're coding more diagnoses using the advanced sequencing tools to make sure our most impactful diagnoses, those that are needing to be there for risk adjustment end up in the top 25 positions. And I have a CDI that I am going to smile because he is a coder by nature. I love having CDIs coders respiratory therapists. I have all sorts of people. So it's not a specialty thing. But being a coder, you can't quite let go of his coding hat. And so he organizes all of his working CDI codes in a hierarchical order himself. And he moves all the Z codes down to the bottom because those aren't important to him. And I'm like, oh, but for risk adjustment, a lot of those Z codes need to make it up in the top 25. And they're about to go live with automated resequencing. And I've told them like, oh, you're going to have to let go of that because it's going out the door looking very differently than how you're looking at this chart. So again, let the technology be your friend where it can, but we need to focus more on documentation completeness. And by that, of course, I do mean accuracy being specific to that. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Q&A. (SPEECH) So. Again, I purposely left a little bit of time. I see we had some great questions coming in. And Lisa, I think we can start right with question two. I think that's so-- I think the question so far really do look good and worthwhile. I think we can get through most of them. Awesome. OK. I think you had said question two, correct, with Helen with Forge Health. Yeah. OK. Perfect. So first question, do you think at some point in the future CDI encoders will become one in the same just with a different title. No. I think we still need some specialization. I think we need people to really get immersed in the code and the code accuracy and the coding guidelines. I think we also need people with real world clinical experience. I know what this patient looked like when I see them. I think we. Again, I don't mean all CDI should be nurses. I'm not saying that at all. I am saying, I think we need to have distinct skill sets and in trying to find what I'll call the super person that has good clinical and good coding-- sorry, that's looking for needles in haystacks. So I do think that we should still have those specialists but then we need to collaborate. I think a lot of the work we do is similar, but it's still different and we need different lenses. If everybody looks through life with the same prescription lens, I think will be missing things. But I'd like to the question. It's just definitely I don't think we should get there. All right. Next question from Ellen, are most CDI programs reporting up through quality departments? So the answer is, I have seen pretty much every model. Probably the most common one nowadays is where CDI and coding both report up through HIM. I have seen some report through quality, I have seen some report through nursing. I don't think there is a perfect model there. That's why I like the shared metrics so that regardless of where you're reporting your collaboration and your shared metrics bring you together as a team. But I've seen so many different versions that I don't think there's a-- I have one that they report directly to the CFO, which has always been interesting to me. And actually they started out reporting through case management and then through nursing. And then finally directly to the CFO. So they have all also changed their model, the reporting structure over time. And then Lisa, we did already answer question 5 so we can skip that one. Because I saw that pop up and I could cover it while we were there. Yep, I thought so. All right. Perfect. Next one, do you recommend match of other elements besides DRG? Absolutely. As I said, we should be looking at the severity and the mortality. We should be looking at what codes has CDI accepted. Again, many times CDI could be an error, but other times you know CDI is recognizing that this is an impactful diagnosis that means reporting requirements. But I think where we have failed to push to the next frontier is really even the present on a mission. So I really think that when we consider a match, we need to define that for our staff and decide how far. But as far as I'm concerned, one of my clients, yeah, they go code to code and I mean code to code and POA to POA. But remember, they're working in a specific proprietary model so they have to be that diligent to hit those outcomes. Great. Great. Next question from Michelle, how do clinical validation queries calculate into the financial goals? My metric would show negative dollar since clinical validation is what I primarily do to prevent denials. So that depends on how you value your clinical validation. So forgive me for using a double negative there. But the way that I think about this is if you're asking if something is clinically valid, you should not count the negative dollars when you take that code away if it was not valid in the first place. And I will tell you philosophically as recently as three months ago, I was having a really strong debate with a new client and saying, why are you taking the dollars away? Well, because the chart isn't going out that way. But the question should be, if it should not have gone out the door that way because this is not valid sepsis. And my favorite example, a patient was eating a chicken wing. The dog was at his feet trying to get the chicken wing out of his hand and bit the web of his hand right here, and he got cellulitis. And the doctor said, he had sepsis due to cellulitis. The patient was there with two days, no fever, no elevated white count, I mean like nothing for sepsis. I did a clinical validation of it. We should never have gotten paid for sepsis. So I'm not going to take the negative impact from that financially. I absolutely think that is inappropriate to count that as a negative value. Great. The next question is, how do you tie these quality metrics back to individual staff levels, the CDSes? Ah. That's a tough one. I think the quality metrics need to be department and not individual. I think you should focus on individual metrics such as again, a thorough chart review. Appropriate POA assignment. I think quality for an individual CDI should be query compliance. Should be accuracy of my code that should be missed opportunities for quality risk adjustment, yes or no. I think we need to not say a PSI score should be assigned to Susie because understand if I have a reviewer and one of my clients is very much specialty based. And I have a couple of reviewers that cover the surgical floors. Wow. A lot of those PSIs are postsurgical. So it's not fair to set PSI goals for individual CDIs because they're going to get a higher percentage. So I like to think of different types of quality metrics at the individual level. Next question is, this is the long one. So regardless of productivity, the quality of a CDI review should always-- let's see. Always be there. Yes? OK. Sorry. There's something goofy that was happening when I'm reading it. It's grayed out. So you want me to continue with this one? Yeah. For some reason it's not working for me. Go ahead. Yeah. Initial reviews are extremely important to establish the working DRGs set up the CDI to file a medical care and get a clinical picture of why the patient was admitted. It continue to say is the body of the documentations. CDIs or the non-MD Tracking. The consistency of the assessment plan of care. So I believe these are in line with the expectations on productivity where the quality is not negotiable. And as I long as a supervisor to think of this way. I don't think it's an or thing. In other words, yes, an initial review is important to get the theme of the chart going. But that subsequent review is normally where most of the queries occur and where the gaps in the documentations are. So setting metrics on those solely or making those so heavily weighted in an employee's performance says and again, I've seen CDI as they literally count. Oh, good, I hit 10. Now let me jump to this. I hit my 25 charts for the day. We had a reviewer that years ago. I've had a couple not more than, not one, but several reviewers that would suddenly stack a bunch of reviews in two hours at the end of their day to hit their numbers. What's the point of having the number of reviews if you did nothing with them? So I think we need to expand the way we think about it. Years ago when it was financially driven, that might have been a better metric. But I think we need to move beyond that because there's so much more important than how many charts or types of charts I reviewed. Onto the next one. Quality shouldn't be the only department capable of identifying when something is unlikely to-- unlikely to-- I'm not sure what that means. To be hospital-acquired, yeah. I expect CDI to be able to do this and understand HRRP, readmissions, mortality, complications, HCCs, et cetera. And yes with a focus on correct POA for all codes. Do you want to comment on that? I do. And, again when I said I see my new coworker out there, I don't disagree with Ellen's statement. Ellen and I are actually on the same page on many things. And what I would say, though, is you have to meet your people on where they're at on the journey. And so I have to train them and guide them to get them there. And if I don't have the people and I don't have the training yet, get the training for them. But I think we have to meet each of our programs where they're at on the journey and help them move along the journey because I think that is important. And the other part is I may not stay current. I'm also depending on quality. And I'll also say, quality doesn't always know their metrics the way we think they do. I have found that more often than not that sometimes as I'm doing some quality education I'm like, no. The metric was written this way and this is the criteria. And this is how it works. So it is that collaboration. But I think we have to yes, I want my CDI to understand quality. And again, I think we just have to guide them in a journey, but not wait. Who can I lean on until I've gotten my team up to that skill set. Awesome. Well, I am going to go ahead and stop here since we are just about out of time. I did want to remind everyone that there are some resources in the resources section. The handout is there, the certificate of attendance is there. And we also have links to like I said some other resources for you. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, 3M Education boot camps. Virtual advanced C.D.I. training - August 1 - 5. Virtual advanced quality training - June 13 - 17. (SPEECH) We do have our educational bootcamps, we have the advanced CDI training, and the advanced quality training both coming up here in June and August. So if you are interested in learning more about those, there's links in the resources section. And after the webinar, you will be getting just an email with more information that if you would like to get that we would like to get that information you can as well as registering for our upcoming webinar in July. So that'll be part 2 of this series of the evolution of CDI. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, That's a wrap! (SPEECH) So again, we really appreciate everybody's time today. If you do have any questions, please fill that out in the survey. We'll be happy to follow up with you. And Cheryl, is there anything else that you would like to add for today? No. I see some of the extra questions we didn't get to. And again, I think you have to figure out where you're at in your journey and set yourself some realistic goals to get there. A goal should be SMART-- Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, and Timely, all the pieces of whatever that would be. But the point being give yourself reasonable goals. And again, think of your nontraditional metrics. The other question that I saw in there I just want to comment on is yeah, 3M is limited on what we can incorporate into the software because a proprietary methodology. So things such as Vizient or Premier can't be built in because we don't have a relationship with them. And until they agree to partner with us, we can incorporate them. And that advanced sequencing, the last one I want to cover yes it includes HCCs, CMS risk adjustment, PSI and/or PSI, exclusion criteria, and the Alex Hauser criteria. And it will incorporate a little bit more in the future. And I liked one of the suggestions about prioritization. I'm going to share that with the team on one of those great questions about the fact that patients covered under an ACO. That's a great question that I'm going to share back with our development team. So I thank you guys for the really lovely comments, questions, challenges. I like when you provoke and stimulate my thinking as well. (DESCRIPTION) Slide, Thank you! (SPEECH) Awesome. Well, thank you so much again, Cheryl. We certainly always appreciate your knowledge and information. And so thank you all again for your attendance today. We will be posting this recording on our website in the next couple of weeks. So if you do want to go back and listen in, you certainly can. So again, thank you for joining, and we will see you in July. Thank you.

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      Part one: The evolution of CDI. See how far your CDI program has come

      • May 2022
      • CDI teams are being asked to expand their role and impact beyond the standard measures. Today teams continue to partner with coders and providers, but now must collaborate with quality and infection control to ensure an accurate reflection of resource consumption, SOI, ROM and quality outcomes.
      • Optimizing workflows, ensuring continuous improvements, and showing an expanded area of impact can make or break a CDI program. Join 3M expert, Cheryl Manchenton, as she discusses the evolution and expansion of inpatient CDI's footprint, and the impact it has made.
      • Webinar handout (PDF, 1.5 MB)
    • (DESCRIPTION) Slide show. (SPEECH) Good afternoon, and thank you all for joining us for our March Quality Webinar Series. We are excited, if you haven't noticed. Last year, if you were with us, and you joined us, it was a different webinar platform. So we are excited that we have a new platform to really enhance the user experience. So before we kick things off, I just want to go over a few things with you. (DESCRIPTION) Text, New year, new webinar platform! 3M. A great company is showing what interesting applications a fantastic product can bring for motivated users. The left column of the page shows boxes labeled Media Player, Resources, and Have a question? Let us know. The center column has a large box labeled Slides. Under that is a red button that reads, Ask an Expert. The right column has a box headed Speaker Bio. Under that is a box headed Survey with two questions: 1. How would you rate the subject? 2. How would you rate the speaker? (SPEECH) Some of the new features and layout just to make sure you're finding everything as you're navigating this new system. So because this is a web-based platform, there is not a dial-in number. So you cannot participate by phone. So if you are having audio issues, please check your speaker settings, clear your cache, and then you can refresh your browser. There is an engagement toolbar down at the bottom of the screen where you can see the different resources that we have. You can move things around within this portal which is great. You can minimize, close it out, so it is much more interactive than our last platform. If you do need closed captioning, that is available as well. So in the actual media section in the live stream, you can click on closed captioning there which is fantastic. We always encourage Q&A. We'll get to as many as we can. So if you do have any questions, you can put that in the Q&A box there are not CEUs, but we do provide a certificate of attendance. So you can add the-- I'm sorry, you can download the certificate of attendance and submit the CEUs that way. That is also available in the resources section. I do see a couple questions that are saying that there's no slides in the resource section. So what I'll do, again, because this is a web-based platform, I'll double check. In order for you to get that, you will just have to refresh the browser. So by the end, just make sure you do a quick refresh, and the presentation slides will be there for download, as well as that certificate of attendance. I'll double check to make sure it's there. If you would like to learn more about our products and solutions, if you click on the learn-more button under the slides, you can let us know if you'd like us to follow up with you there. We always appreciate your feedback, so please complete the survey either in the portal, or it will launch at the end of the webinar. And, again, if you do have any questions or comments, you can put it in the Q&A section or in the engagement tools. You'll see a little envelope with the at sign. That would send us an email there. OK, so enough from me. We are really excited to get started with the COVID-19's continued impact on CDI and coding across the care settings. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, 3M, Science. Applied to Life. 3M Quality Webinar Series. COVID-19's continued impact on CDI and coding across care settings. March 2022. New slide. Text, New year, new platform! On24 Webinar Platform for a better user experience! Check speaker settings and refresh if you are having audio issues. Ability to move engagement sections. Ask questions! Certificate of Attendance available to download. Engagement tools and CC available. Resources Section. Complete the Survey. (SPEECH) We have a great panel of speakers today. They are no strangers to you. (DESCRIPTION) New slide titled Meet our Speakers, showing a head shot for each speaker. Text, Colleen Deighan, RHIA, CCS, CCDS-O. Sue Belley, M. Ed., RHIA, CPHQ. Audrey Howard, RHIA. Bobbie Starkey, RHIT, CCS-P, AHIMA. Cheryl Manchenton, BSN, RN. To see their full bios, check out the Meet our speakers in the portal. (SPEECH) If you have been with us before, you recognize all these lovely faces. If you would like to learn more about them in the speakers' section, in our meet our speakers' section of the portal. You can read a little bit more about them. So I'm going to go ahead and turn things over to Sue to go over the agenda and get started. Sue. Oh, and Sue, it looks like you're still muted. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, Agenda. Inpatient COVID-19 challenges, admitted with versus admitted for COVID-19, History of COVID-19 versus sequelae of COVID-19, Present on admission. Outpatient COVID-19 challenges. New COVID-19 codes and guidelines effective after 1/1/22. Public Health Emergency. Update on COVID-19 and quality metrics. (SPEECH) Thank you, Lisa. My name is Susan Belley, and I wanted to thank you all for joining us today to continue our conversation on COVID-19. This is the third time that we're coming together since the start of the pandemic to talk to you about COVID, and its impact and how it impacts us with regard to CDI coding initiatives. We actually started developing this particular webinar during the Omicron surge in early January. We started to hear and read all of the national discourse about patients being admitted with COVID-19, and patients being admitted for COVID-19, and we thought it was some very interesting dialogue. A lot of it from people who might not understand how we represent patience being admitted with versus for COVID-19. So what we'd like to do today is talk about ongoing COVID-19 challenges in the inpatient setting, and we're going to start out with this conundrum of admitted with versus for COVID-19, as well as a few other topics that we see people having questions with or perhaps struggling with. We'll move on to outpatient COVID-19 challenges, and then we'll spend some time talking about new COVID-19 codes and guidelines that became effective after January 1 of this year. And I'm sure most of you are aware that we're going to be seeing a few new codes and guidelines go into effect on April 1, just two days from now, and then we're going to finish out by talking a bit about the public-health emergency and have a small update on COVID-19 as it pertains to quality metrics that our facilities report. And I think we'll definitely have time at the end to take any questions or comments that any of you might have, and we'll do our best to answer those. If we can't answer them on this particular webinar, we will respond after. So again, thank you for joining us, and I'm going to turn the first part of the presentation over to my colleagues, Cheryl Manchenton and Audrey Howard. (DESCRIPTION) New Slide. Text, Inpatient COVID-19 challenges. (SPEECH) Good morning, afternoon, I should say. There might be some morning people here. We will specifically talk about those challenges. Not only have we vocally heard or read that, we have actually performed some chart reviews where we have seen the struggle. So I do think it's a global one. The first topic, again, is that admitted with COVID versus admitted for. (DESCRIPTION) New slide titled COVID-19: Admitted with versus admitted for. Two columns, the right labeled Before and the right labeled After. Text, Before: PDx, Pulmonary embolism. SDx, Septic shock. SDx, COVID-19. SDx, DVTs, cardiogenic shock, COVID-19 pneumonia. After: PDx, Query: COVID-19 versus sepsis. SDx, SDX, and PPX are blank. Before: MS-DRG, 175. Relative weight, 1.5460. After: MS-DRG, 177 versus 871. Relative weight, 1.8491 versus 1.8722. Before: APR DRG, 134. SOI subclass, 4. ROM subclass, 4. SOI weight, 1.5965. After: APR DRG: 137 versus 720. SOI Subclass, 4. SOI Weight, 1.5682 versus 2.0860. ROM Subclass, 4. Explanation: Patient transferred from OSH for possible thrombectomy. Patient still in septic and cardiogenic shock and with active COVID-19 infection with COVID-19 pneumonia (confirmed COVID-19 status on this encounter versus query). Consult noted PEs due to hypercoagulable state from COVID-19 and from immobility from previous hospitalizations, but attending did not connect all the pieces. Recommend confirming PE and DVTs and sepsis are due to COVID-19. Per the COVID-19 guidelines, manifestations of COVID-19 are sequenced as secondary diagnosis (meaning U07.1 would be sequenced as PDx over the PE/DVT) but the sepsis and COVID-19 guidelines note sepsis would be sequenced as PDx over COVID-19. (SPEECH) So just to orient you to the screen, on the left side were not all of the codes, but some of the secondary or significant secondary diagnosis. And you'll see the first listed diagnosis on this encounter was the pulmonary embolism, with secondary diagnosis of septic shock, COVID-19, DVTs, cardiogenic shock, and COVID pneumonia, and you can see the MS-DRG assignment. Its relative weight. The APR-DRG assignment. The severity of illness, subclass four, risk mortality, subclass four. On the right side, you can see what would happen based on some clarification. In other words, the documentation was insufficient for what we consider to be telling the whole story. So at the bottom, of course, you can see that the come in-- this patient did come into this inpatient facility for thrombectomy. That was the intent, and we know that when you think about circumstances of principal diagnosis, the reason for transfer is typically sequenced as your principal diagnosis. However, reading the whole story, this patient had just been recently diagnosed. So they literally went from hospital A to hospital B still in an active, really bad COVID situation and also had DIC. There's other codes of course not listed here, but she had not recovered from her COVID. She was not doing well, and had this massive pulmonary embolism. And so, of course, they were sent in here to see-- it was possibility to do a rescue thrombectomy on this patient. Again, still on maximum pressers, active treated, and everything. The consult notes came close. They said the patient's PE was due to the hyper-coagulable state from COVID-19 and from, of course, immobility from that long hospitalization. Unfortunately, the attending didn't really connect all the pieces, tell the whole story. It's clear this was still an active COVID, and this was an active manifestation of an active infection. So of course, we can't just code it the way we think the story should be told. We need to place a clarification and say is this PE due to COVID-19, and again, there's this whole picture ongoing due to the COVID-19 and, again, is it sepsis. And of course, depending on our physician answer, either COVID-19 would be sequenced as principal, or the sepsis would be sequenced as principal. And, of course, what you see is that MS-DRG depended on the principal diagnosis with definitely a higher weight. The other piece I will tell you is unfortunately this patient did expire. She ended up having a hemorrhagic stroke and was made comfort care and expired during this encounter. So when you think about this mortality, this is not to me the right story that we told. And so again, of course, we needed a clarification. And I'm going to hand it over to Audrey to discuss, again, our coding guidelines around that. (DESCRIPTION) New slide titled Sequencing of COVID-19 manifestations. Diagram. A blue circle in the center of the slide reads, Sequence of COVID-19 (UO7.1) as principal diagnosis. Above and to the left of the circle is a purple box with an arrow pointing to the circle. It reads, Acute respiratory manifestations related to COVID-19. To the right of that box is a light purple box with an arrow pointing down to the blue circle. It reads, Non-respiratory manifestations related to COVID-19. Text in the bottom right corner of screen: Assign code(s) for the manifestation(s) as additional diagnoses. (SPEECH) Right, because we know when it comes to COVID, we are still looking at the principal diagnosis definition, which is that condition established after study. That's chiefly responsible for occasioning the patient's admission to the hospital. So we're always looking at why did the patient come in, but there is an additional guideline for COVID that if they are relating the presenting manifestations or the presenting condition to the COVID that according to the COVID coding guidelines that we are supposed to put the COVID as the principal diagnosis. So this kind of still plays into are they admitted with COVID or are they admitted for COVID, and the fact that if the documentation is linking the condition to the COVID, then according to the COVID coding guidelines, we will put the COVID code as our principal diagnosis. And it doesn't matter if it's an acute manifestation. I'm sorry. An acute respiratory manifestation or a non-respiratory manifestation of the COVID. Either one. The fact that it's a manifestation of the COVID, you'll put the COVID as the principal diagnosis. And that's what is being shown on this slide. (DESCRIPTION) New Slide. Text, Current COVID-19 infection versus residual effect. Before: PDx, Myoclonus. SDx, COVID-19. SDx and PPx are blank. After: PDx, Myoclonus. SDx, Add: Post COVID-19 condition (U09.9). Sdx, Delete COVID-19 (U07.1) Before: MS-DRG, 091. Relative weight, 1.6508. After: MS-DRG, 093. Relative weight, 0.7822. Before: APR DRG, 058. SOI subclass, 2. SOI Weight, 1.0587. ROM Subclass, 2. After: APR DRG, 058. SOI Subclass, 1. SOI Weight, 0.8002. ROM subclass, 2. Explanation: Patient admitted with myoclonus secondary to post-COVID-19. As this is a post-COVID-19 condition and COVID-19 was diagnosed a month prior with no active signs of infection or treatment on this visit, this should be assigned to U09.9, not U07.1. (SPEECH) So our second scenario, again, is this a current COVID-19 infection, or is it a residual effect. This was definitely an unusual chart, and it really piqued my interest. We have learned over the last two years lots of different manifestations, or we'll call long-call conditions that we might have seen from COVID. This patient came in with tremors, and they were really admitting him to determine what the source of these tremors were, wondering if he had new onset seizures. After study, again, after this whole chart, the doctors actually get a really nice job here of saying, this myoclonus was actually secondary to a post COVID-19 state. In other words, he had had COVID, it was cleared up, and this is one of his residuals from his infection. And because of that, of course, we would not assign the UO7 code. We would have added the post-COVID condition, the UO9.9 code. And of course, what you see is in this case, it did drop our reimbursement and our severity and mortality, but that would be consistent. In other words, that is the true story. So it's not just whether or not COVID should be your principal diagnosis or not. It's is it a secondary diagnosis. Is this still an ongoing COVID infection. In this case, again, I thought the providers did a fabulous job of noting that. And again, for those that use computer-assisted coding tools, many times, again, the engine is not smart enough to know it shouldn't assign UO7, that perchance there should be a UO9.9 code. That natural language has not been processed yet, so we have to look at the codes and determine is that the appropriate code, or is there an alternate code that should be assigned. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, Post COVID-19 (U09.9). Assigned when the patient no longer has an active COVID-19 infection but has continued residual effects of COVID-19. Do not assign code U09.9 in cases that are still presenting with active COVID-19. However, an exception is made in cases of re-infection with COVID-19, occurring with a condition related to prior COVID-19. (SPEECH) And as always, the code assignment is going to be determined based off the provider's documentation. And sometimes, it's not easy to decipher when a patient is admitted with a condition. Is that COVID infection an active infection, or is it already cleared up. It's no longer current, and therefore, it is going to be a sequelae of the COVID-19. So if it is documentation saying it's an active infection, then we would still put the U07.1 code for the active infection of the COVID. However, the documentation that they are coming in that it's related to the COVID, but the COVID is no longer an active infection. The new code was created for U09.9, and that was effective October 1, 2021. (DESCRIPTION) New Slide titled Coding for long haulers. Flow chart, starts with a light blue box on the left side that reads, Admitted with COVID-19 related condition. Two bright blue boxes are connected to the first box with lines. The top one reads, Documentation supports the condition is an acute manifestation of a current COVID-19 infection. Two navy blue boxes connect to this box. The top one reads, PDx/first listed: U07.1. The bottom one reads, SDX: acute manifestation. The bottom bright blue box that stems from the first light blue box reads, Documentation states patient no longer has an active COVID-19 infection. Two navy boxes are connected to this box. The top one reads, PDx/first listed: presenting condition. The bottom one read, SDx: U09.9. (SPEECH) On the next slide, you're going to see kind of a decision tree, if you will, regarding which code to be assigned. Once again, always based on the provider's documentation of how it relates to the COVID-19. So the documentation is linking that condition to the COVID-19, but then you have to decipher is it an active infection, or is it no longer active to help you decide which code you're going to put. And you may need to query the provider to get that clarification, because we're, once again, even though we're two years into this pandemic, we are still learning more and more about the virus, and about how long it may stay in the body, and if it's active or a past medical history. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, COVID-19: Current infection versus residual virus. Before: PDx, atrial flutter. SDx, Type 2 myocardial infarction. SDx, COVID-19. After: Atrial flutter. SDx is blank. Second SDx reads, Clinical validation: COVID-19. Before: MS-DRG, 280. Relative weight, 1.6069. After: MS-DRG, 280. Relative weight, 1.6069. Before: APR DRG, 201. SOI Subclass, 3. SOI weight, 0.8214. ROM Subclass, 3. After: APR DRG, 201. SOI Subclass, 3. SOI weight, 0.8214. ROM Subclass, 3. Explanation: Patient presented with palpitations. New diagnosis of atrial flutter. Ablation planned as outpatient. Recent COVID infection. Tested positive on this admission. COVID infection 2 months prior. Recommend confirming if positive test is reflective of residual virus (e.g., viral shedding) versus continued active infection. (SPEECH) So this is a nice segue. Is this a current infection, or is it residual virus. So this patient presented with palpitations with a new diagnosis of A flutter and also had a type-two MI. They plan to complete the ablation outpatient. They had had a recent COVID infection, and they were still positive submission. Again, what was nice about the documentation is the provider had said that COVID infection was two months prior. So the fact that they are still having antibodies in their bloodstream, is this an active COVID infection, or is this residual virus. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, Sample query COVID-19. Patient presented with new diagnosis of atrial flutter. Noted to have received COVID-19 infection 2 months prior and COVID-19 test positive on this admit. Please clarify current status of COVID-19: COVID-19 infection not current; positive test due to residual virus. Active COVID-19 infection current on this encounter. Other (please specify). Clinically unable to determine COVID-19 status on this admit. (SPEECH) And so what we have done for you on this next slide is given you an example of how to ask this question. Please clarify the current status of COVID-19. Of course, you'd put all the appropriate clinical indicators, reference, your documentation, et cetera. But your options here, is COVID-19 infection is not current. The positive test is due to residual virus. An active COVID-19 infection current on this encounter, other, unable to determine. And again, the point being, you want to make your query as explicit as you can. You're not introducing. You're not leading the providers, but the more specific you are in your choice, the better that provider understands the question. Because I think most of us would agree that the provider's answer is probably going to be that first choice that is just a positive test to the residual virus. And of course, this is an educational opportunity to the provider saying don't make me query you. Be a little bit clear. You know, and I actually have seen some providers that have noted that where they have made the distinction for us without a query. But when it's not clear, we would want to actually, again, place a query similar to this. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, Current Infection versus residual virus. According to the CDC, people who have recovered from COVID-19 can continue to test positive for up to three months after their infection. Viral shedding can mean either that the patient has an active (current) COVID-19 infection or a personal history of COVID-19. If active COVID-19 infection, assign code U07.1, COVID-19. Viral shedding in a patient with a history of COVID-19 is classified to code Z86.16, Personal history of COVID-19. If documentation is not clear, then query the provider for clarification. (SPEECH) And this goes into that what code assignment will be assigned based off that documentation. You may see documentation in the record about viral shedding, and viral shedding still, once again, could mean that it is an active infection, or it's a past medical history, or the virus is no longer current. So we still sometimes need to get that clarification, and that previous slide was showing a great example of how to word that query to the providers. And that example was actually written by Miss Howard and myself. We actually crafted that one together to think of-- we wanted to make sure that it met both a coding need, but it also was reflective of the clinical condition. And so that's an example of sometimes you need to partner with each other to ensure that we're hitting all the state of objectives of a clarification. (DESCRIPTION) New Slide. Text, Present on admission status. Before: PDx, Cerebral infarction. SDx, COVID-19 (POA N). SDx, Hemiplegia of right dominant side. After: PDx, Cerebral infarction. SDx, Query: COVID-19 (POA Y) The rest of the chart is the same in both the Before and After column. Text, MS-DRG, 064. Relative weight, 1.9189. APR DRG, 045. SOI Subclass, 3. SOI weight, 1.2650. ROM subclass, 3. Explanation: Patient admitted with CVA. First COVID-19 test negative. PN stated, "Reportedly, patient had some COVID + family members who she has been in contact with prior to admission." Discharge delayed until past quarantine period. Recommend clarification of POA status as this does not reflect well on hospital to have hospital acquired COVID-19. (SPEECH) Our last category is present on admission. Again, in the literature has been this discourse, this conversation, regarding patients getting COVID while in the hospital. Did we the hospital give this patient COVID-19? And our data, our coded data, is how they're making research determinations, how they're studying, how they're analyzing to determine whether or not these conditions were present on admission or were hospital acquired. So it is so important to get this right. I can't stress enough how it may reflect bad on our hospital that we didn't protect this patient. There are those times where you've got a roommate who you didn't had some sort of exposure, and it happens. But overall, through our testing and through all of our stringent protocols, this should be a relatively rare occurrence. So on this particular case, this patient came in with a CVA. And of course, on admission as most hospitals do, she was tested for COVID, and her COVID test was negative. A few days, six days after, she's ready to be placed in a SNF facility, and again, as many know, she had to have a negative COVID test yet again right before she had left to ensure that she wasn't going to be transmitting COVID to the nursing home. And unfortunately, that test turned positive. So of course, this patient had to then stay in house in quarantine until she tested negative, so she could be transferred. There was a progress note from the provider that said, reportedly, the patient has some COVID-positive family members who she's been in contact with prior to admission. So of course, my alarm bells popped right up on that sentence. And again, I think the provider was speculating. Was that sufficient enough? No, I do not believe that was sufficient enough to have changed the POA assignment. I think we can also debate, discuss, depending on which variant is out there, what is that incubation time. We know the BA.2, as an example, the Omicron BA.2 has had a much shorter incubation. But the Delta, and this would have been actually more so in the Delta-variant time, did have a little bit of a longer incubation period. So again, to me, it is conceivable that this patient had been exposed to the virus on admission. And again, that first test she had not had enough virus to turn positive. So of course, again, we would have to place the clarification, and what we've done is, again, also given you the guidelines on that POA. But please do know we would not routinely just assign POA. We would need to ask that provider that question. (DESCRIPTION) New Slide. Text, Present on admission status. Present on admission is defined as: Present at the time the order for inpatient admission occurs. POA guidelines state, "The provider should be queried regarding issues related to the linking of signs/symptoms, timing of test results, and the timing of the findings." (SPEECH) And that's basically what these guidelines are saying. So what's on this slide is that the highlights from what I felt like was the most pertinent part of the present on admission guidelines related to this sort of a situation. It's not much. Basically, the definition of present principle-- I'm sorry. The definition of present on admission is just that it's present at the time the order for inpatient admission occurs. So that's not a lot of guidance when it comes to assigning the correct POA indicator in this sort of a situation where the initial test was negative, and then the subsequent test was positive. It makes you think, well, of course, they had to get the infection while they are in house. But because, as Cheryl was saying, the incubation period can vary, and we're not for sure when they were exposed, that it is good to query the provider in this sort of a circumstance, and that's the other part of the guidelines that if you're just not sure based on when did they develop any signs or symptoms. And a lot of times that a patient may be asymptomatic when it comes to COVID-19. So there are no signs or symptoms. So what's the timing of the test results, or the timing of the findings. So if it is unclear, it is appropriate to query the provider to get that information regarding the present on admission indicator. The whole thing about present on admission is did the patient bring it in with them, or is it something that is hospital acquired, and are we sure that the patient really got exposed, and therefore, got the virus after admission to the hospital. So that's kind of really the question that we're really trying to decipher. Was the virus in the body prior to the inpatient admission. And so that's kind of the deciding question that we need to have the provider tell us so that we can assign the most appropriate POA indicator on these cases. So that is the end of our section on inpatient. Again, as Sue had noted, we do have a Q&A portion coming back, and I do see a lot of very nice questions in there, but I'm going to turn it over now to my colleagues from the outpatient side. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, Outpatient COVID-19 challenges. (SPEECH) Thank you, Cheryl. Thank you, Audrey. So now, I want to talk just a little bit about some of the outpatient challenges that we're seeing. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, Reporting Z20.822. Reporting Z20.822 - Contact with and (suspected) exposure to COVID-19. ICD-10-CM/PCS Coding Clinic, First Quarter ICD-10 2021 Pages 38 to 39. For asymptomatic individuals with actual or suspected exposure to COVID-19, assign code Z20.828, Contact with and (suspected) exposure to other viral communicable diseases, for encounters prior to January 1, 2021, and code Z20.822, Contact with and (suspected) exposure to COVID-19, for encounters after January 1, 2021. For symptomatic individuals with actual or suspected exposure to COVID-19 and the infection has been ruled out, or test results are inconclusive or unknown, assign code Z20.828, Contact with and (suspected) exposure to other viral communicable diseases or code Z20.822, Contact with and (suspected) exposure to COVID-19, depending on the encounter date. Official Coding Guidelines I.C.21.c.1. c. Categories of Z Codes. 1, Contact/Exposure, Category Z20 indicates contact with, and suspected exposure to, communicable diseases. These codes are for patients who are suspected to have been exposed to a disease by close personal contact with an infected individual or are in an area where a disease is epidemic. (SPEECH) One of the things I wanted to mention was the reporting of code Z20.822. And that code is the contact with and suspected exposure to COVID-19. And I think we're seeing people hesitant to use this when the physician doesn't specifically state that there is suspected exposure or actual exposure. But if you look at-- there are two coding clinics. One is here on the slide. The other one is coding clinic second quarter 2020, pages 8 and 9. They refer to this coding guideline for the Z20 contact and exposure code. And it says that categories Z20, which is on the right of your slide here, indicates contact with and suspected exposure to communicable diseases. And it says these codes are for patients who are suspected to have been exposed to a disease by a close personal contact with an infected individual or, and the or part is where we're at, or in an area where disease is epidemic. So during the PHE, the public health emergency, we are in a pandemic. It would be appropriate to report the Z20.822 when a patient has a COVID test that comes up negative, because they are assumed, due to being in an area of an epidemic, that they were exposed. And so we just want to make sure that people are reporting this in those instances. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, Coding signs and symptoms with COVID-19. Per updated FAQs from AHA, August 27, 2021: Response was revised on 8/25/2021 to read, "People infected with COVID-19 may vary from being asymptomatic to having a range of symptoms and severity. Therefore, for coding purposes, signs and symptoms associated with COVID-19 may be coded separately, unless the signs or symptoms are routinely associated with a manifestation." (SPEECH) The next thing I wanted to address for outpatient is coding signs and symptoms with COVID-19, and we have these coding guidelines ingrained in our heads, so we are very hesitant to code symptoms with a confirmed condition. It goes against coding guidelines, but COVID-19 has made a couple of different exceptions to the rules that we've been following, the guidelines that we've been following in the past. So the AHA puts out a list of frequently asked questions regarding reporting codes for COVID-19 conditions. And they revised this list of frequently asked questions on August 27, 2021, and it actually went into effect August 25, 2021, and they revised it to say people infected with COVID-19 can either be asymptomatic or have a range of symptoms and severity. For coding purposes, signs and symptoms that are associated with COVID-19 can be reported separately, unless the sign or symptom is routinely associated with a manifestation of COVID. So if you have a patient that comes in, and they have shortness of breath and a cough, and they test positive for COVID-19, you can report those signs and symptoms even though they are respiratory signs and symptoms with that COVID-19 that use 07.1 diagnoses. Unless in the case where you have a patient who has a cough, and they are diagnosed with pneumonia due to COVID-19. That cough would be integral to the pneumonia, which is the manifestation of COVID, and then you would not be able to report that symptom. And the reason for this is it explains how severe the case of COVID is. So they want to make sure that you're reporting all of the signs and symptoms with the COVID. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, CS Modifier. Application and appropriate use of the CS Modifier. The Families First Coronavirus Response Act waives cost-sharing under Medicare Part B (coinsurance and deductible amounts) for Medicare patients for COVID-19 testing-related services. These services are medical visits for the HCPCS evaluation and management categories described below when an outpatient provider, physician, or other providers and suppliers that bill Medicare for Part B services orders or administers COVID-19 lab test. Cost-sharing does not apply for COVID-19 testing-related services, which are medical visits that: are furnished between March 18, 2020 and the end of the Public Health Emergency (PHE); that result in an order for or administration of a COVID-19 test; are related to furnishing or administering such a test or to the evaluation of an individual for purposes of determining the need for such a test; and are in any of the following categories of HCPCS evaluation and management codes. For services furnished on March 18, 2020, and through the end of the PHE, outpatient providers, physicians, and other providers and suppliers that bill Medicare for Part B services under these payment systems should use the CS modifier on applicable claim lines to identify the service as subject to the cost-sharing waiver for COVID-19 testing-related services and should NOT charge Medicare patients any co-insurance and/or deductible amounts for those services. At the right of the screen is a table labeled CS Modifier Appropriate HCPCS codes for OPPS with a list of codes. G0463, C9803, G0378, G0379, G0380, G0381, G0382, G0383, G0384, 99281 through 99285, 99291, 99304 through 99310, 99315, 99316, 99318, 99324 through 99328, 99334 through 99337, 99340 through 99345, 99347 through 99350, 98970 through 98972, 99421 through 99423. (SPEECH) The next thing that I wanted to talk about as far as an outpatient challenge is the CS modifier. The CS modifier, they had used it prior. I think the Gulf spill, they used this modifier for, but when the Families First Coronavirus Response Act was put into place, which waives cost sharing under Medicare Part B, and cost sharing is the patient's payment of co-insurance and any deductible amount. For COVID-19, the Families First Act waived these payments. So in order to show that these payments needed to be waived, we were instructed to apply the CS modified. While back when this first happened, we didn't have a lot of clear guidance. CMS told us in a report to CS modifier, but they really didn't give us good instructions until August. I think it was August 27th of 2020, they did send a MedLearn Matters article that said this is how you need to use the CS modifier. And they said it shouldn't be reported with COVID lab test codes. It should instead be reported with the evaluation and management service, and then they gave us this list of-- a small list of evaluation and management code that you could attend the CS modifier to. And then in October of 2020, we finally got-- our Mac finally instilled the edits for the CS modifier. So from middle of March until October, before we actually had edit to catch any errors with the CS modifier. We're still seeing hospitals that either are applying the CS modifier to the lab code, or no one's applying the CS modifier. And I think it may be a matter of the front end and the back end doing it, and the back end thinks the front end is doing it. So CMS gives us guidance about if you put the CS modifier on the wrong code, they will return those claims to the provider. So RTT those claims, but they don't address what's going to happen if the modifier is not there at all. So since the modifiers put on the evaluation and management code to keep the patient from having to pay the co-insurance and the deductible amount, think about what's going to happen when those modifiers aren't applied if we have to go back. And just one more note, the CS modifier can be applied to the ENM service in this table on the right any time the ENM service results in either performance of a COVID test or ordering of a COVID test. So if the physician orders the COVID test, even though it's done at maybe an outside laboratory, that physician's office can still put the CS modifier on the ENM service. It's also only for testing for COVID. It's not for treatment of COVID. So I'm going to use the emergency department as an example. It happens to be the codes on this table are the emergency department range, and the patient comes in. They test positive. They've already tested positive for COVID prior, but now, they're really having shortness of breath. So they come to the emergency department. They're not going to test the patient again, then they would not be able to apply the CS modifier to that service in that case. (DESCRIPTION) New Slide titled CPT/HCPCS code changes for COVID vaccines, treatments and administration. A table with a column labeled Vaccine Code and one labeled Administration Code. The vaccine code column is blank for the first five administration codes: 0003A, 0004A, 0013A, and 0034A. Vaccine Code 91305, Administration code, 0051A, 0052A, 0053A, 0054A. Vaccine code 91306, Administration code, 0064A. Vaccine code 91307, Administration code 0071A, 0072A. Vaccine code 91308, Administration code 0081A, 0082A. Text, 2022 CPT Manual Appendix Q lists all COVID-19 vaccine codes that were created and effective prior to 9/22/2021. (SPEECH) So another out-patient challenge. You probably wouldn't be surprised if I told you there are currently 31 COVID-19 CPT/HCPCS vaccine codes, and 24 antibody therapy codes for COVID-19. That doesn't even count all the new CPT codes for the lab testing. So these codes have been coming at us fast and furious since COVID started. They're coming so fast and furious that I actually have a new one that was just approved that is not on this slide. This slide, it is all of the codes that were effective after 9/22, 2021, that did not make it into the 2022 CPT manual. So because it was September, 2022, was the earliest one and after, the manual was already published. They didn't have time to get those codes in. So this is a listing of all the codes that are not in your code manual. I will add the CPT code 91309, and the administration code is 0094A, and that is for a new Moderna booster vaccine. The reason that it has a new code is because the 91306 is the old Moder-- not old. It's the first Moderna booster vaccine. This new code 91308 a different dosage, and in addition to that, it comes in its own packaging. So it's administered-- I guess, the 91306, they were drawing the medication from the same vial that they use for an initial dose of a Moderna vaccine. This 91309 is actually its own packaged vaccination. If you aren't sure or just to keep track of all these vaccine code, new vaccine codes, Appendix Q can be looked up online. If you just search the CMS Appendix-- I'm sorry. AMA Appendix Q, it will give you the table that has all of the codes. It gives you the NBC numbers I think also, but it's a great way to keep track of these. Now, you also want to make sure whoever is doing your chargemaster knows about the new codes. You're educating physicians coders on the new codes as well. (DESCRIPTION) New slide titled COVID-19 Vaccines. The new ICD-10-CM codes for reporting COVID-19 vaccination status effective April 1, 2022, are: Z28.310, Unvaccinated for COVID-19, Z28.311, Partially vaccinated for COVID-19, Z28.39, Other under immunization status The 2022 Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting are updated at Section I.C.1.g.(1),n to include this guidance: Code Z18.310, Unvaccinated for COVID-19, may be assigned when the patient has not received at least one dose of any COVID-19 vaccine. Code Z28.3111, Partially vaccinated for COVID-19, may be assigned when the patient has received at least one dose of a multi-dose COVID-19 vaccine regimen, but has not received the full set of doses necessary to meet the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) definition of “fully vaccinated” in place at the time of the encounter. Code Z28.39, Other under immunization status would be reported for non-COVID vaccinations. CDC Definition of “fully vaccinated”: Fully vaccinated means a person has received all recommended doses in their primary series of COVID-19 vaccine. Up to date means a person has received all recommended doses in their primary series COVID-19 vaccine, and a booster dose when eligible. People who are moderately or severely immunocompromised have specific COVID-19 vaccine recommendations for the primary series and booster dose due to their different immune response following COVID-19 vaccination. (SPEECH) And then as far as new codes go, I wanted to talk a little bit about the new COVID-19 vaccine code. As we stated, they will go into effect the day after tomorrow, and there are three new ICD-1-CM diagnosis codes. The first one is Z28.310, and it's unvaccinated for COVID-19. It would be assigned when the patient's not received at least one dose of any COVID vaccine. So that's pretty clear cut when we would use that. The next code, Z28.311, that's for partially vaccinated for COVID-19. And this would be a sign when the patient's received at least one dose of a multi-dose COVID-19 vaccine regimen but has not received the full set of doses necessary to meet the CDC's definition of fully vaccinated. That is in place at the time of the encounter, and that is a key part of that sentence. On the right hand side of the slide, I do have CDC's definition, and this may change now that FDA has approved new doses, but this was, at the time, the definition of fully vaccinated, and it means a person who's received all recommended doses in their primary series of a COVID-19 vaccine. Up to date it's also a definition that CDC has on their site, but up to date doesn't affect our assignment of the status codes for COVID vaccines in any way. Up to date, this includes all the booster shots. The booster shots aren't included at this time in the fully-vaccinated definition. The fully-vaccinated definition also changes for patients who are moderately or severely immunocompromised. So there's a different vaccine recommendation for those primary series and also the booster doses due to that immune response. So think about that and what kind of documentation do we need to see in order to assign these codes appropriately. So hopefully, our physicians can document fully vaccinated or partially vaccinated. In some cases, that may even change from one visit to the next depending on if you're immunocompromised patient. We just got an additional dose approved for those immunocompromised patients. Now, last week, they may have been fully vaccinated. Now, this week, they may be partially vaccinated. It's just going to depend on the CDC's definition at that time. That third code, Z28.39 is the code for other under immunization status, and that code isn't going to be reported for COVID-19 at all. It would be reported for any other measles, mumps, those chickenpox, those types of vaccinations when patients are under immunized. And so, again, these code are not going to be in our current ICD-1-CM manual. So it's important that your providers are aware of the new codes, and what supports those codes as well as your coders. I think that's everything for this slide. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, Monoclonal antibodies for pre-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19. CMS created new code, Q0221, effective February 24: Long Descriptor: Injection, tixagevimab and cilgavimab (EVUSHELD™), for the pre-exposure prophylaxis only, for certain adults and pediatric individuals (12 years of age and older weighing at least 40kg) with no known sars-cov-2 exposure, who either have moderate to severely compromised immune systems or for whom vaccination with any available covid-19 vaccine is not recommended due to a history of severe adverse reaction to a covid-19 vaccine(s) and/or covid-19 vaccine component(s), 600 mg. Use the existing administration codes — M0220 and M0221. The FDA authorized the use of this monoclonal antibody combination for the pre-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients (12 years and older weighing at least 40 kg) under these conditions: They aren’t currently infected with SARS-CoV-2. They haven’t had a known recent exposure to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2. One of the following apply: They may not mount an adequate immune response to the COVID-19 vaccine because their immune system is moderately or severely compromised due to a medical condition or because they got immunosuppressive medications or treatments. They aren’t recommended to get vaccinated with any available COVID-19 vaccine, according to the approved or authorized schedule, due to a history of severe adverse reaction (for example, severe allergic reaction) to a COVID-19 vaccine. (SPEECH) And then lastly, we have a new code, which was effective February, 24. It's for a prophylaxis for monoclonal-- I'm sorry. For COVID, it's a monoclonal antibody, and it's to be used for pre-exposure. So it's the first emergency-use authorization approval for a prophylaxis for COVID. It was first approved back on December 8 of 2021. But the FDA just recently approved a different dosage, and at that time, CMS created the new code Q0221. This is actually called the brand name currently is Evushield. It's administered as two separate consecutive intramuscular injections. There's one injection per each type of monoclonal antibody, and I'm not going to talk to you by trying to pronounce those two antibodies, but they are given in immediate succession. It's to be effective for pre-exposure prevention for six months. It's not authorized for individuals for the treatment of COVID-19 or for post-exposure prevention of COVID-19. So my question here would be, how do you define pre-exposure since you don't know if you had it, but this code is also not in the HCPCS 2022 manual. So we want to make sure that we're making our coders and our providers aware that these codes are available. And at this time, I'm going to turn this table over to Colleen Deighan. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, Public Health Emergency (PHE) (SPEECH) Good afternoon, everyone. This is Colleen. I'm just dialing in via the phone. I apologize for not being on the internet today. Sue, if you could advance the slides for me, I'd appreciate it. And now you have Colleen. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, Public Health Emergency. First issued 1/31/2020, effective 1/27/2020. Duration of the emergency or 90 days. Renewed eight times. Last renewed January 14, 2022. Effective 1/16/2022, expires April 16, 2022. Will HHS extend? CMS 1135 Waivers as a result of PHE: Flexibility for Medicare Telehealth Services, Emergency Medical Treatment & Labor Act (EMTALA) enforcement, Verbal orders, Reporting requirements, Patient rights, Physical environment, Nursing services. Public Health Emergency declaration: The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) may, under section 319 of the Public Health Service (PHS) Act, determine that: A, a disease or disorder presents a public health emergency (PHE); B, or that a public health emergency, including significant outbreaks of infectious disease or bioterrorist attacks, otherwise exists. Duration and Notification: The declaration lasts for the duration of the emergency or 90 days. (SPEECH) Thank you. Sorry, so I can't also see the slides, so I apologize. So I wanted to talk a little bit about just the public-health emergency, reminding us of this process. So this is what we refer to as the PHE. It was a declaration and is a declaration by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services. And when a PHE is declared, there's an opioid crisis declaration right now as well, and as Bobbie mentioned, sometimes there's local declarations around the Gulf oil spill as one example when she talked about the CS modifier. So this public-health emergency that HHS declared when a disease or disorder presents a public-health emergency, or a public-health emergency, including significant outbreaks of infectious disease, bio-terrorist attacks, et cetera, that declaration can be made. And it's made for a duration of the emergency or 90 days. So if you recall, just on the slide here, this was first issued back in January of 2020, and it was effective 1/27 2020. And this, again, the duration of these is the duration of the emergency or for 90 days. So this is a 90-day declaration that was renewed so far up to eight times. Last renewed on January 14, which made it effective January 16th of this year, and it expires in mid-April in a few weeks here on April 16. So the question there-- I've brought a lot of information-- yes or no? So will the Department of Health and Human Services, the Secretary, extend this again. If it does get extended, it will be for an additional 90 days and expire on July, 16. So I've read that there's likely an extension that will happen, but I've also read that this will be the last extension. So I point that out to just to really be aware of that, and then what are we going to hear in the next couple of weeks about the extension of the PHE for an additional 90 days. And I also wanted to remind everyone that as part of that declaration, CMS created some flexibilities. So 1135 waivers that CMS declared as a result of the public-health emergency. There were many in there. I've highlighted a few of them here. So expansion, what they refer to as flexibility of telehealth services. There's also relaxation of the EMTALA enforcement in the emergency department, relaxation of verbal orders, reporting requirements related to different breakout events. How we notify patient rights, waivers and flexibility around that. Even the physical environment, which was, again, when they created different ways that patients could receive care without being in the hospital. So the physical walls of the hospital, the flexibility related to that. And the nursing services is just one other example around the requirement for care plans for all patients. So all of those flexibilities and many other ones are part of this declaration that's PHE, and they're set to expire whenever HHS declares the public-health emergency-- I guess, we could use the term over. So I think with relation to this, I wanted to talk primarily about telemedicine. I think that was-- if there's anything that I would say as a silver lining, I've used this term before, I think telemedicine is-- could be considered a silver lining of COVID-19. There are many, many people for many years behind the scenes that have been trying to advance telehealth or telemedicine services. There are many things in the way of that that will relax as part of this waiver 1135. So telemedicine in just a brief definition is the delivering of care at a distance. So using technology to deliver care at a distance, and CMS and its prior to the public-health emergency only allowed telehealth services to be covered for their Medicare beneficiaries. If the patient lived in a rural area, or a particular service was not available to that patient. The patient did have to travel to a local medical facility and then receive those services from a medical doctor at a remote location. So very narrow window, and I wanted to share that CMS wanted to expand. It was a very important expansion in the PHE. Remember, it was around access, making sure their beneficiaries had access to care. They wanted to keep their beneficiaries safe at home, avoid travel, contain the spread of COVID-19. And this was and still remains in its PHE status, regardless of the patient's diagnosis. So this isn't just for treating COVID. It's for treating any patient condition during the public-health emergency. And statistically, I found some statistics on the HHS, the Department of Health and Human Services website that said in 2019, there were approximately 840,000 claims for telehealth services. And then in 2020, the year 2020, during that main year of that first year of the PHE, there were 52 million claims. So we went from 840,000 claims to over 52 million, and this is just the Medicare population that's in the traditional Medicare services. So that was a 63-fold increase reported by HHS, and they also reported that 92% of those patients received telehealth services in their home. We saw telehealth being delivered in physician setting in the hospital. There were many different areas, at 92% in the patient's home. So the question that I have that I think is important to think about is what's going to happen. So telehealth really, the expansion of this was successful. There were many things that were wavered as part of this regarding licensure as one example. The state licensure requirements for physicians, the relaxation of those requirements, the payment of them. Many of our commercial carriers went online. So with these changes that CMS really encouraged to have happen during the pandemic. So you as we think about the public-health emergencies and the end of this declaration, what's going to happen to telemedicine. And I think that there's still today many behind the scenes working on post the PHE. The American Medical Association, Congress, physician bodies have been working, I say, to define the new normal. And I also wanted to say is part of this, one of the key things that happened last week was the-- excuse me, sorry. That as part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2022, that omnibus funding bill that President Biden signed into law last week, there were some telehealth flexibility extensions for the Medicare program as part of that omnibus funding bill. And the key thing that it did was it allowed the continuation of a broad range of telehealth services for 151 days beginning on the first day after the end of the PHE period. So whenever the PHE period ends and is declared by HHS as ending, that then begins the 151 days that this omnibus funding bill is creating the extension of those telehealth flexibility. So Medicare wants to continue to provide those services post the pandemic, and what does that look like. So there isn't a gap. There has to be a clear transition here. So this is the initial steps of that transition. So again, keeping in place any sites, including the patients home, is eligible for delivering of telehealth. The other key thing is telehealth initially pre the pandemic was for services by professional services. What we refer to as physician services, and it did not include occupational therapists, physical therapists, speech, language, audiologist that provide key care in patients home. So the extension of those eligible practitioners will be included as well in this. So I think those are the things that I think about. I guess I have more questions than I have answers, but I really wanted to bring this to everyone's attention because telehealth is really-- what's going to happen to telehealth post the pandemic. And I think what we really see is that telehealth works, and it meets the patients literally where they are. It does exactly that. So I wanted to keep those dates in your mind for your providers of services and making sure that telehealth gets to continue post the pandemic in its current fashion, almost the whole degree that it's available during the public-health health emergency. And with that, Sue, I will turn it back over to you. OK, and I'm going to turn this to Cheryl, who's going to wrap up with our last mini topic, I'll say. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, COVID-19 and quality metrics (SPEECH) Thank you, Sue. So I did see a question about post-op sepsis, and COVID was not listed as an exclusion, because HRQ uses their data for, specifically, it would have been time periods 2017 and 2018. COVID was not a diagnosis. So COVID cannot be an exclusion in an HRQ world. Now, in terms of CMS, CMS per the final rule last year, so we're almost up to the proposed rule this year. But final rule last year, CMS indicated they would remove COVID-19 claims. Any patient who had it listed as principal or secondary, any U071 on a code, those claims would be removed from any of the quality reporting programs meaning the half reduction program, value-based purchasing, and the hospital re-admissions reduction program. So CMS has already done their best and did some specific exclusions also during this time period, during our public-health emergency. The provider's profiling system. The merit-based incentive payment system did allow physicians to apply. So you notice the key there. The physicians had to apply for an emergency exemption, an extraordinary use exemption, meaning that they could not participate in their quality-improvement activities because they were working under the pandemic. That was extended from the first year into the second year, and CMS did indicate that by tomorrow, the providers can also request an exemption for 2022 for that Emergency Hardship. Now, what's going to happen next year? How HRQ is or isn't going to include COVID or CMS? As Colleen said, I'm waiting with bated breath. I would not hang my hat on what the proposed rule says. Many times, they do change their mind before the final rule comes out. I think sometimes it's a good indicator, but many times, they propose some radical changes that don't fall through. So we really won't know until August what CMS is going to do. And as for HRQ, they typically have been releasing late July, early August. So we won't know until then how HRQ is going to address it. And again, the challenge for HRQ is it would need to be in both the baseline, and it would have to be in the current period for them to determine how much it's affecting the complications, although we clinically understand that it probably is having an increase in the number of complications those patients with COVID that they're not going to make any decisions until they have both. So this is a big question mark that we didn't want to not address what's happening to quality. I think CMS has done a decent job, to be honest with you, in how they've handled it this year, and I'll be curious to see how they do it for the upcoming years. And with that, Sue, I'm going to turn it back to you. (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, Q&A. (SPEECH) OK, well, thank you, everyone. This was, I think, a great smorgasbord of COVID information. So we hit it from many different angles. So Lisa, I think you've been monitoring the questions that are coming in on the chat. So do you want to throw some of them out to our group here and try to address them? Thank you. Yeah, absolutely, there's a ton, so I'm going to try to get to a couple of them. We will have to follow up after with any questions that we don't get to. Just a quick reminder, the resources section does now have the slides. So if you don't see them, do a quick refresh of your browser, and they will populate at that point. There have been a couple questions on CEUs. We do not provide CEUs. That's what the certificate of attendance is for. So if you do download that certificate, you can always submit that to an accredited association to obtain CEUs. This is recorded. We will add it to our website in the next couple of weeks, as well as the handout as well. So if you still aren't able to get the handouts, then it will be available on our website soon. OK, so with that, let's get to some questions. I hope I don't hit any repetitive ones. So I'm just going to kind of start down at the beginning and work my way up to get to as many as we can. So what code would you assign if the provider answers unable to determine. This was on slide 13, whether the COVID was current versus-- oh, I'm going to butcher this-- Sequela. I think that's right. So Audrey, tag. I saw that question come through. I mean, that is always the option that the provider can answer unable to determine. It is highly possible. As we are learning more and more, is the virus current or not. I mean, you have to take it based on the documentation that's available on the record and stop and consider, well, how long ago was the initial diagnosis? Was it last week? Was it last month? What's the corresponding treatment towards the COVID-19 to help maybe decipher that as well. I mean, obviously, a code has to be assigned, and you're going to be taking it based on the documentation. Cheryl, I'm kind of floundering, because I'm not quite sure where to go when the provider can't answer. Do we escalate it? Do we have another peer review look at it? I think if, ultimately, they cannot tell you if it's current or sequelae, I think we just have to code the history of COVID, because we can only code confirmed conditions. And if they can't confirm it to me, I would just be doing history of COVID, because I don't know how else I would assign it. That might also be a very good example to submit to coding clinic, that specific example, and how a situation like that should be handled. And Linda did make a note, and I think Linda was responding during this time. She said, you would need to say clinically UTD. Linda Gavellin, does that ring a bell of anything with that? Well, clinically unable to determine is what she is saying with that. Yeah, I just think, as Audrey said and Sue said, I do think it's appropriate to-- I'd love to see coding clinic answer this one, because heaven forbid, and many times Audrey and I have given advice, and then coding clinic comes out and says the opposite. And we kind of smile and go, we're giving it our best guess, but I do agree that having a physician advise on these difficult ones because the data integrity is so important. I think it might be important to go through an escalation process and have those providers have their conference and say, what is your best guess Dr. Jones? What are we going to put on this record? What do you believe is the clinical truth? And usually, from what I have seen, when those difficult conversations do occur, they do give us some sort of definitive answer. But I can appreciate the fact that this is kind of a wild one. Absolutely, and so because we are so close on time, I am going to pause, because there are a lot of questions left. And so after the webinar, I will collect all of the questions and get them over to our panel to reach out, and it might be worthwhile, and this is something we'll discuss too, do we combine it and put it into a document to send, because there's just so much. So (DESCRIPTION) New slide. Text, That's a wrap! (SPEECH) as you can see, and as you heard today, there is so much information that this team knows, and it's just so impressive to hear all of you talk and just the knowledge that you provide is just wow. (DESCRIPTION) New slide titled 3M Education boot camps. Text, 3M experts offer a variety of education boot camps to keep you informed and meet the growing need for more specialized trainings in the clinical documentation integrity (CDI) space. Our educators include clinicians, documentation specialists, and coding experts with decades of industry and education experience, they will deliver the insights you need to make an impact on your CDI programs. Virtual Advanced CDI training: The Advanced CDI training week offers comprehensive CDI education addressing fundamental CDI skills and the clinical and coding concepts behind key major diagnostic categories (MDCs). This training week is a crucial starting point for any inpatient CDI or coding professional before moving to other more advanced topics. Upcoming Advanced CDI training week: November 1 through 5. Virtual Advanced quality training: Discover how CDI, coding and quality efforts can impact the quality of care across various value-based purchasing initiatives. The quality training is a great follow up to the Advanced CDI training and is great for seasoned professionals and multidisciplinary CDI teams looking to take their programs to the next level. Upcoming Advanced quality training weeks: November 15-19. Dates are subject to change. Learn more at go.3m.com/cdibootcamps. (SPEECH) And so with that, in the resources section, again, if you are not able to download the presentation slides, if you did not refresh your browser, the slides will be available in the next couple of weeks on our website. And usually, during the promotion of our next webinar, which you can actually register for. We already have that one, part one in the series that Cheryl is going to be presenting on. Cheryl, do you actually want to talk about that one, kind of give them a quick preview, because that registration is in the resources section. Not necessarily. Sorry, I wasn't prepared for that question. No, that's OK. Don't worry about it. No, that's OK. I can comment. I am so sorry. I am looking forward to it, and I think similar to today, we'll probably have a lot of questions and probably need to tabulate those and get you all some feedback on them, but I do look forward to meeting with you all next month. Yeah, the registration is there. It's up, and so if you are interested in registering for the next one, you can do that. You also can see that there are educational boot camps that we have coming up. So a lot more of this information is available to you. You can get to those resources. The links are in that section as well, as well as that certificate of attendance. And so if you have any questions, like I said, in those engagement tools, there's a little envelope there if you do want to send us a direct question, that does come to me directly. And I'll try to get your questions answered if there is any follow up. And so with that, again, this panel is just incredible to hear. We've had a lot of great presentations. Thank you for the information. So we do appreciate your feedback as well in that survey. So if you could complete that as well, that also helps us to provide good webinars. And so with that, again, thank you for joining us today, and don't forget too, we do have our CDI innovation webinar coming up in April. You can register for that on our website as well. So thank you all again, and we look forward to hosting you next time. Thank you.

      March 2022 webinar title slide

      COVID-19’s continued impact on CDI and coding across care settings: What COVID-19 means for CMI, SOI, ROM, reporting and quality

      • March 2022
      • COVID-19 impacts the entire care continuum – putting a large burden on CDI, quality and revenue teams. Join 3M’s panel of experts to discuss and navigate the long-term impacts of COVID-19.
      • Q&A responses (PDF, 83.3 KB)

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