Sustainable Living: 3M FuturewiseTown PlanIntroductionGo BackGo Next3M

Pressures on forests

1. For paper
Forests in MEDCs have been getting smaller as houses and urban developments take up more land.
Few natural woodlands remain in Europe. Forests in Canada and Northern Europe struggle to practice sustainable forestry as the demand
for wood pulp for the paper industry has led to dense plantations of fast growing species such as Sitka spruce. As native deciduous forests are replaced with fast growing coniferous forests, habitat diversity is reduced, causing a reduction in the diversity of wildlife e.g. fewer species of insects and birds. Such monoculture is also bad for the soil as the same crops keep taking the same minerals from the soil. Over time the health of the trees suffers.

2. For mining and farming

For paper For mining and farming For housing For mining and farming For profit